The first cattle were domesticated at least 10,000 years ago, and they are raised as for meat (beef and veal), dairy animals for milk and other dairy products, and as draft animals (pulling carts, plows and the like). Also they are raised to produce leather and their manure is used for fertilizer. Cattle were the first livestock animal to have a fully mapped genome and there is an estimated 1.3 billion cattle in the world today.
Cattle raised for human consumption are called "beef cattle". Within the beef cattle industry in parts of the United States, the term "beef" (plural "beeves") is still used in its archaic sense to refer to an animal of either sex. Cows of certain breeds that are kept for the milk they give are called "dairy cows" or "milking cows". Most young male offspring of dairy cows are sold for veal, and may be referred to as veal calves.
Breeds of CattleThere are the following breeds of Cattle:
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