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Pig Breeds

Pigs are omnivores and are intelligent animals. With around 1 billion individuals alive at any time, the domesticated pig is one of the most numerous large mammals on the planet. The meat of pigs is widely eaten by people across the world.
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Breeds of Pigs

There are the following breeds of Pigs:

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About Aksai Black Pied PigsAksai Black Pied

The Aksai Black Pied is a general purpose pig breed from Kazakhstan with a distinctive black and white pattern.

Aksai Black Pied  - Pigs Breeds

About American Landrace PigsAmerican Landrace

The various strains of American Landrace swine are the descendants of the famous Danish Landrace hogs that were developed in Denmark in the 1890s. It resulted from crossing the Large White hog from England with the native swine. Largely through the use of the Landrace Denmark became a great bacon-exporting country.

In the early 1930s the United States Department of Agriculture entered into an agreement with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Denmark for the purchase of 24 Danish Landrace. This stock was to be used for swine research studies with the stipulation that this breed would not be propagated as a pure breed for commercial use. The foundation stock of the American Landrace were those hogs that were bred pure or t ...

American Landrace  - Pigs Breeds

About American Yorkshire PigsAmerican Yorkshire

The American Yorkshire is a breed of domestic pig and is the American version of the Yorkshire pig (now known as the English Large White pig). Yorkshire pigs are white and have erect ears. The modern Yorkshire is very muscular, with a high proportion of lean meat and low backfat. They are also very sound and durable animals. Yorkshires are classified into three types: large, middle, small. Only the large type of Yorkshire pig has ever gained any prominence in the United States.

The Yorkshire breed was developed in Yorkshire, England. In 1761, Robert Bakewell became interested in a local tribe of hogs known as the Leicestershire breed and he molded them into a large, useful hog that became popular in England.


American Yorkshire  - Pigs Breeds

About Angeln Saddleback PigsAngeln Saddleback

The Angeln Saddleback is a large, lop-eared, black pig with a white band around its body which continues down to its forefeet. They typically weigh 350 kg weight, 92 cm height (boars) and 300 kg weight, 84 cm height (sows).

The Angeln Saddleback pig, also known as the Angler Sattelschwein, is a rare breed of domestic pig came from Angeln, a region of northern Germany.

In 1937 a black-and-white landrace was crossed with a Wessex-Saddleback and was soon accepted as a new race. In the 1950''s the Angler Sattelschwein was very popular, but a few years later it was considered too fat. Consumers stopped eating them, ranchers stop breeding then and now the breed is nearly extinct.

Angeln Saddleback  - Pigs Breeds

About Appalachian English PigsAppalachian English

Originally from Appalacha, these pigs were commonly adapted and crossbred with the Guinea Hog over the past 200-300 years to produce an American original: Guinea Hogs which are one of the smaller breeds of pigs. They were commonly found on homesteads in the southeastern US.

Appalachian English  - Pigs Breeds

About Arapawa Island PigsArapawa Island

Arapawa Pigs are a large hairy breed. They are either a tan or sandy color with black patches. Arapawa Pigs are a feral breed of domestic pig found on Arapawa in the Marlborough Sounds of New Zealand, where they have lived since 1839.

The boars weigh 120-180 kg, and the sows 80-100 kg. Although there are suggestions that the animals are descendants of pigs introduced to the area by James Cook in 1773 and 1777, it is more likely that their ancestors were released by whalers in the early 19th century.

Arapawa Island  - Pigs Breeds

About Auckland Island PigsAuckland Island

The Auckland Island Pig is a feral breed of domestic pig found on Auckland Island in New Zealand.

The pig is believed to have inhabited the island since 1807, when Europeans made several various releases of domestic pigs to provide a source of food for stranded sailors or visiting whalers. By the end of the 19th century, the island held a thriving population of mixed origin pigs. In the late 20th century the largely undisturbed pig population produced a single distinctive breed know today as the Auckland Island Pig.

The Auckland Island pigs appearance consists of a thick hairy coat that is black, white, and brown with black markings. They have a long narrow head and snout with a straight tails. They are relatively ...

Auckland Island  - Pigs Breeds

About Australian Yorkshire PigsAustralian Yorkshire

Originally from Yorkshire England, the Australian Yorkshires were derived from the original English breed of domesticated pig. This particular breed is also known as the most common breed in Australia.

In 2001, a study was conducted at the Institute of Agricultural Sciences of South Vietnam that compared the Australian Yorkshire and the Duroc to common Vietnamese pigs. It concluded that the Australian breeds had a significant advantage over Vietnamese breeds in growth efficiency, and in littering performance.

The Australian Yorkshire is marketed globally, with special modifications being made for Asian markets. For example, Australian Yorkshires supplied by Australian Pork Limited was opened to specifically ch ...

Australian Yorkshire  - Pigs Breeds

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About Ba Xuyen PigsBa Xuyen

Ba Xuyen is a combination of French and Chinese swine from composites of the Craonnais, or Bo Xu. These mut hogs were imported around 1920, by French planters, and the Chinese pigs imported around 1900, by Chinese traders. The Ba Xuyen is primarily found in South Vietnam along the Mekong River delta. They have adapted well to the salty-water zones of that area. The Ba Xuyen has a high backfat thickness that is usually around 42 mm and it weighs nearly 100kg by 12 months of age. The Ba Zuyen also has a short body, medium-sized ears and small legs, with roughly similar proportion of black and white areas on the body. They have an average litter size of eight.

Ba Xuyen  - Pigs Breeds

About Babi Kampung PigsBabi Kampung

The Babi Kampung is a domestic pig, other than that we have not been able to learn anything about them. If you know anything about Babi kampong pigs please contact us and help us out.

Babi Kampung  - Pigs Breeds

About Bantu PigsBantu

The Bantu is found in southern Africa, and is derived from early breeds of swine from Europe and Asia. Bantus are usually brown but can also be black and white with splotches of black spots.

Bantu  - Pigs Breeds

About Basque PigsBasque

Basque pigs are a breed of swine from Basque Country, France. They are piebald, black and pink.

What is today called the Basque pig is one of several historical breeds or breed types kept by the Basque peoples, and it was consolidated under the name only in the 1920s. Though they were relatively common in the early 20th century, Basque pigs had nearly disappeared by 1981, with fewer than 100 breeding sows left.

Today, the breed is preserved by small farmers in France and Spain who are dedicated to traditional Basque foods. Basque pigs grow more slowly and develop more fat than modern breeds like the Large White, making them less suited to intensive commercial meat production, but ideal for the creat ...

Basque  - Pigs Breeds

About Bazna PigsBazna

The Bazna is a pig originally from the Transylvania region of Romania, and they are in fact not vampires.

The Bazna pigs are black with a white belt, medium withers height and body structure, and typically weighing 125 to 135 kilograms by their first year. They are mainly bred for their lard and lean meat.

The Bazna dates back to 1872, when they were created from crossing the Berkshire and Mangalitsa pig breeds. The offspring from that cross inherited the best traits from the Mangalitsa with their superior productive traits. The resulting hybrids were quickly spread around the neighboring towns in Transylvania.

Over the next decade, Berk boars were imported from England and were used to improve the ...

Bazna  - Pigs Breeds

About Beijing Black PigsBeijing Black

This breed is found throughout China. They are a meat breed usually black with some white markings. The breed originated in 1962, by crossing Berkshire and Large White breeds with local breeds including Dingxian, Shenxian and Zhouxian.

Beijing Black  - Pigs Breeds

About Belarus Black Pied PigsBelarus Black Pied

This breed is in the region surrounding Minsk in Belarus. It is a meat and lard breed which was developed from Large White, Large Black, Berkshire and Middle White breeds crossed with various local breeds in the late 1800''s and in the 1920s.

Belarus Black Pied  - Pigs Breeds

About Belgian Landrace PigsBelgian Landrace

The Belgian Landrace is a muscular white swine with heavy droopy ears. They are known as the butchers pig, primarily because they are the most commonly used breed for the consumer market. The Belgian Landrace can be described as a very practical type of pig with good fertility, sound body mechanics, and good maternal instincts, and plenty of milk for their piglets.

The Belgian Landrace has met the demands of producing top quality pork for the consumer marketplace. The breed has also sparked interest from other countries with similar goals in crossbred swine production.

The Belgian Landrace breeds development began in the late 1920s, with the native Landrace type, which sought to improve their short, fat, and ...

Belgian Landrace  - Pigs Breeds

About Bengali Brown Shannaj PigsBengali Brown Shannaj

Other than their name, we have not been able to learn anything about Bengali Brown Shannaj Pigs. If you are familiar with them, please contact us and share what you know.  

Bengali Brown Shannaj  - Pigs Breeds

About Bentheim Black Pied PigsBentheim Black Pied

Originating in the Grafschaft Bentheim area of northern Germany, the Bentheim Black Pied Pig is also known as the Bunts Bentheimer Schwein, which is a mid-sized breed that is lop-eared with white with black spots with grey rings. Their best traits are that they are hardy and long-lived, with high fertility rates. They have an average of 9.2 pigs per litter. Boars average 75 cm height and 250 kg weight and sows average 70 cm height, 180 kg weight.

In Bentheim Germany, in the beginning of the 20th century, the pig breeds consisted of a large number of colored swine. That are crosses of Berkshire and Cornwall breeds. The Bentheim became nearly extinct in the 1950s and is now considered a rare breed with only 100 registered ...

Bentheim Black Pied  - Pigs Breeds

About Berkshire PigsBerkshire

Berkshire are a small black pig with prick ears, white socks, white tip to tail and flash on their face.

During the 19th Berkshire pigs became very popular. Berkshire were soon exported to the USA. This trend continued throughout the century and by the end of the 19th century, herds were also established in Australia and New Zealand. Up until the first half of the 20th century, the breed grew in popularity. However, as with all colored pig breeds, the Berkshire suffered a serious decline in popularity following World War II when the demand for leaner bacon from white-skinned pigs increased.

Since then a number of breeders have developed their own specialized markets for Berkshire pig meat and Berkshire breedin ...

Berkshire  - Pigs Breeds

About Bisaro PigsBisaro

Bisaro pigs are commonly found in Portugal. They are black to an almost white, pink color and have a convex dorsal line. They grow to be up to 95cm in height and weight around 87kg.

They were classified by J.F. Macedo Pinto in the nineteenth century as Bizaro Type 1, or Celtic. He believed that they are a variation of Celtic pig from Gaul.

Bisaro  - Pigs Breeds

About Black Canarian PigsBlack Canarian

The Black Canary Pig is a black pig from the Canary Islands.  Its meat is considered a premium meat and can be sold as gourmet meat in the USA, Brazil, India, Europe, and China. 

Black Canarian  - Pigs Breeds

About Black Slavonian PigsBlack Slavonian

The Black Salvonian is a nearly-extinct Croatian pig bred for their meat. At the end of 19th and beginning of the 20th century they were developed by the crossing of Mangulica, Berkshire, and Poland China pig breeds. Due to the small litters that the sows have, they are not popular with breeders and they today there are less than 200 in the world.

Black Slavonian  - Pigs Breeds

About Breitovo PigsBreitovo

Breitovo pigs are a general purpose swine from Russia. They were bred in the Yaroslavl region as a result of crossing local pigs with Danish landrace, large white and medium white breeds of pigs. They became widespread in the north-west of Russia, in the Volga region, and in the Urals. They were taken out against a background of voluminous feeding with a large quantity of potatoes.

They are predominantly white, but some have darker skins. They have great fertility strong constitution, and are large. Adult boars average 310-330 kg, sows 220-240 kg. Their head is of medium length with a noticeable curve of the profile, but not pug-shaped. Their ears are long and drooping. Their neck is of medium length, broad, and muscular. Th ...

Breitovo  - Pigs Breeds

About British Landrace PigsBritish Landrace

The first Landrace pigs were imported into Britain from Sweden in 1949. In 1950, the British Landrace Pig Society was formed to create a herd book for the first offspring born and very soon an evaluation scheme was created. The first pig testing scheme was for daily gain and fat depths, a testing station was built at Stockton-on-Forest, York. This was one of the first examples of pig testing in the UK.

Starting in 1953, more Landrace pigs were imported into Northern Ireland, the Isle of Man, and the Channel Islands. A few years later in 1978, the British Landrace Pig Society joined forces with NPBA and became the British Pig Association.

The popularity of the British Landrace breed has expanded rapidly since the ...

British Landrace  - Pigs Breeds

About British Lop PigsBritish Lop

The British Lop Pig is a descendent of the lop-eared white pigs that lived in the southwest English farmyards for centuries.

The breed society was formed in 1920 under the name of the National Long White Lop- Eared Pig Society. The name was changed to the British Lop Pig Society in the 1960s.

As with most of the other rare breeds the decision in the 1950s to concentrate pig production on just three breeds (Landrace, Large White, and the Welsh) was disastrous for the British Lop. Numbers dropped and coupled with the breed’s relative confinement to the south west. The Lop became very rare and still is today, but there are now herds throughout the UK. 

British Lop  - Pigs Breeds

About British Saddleback PigsBritish Saddleback

British Saddleback pigs are a breed of domestic pig created in the 20th century from the cross-breeding of Essex and Wessex Saddleback breeds.

In the 20th century Lord Western, while travelling in Italy, saw some Neapolitan pigs and decided thatthey were just what he needed to improve the breed of Essex pigs. He bought a pair of Neapolitan boars and crossed them with Essex sows. One Lord Westerns tenants named Fisher Hobbs of Boxted Lodge then used the Neapolitan-Essex boars and crossed them with his coarse Essex sows and in process established the Improved Essex breed.

British Saddleback pigs have a black head and neck, as well as a clearly defined belt of white extending over the shoulders and continuing ...

British Saddleback  - Pigs Breeds

About Bulgarian White PigsBulgarian White

In the early 1960s, the Bulgarian government wanted to improve the meat yield of the countrys Bulgarian White stock. They did so by importing 3,000 pedigree breeding stock of the Landras and Large White varieties from the USSR, Sweden, and Poland. These important pigs were given out to the pig farmers in the country, along with ten state farms, in order to crossbreed them with local Bulgarian White stock. The result today is the Bulgarian White pig.

Bulgarian White  - Pigs Breeds

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About Calabrese PigsCalabrese

The origin of the Black Pig from Calabria is uncertain. There are two different hypotheses at present: according to one it would come from the Iberian stock, while the other from the Roman one. Once it used to be present in vast areas of Calabria and distinguished into several local varieties, like Reggitana, Cosentino, Orielese, Lagonegrese, Catanzarese, Casalinga and others. 

All these animals had the common characteristic of a good unfat meat ideal to the sausage production, typical of that area. The present day consistency is very limited: the real typical examples, or those that resemble the original type, are very few. They give lean cuts, ham and shoulders have quite good size.

Medium-sized pigs ...

Calabrese  - Pigs Breeds

About Canterbury Blue PigsCanterbury Blue

Blue wild pigs were reported in North Canterbury, New Zealand, in the early twentieth century. A 1922 publication noted: Perhaps the most interesting specimen of the wild pig in this Dominion is the blue pig found in the Mount Grey and Karetu districts, North Canterbury. The blue color is produced by a blend of apparently equal numbers of white and black hairs. So fixed is the type that blue pigs may be found in a litter with blacks or black and whites. The blue pig, evidently, is the result of a cross between a black pig and a white pig, and the progeny crossed and inbred until the two breeds are absolutely blended as far as color is concerned.

In a study of wild pigs in the northern part of the South Island of New Zea ...

Canterbury Blue  - Pigs Breeds

About Cantonese PigsCantonese

Cantonese pigs are a breed of pig from the Zhujiang delta in Guangdong, China. They are used for lard and meat and are generally black and white.

They are also known as Dahuabai, Ta-hua-pai, Kanton, Chinese, Gongdong Big Spotted, Guangdong Large White Spot, and Large Black White, Macao, or Pearl River Delta pigs.

Cantonese  - Pigs Breeds

About Casertana PigsCasertana

The Casertana breed has very ancient origins (Teano or Pelatella): in fact  it is frequently represented in frescoes and sculptures of Roman times. It is certainly the most precocious among Italian breeds, being able to give large amounts of fat. At the age of one year these pigs may weigh over 150 kg. The present situation about this breed is crucial, as only few examples still live, and not all of them are full-blooded. Rustic, excellent at grazing, frugal and precocious, they have all the right features to be raised in the open. Their fertility is limited to an average of 4-6 piglets each delivery up to a maximum of 10.

Bristles are absent or present in reduced number, that is why the nickname of Pelatella. Ano ...

Casertana  - Pigs Breeds

About Celtic PigsCeltic

ThernCeltic pig (Galician: Porco celta) are a breed of pig native to the autonomousrncommunity of Galicia in north-western Spain. Though they were relatively commonrnuntil the early 20th century, Celtic pigs have nearly disappeared today. Howeverrnthey are recovering and there are now more than 2 500 purebred sows.

Celtic  - Pigs Breeds

About Chato Murciano PigsChato Murciano

Chato Murciano pigs are domestic pigs from Murcia, Spain. The Spanish word chato means short-nosed which is how these short-nosed pigs from Murcia got their name. They are the only surviving breed of pig locally and historically produced in Murcia and they are at the risk of extinction.

Chato Murciano pigs are generally bred for bacon and lean pork and they are well adapted to southern Spains dry and warm climate.

Along with its short nose, the Chato Murciano pigs are generally black or white color and have small heads. Some tend to have white patches on parts of their body such as the tail and legs.

In Murcia, the Spanish were in need of an improved breed of pig as the current Murcian type was ...

Chato Murciano  - Pigs Breeds

About Chester White PigsChester White

Chester White pigs originated in Chester County, Pennsylvania. The Chester White was first developed around 1816, using strains of large white pigs common to the Northeast U.S. and a white boar imported from Bedfordshire. Some believe that Chinese pigs might have been added as well.

By 1884 a breed association was officially formed, but competing organizations, sometimes for individual strains, continued to appear into the early 20th century. Finally in 1930 all breed organizations were consolidated under the Chester White Swine Record Association.

Today the Chester White is a versatile breed suited to both intensive and extensive husbandry. Though not as popular as the Duroc, Yorkshire, ...

Chester White  - Pigs Breeds

About Choctaw Hog PigsChoctaw Hog

Choctaw Hog are domestic pig raised by Native Americans for meat. Unfortunately there are only a few hundred left and are considered critically rare.

Choctaw hogs are black, sometimes with white markings, and grow to about 120 pounds. Choctaw hogs have two distinctive characteristics: their toes are typically fused forming a single hoof like that of a mule, and many have fleshy wattles on each side of their necks.

Choctaw Hog descend from livestock brought to the Americas by Spaniards in the 16th. The Choctaw Hog was used not only by Native Americans but also by European settlers.

The Choctaw people and their livestock migrated from the Deep South to Oklahoma Territory in the early 19th century. ...

Choctaw Hog  - Pigs Breeds

About Cinta Senese PigsCinta Senese

It is a real breed with a long history. It originated in the Siena area precisely around Monteriggioni, Sovicille and Poggibonsi, where until few decades ago about 20.000 were bred, and the same number lived in the provinces nearby. It dates back to 1300 as it is seen in frescoes representing such pigs with a white belt like in present day Cinta pigs. These animals are rustic, excellent at grazing, with good motherly care and breast feeding. Males can reach over kg 150 at the age of one year and females kg 140. Remarkable fat deposit particularly on the back, this breed is free from any defects like PSS, PSE and sour meat. Particularly suitable to grazing, quite frugal.

The color is black or slate grey with a white belt cov ...

Cinta Senese  - Pigs Breeds

About Creole PigsCreole

The Creole Pig was a breed of pig indigenous to the Caribbean nation of Haiti. Creole pigs are well adapted to the rugged terrain and sparse vegetation of Haiti. The pigs resilience allowed Haitian peasants to raise these pigs with little resources. The peasants characterized their pigs as never getting sick.

For generations, the Haitian Creole pig had been a poor Haitian familys most important economic asset. Rugged foragers that coped well in Haiti’s tropical climate, Creole pigs were cheap and easy for peasant families to raise. Beyond meat, the pigs real significance lay in their role as a peasants savings bank an asset that could easily be tapped into when cash was needed. These dark black pigs were known fo ...

Creole  - Pigs Breeds

About Cumberland PigsCumberland

Cumberland Pigs were a pig from Northern England that are now extinct. They were used to produce local delicacies like the Cumberland sausage and Cumberland ham. The breed became extinct in 1960, after changes in farming methods and a demand for less fatty meat led to it falling out of favor.  

Cumberland Pigs were a very old breed that likely developed over several hundred years in Cumberland and Westmorland, and was closely related to the Old Yorkshire white pig. They were a heavy-set white pig with pendulous ears, and a tough constitution that enabled them to withstand the poor weather of Northern England. During the 19th century, many efforts were made to improve pig breeds, and the Cumberland was often cros ...

Cumberland  - Pigs Breeds

About Czech Improved White PigsCzech Improved White

Czech Improved White Pigs are found throughout the Czech Republic. They were developed from Large White, Edelschwein, and German Landrace pigs crossed with local swine. The Slovakian Improved White and Slovakian White Meat were developed from the Czech Improved White.

They are a basic and widely used white breed with short and erect ears. They have a strong constitution and are adaptable. They have a medium to large body. They are known for excellent fertility and milk production. They also fatten at an above average rate.

Czech Improved White  - Pigs Breeds

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About Danish Landrace PigsDanish Landrace

Danish Landrace pigs are a medium to large white breed of pig. They have long bodies, fine hair, long snouts, and heavy drooping ears. There are two distinct varieties, the white and the piebald.

The first registered Landrace herd was established in 1896 in Denmark, with the first progeny and sibling tests in 1907. Since then, production and quality testing have become a regular part of the Danish swine improvement program. Primarily because of this breed, Denmark had become the world''s chief bacon-exporting country and for many years refused to export purebred Landrace breeding stock to protect this position. Registrations are governed by Denmarks Landsudvalget for Svineavl og Production (National Committee for Breedin ...

Danish Landrace  - Pigs Breeds

About Danish Protest PigsDanish Protest

The Danish Protest Pig is a rare breed of domestic pig. Due to its red color, its broad white vertical belt, and a trace of a white horizontal belt it resembles the colors of the Flag of Denmark. It originated in North Frisia in Southern Schleswig in the beginning of the 20th century, when Danes living in the area were not allowed to raise the Danish flag and kept and displayed the Protest Pig instead, making it a symbol of their cultural identity.

They grow up to 350kg. They probably were created out of Holsteinian and Jutlandian marsh pigs, the English Tamworth pig, and red variants of the Angeln Saddleback. They were recognized as a unique breed in 1954, but after a last birth in 1968, the race was considered extinct. ...

Danish Protest  - Pigs Breeds

About Dermantsi Pied PigsDermantsi Pied

Dermantsi Pied Pigs, also known as Pstra dermanska, Dermantsi Black Spotted, Dermanska chernosharena, Schwarzbuntes Dermanzi, are found in the area surrounding Lukovit in northern Bulgaria. The Dermantsi Pied is a lard pig. They are either white with black spots or black with white spots.

Dermantsi Pied  - Pigs Breeds

About Duroc PigsDuroc

In 1823, a red boar, whose parents were probably taken from England, was obtained by Isaac Frink of Milton in Saratoga, New York. Frink had obtained the boar from a man named Harry Kelsey. Kelsey owned a famous trotting stallion, named Duroc, and Frink named his red boar in honor of that horse. That boars progeny continued the Duroc pig name and many of his offspring inherited his color, quick growth and maturity, deep body, sturdy ham and shoulder, and quiet disposition. Today that pigs descendants are called Durocs.

At the 1893 Chicago Worlds Fair, Duroc pigs gained wide popularity at the first successful Duroc pig show. This was only the beginning of the Duroc pig popularity and success which continues today. They ar ...

Duroc  - Pigs Breeds

About Dutch Landrace PigsDutch Landrace

Dutch Landrace Pigs are a combination of German Landrace and Danish Landrace pigs. They are found in the southern, eastern, and northern parts of Holland. They are a meaty and efficient breed of pig.

Dutch Landrace pigs have the same general look as other Landrace breeds. They are white and they have large floppy ears. They have been developed to have bigger backs and heavier hams than found on other types of Landrace pigs. They are also very fertile and are very good mothers.

The swine pig ranchers of Holland lay great stress on production detail. Ninety percent of the marketed pigs are crossbreds, but careful attention is given to seed stock. Over 1,000 Dutch Landrace litters are tested each year for weigh ...

Dutch Landrace  - Pigs Breeds

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About East Balkan PigsEast Balkan

East Balkan Pigs or East Balkan Swine (EBS) are rare pigs and the only aboriginal domesticated pig breed in Bulgaria. They are distributed on the western coast of the Black Sea in Bulgaria. In 2009 there were 1,858 East Balkan Pigs; however the population decreased by 62% by 2006. 

East Balkan  - Pigs Breeds

About Essex PigsEssex

Essex pigs were developed in the United Kingdom. Essex pigs are popular because they are easy and cheap to keep.

The modern day Essex was developed by breeding local pigs in area denoted in the Essex area. The original Essex, also known as the Old Essex, was a small black and white pig. By the nineteenth century, the Old Essex was improved by crossbreeding with imported pig breeds.

Although the breed had been changed, they still remained popular until the 1950s, especially during and after World War Two, because they retained their hardiness and independence. In 1955, a report was released by the Advisory Committee on the Development of Pig Production in the United Kingdom stating that the variety of pigs throughout t ...

Essex  - Pigs Breeds

About Estonian Bacon PigsEstonian Bacon

Estonian Bacon pigs, as one would guess, are meat pigs from Estonia and the source of excellent bacon. They were developed from local landrace pigs crossbred with German, Danish, and Swedish landraces. They look similar to the Danish Landrace pigs.

Estonian Bacon  - Pigs Breeds

About European Wild PigsEuropean Wild

The European wild pig, more correctly the European Wild Boar (which term covers both the boars and sows), is commonly called the Euro in New Zealand. It is a hardy breed.

All domesticated pigs, even Asian varieties, are believed to have evolved from this European breed.

In spite of the fearsome reputation of the European Wild Boar, domesticated Euros make good pets.

They are born with stripes from nose to tail, fading when about six to nine weeks old. Colors range from yellow-sandy through to red-black. They have long manes and hair in winter with a woolly undercoat. They are great mothers, farrowing twice a year.

Content and Photo Source: New Zealand Rare Breeds (

European Wild  - Pigs Breeds

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About Fengjing PigsFengjing

Fengjing pigs are from the town of Fengjing in Shanghai, China. They are mainly found in the districts of Jinshan,Songjiang, and Wujiang. They are classified as a type of Taihu pig which all occur in the narrow region of mild sub-tropical climate around the Taihu Lake region.

Fengjing pigs are large black pigs with large floppy ears. They are distinguished by their very wrinkly faces and bodies. They are excellent breeders, producing two litters per year of an average 12 piglets at first parity rising to 17 piglets at third parity with 12 surviving to be weaned. Litter sizes of up to 20 occur regularly. The pig grows relatively slowly and has a good, succulent, taste.

The peak of Fengjing production occurred ...

Fengjing  - Pigs Breeds

About Finnish Landrace PigsFinnish Landrace

Finnish Landrace pigs are found in abundance in the northern parts of Europe, particularly in Finland. They have the same origin as the other Landrace pig breeds of Europe. The Finnish Landrace pig breeds were developed by means of crossings with the improved indigenous stock that were brought from other countries. They average 6 to 10 baby piglets in a litter and will have two to three litters per year.

Finnish Landrace pigs have a white body color and the weighty, drooping ears, like other landrace pigs; however, Finnish Landrace pigs are extremely tidy. Because of this, they have been imported as seed stock to other countries. Finnish Landrace pigs make sure their bathroom area is far away from where they eat and res ...

Finnish Landrace  - Pigs Breeds

About Forest Mountain PigsForest Mountain

Forest Mountain pigs are an extremely rare breed of pig from Armenia and it is feared that they may become extinct.

Forest Mountain  - Pigs Breeds

About French Landrace PigsFrench Landrace

Landrace pigs were first introduced into France around 1930; however, it was not until after World War 2 that they were extensively imported into France, mainly from Sweden.

Todays French variant of the Landrace pigs is typically large and white with heavy drooping ears. They have been bred for skeletal soundness, heavy muscling, good mothering, and prolificacy. Sows average 19.7 pigs per year. Their hams are bulging and their rumps are level and wide with very muscular loins.

French Landrace  - Pigs Breeds

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About Gascon PigsGascon

Gascon pigs are a rare breed from the mountainous and remote regions of France, and they probably are the most ancient breed of pig in France.

Despite endangered Gascon pigs have many valuable characteristics. Like most old-fashioned breeds, they are prone to becoming very fat, but they are vigorous, hardy, thrifty and tolerant of hot climates. The sows are prolific and have a good supply of milk for their litters.

Gascon  - Pigs Breeds

About German Landrace PigsGerman Landrace

German Landrace pigs were developed around 1900, in Lower Saxony, Germany from carefully selected pigs from the area. During the years of 1948 to 1958, there were importations of Danish and Dutch Landrace that were used to further improve the breed.

German Landrace pigs are very similar to other Landrace pigs; they are white heavy drooping ears. However, they are not as extreme in size and length as some of the Landrace strains of other nations.

German Landrace pig breeding selection efforts have been especially directed toward excellent fertility, heavy milking, and good mothering. There has been special attention, following weaning, to efficiency in feed conversion and to high cut-out values.

Ger ...

German Landrace  - Pigs Breeds

About Gloucestershire Old Spot PigsGloucestershire Old Spot

Gloucestershire Old Spots Pigs, or GOS hogs, are from Gloucestershire County, England. They are known for their docility, intelligence, and prolificacy. Boars reach a mature weight of 600 lbs (272 kg) and sows 500 lbs (227 kg).

They are predominantly white with black spots and there must be at least one spot on the body to be accepted in the registry. Their maternal skills enable them to raise large litters of piglets on pastures. Their disposition and self-sufficiency make them attractive for farmers raising pasture pigs and those who want to add pigs to diversified operations.

Gloucestershire Old Spot  - Pigs Breeds

About Gottingen Mini PigsGottingen Mini

Gottingen Minipig (also known as the Gottinger or Goettingen Minipig) are a breed of miniature swine developed specifically for use in biomedical research. They arernbest known for their exceptionally small size and their very clean andrnwell-characterized health status. Their development began in the late 1960s atrnthe Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics at the University of Gottingen, Germany, by crossbreeding Minnesota minipigs, the Vietnamese Potbelly Pigs, and German Landrace pigs. Today they are is bred at four separate locations globally and are used in life-saving biomedical research all over the world.

Gottingen Mini  - Pigs Breeds

About Grice PigsGrice

Grice Pigs, also known as the Highland, Hebridean or Irish pig, are an extinct pig from Scotland and Ireland. They became extinct, surviving longest in the Shetland Isles, where they disappeared in the late nineteenth century.

Accounts from the early 19th century suggest the grice was an aggressive animal with small tusks, an arched back, and a coat of stiff dark bristles over a fleece of wool. Most likely ranchers stopped breeding them and turned to more docile pigs.

Grice  - Pigs Breeds

About Guinea Hog PigsGuinea Hog

Guinea Hogs, also known as Pineywoods Guinea, Guinea Forest Hog, Acorn Eater, and Yard Pigs, are unique to the United States. Despite their name, Guinea Hogs are not from the country of Guinea. The Guinea Hog has a black coat, sturdy body, curly tail and upright ears.

Guinea hogs are very easy hogs to keep. They are good as free-range foragers but they are also at home in a farmyard. If farrowing is planned in the spring or summer, just a dry covered nesting place is needed. They are easy to contain with a high tensile electric fence (you will need a low wire at 6 inches, 18 inches, and 30 inches). They are even handy to have around because they eat snakes.

If they are habituated to people as piglets, they become d ...

Guinea Hog  - Pigs Breeds

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About Hampshire PigsHampshire

Hampshire pigs have erect ears and are black with a whitish band around the middle, covering the front legs. They are fourth most common breed of pig in the United States, and probably the oldest American breed of hogs.

It is believed that Hampshire pigs come from the Old English Breed, found in northern England and Scotland. Most likely they were imported to America from Hampshire England between 1827 and 1839.

Hampshire hogs are large, well-muscled, and rapid growers. They make good mothers and are good tempered.

Hampshire  - Pigs Breeds

About Hereford PigsHereford

Hereford Pigs, or Hereford Hogs, are rare variety of meat pigs that are similar in coloration to Hereford cattle. They originated in the United States and where developed from Duroc, Poland China, and perhaps some Chester White, or Hampshire pigs. They were first developed from 1920 to 1925, and by 1934 the official Hereford registry was opened.

Hereford  - Pigs Breeds

About Hezuo PigsHezuo

Hezuo Pigs are from China and are found in the Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Gansu Province. They are well suited to the region where the altitude in this region is high (2600 m), and the temperature low. The pigs are out on pasture year round, and are characterized by long, coarse and dense bristles, a slow growth rate, and low birth rate, with a litter size of 4 to 7.

Hezuo  - Pigs Breeds

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About Iberian PigsIberian

Iberian Pigs are meat pigs from to the Iberian Peninsula. The Iberian pig can probably be traced back to the Neolithic, when animal domestication started. Currently they are found in herds clustered in the central and southern part of Portugal and Spain.

The most commonly accepted theory is that the first pigs were brought to the Iberian Peninsula by the Phoenicians from the Eastern Mediterranean coast (current day Lebanon), where they interbred with wild boars. This cross gave rise to the ancestors of what are today Iberian pigs. The Iberian breed is currently one of the few examples of a domesticated breed which has adapted to a pastoral setting where the land is particularly rich in natural resources, in this case ac ...

Iberian  - Pigs Breeds

About Idaho Pastured Pigs PigsIdaho Pastured Pigs

Image: <a href= class = body target=_blank>Idaho Pasture Pig Registry</a> Idaho Pasture Pigs (also known as IPPs) were developed from Duroc, Old Berkshire, and Kunekune pigs. They are grazing pigs and are very gentle, have great personalities, are easy to work with, and are smaller than traditional pig, like the Large White, while still reaching a butcher weight of about 200 - 250 pounds in 9 - 10 months eating primarily grass.

They are a well-proportioned pig with a medium width in the leg set, a wide back, noticeable shoulders, developed hams, and a overall, nicely proportioned head with a short - medium upturned snout.Sows should mature at 250 - 300 pounds and the boars should mature at 300 - 400 pounds.

Idaho Pastured Pigs  - Pigs Breeds

About Italian Landrace PigsItalian Landrace

Italian Landrace Pigs are, as you would expect, an Italian variation on Landrace pigs. They are large, have very long bodies, lop ears, and are white.

Landrace pigs were originally imported from Denmark after the Second World War. They were selected principally for suitability for the production of Salumi and prosciutto crudo (dry-cured ham that is usually thinly sliced and served uncooked). After the Large White Italiana, Italian Landrace pigs are the second-most common pig breed in Italy.

Italian Landrace  - Pigs Breeds

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About Jeju Black PigsJeju Black

Jeju Black Pigs are small black pigs found on Koreans largest island, Jeju-do. They have a smooth coat of hair and erect unfolded, ears and a narrow snout.

Jeju Black Pigs have a have a unique taste quite distinct from other breeds of pig and forms the basis of some well-known local dishes. The pork is smoked over burning hay allowing the smoke to penetrate the meat juices resulting in a flavor quite unlike regular pork and a meat that is somewhat chewier.

Until quite recently, Jeju Black Pigs were kept in order to dispose of human waste. They were housed in sties built below outside latrines where their food was directly delivered. This practice was still current in the 1960s but has now given way to more co ...

Jeju Black  - Pigs Breeds

About Jinhua PigsJinhua

Jinhua Pigs are from the Zhejiang Province in China.The have a white body, with black at the head and rump. This leads to the common name of two-end-black. Their back and loins are slightly curved. They have thin skin, fine bones, and tender meat.

Jinhua belong to a type of swine found in central China, the region between the Changjiang and Zhujiang rivers where the climate is temperate (or warm) and moist. Agriculture in this region is highly developed and the main crop is paddy rice. The area is rich in feed and especially abundant in green and water plants which are used as pig feeds. Pigs in this region are generally penned and well managed.

Jinhua pigs mature early and may be mated as early as 3 to 4 mont ...

Jinhua  - Pigs Breeds

About Juliana PigsJuliana

Juliana Pigs, also known as Miniature Painted Pigs, are small colorful pigs. They are lean, muscular pigs that originating in Europe through selective breeding of various kinds of pigs. On average the Juliana pig weighs between 30 - 50 pounds and is 13 - 15 inches in height. 

They have distinctive elongated snout. However, the main advantage of these pigs is the temperament - during breeding, much attention was paid not only to their conformation, but also to the character. They are cheerful, flexible, and not aggressive. 
Julian pigs are always spotted. Their main color can be silvery, white, red, black or coffee with milk. The spots are predominantly black, but they can be both red and white. The s ...

Juliana  - Pigs Breeds

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About Kakhetian PigsKakhetian

Kakhetian Pigs are fromKakheti, the eastern province of Georgia.They are one of the breeds of European pigs.

They have a medium-size long head, well developed moving snout, and short standing ears. They have a flat, narrow, and short body, convex back, tall and strong legs, indrawn and short stomach, underdeveloped udder, the number of nipples -10-12.

Kakhetian  - Pigs Breeds

About Kele PigsKele

Kele Pigs are from Southwest China in the Yunnan-Guizhou mountainous areas, where the altitude is between 1700 to 2400 m, the climate is dry and cold during the winter, and humid in summer, and characterized by erratic changes in weather. Kele pigs have exceptionally thick back fat (5.1 to 7.2 cm) most likely because these pigs are bred for extra fat, since people in mountainous areas have a special demand for fat in their diet.

Kele Pigs generally have a arched back and loin, long straight snout, narrow chest, wrinkled hind legs, strong feet, and light body. Also they are relatively low in prolificacy, with a litter size about 7 to 8 and 5 to 6 pairs of teats.

Kele  - Pigs Breeds

About Kemerovo PigsKemerovo

Kemerovo Pigs are a general-purpose pig breed from the Kemerovo region of Russia. They were developed by the crossbreeding of local late-ripening pigs with large white, white long-eared, Berkshire, Great Black and Siberian northern breeds. In 1960 they were approved as an independent breed. The result is a pig with good adaptability to cold temperatures, high rates of early maturity, and large liters. The Kemerovo breed is divided into two types - meat and general purpose.  

Kemerovo pigs are characterized by a strong constitution and correct physique. They are predominantly black but sometimes black and white. They have a good layer of dense bristles and are well adapted to harsh climatic conditions.


Kemerovo  - Pigs Breeds

About Korean Native PigsKorean Native

Korean native pigs have black glossy hairs, caved face, a greatly protruded mouth, big eyes, and straightly upright ears. They also have round shoulder, narrow rear, wide chest, long hips, well-balanced short legs and 10-12 teats. They are known for propagating power, superior meat quality and strong adaptability.

Korean Native  - Pigs Breeds

About Krskopolje PigsKrskopolje

Krskopolje Pigs, also known as Blackbelted pigs, are from the Carniola and Styria regions of Slovenia.

The back parts of Krskopolje Pigs bodies are usually black, with a wide white stripe or belt around the body. Their head is medium-length and flat, with big, hanging ears. They are characterized by an average fertility, a good appetite, growth ability and large adult weight (adult animals weighed 250-300 kg).

Krskopolje  - Pigs Breeds

About Kunekune PigsKunekune

The KuneKune is a small breed of domestic pig. KuneKunes are hairy, with a rotund build and may have wattles (a small piece of hanging flesh, similar to a rooster''s wattle). Their colors range from black and white, to ginger, cream, gold-tip, black, brown and tri-colored. They have laid back, docile, friendly personalities. 

The KuneKune was once near certain extinction and they were only found in New Zealand and kept by the Maori people. Luckily now they are widely bred and make wonderful and adorable pets.

KuneKune pigs are a perfect homestead pig as they are grazers and can finish out on just good pasture. Because they have short upturned noses they do not root as much and destroy pastures like ...

Kunekune  - Pigs Breeds

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About Lamcombe PigsLamcombe

Lacombe Pigs are a breed of Canadian pig. They are named after the Lacombe Research Centre in Lacombe, Alberta. They were the first strain of livestock developed in the Canada.

Lacombe Pigs development began in 1947 with the crossing of Berkshire sows to Danish Landrace and Chester White boars. The goal was to produce a pig that would be appropriate for crossing with the Yorkshire, the dominant breed in Canada at the time. The Lacombe was eventually unveiled to pork producers in 1957, and quickly grew to be a popular breed in Canada.

Lacombe Pigs are white, medium-sized, docile pigs. They have large drooping ears, are long bodied, short legs, and are very meaty.

Unfortunately today Lacombe Pigs are ...

Lamcombe  - Pigs Breeds

About Landrace PigsLandrace

Landrace Pigs are found in many countries with small variations from country to country; however, they are all descended from hogs that were developed in Denmark.

The development of Landrace Pigs began in about 1895. It resulted from crossing Large White hogs from England with native pigs. . It was largely thanks to the use of Landrace pigs that Denmark became a great bacon-exporting country.

Landrace Pigs care to merica in 1934 when the U.S. Department of Agriculture received a shipment of Landrace pigs from Denmark. Many of those hogs were used in cross breeding and became ancestors of a number of newrnbreeds. The foundation stock of the American Landrace was from those hogs that were bred pure or carried a small inf ...

Landrace  - Pigs Breeds

About Large Black PigsLarge Black

Large Black Hogs, occasionally called the Devon or Cornwall Black, are a meet pig, originally from Great Britain, particularly Devon, Cornwall, and Essex.

Large Blacks were developed from local black pig breeds from the West Country and the East of England. With the founding of a breed association in 1898 or 1899, variations between the types from the two areas decreased. The Large Black was popular in the early 1900s and was exported to many areas of the world.

They are good foragers which makes them particularly useful for extensive farming but poor for intensive farming. Population numbers declined after the Second World War as farmers turned to breeds more suitable to intensive pig farming, and by the 19 ...

Large Black  - Pigs Breeds

About Large White PigsLarge White

The Large White is a breed of domestic pig originating in Yorkshire. They are one of the most common pig breeds. Large Whites in the US are referred to as American Yorkshires, or just Yorkshires.

As one would expect Large Whites are large and white. They have erect ears and a dished face.
They were originally developed as an outdoor breed, but today they are favored by commercial pig breeders.

First recognized in 1868, the Large White was one of the original founder breeds of the National Pig Breeders'' Association (now known as the British Pig Association) and the first herdbook was published in 1884. The early history of the breed in Yorkshire is difficult to trace. The huge, coarse-boned and leggy ...

Large White  - Pigs Breeds

About Latvian White PigsLatvian White

Latvian white pigs are a general purpose pig breedrnfrom Latvia.

Latvian White  - Pigs Breeds

About Leicoma PigsLeicoma

Photo Source : Leicoma pigs are large pigs from East Germany. They have a large frame and hanging ears. They unfortunately are considered endangered.

Leicoma  - Pigs Breeds

About Lincolnshire Curly-Coated PigsLincolnshire Curly-Coated

Lincolnshire Curly-Coated Pigs, also known as the Baston Pigs or simply as the Lincolnshire Curly Coats, were an old breed of pigs from Lincolnshire, England. The breed became rare, and was finally extinct by the early to mid-1970s.

Lincolnshire Curly-Coated Pigs were bred to be tough and hardy. They were large and had lop ears. Their most prominent feature was their long, curly white coat, which helped it to weather the damp, cold winters of the Lincolnshire fens.

Lincolnshire Curly-Coated Pigs were one of the oldest breeds in the UK, and was formerly very common in eastern England. By the 1930s, selective breeding had developed its fattening abilities, and large specimens were exported to Russia and other c ...

Lincolnshire Curly-Coated  - Pigs Breeds

About Lithuanian Native PigsLithuanian Native

Lithuanian Native Pigs are a rare middle-sized pig from Lithuania. They can be traced back to ancient times, and they are one of the oldest pig varieties in Europe. It is a middle-sized breed.

Lithuanian Native Pigs typically have wattles on the neck, and usually they have large black spots on their body, but color variations include black-and-white, ginger, black, and tri-colored. They are friendly and they are not sensitive to the sun, which makes them good grazers and ideal for small farms.

Lithuanian Native Pigs were used in producing the Lithuanian White, a standardized breed, and many Russian breeds. Now Lithuanian Native pigs are very rare even in Lithuania and in danger of extinction. However since 1993 a ...

Lithuanian Native  - Pigs Breeds

About Lithuanian White PigsLithuanian White

Lithuanian White Pigs are a standardized, general purpose, pig developed partially from Lithuanian Native Pigs.

Lithuanian White  - Pigs Breeds

About Livny PigsLivny

Livny Pigs are a general purpose pig from the Orel region of Russia. They were developed by a team of specialists from the Livny Breeding Ground. Selective pedigree work was carried out on the basis of the cross-breeding stock, which was formed before 1917 by random outbreeding of local late-ripening pigs with Berkshire, Large White, Middle White, and Polish-Chinese pigs.

As a result of monitoring 10 lines of boars and 28 breeding families, pigs improved for these parameters were obtained for productivity, precocity, and conformation, and in 1949 the name Livny breed was legally fixed.  

They have good adaptability to natural and fodder conditions of Russia, as well as produce high quality meat. Livny ...

Livny  - Pigs Breeds

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About Malhado de Alcobaca PigsMalhado de Alcobaca

Malhado de Alcobaca are Portuguese Pigs that were thought to be extinct, but has started to quickly recover in numbers.

Malhado de Alcobaca  - Pigs Breeds

About Mangalitsa PigsMangalitsa

Mangalica Pigs (sometimes spelled Mangalitsa (USA) or Mangalitza (UK)) is a Hungarian breed of pig that was developed in the 19th century by cross-breeding the traditional Hungarian Bakonyi and Szalontai breeds with imported Sumadia pigs from Serbia.

Mangalitsa pigs have a thick hairy coat similar to that of a sheep. The only other pig breed noted for having a long coat is the extinct Lincolnshire Curly Coat of England.

The Mangalitsa is a lardpig, with a high fat content in the meat; they are large and round. Because of the drop in demand for lard, the popularity of the breed has declined and they are now regarded as a rare breed.

Mangalitsa  - Pigs Breeds

About Meishan PigsMeishan

Meishan pigs are named for the Chinese prefecture of Meishan. They are classified as a type of Taihu pig which are all from the narrow region of mild sub-tropical climate around the Taihu Lake region in Shanghai.

Meishan pigs are small to medium-sized with large drooping ears and wrinkled black skin. They are best known for its large litters of 15-16 piglets. Due to their fecundity, they were introduced into the United States under a cooperative effort of the USDA, the University of Illinois, and Iowa State University. This effort also imported Fengjing and Minzhu pigs from China. A total of 144 pigs from these breeds were shipped to the United States. Iowa State University received 22 Meishan females and 10 Meishan bo ...

Meishan  - Pigs Breeds

About Middle White PigsMiddle White

Middle White Pigs are native to the United Kingdom. They originated inYorkshire around the same time as the Large White. Their name comes from the fact that they are between the size of the Large White and the now-extinct Small White.

Middle White Pigs were fully recognized as a breed in 1884. The breed is known as a pork producer (rather thanbacon or lardtype pigs), and are best known for having sharply upturned snub noses. They are docile and often kept outdoors in grazing situations. Though their numbers have rebounded somewhat, they are currently listed as endangered.

Middle White  - Pigs Breeds

About Minzhu PigsMinzhu

Minzhu pigs, or Ming, Min, or Da Min, pigs come from far northern China. Minzhu means folk pig.

They can be found in the Middle Temperate Belt, to the north of the Huaihe River Basin and the Qinling Mountains. The cold and dry climate of this region makes the Minzhu very tolerant to cold temperatures and harsh feeding conditions. They are also known as the Ming, Min, or Da Min. Minzhu is said to mean folk pig.

Minzhu pigs are small pigs with very long black hair. This hair has coarse, long bristles and a dense woolen undercoat in the winter. This hair allows sows to farrow in an open shed at 4 degrees C with issues.

Minzhu pigs are a prolific breed, though not as prolific as the other breeds import ...

Minzhu  - Pigs Breeds

About Mong Cai PigsMong Cai

Mong Cai Pigs are one of the most common breeds of Pigs in northern Vietnam, particularly in the provinces of North Mountain area, the Red River delta, and the northern part of the Central Coastline.

Mong Cai Pigs are small to medium sized. Their heads are black with small and upright ears. Black patches are also found other places on their body with a white band running from one side of their abdomen over the shoulder to other side of the abdomen, making a black saddle over the middle of their concave back.

They are known for high prolificacy, good adaptation to poor-quality feed, and disease resistance. Gilts reach puberty at 2-3 months of age and they have an average litter size of 12.

Mong Cai  - Pigs Breeds

About Mora Romagnola PigsMora Romagnola

Mora Romagnola Pigs are from Emilia-Romagna, in northern Italy.

In the early 20th century there were several similar but distinct regional sub-types of Romagnolo pigs, including the Forlivese from the area o Forli, the Faentina from the area of Faenza and the Riminese or Mora Riminese from the area of Rimini. From the beginning of the century all of these types began to be crossed with British Yorkshire pigs, which were first imported to the area in 1886. First-generation crosses preserved the some of the meat quality of the local breeds, but grew much faster. By 1927 they was recognized that indiscriminate cross-breeding beyond the first generation lead to the disappearance of the local stock, and in 1941 selective br ...

Mora Romagnola  - Pigs Breeds

About Moura PigsMoura

Moara Pigs, also known as Estrela, Estrelense, Mouro, and Pereira Pigs, are from Duroc, Canastra and Canastrao in southern Brazil. They are usually blue roan, but occasionally red roan.

Moura Pigs are considered tough and strong. Moura Pigs adapts easily to changes in the environment. Though stubborn, Moura Pigs are manageable and survives on little food, plus they are disease resistant. All of this makes them well suited to the small households south Brazil.

Moura  - Pigs Breeds

About Mukota PigsMukota

Mukota Pigs, also known as the Rhodesian Indigenous or Zimbabwe Indigenous pigs, are primarily found in Zimbabwe, but they also are found in Mozambique and Zambia.

Mukota pigs are black, hardy in the tropics, resistant to disease and poor nutrition, and require little water (6 liters per week). They fall into two broad classes. One is short and fat, with a short snout resembling that of the Chinese Lard pig. The other resembles the Windsnyer (Wind cutter) pigs, with long snout and razorback.

They are believed to have been introduced in the 17th century Europe and China trade and are named after the Mukota region of northeastern Zimbabwe.

Reproduction follows an annual rhythm with peak farrowing in ...

Mukota  - Pigs Breeds

About Mulefoot PigsMulefoot

Mulefoot pigs are a rare and hardy American swine breed. They are typically black and on rare occasions they have white markings. They generally reach 400 to 600 pounds (180 to 270 kg), with males averaging 550 pounds (250 kg) and females 450 pounds (200 kg).

Mulefoot pigs thrive when raised on pastures (as opposed to in confined feed lots) and they retained the ability to forage for food. The sows are known as good mothers, having litters that average 5 to 6 piglets.

Mulefoot  - Pigs Breeds

About Murom PigsMurom

Murom Pigs are a meat and lard breed of hogs developed in 1957 in Murom Raion, Vladimir Oblast by selection of a domestic breed.

Murom Pigs are large, sturdy, and well built. Mature boars weigh 250 - 280 kg; sows weigh 200 - 220 kg. A litter consists of ten or 11 shoats; the sow’s milk production is 60 - 70 kg. When fattened for meat, a pig at six or seven months of age will weigh 90 - 100 kg and produce high-quality bacon on the basis of 4 - 4.5 feed units per kg of weight gain.

Murom Pigs are used for commercial cross-breeding with Large Whites and other breeds.

Murom  - Pigs Breeds

About Myrhorod PigsMyrhorod

Myrhorod Pigs are a lard-type pig breed from Ukraine. They were the second domestic breed of pig developed in Russia. Myrhorod Pigs are the result of prolonged planned work by a large collective of scientists, specialists, and workers of collective and state farms. They were developed through crossing of local black-ruffled pigs with Berkshire, medium white, partially large white, Temvorskaya, and large black pigs.

Boars have an average live weight of 290 kg, a trunk length of 180 cm, and sows weigh 235 kg and 162 cm long.  

Their heads are medium-sized, not coarse, snout of moderate length, and their ears are mostly short, standing, sometimes they are inclined forward. Their body is wide, with well-fil ...

Myrhorod  - Pigs Breeds

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About Neijiang PigsNeijiang

Neijiang Pigs are large pigs raised in Southwest China in the Sichuan Basin in China, where the climate is mild, agriculture is well developed, and the area is rich in feed.

Neijiang  - Pigs Breeds

About Nero delle Madonie PigsNero delle Madonie

This breed is also called Nebrodi or Madonie black swine. The presence in Sicily of black swine is testified by the references of ancient writers, and verified in the Greek-Carthage period (VII-VI cent. B.C.). It is rustic, almost wild, always grazing in the woods, as fossil remains testify.

Today only some limited examples of this breed are reared wild in Madonie and Nebrodi mountains.

Precocious and long-lived breed it is characterized by a peculiar fertility and a great number of weaned piglets. This breed is also resistant to diseases and to the inclemency of the weather, being able to appreciate poor food as well. Its meat, either used fresh or to make sausages, gives high quality products.

The ...

Nero delle Madonie  - Pigs Breeds

About Nero di Parma PigsNero di Parma

Parma swine breeding historically represents a deep-rooted documented activity since the end of 1400. At that time black coated pigs were particularly appreciated as they reached a considerable weight (190-240 kg). From the second half of the nineteenth century onwards, black pigs were gradually replaced by white stock from northern Europe, as they were more productive and profitable. But since the half of the 90s a recovery plan of the black pig breed from Parma started, so that these animals have come to enrich the population around such area. As to the number, the present day population, which has been defined like the real founder of the hybrid breeder register, is made up of a few hundreds examples, mostly half wild, bred in ...

Nero di Parma  - Pigs Breeds

About Ningxiang PigsNingxiang

Ningxiang Pigs are lard pigs from the Hunan Province of China in the Central Subtropic belt. They are normally housed and hand-fed year round. The hair coat color pattern has been described as black clouds overhanging snows with a silver ring around the neck; the back is slightly concave, and the belly is pouched and pendulous. The back fat is 4 cm thick; the average litter size is 11.5 and there are 7 pairs of teats.

Ningxiang  - Pigs Breeds

About North Caucasian PigsNorth Caucasian

North Caucasian Pigs are a general purpose pig breed from Russia and Uzbekistan.

At that time in the North Caucasus, the local Kuban pigs were bred mainly with strong constitution and adaptability to local conditions and pasture content, satisfactory multiparty and good maternal qualities. However they were slow to mature. Therefore, it was decided to keep everything valuable from local Kuban pigs, but with early maturity and improve meat qualities. And also more adaptability to cold climate and the ability to use the maximum amount of juicy and coarse fodder.

North Caucasian pigs were created through complex reproductive crosses of local Kuban pigs with Large White, Berkshire, and White Short-breed breeds. ...

North Caucasian  - Pigs Breeds

About North Siberian PigsNorth Siberian

North Siberian Pigs are a medium sized general purpose pig breed from Russia. They were developed in Novosibirsk Oblast in Russia in the 1940s. They were developed by crossing the short-eared Siberian pigs with Large White boars; the North Siberian was bred for a dense bristle covering and undercoat to increase hardiness to the harsh climate of northern Siberia. Adult males typically reach 312kg in size.

The North Siberian is a white breed, and multicolored specimens rejected during the breeding program were used in the development of the Siberian Black Pied breed.

North Siberian  - Pigs Breeds

About Norwegian Landrace PigsNorwegian Landrace

Norwegian Landrace Pigs are the leading breed of swine in Norway. They are white and have a heavy drooped ear.

Since swine are not as numerous in Norway as in most countries that have a registered strain, the number registered each year is limited. Norwegian Landrace, as well as most of the swine in Norway, are raised in the southern part of the country. Most are found in the area of Hamar.

Norwegian Landrace Pigs originated from importations of Landrace from other countries. There was special selection to give the blend of introduced strains a unique adaptation to the environment of Southern Norway. The major aid in this selection has been the breed testing done in a special swine station. In the boar testing ...

Norwegian Landrace  - Pigs Breeds

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About Ossabaw Island PigsOssabaw Island

Ossabaw Island hogs, or Ossabaw Island pigs, is a breed of pig derived from a population of feral pigs on Ossabaw Island, Georgia, United States. The original Ossabaw hogs are descended from swine released on the island in the 16th century by Spanish explorers. A breeding population has been established on American farms off the island, but they remain a critically endangered variety of pig.

Originally, Ossabaw Island pigs were small, domesticated Spanish range pigs with pricked ears, heavy coats, and long snouts. Over time, some of the pigs escaped and became feral in southeastern forests. While most feral pigs eventually mixed with domestic pigs, the Ossabaw Island pigs are an exception, having remained a distinct and isolate ...

Ossabaw Island  - Pigs Breeds

About Oxford Sandy and Black PigsOxford Sandy and Black

Oxford Sandy and Black Pigs originated in Oxfordshire, UK. Named for its color, which is a base of sandy brown with black patches, the breed is also sometimes called the Plum Pudding or Oxford Forest pig Related to the old Berkshire and Tamworth breeds, they are one of the oldest pigs native to Britain.

Oxford Sandy and Black are a hardy, docile pig suited to being reared outdoors, where its color protects it from sunburn (which pink pigs tend to suffer from). The breed has twice neared extinction, but has recovered due to the efforts of a dedicated breed association.

Oxford Sandy and Black  - Pigs Breeds

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About Philippine Native PigsPhilippine Native

The Philippines has four endemic species of wild pigs. This makes the Philippines unique in having arguably the largest number of endemic wild pigs Two separate populations of unstudied wild pig species have been reported on the islands of Tawi-Tawi (near Sabah, Malaysia), and Tablas (in the central Philippines).

Unlike its Southeast Asian neighbors, the Philippines does not have a native population of the widely distributed Eurasian wild boar.

Hybridization with domestic pigs are becoming rampant.

Philippine Native  - Pigs Breeds

About Pietrain PigsPietrain

Pietrain Pigs are from Pietrain, France - a small village of the Walloon municipality of Jodoigne. They became popular in the 1950s during the difficult period of the swine market in 1950-51. Pietrain swine were imported into Germany in 1960-61. The main breeding areas in that country are Schleswig-Holstein, Nordrhein-Westfalen, and Baden-Wurttemberg. They are commonly used in crossbreeding in Germany to improve the quality of pork produced.

The breed was improved by researchers at the Universite de Liege in 2004.

Pietrain  - Pigs Breeds

About Poland China PigsPoland China

Big Bill. The worlds Largest pig at 2552 pounds in 1933 was a Poland China. Poland China pigs are meet pig from the Miami Valley, Butler and Warren counties, Ohio,United States, in 1816. They are big-framed, long-bodied, lean, muscular pigs and they lead in U.S. pork production in pounds of hog per sow per year. Also they are the oldest American breed of swine.

Poland China pigs are deriving from many breeds including the Berkshire and Hampshire. They are typically black, sometimes with six white patches. They are known for their large size, Big Bill, the largest hog ever recorded at 2,552 lb (1,157 kg), was a Poland China.

The Poland China hog was first bred on the Hankinson Farm in Blue Ball, Warren County, Ohio. A monument to this accomplishment still stands near the pl ...

Poland China  - Pigs Breeds

About Pugliese PigsPugliese

According to the opinion of last centurys reliable authors Pugliese swine differ from other breeds in height, strength, sobriety and rustic nature.

Thanks to a plan to the recovery of the breed some rustic pigs (mainly black) were found on the territory; today they are reared in the wild state.

The skin was covered by big black bristles, sometimes black with tawny markings, washed away in the tip, especially on the back and on the neck and they were arranged in a crew cut along the back. Sometimes, however, the coat could also be white spotted or totally white, a dirty white such as to remind ivory white with a black cap at the back side of pelvis. The head was small and snub, the trunk long and angular, the ...

Pugliese  - Pigs Breeds
There are no Pig breeds that start with the letter Q.

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About Red Wattle PigsRed Wattle

The Red Wattle hog, or Red Wattle pig, is an American meet pig. They are red and and have distinctive wattles or tassels.

They typically weigh 600 - 800 pounds (270 - 360 kg). Large pigs can reach 1,200 pounds (540 kg), 4 feet (120 cm) in height and 8 feet (240 cm) in length. They normally have 10 –15 piglets per litter. They grow fast, forage well, and are hardy, mild-tempered and resistant to disease. They are suitable for extensive management.

Red Wattle hogs are on the threatened list of the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy (ALBC).

Red Wattle  - Pigs Breeds

About Rotbuntes Husumer PigsRotbuntes Husumer

See Danish Protest Pigs

Rotbuntes Husumer  - Pigs Breeds

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About Sarda PigsSarda

This is an Italian breed, which comes from Sardinia. It is very alike the wild boar it often mares with in the underwood or in the scrub where it usually grazes. In 2006 this breed was officially registered among the Italian autochthonous swine breeds.

A small size pig, grown-up weight 70-100 kg. The color of the coat can be black, grey, tawny, spotted. The bristles are numerous, long and rough, on the dorsal line they make up a mane.

The head is cone-shaped with a straight profile, small ears kept high up or leaning on the side. Sometimes this pig may have jowls like the Casertana breed.

Content and photo source:

Sarda  - Pigs Breeds

About Semirechye PigsSemirechye

Semirechye pigs are a general purpose pig breed from Kazakhstan.

Semirechye  - Pigs Breeds

About Siberian Black Pied PigsSiberian Black Pied

Siberian Black Pied Pigs are fromRussia. They were developed from stock rejected in the process of developing theNorth Siberian breed. They were a specialized breed for the Novosibirskregion with headcount ranging from 4000 to 12000 since the 1960s.

Siberian Black Pied  - Pigs Breeds

About Small Black PigsSmall Black

Small Black, or Suffolk, Pigs are extinct pigs from the United Kingdomduring the nineteenth century.

Their origin is uncertain, but mostly likely there were a cross between Essexpigs and foreign breeds in efforts to improve it. The Small Black closely resembled the, also now extinct, Small White, except they were black and had pricked ears and a short upturned snout - which indicates a contribution from imported Chinese pigs.

Small Black Pigs seems to have had a rather mixed reputation amongst agriculturalists. By the turn of the 20th century they were quickly becoming unpopular and they were said to have a delicate constitution and a too large percentage of fat, although it matured early.

They appear ...

Small Black  - Pigs Breeds

About Small White PigsSmall White

Small White, or Small Yorkshire, Pigs were a breed of pig originatingrnin the United Kingdom. They were common during the nineteenth century. However they are now extinct, but their characteristics were used in producing the MiddlernWhite and other swine breeds.

Small White  - Pigs Breeds

About Spots PigsSpots

Please see About Gloucestershire Old Spot.

Spots  - Pigs Breeds

About Swabian-Hall PigsSwabian-Hall

Swabian-Hall Pigs originating from Schwabisch Hall in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. They are a large pig, white in the center with a black head and rear and narrow grey bands at the transition from white to black skin. They have large litters averaging more than nine piglets.

They are the result of King Wilhelm going to China and obtaining Meishan Swine and then crossbreeding them with Russian Wild Boar that was indigenous to the country of Germany. He did this because the indigenous pork was too lean and too dry, much the same as the current confinement, heavily muscled, super-lean hogs in the U.S. Swabian-Hall meat was named the world’s best pork in 1832, and then again at the 1892 Worlds Fair. 

Swabian-Hall  - Pigs Breeds

About Swedish Landrace PigsSwedish Landrace

Swedish Landrace Pigs are the leading breed of pig in Sweden. They have heavy drooping ears and a white coat. The Swedish strain of the Landrace pig originated from importations from neighboring countries, particularly Denmark.

Swedish Landrace  - Pigs Breeds

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About Taihu PigsTaihu

Taihu Pigs are from the narrow region of mild sub-tropical climate around the Taihu Lake region in the lower Yangtze River Valley of China. They are large, black, and have a heavily wrinkled face. They have a large head with a broad forehead and large folded ears.

Taihu strains have a high rate of reproduction with litter sizes ranging up to twenty, but averaging fourteen live piglets. This characteristic, as well as their resistance to disease, has resulted in interest in the pigs for research into breeding and genetic engineering. Taihu pigs have been established in France, Albania, Hungary, Japan, the UK and the US.

Taihu  - Pigs Breeds

About Taiwanese Green Glowing PigsTaiwanese Green Glowing

In Taiwan, they developed green luminous piglets. The goal of their fluorescent cells is to help facilitate the work of geneticists.

Three green glowing male piglets were born thanks to the efforts of scientists from the National Taiwan University. Professor Shin-Zhi expressed the hope that their appearance will help in further research of stem cells research.

Embryos with fluorescent green Jellyfish protein was introduced into eight sows, but only four of them became pregnant, and only three pregnancies ended with successful delivery.

The piglets have a greenish tinge even in ordinary daylight, and in the ultraviolet rays they look quite bright green.  

According to Shin-Zhi, this ...

Taiwanese Green Glowing  - Pigs Breeds

About Tamworth PigsTamworth

Tamworth Pigs or Irish Grazers are ginger to red colored meet pigs from Tamworth, UK and Irish pigs. They are among the oldest of pig breeds, but as with many older breeds of livestock, they are not well suited to modern production methods. There are fewer than 300 registered breeding females remain and are listed as threatened.

Tamworth  - Pigs Breeds

About Thuoc Nhieu PigsThuoc Nhieu

Thuoc Nhieu Pigs originated from crossbreeding between the Bo Xu and Yorkshire Pigs between 1930 and 1957. They are white with piebald bristles.

They are dominant in sweet-water zones of the Mekong River delta in the southern part of Vietnam. Thuoc Nhieu Pigs prolificacy is average, at 8 -10 piglets born alive per litter. They are well known for their good mothering ability. The live weight of 100 kg can be reach at 10 months of age.

Thuoc Nhieu  - Pigs Breeds

About Tibetan PigsTibetan

Tibetan Pigs, from the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, are especially adapted to the high, cold climate and to being on pasture all year round. Their meat has a marble appearance and meat with a special flavor.

Tibetan Pigs are not very heavy (about 35 kg in mature animals.). They are known to be very alert -often running and jumping, with quick responses for guarding against attack from other animals.They have a narrow head and a long straight snout, to facilitate searching for feeds under the ground.

They have a black hair coat, with long and dense bristles (length 12 cm, about 2 to 3 times longer than other breeds) which protect it from the three times as dense as in Sichuan native pigs) which protect it fro ...

Tibetan  - Pigs Breeds

About Tokyo-X PigsTokyo-X

Tokyo-X Pigs are a new Japanese hybrid premium-quality pig breed. They were well known for its marbled meat, seldom seen in pork.

The Tokyo-X breeding effort was begun in 1990 by the Tokyo Metropolitan Livestock Experiment Station, combining bloodlines from the Duroc (USA), Berkshire (UK), and Beijing Black (China) breeds. Five generations of breeding and selection ended in 1997 when the breed went to market.

Tokyo-X Pig meat was featured on the Japanese television program Iron Chef, where the cooks had to use it as an ingredient in each of their dishes.

Tokyo-X  - Pigs Breeds

About Tsivilsk PigsTsivilsk

Tsivilsk Pigs are a pig breed from Tsivilsk Russia. Tsivilsk is a town in Chuvash Republic, Russia.

Tsivilsk  - Pigs Breeds

About Turopolje PigsTuropolje

Turopolje pigs are from Turopolje, Croatia. They are distinctive-looking swine, with black spots on their white or grey skin and drooping ears. They are very rare, and are likely nearing extinction.

They are one of the older breeds of European pigs, though they may have had infusions of Berkshire or other bloodlines in the 19th century.

Although Turopolje pigs are relatively small and not fast growing, they are known for their hardiness under free range conditions. They were once one of the most widespread swine in their native country, the change from extensive to intensive pig farming in the mid-20th century discouraged their use.

Turopolje  - Pigs Breeds

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About Ukrainian Spotted Steppe PigsUkrainian Spotted Steppe

Ukrainian steppe speckled pigs are bred for meat and lard. They are well adapted to the arid Ukrainian climate.

They are big, powerful, pigs with a strong constitution. Adult male pigs on average weigh 280 to 300 kg and are 170 to 175 cm long. Sows weigh 200 to 220 kg and are 158 to 160 cm long.

Generally they are mottled in black and white and ending with black and red.

They have a deep and broad chest. Their back and loin are wide and straight. Their hams are well developed and have a rounded shape.

Ukrainian Spotted Steppe  - Pigs Breeds

About Ukrainian White Steppe PigsUkrainian White Steppe

Ukrainian White Steppe Pigs are a general purpose pig breed from Ukraine. They have a high resistance to disease and are perfectly adapted to the arid conditions of the south of Ukraine.

They were developed by M. F. Ivanov between 1926 and 1934 with the goal of producing a productive pig with the endurance and adaptability for the conditions of the south of Ukraine. They were developed by the crossing of local pigs with boars of Large White pigs.

Males weight 335 to 345 kilograms around 180 cm long. Sows weight 230 to 255 kg and are around 167 cm long. Sows have 12-19 piglets per litter.

Ukrainian White Steppe  - Pigs Breeds

About Urzhum PigsUrzhum

Urzhum pigs were developed in the late 1950s in the Kirov region of Urzhum, Russia. They are the result of a long of crossing of local pigs with Large White boars.

They are hardy and have good meat qualities; and as such can be used in a system of intensive pork production on an industrial basis.

Urzhum  - Pigs Breeds

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About Vietnamese Potbelly PigsVietnamese Potbelly

Vietnamese Potbelly Pigs are considerably smaller than standard American or European farm pigs, they weigh 43 to 136 kg (100 to 300 lb). Boars become fertile at six months of age, long before they are completely physically mature. Pot-bellied pigs are considered fully grown by six years of age, when the epiphyseal plates in the long bones of the legs finally close.

Because pot-bellied pigs are the same species as ordinary farmyard pigs and wild boars, they are capable of interbreeding. Most pot-bellied pigs have been crossed with various farm pig breeds.

Today, the Vietnamese and German governments have realized that the indigenous Vietnamese pig subspecies exist only in mountainous Vietnam and Thailand. The ...

Vietnamese Potbelly  - Pigs Breeds

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About Welsh PigsWelsh

Welsh Pigs are large white pigs from Wales. They are known for their hardiness in extensive farming. They have a long, pear-shaped body.

Welsh Pigs were first seen in the 1870s, and is the third most common sire in the U.K, after the Large White and British Landrace. Welsh pigs are not exported to many countries around the world despite the fact that they can produce excellent bacon.

Welsh  - Pigs Breeds

About Wessex Saddleback PigsWessex Saddleback

Wessex Saddleback Pigs, or Wessex Pig, are from the West Country of England, (Wessex), particularly in Wiltshire and the New Forest area of Hampshire. They are black, with white forequarters.

In Britain Wessex Saddlebacks were bred with Essex pigs to form the British Saddleback, and as a result Wessex Saddleback are currently extinct as a separate breed in Britain. However, the Wessex Saddleback survives in Australia and New Zealand.

Wessex Saddleback  - Pigs Breeds

About West French White PigsWest French White

West French White Pigs, also known as the white pig of the West was developed in 1958 from the fusion of local types with pigs from Normandy, Craonnaise and Flamandes.

West French White Pigs have a good size of up to 430 kgs for adults and standing 1metre high at the shoulder. Sows have fewer piglets, than other breed, but of excellent weight: around 8 piglets of 2kg at birth, and 7kgs by three weeks of age. Plus their meat is delicious and highly sought after for cooked meats by the charcuterie industry.

West French White Pigs are being enthusiastically developed in Brittany and Normandy.

West French White  - Pigs Breeds

About Windsnyer PigsWindsnyer

Windsnyer Pigs are from Zimbabwe. Their name Windsnyer (wind-cutter) is derived from its shape as it is narrow-bodied and long-nosed.

They are very hardy and scavenges for its food, if need be. They can convert food with a low nutrient content very efficiently. Windsnyers are also able to survive periods of food shortage. They are an excellent mothers which results in very few piglet deaths.

Windsnyer  - Pigs Breeds

About Wuzhishan PigsWuzhishan

Wuzhishan Pigs are small pigs raised only in the isolated tropical mountainous region of the Hainan province of China. Very few people in this region raise this breed for production purposes because of the fast introduction of exotic species. And Wuzhishan Pigs are not used as a market supply animal, but only by local farmers for self-consumption. Together this is leading to Wuzhishan Pigs becoming rare.

Wuzhishan pigs are black, with a white abdomen and inner leg area. They have long legs, long and tipped snout, level back and loin, small head, and narrow chest. Sows grow to be about 50 to 70 cm long, 35 to 45 cm high, 65 to 80 cm around the chest, and 30 to 35 kg in weight. Sows are able to give birth 1 or 2 times a ye ...

Wuzhishan  - Pigs Breeds
There are no Pig breeds that start with the letter X.

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About Yanan PigsYanan

Yanan Pigs are from the western Sichuan Basin hilly region, in China, generally at an elevation 800 m 400 a mild climate, abundant rainfall in the region.

Yanan pigs have black coats and large long bodies. Their hindquarters are slightly tilted, their bellies are big but not drooping.

Yanan  - Pigs Breeds

About Yorkshire PigsYorkshire

Yorkshire pigs are one of the most common pig breed in North America. They are white and have upright ears. Black spots are not permitted. While the Yorkshire breed comes in three distinct sizes -- small, medium and large -- only the latter is traditionally found in the American pork industry. They are an extremely muscular pig and the typical Yorkshire carcass contains a great deal of lean meat, with little fat on the back.

The Yorkshire breed was developed in Yorkshire, England, in 1761. In 1830, the first Yorkshires were imported to Ohio; however, they have a slow growth rate, which made them less popular until the late 1940s. In the 1940’s the focus of the pork industry became more focused on size and many ...

Yorkshire  - Pigs Breeds
There are no Pig breeds that start with the letter Z.
Livestock Of The World