Fjall (also known as Swedish Mountain, Fjallko, Fjallras, and Swedish
Highland) are Swedish cattle raised for both milk and meat production. Their
history goes back to at least the Viking age and they were first recognized in
the late 19th century. They were introduced to Britain when the Vikings came
and descended into the British White breed, which now populate areas of Viking habitation such as East Anglia. They were also mentioned in 1296 AD. They
were nearly driven to extinction mainly in 1970-1980 mainly due to extensive
crossbreeding. However, the Swedish Mountain Breed Association was formed in
1995 and since then their total number has been increasing gradually. There
were estimated to be 1000 breeding cows in Sweden in 1998.
They are smaller sized cattle and are totally white to
totally black or red. They have no horns and are naturally polled. The average
body height of the mature cows is around 125 cm at the withers, and around 135
cm for the bulls. The mature bulls on average weight around 350 kg. And average
live body weight of the mature cows is around 300 kg.