Estonian Ruhnu (also known as Eesti
Maalammas) sheep were found on the small Estonian island of Ruhnu in the Gulf
of Riga in the Baltic Sea. They are thought to have developed from sheep left
on Ruhnu island by Swedish-speaking inhabitants who settled on the island in
the fourteenth century.
Their total population was documented as
300 in 1944. Currently they are rare, and their total population is around 30
animals. They are a dual-purpose animal were originally raised for both meat
They are medium sized sheep and most of
them are white or cream colored with grayish head and legs. Some have a
distinctive ‘badgerface’ pattern. Most of the rams are polled, and only around
10 percent are horned. All of the ewes are polled. Their tail is short or
medium length. They have double coated wool and are two fiber types and the
wool is usually used for making hand knitting yarn and clothing, such as
The average body weight for rams is around
80 kg. And average live body weight of the ewes is around 50 kg.