The Sika Deer (Cervus nippon) is a species of deer native to East Asia, including Japan, China and Korea. They have a distinctive appearance, with a dark coat and distinctive white spots on their legs. They are known for their vocalizations, including barks and grunts, and for their tendency to exhibit aggressive behavior during the mating season.
Sika deer are a medium-sized deer, standing about 3 feet tall at the shoulder and weighing up to 200 pounds. They are herbivores, feeding on a variety of vegetation, including leaves, grasses, and bark. They are active mainly at dawn and dusk, and live in forests, grasslands, and wetlands.
In the wild, sika deer have a lifespan of 10-12 years. However, in captivity, they can live up to 20 years. They have a high reproductive rate and populations can grow quickly, which can result in overpopulation and damage to their habitats.
Sika deer have been introduced to many countries outside their native range, including the United Kingdom, United States, and Australia, for hunting or as ornamental species. In some places, they have become invasive and have a negative impact on native species and ecosystems.
Overall, sika deer are interesting and unique animals with a complex behavior and history of interactions with humans.