About English Longhorn Cattle
English Longhorn (also known as Longhorn, Dishley,
Lancashire, Leicestershire, and Warwickshire ) cattle are raised for meat, milk
and used to be employed as a draught animal. As the name suggests, the breed
has long horn and originated from Craven, in the north of England. They were first
breed and later improved by Robert Bakewell of Leicestershire, England in the mid-1700s.
Bakewell pioneered the use of inbreeding technique in cattle selection. And he
selected the English Longhorn cattle breed for quick growth and heavy
hindquarters of these animals. Selection efforts of Bakewell led the breed to
become the most widely used animals throughout England and Ireland until it was
surpasses by the Shorthorn cattle in the early 1800s.
Their total population declined rapidly for nearly 200 years
until the breed was rescued by the RBST (Rare Breeds Survival Trust). And the
efforts of RBST resulted in 255 registered animals in 1980. Currently the
English Longhorn cattle are available in United Kingdom, Germany, Ireland and
English Longhorn cattle are medium sized and both bulls and
cows have long horns. They are mainly red, brown, grey, or white. Their horns
are very long and curved down to around the nose. There are white patch along
the line of their spine and under their bellies.