Camels Camels

About Camels

Camels are domesticated animals that provide food (milk and meat) and textiles (fiber and felt from hair) and are well-suited to desert habitats. They are also used as a means of transportation. There are three species of camels, the one-humped dromedary, the two-humped Bactrian camel, and the critically-endangered Wild Bactrian camel.

The term camel is also used informally to refer to the entire family Camelidae, which includes the true camels and the "New World" camelids, such as the llama, alpaca, guanaco, and vicuña. These animals originated in North America and migrated to Asia about 6 million years ago.

The exact date and place of the domestication of camels is a matter of debate among historians and archaeologists. However, it is widely believed that the dromedary camels were first domesticated by humans in Somalia or South Arabia around the 3rd millennium BC, while the Bactrian camels were domesticated in central Asia around 2,500 BC. Some evidence suggests that the domestication of Bactrian camels might have occurred in Iran, at the site of Shar-i Sokhta (also known as the Burnt City).

Breeds of Camels

There are the following breeds of Camels:

Bactrian - Breeds of CamelBactrian

Bactrian Camels are large even-toed ungulates native to Central Asia and are known as Mongolian Camels or domesticated Bactrian Camels. They boast two humps, unlike the single-humped dromedary. With a population of 2 million, Bactrian Camels mainly exist in their domesticated form. They get their name from the historical region of Bactria.

They are large mammals (body mass ranging from 300 to 1,000 kg) and shoulder height from 160 to 1 ...

Dromedary - Breeds of CamelDromedary

Dromedary camels are native to the deserts of the Middle East and North Africa, where they are widely domesticated as a working animal. Dromedary camels are used for a variety of purposes, including transportation, plowing, and meat production. In many countries, dromedary racing is a popular sport. They are also used for its milk, wool, and hides.

They are well adapted to survive in hot and arid conditions, with a thick coat to protec ...

Wild Bactrian  - Breeds of CamelWild Bactrian

The Wild Bactrian Camel (Camelus ferus) is a critically endangered species of camel that lives in northwestern China and southwestern Mongolia. It is a separate species from the domesticated Bactrian Camel (Camelus bactrianus), and is named after the region of Bactria in ancient central Asia.

Wild Bactrian camels have narrow nostrils, double rows of long eyelashes, and hair-covered ears to protect against sandstorms. They have tough s ...