About Guinea Hog Pigs
Guinea Hogs, also known as
Pineywoods Guinea, Guinea Forest Hog, Acorn Eater, and Yard Pigs, are unique to
the United States. Despite their name, Guinea Hogs are not from the country of
Guinea. The Guinea Hog has a black coat, sturdy body, curly tail and upright
|Photo by Jack Rowland|
Guinea hogs are very easy hogs to keep. They are good as free-range foragers but they are also
at home in a farmyard. No vaccinations, worming rarely needed no vet
bills unless a hog is physically injured. If farrowing is planned in the spring
or summer, just a dry covered nesting place is needed. No heat, etc. is needed.
They are easy to contain with a high tensile electric fence (you will need a
low wire at 6 inches, 18 inches, and 30 inches). They are even handy to have around
because they eat snakes.
If they are habituated to people as piglets, they become
dog like and actively seek out people for a scratch and tummy rub. They lay
down at your feet and go to sleep.
They do fine on just pasture and hay, but some ranchers supplement
their feed with sprouted grains. These are lard pigs so you should go very
light on commercial feed, except when lactating or they will go to fat. A fat
hog will have trouble breeding. Sows need to be bred their 1st year or they
will lose their fertility.
Guinea hogs are small pigs
compared to modern breeds; they weigh less than 200 pounds and will yield 50 to
100 pounds of meat and fat.
Guinea Hogs fell out of favor
after 1880 and for a while they were in danger of being entirely lost. In 2005
the American Guinea Hog Association was formed which now ensures its continued
existence. The Guinea Hog is also included in Slow Food USA's Ark of Taste, a
catalog of heritage foods in danger of extinction. They are now on a comeback -
there where around about 1200 hogs as of 2014.