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Horses have evolved over the past 45 to 55 million years from a small multi-toed animal into the large, single-toed animal of today. Humans began to domesticate horses around 4000 BC, and their domestication is believed to have been widespread by 3000 BC. Worldwide many products are many from horses, including meat, milk, hide, hair, bone, and pharmaceuticals extracted from the urine of pregnant mares; however, in the US they are predominately used for sport and recreation.

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There are the following breeds of Horses:

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About Abaco Barb HorsesAbaco Barb


The Abaco Barb is currently on the critically endangered list. The breed was found on the Great Abaco Island in the Bahamas. The Abaco Barb is said to have been descended from horses from more than a dozen shipwrecks during the Spanish colonization of the Americas and the Caribbean during the 15th and 16th centuries. 

Some horse breed historians also believe that the Barb horse breed originated in northern Africa during the 8th century and Abaco Barbs are often commonly confused with Arabian breeds. Due to their extreme isolation on the Great Abaco Island, their bloodlines remained relatively pure, making them an important genetic link as the first Iberian horses to reach the New World. ...

Abaco Barb  - Horses Breeds

About Abstang HorsesAbstang


Abstang horses were created by Michele Brown of Utah in 1990 by breeding an unrefined feral mustang with an Arabien thoroughbred. The Arabian horse then gave birth to what is now known as an Abstang.

Because this Abstang mixes two bloodlines, their characteristics vary considerably. Especially being that Mustang horses vary greatly in physical appearance. Abstang horses have a straight profile and rounded croup. They are generally a smaller size horse. On average, they are around 14 hands tall. They come in many different colors.

Abstang horses are durable, sturdy, sure-footed horse. They have a fearless attitude, are spirited, and are tough. They are fit for endurance or rough terrain. They are often als ...

Abstang  - Horses Breeds

About Abtenauer HorsesAbtenauer


Phpoto source: <a href=http://www.allhorsebreeds.info/64/abtenauer-horse/ class = body target = _blank>All Horse Breeds</a> Abtenauer Horses are a rare draft horse from the Abtenau valley, south of Salzburg in Austria. They are the smallest variant of the Noriker horse. They have short heads and strong necks with an average height of 15.3 hands. The average weight of an Abtenauer horse is 1,102 pounds, lighter than most Norikers. The Abtenauer is commonly black, chestnut, or blue roan colored coat and is a coldblooded horse breed. It has a well-shaped head and strong legs, but is elegant in stature, has excellent agility and balance. This breed is especially valuable for work in the alpine mountain forests.

Abtenauer  - Horses Breeds

About  Abyssinian Horses Abyssinian


Abyssinian horses originated in Ethiopia and Eritrea, formerly known as Abyssinia. They are found today along the coastline of the Red Sea and in the Sudan. Abyssinian horses were first exported to England in 1861. The Abyssinian is on average about 13.3 hands high and has a wide variation in color and conformation. The Abyssinian’s coat is short and rough and special attention must be given to this breed to keep their coat clean and free of dirt. Because of their unique hair growth pattern, the Abyssinian can be difficult to brush. Their coat, is also unique in that it has a rosette pattern. Many breeders in England have worked to improve this unusual pattern. They also have green eyes due to uncommon genes. De ...


 Abyssinian  - Horses Breeds

About Adaev HorsesAdaev


Adaev, or Aedaevskaya, horses are native to the Caspian Depression of Kazakhstan and originally consisted of two sub-types of Kazakh horses, Adaev and Dzhab, or Jabe, horses. However, because Adaev horses were used extensively to improve the Jabe stock, the Adaev breed was nearly decimated. Due to an increased interest in preserving bloodlines of the breed, 27,000 Adaev horses were gathered by breeders in 1985 to restore their number. The breeders then worked toward refining the breed by mixing Kazakh blood with that of Don, Thoroughbred, Alkal-Teke, and Orlov Trotters. As a result, Adaevs are a much better riding horse today; however, they are not as well suited for the harsh environments as the Kazakh.

They sta ...


Adaev  - Horses Breeds

About  Aegidienberger Horses Aegidienberger


Aegidienberger Horses are a small riding horse from Aegidienberger, Germany, and were first recognized as a breed in 1994.

Aegidienberger Horses were developed by Walter Feldman in 1994 in response to the need for horses larger than Icelandic Horses but still small and hardy enough to navigate difficult terrain, plus they need to be well suited for the warmer climates of central Europe. Feldman created the Aegidienberger breed primarily by crossing Peruvian Paso and Icelandic horses.

Aegidienberger horses generally stand between 13 and 15 hands high. Their colors vary considerably and can be bay, black, brown, buckskin, champagne, chesnut, dun, grullo, perlino, roan, and white. They are strong and sturdy, with high set ...

 Aegidienberger  - Horses Breeds

About Ainos Pony HorsesAinos Pony


Ainos Ponies are an incredibly rare breed of pony found only on the western Greek island of Kefalonia in the Gulf of Pátras. Unfortunately, tourism, poaching, and the lack of grazing land threaten them and their numbers shrink every year.

Ainos Ponies are descendants of Pindos Ponies and they were originally used as pack animals or transport in the mountains. Today they live wild on the slopes of Mount Ainos.

While there have been some attempts to create breeding programs for Ainos Ponies, there is very little local support.

They are on average height 11.3 – 13 hands tall. They have a large head, a short thick neck, steep shoulders, and a compact body. Their legs and feet are strong but their j ...

Ainos Pony  - Horses Breeds

About  Akhal-Teke Horses Akhal-Teke


Photo:<a href=www.equestrian.ru target = _blank class = body>www.equestrian.ru</a> Akhal-Teke horses originated from Turkmenistan and are best known for their intelligence, speed and endurance.

The Akhal-Teke typically stands between 14.2 and 16 hands (58 and 64 inches, 147 and 163 cm) and there are currently about 6,600 Akhal-Tekes in the world, found primarily in Turkmenistan and Russia, with some also located in Europe and North America.

The Akhal-Teke bloodline dates back thousands of years in Turkmenistan when selectively bred Akhal-Teke were used for raids and fights for the Russian Empire.

The Akhal-Teke breed has influenced many other breeds, including several Russian breeds. There has been extensive crossbreeding with the Thoroughbred to create a fast, long-distance race ...

 Akhal-Teke  - Horses Breeds

About  Albanian Horses Albanian


Photo: <a href=www.flickr.com/photos/charlesfred class = body target=_blank>Charles Fred</a> Albanian Horses originated in the 5th century, during the Ottoman Empire. They are a small horse (12-13 hands high) and belong to the Balkan group. Native Albanian horses came from either the Mountain or Myzeqea plains of Albania. Albanian Horses were originally thought to have been created by breeding Arabian horses with the local Albanian horses, which were likely combined with Tarpan, Turkmenian, or Mongolian stock breeds.

Albanaian horses typically have coats of Bay, Black, Chestnut and Gray. They are high energy horses, and have a strong endurance. They are agile, sure-footed, disease resistant, and can function in difficult terrain. In the past these horses were used more for transport and riding than for a ...

 Albanian  - Horses Breeds

About  Altai Horses Altai


Altai horses were developed in the Altai Mountains of Central Asia and are highly adapted to the severe climates in the region. For many centuries, they were bred for characteristics most needed by the mountain tribesmen and nomads, including strong cardiovascular, respiratory, muscular, and skeletal systems. They are best known for strong physical attributes, hearty constitutions, and the ability to adapt to harsh environments.

On average, the Altai stand 13.2 - 13.3 hands high and their coat colors range from chestnut, bay, black, gray, and sometimes leopard spotted. Their coats are somewhat coarse and they have an average length head with fleshy neck and a long and slightly dipped back. They have shorter, but properly ...

 Altai  - Horses Breeds

About  Alter Real Horses Alter Real


Alter Real Horses come from Alter de Chao, a small town in the Alentejo province of Portugal. They were created in 1748 and have a heavy Andalusian influence. They are also derived from the Lusitano breed, but based on mostly Spanish mares. Alter Real Horses were designed to provide high-class horses for equestrian activities at the royal court, and in particular for the royal riding school in Lisbon.

Alter Reals have a small head, strong shoulders and a short body, an impressive high-stepping action, long pasterns and strong hocks. They are high energy, intelligent and quick to learn, beautifully elegant and impressive. They are typically 15-16 hands high and have coats colored in bay, brown, grey and occasionally chest ...

 Alter Real  - Horses Breeds

About Altmarkisches Coldblood HorsesAltmarkisches Coldblood


Altmarkisches Kaltblut (cold blood) horses were developed in the 19th century with a foundation stock of Percheron, Belgian, and Shire horses. The result was a versatile, genial animal with a good work ethic, gaining them instant recognition. Altmakische Kaltblut horses thrived until the early 20th century brought war, which took its toll on many draft breeds of Europe.

Today they are very rare, with a remaining population of 120 mares and 20 stallions keeping the gene pool alive. There is an attempt to revive the breed using Belgian stallions that fit the characteristic performance phenotype.

Altmarkisches Kaltblut horses come in all solid colors and are 15.2 to 16.1 hands high. They have a striking head with straight ...

Altmarkisches Coldblood  - Horses Breeds

About Altwurttemberg HorsesAltwurttemberg


Altwurttemberg horses were developed in Germany by the Wurttemberg Prince House, but without an obligatory breed goal. About thirty horses from Normandy were used between 1872 -1888, crossing with English Thoroughbreds, Holsteins, and Oldenburgs.  

Eventually the Altwurttemberg horse was established. They are a strong and beautiful horse breed but unfortunately, they were not greatly appreciated or needed, so instead the Wurttemberg Sport Horse was developed, and was highly prized for a time.  

Altwurttemberg horses are warm blooded and are found in all basic colors. They are 155 to 165 cm high.  

After 1950 the Altwurttemberg was threatened with extinction; however by 1988 in Marbach ...

Altwurttemberg  - Horses Breeds

About American Albino HorsesAmerican Albino


America 'albino' horses are actually not true albinos but instead they are what the American Albino Horse Club (now known as the White Horse Club) calls Dominant White. A Dominant White can be any horse, Quarter, Arabian, Standardbred, etc., that has a white coat with pink skin and dark eyes - black, brown, or blue. A true albino would, of course, have pink eyes, meaning the Dominant White actually carries off-color genes. Given the White Horse Club's immaculate records, breeding for this particular horse has become an almost exact science. Even still, the qualification of dark eyes requires parents who carry genes for off-color coats, thereby creating a 5 percent chance that the off-spring will carry some off-color.

The m ...

American Albino  - Horses Breeds

About  American Cream Draft Horses American Cream Draft


photo: <a href=http://www.acdha.org/ class = body target = _blank>ACDHA</a> American Cream Draft Horses are the only draft horse native to the U.S.

They were developed in 1905 in Iowa during one of the greatest declines in heavy horse use in history. The American Cream Draft originated in the United States in the state of Iowa in 1905.  

American Cream Draft Horses stand on average 15.2 -16.2 hands high and are a medium-heavy draft horse. They weigh between 1600-1800 pounds and a large stallion can reach up to 2,000 pounds. They have well-muscled shoulders, a large body and a calm and quiet demeanor. They are easy to train, strong, and eager to please people. They have a cream coat, pink skin and amber colored eyes. American Cream Drafts are primarily used for driving and a ...

 American Cream Draft  - Horses Breeds

About American Drum Horse HorsesAmerican Drum Horse


American Drum horses are indistinguishable from Drum (British) horses. See Drum Horse description for more detail.



American Drum Horse  - Horses Breeds

About  American Indian Horses American Indian


Photo: Chris & Kelly Hurd Please see our description of Mustang horses

 American Indian  - Horses Breeds

About American Miniature HorsesAmerican Miniature


Please see our description of Miniature horses.

American Miniature  - Horses Breeds

About American Mustang HorsesAmerican Mustang


Photo: earthtrinity.com Please see our description of Mustang horses

American Mustang  - Horses Breeds

About  American Paint Horses American Paint


Please see our description of Paint horses

 American Paint  - Horses Breeds

About  American Quarter Horses American Quarter


Please see our description of Quarter horses

 American Quarter  - Horses Breeds

About  American Saddlebred Horses American Saddlebred


American Saddlebred Horses originated from Galloway and Hobbie horses imported from Britain. These two breeds were crossed to create the Narragansett Pacer, which was crossed to the Thoroughbred in the 1700s to produce the elegant American Horse, used for both riding and driving. Arabian and Morgan blood was later added to create the American Saddlebred. The American Saddlebred is considered the ultimate show horse. Horses are exhibited in driving, English - most notably saddleseat - and western classes.

American Saddlebred horses averaging 15 to 16 hands (60 to 64 inches, 152 to 163 cm) in height. They are known for their sense of presence and style, as well as for their spirited, yet gentle, temperament. They may be of a ...

 American Saddlebred  - Horses Breeds

About American Shetland HorsesAmerican Shetland


Please see our description of Shetland Ponies.

American Shetland  - Horses Breeds

About American Sport Pony HorsesAmerican Sport Pony


Sport ponies have been enjoyed for hundreds of years in Europe and their stock gradually made it's way to North America.

Through the years, American's started their own breeding programs to further enhance and promote them. In 1981 a North American Sport Pony Registry was initially founded as a division of the American Warmblood Registry. However by 1997 the number and quality of the ponies being produced in America was large enough to warrant their own separate registry.

American Sport Ponies are notable because they look and move like small horses and do not have physical pony traits. They are a type breed and their registry will accept a number of bloodlines as long as they meet the general requirements.

American Sport Pony  - Horses Breeds

About American Spotted Paso HorsesAmerican Spotted Paso


American Spotted Paso horses are the American version of the Peruvian Peso horse. One of the main goals for American breeders is to combine the smooth gaits of the Peruvian Paso horse with the colorful coat patterns of the pinto.  

They originated with a pure black Peruvian Paso stallion named Janchovilla who was bred to pinto mares. Of the resulting foals about 3/4 of them were spotted and all of them carried the Paso gait. 

There are two different registries for this breed for animals with different degrees of Paso blood. However, to register with either the animal must have one purebred Peruvian Paso and exhibit the four-beat lateral gait.


American Spotted Paso  - Horses Breeds

About American Standardbred HorsesAmerican Standardbred


Please see our description of standardbred horses.

American Standardbred  - Horses Breeds

About American Thoroughbred HorsesAmerican Thoroughbred


Please see our description of Thoroughbred horses.

American Thoroughbred  - Horses Breeds

About American Walking Pony HorsesAmerican Walking Pony


American Walking Ponies were developed primarily as a show horse for gaited competition. Although they have three unique gaits, they are able to compete in seven.

They are essentially a cross between the Tennessee Walking Horse and the Welsh Pony. As a result of its Welsh pony heritage, they also make a good light hunter.

American Walking ponies are a relatively large pony-type (14 hands high). They have a a clean, smallish head on a well arched and muscled neck. Their back is short, their shoulders are slightly sloped, and their hips are well muscled.  

The three gaits unique to the American Walking Pony are the Pleasure Walk, the Merry Walk, and the canter. Both the Pleasure Walk and the Me ...

American Walking Pony  - Horses Breeds

About  American Warmblood Horses American Warmblood


Photo by Lisa Barckley American Warmblood is more of a "type" than a "breed" of horse. Like most of the European warmbloods, with the American Warmblood there is more emphasis on producing quality sport horses, rather than the preservation of any particular bloodlines. This allows for much diversity in the bloodlines of American Warmbloods. The American Warmblood has been influenced by the European warmbloods, the Thoroughbred and the Arabian, as well as some draft horse breeds.

There are two registries in the United States which recognize American Warmbloods - the American Warmblood Society and the American Warmblood Registry, both of which are recognized by the World Breeding Federation for Sport Horses.

American Warmblood horses are ...

 American Warmblood  - Horses Breeds

About Amur HorsesAmur


Amur Horses are a light horse breed from Siberia of the early 19th century that is sadly now extinct.

Their bloodlines were a combination of Transbaikal (Buryat) and Tomsk heritage; they were bred primarily for riding. The Amur was a hardy and strong breed with a finer conformation than generally found in colder northern regions. The breed became extinct due to crossing with many of the other Russian breeds including Orlov Trotters, Don and Budyonny.

They had a short, thick neck, medium length back with a well-rounded croup.

Amur  - Horses Breeds

About Anadolu Pony HorsesAnadolu Pony


Anadolu Ponies, also called Transbaikal Ponies, Native Turkish Ponies or just Turks, are the most common Turkish horse breed. They are known for their speed, endurance, and robust nature. 

Anadolu ponies draw on the blood of several ancient breeds, including the Arabian, Akhal-Teke, although Anadolu bloodlines are ancient in their own right. 

The Turkish people have always had a need for this versatile native pony in farm work, as pack animals, and for transportation. They require little care, making them easy to own almost anywhere in the country. 

They have an average height of 12.1 – 13.3 hands and are a small horse with great strength and endur ...

Anadolu Pony  - Horses Breeds

About  Andalusian  Horses Andalusian


The modern day Pure Spanish Horse is derived from very ancient horses whose body shapes are depicted in cave drawings from at least 5000 BC in both north-eastern and southern regions of Spain. Eventually predominating in the southern province of Andalucia, they became known as Andalusian horses. However, the authorities of the Spanish stud book now prefer them to be known as Pura Raza Española (P.R.E.) or Pure Spanish Horse. There are about 45,000 world-wide.

Andalusian horses are a very beautiful aristocratic horse, with a lovely arched neck held uprightly on a strong, compact body. The cannons (lower legs) are short and sturdy. It has a long thick mane and tail, and the predominantly grey or bay coat has a natura ...


 Andalusian   - Horses Breeds

About Andean HorsesAndean


Andean horses were developed in the harsh environment of the Andes Mountains (above 9,000 feet) and display characteristics reminiscent of Tibetan horses. The great altitude has created an animal with amazing lung capacity and a thick, dense coat of fur. They are considered the Peruvian national horse.

Andean horses, with their strength, great stamina, and well-developed sense of balance and agility, are capable of climbing up mountains at medium speeds with ease. In fact, they can carry a 200-pound pack up steep slopes to 16,000 feet above sea level without becoming overly tired.

They are smaller than most full-size horse breeds: they are about 12 to 13.2 hands tall (48-53 inches, 122-135 centimeters). Typical of ...

Andean  - Horses Breeds

About Andino Pony HorsesAndino Pony


Andino Ponies comes from the high peaks of the Andes in Peru. Honed by natural selection in the tough terrain they inhabit, they are a smart, robust, and surefooted.

They are descended from the horses of Spanish Conquistadors. Over the centuries natural selection has created a smaller, more compact animal well suited to the local area. They are rarely found outside of Peru.

Andino Pony  - Horses Breeds

About  Andravida  Horses Andravida


Andravida (also called the Eleia, Ilia, or Greek) horses are a rare light draft breed found in the region of Ilia, Greece.

Andravida Horses are predominantly brown, bay, chestnut, red roan, black and occasionally grey. The head is rectangular in shape and plain with long ears and a straight profile. The chest is broad and heavy-set with thick muscles; the back is slightly dipped. Their temperament is described as willing but strong. They are of moderate height ranging between 14 to 16 hands (56 to 64 inches, 142 to 163 cm) high with the average being at around 15 hands (60 inches, 152 cm).

The ancestors of the Andravida horses were said to be used as cavalry horses by the Athenians in the 4th century BC as well as ...

 Andravida   - Horses Breeds

About  Anglo-Arabian Horses Anglo-Arabian


Anglo-Arabian Aiglonne won Olympic Gold in three day eventing in 1948 Anglo-Arabian, or Anglo-Arab, horses ara a crossbred between Thoroughbred (thus, the prefix "Anglo") and Arabian horses. The cross can be made between a Thoroughbred stallion and an Arabian mare, or vice versa. It can also be a cross between either an Anglo-Arabian and a Thoroughbred or, alternatively, an Anglo-Arabian and an Arabian. Another permitted cross is between two Anglo-Arabians. No matter the cross, a horse must have a minimum 12.5% of Arabian blood to be considered an Anglo-Arabian.

France is one of the largest producers of Anglo-Arabian horses. French Anglo-Arabian horses can trace their liniage back to two stallions: the Arabian stud Massoud and Aslam, a Turkish horse, probably of the now-extinct Turkoman ...

 Anglo-Arabian  - Horses Breeds

About  Anglo-Arabo-Sardo Horses Anglo-Arabo-Sardo


Anglo-Arab-Sardo, or Sardinian Anglo-Arab , horses originated in Sardinia, Italy. When the Saracens dominated the island of Sardinia, Arab stallions had been crossed with Sardinian mares of smaller size. At the beginning of the 16th century those horse were used for crosses with Andalucian stallions. In the course of the nineteenth century, thanks to the introduction of English thoroughbreds (thus, the prefix "Anglo").

Modern day Anglo-Arabo-Sardo  horses are quite different from those of the past. Like the French and American Anglo-Arab horses the Sardian Anglo-Arabs have obtaining excellent results as show jumpers and as a race horse. They are a saddle horse and light draught animal with a noble ...

 Anglo-Arabo-Sardo  - Horses Breeds

About  Anglo-Kabarda Horses Anglo-Kabarda


Anglo-Kabarda Horses are russian horses that were developed by the cross between Kabarda and Thoroughbred horses in the 1920s and 1930s. The goal was to produce a horse that was larger and faster than the native Kabarda, but adapted to the climate of the northern Caucasus region of Russia and able to maneuver in mountainous terrain.

They have a Kabarda head with Roman nose profile, straight back, long legs, and well-developed joints.

Anglo-Kabarda Horses may have between 25 percent to 75 percent Thoroughbred blood. They are divided into three different types: "basic," "oriental" and "massive." Horses belonging to the basic type are of medium size with a well-shaped head and are well muscled; those of the orien ...

 Anglo-Kabarda  - Horses Breeds

About Anglo-Karachai HorsesAnglo-Karachai


Anglo-Karachai horses are a variety of Kabarda horse that are bred specifically in the Karachai republic, Russia. They tend to be of the most robust type of Kabardas horse and split off as their own breed during the 1960's.

They were originated by crossing English, German, and French Thoroughbreds with local Karachai horses. The breeding unofficially started in the early 1870's, but it wasn't until the mid 20th century before the breed took hold.

Anglo-Karachai horses are 15.2- 16 hands high. They have a slight ram's head facial profile. They have a straight line back, well-muscled loin, a lovely sloped croup with a low set flowing tail, and a long neck with very oblique shoulders (although shoulder position varie ...

Anglo-Karachai  - Horses Breeds

About  Appaloosa Horses Appaloosa


Appaloosa horses are known for their colorful leopard-spotted coat pattern. There is a wide range of body types within the breed, stemming from the influence of multiple breeds of horses throughout its history. Each horse's color pattern is genetically the result of various spotting patterns overlaid on top of one of several recognized base coat colors.

The Nez Perce people of Pacific Northwest developed the Appaloosa breed.  Appaloosas were once referred to by settlers as the "Palouse horse", possibly after the Palouse River, which ran through the heart of Nez Perce country. Gradually, the name evolved into "Appaloosa".

The Nez Perce lost most of their horses after theNez Perce Warin 1877, and the breed ...

 Appaloosa  - Horses Breeds

About Appaloosa Sport Horse HorsesAppaloosa Sport Horse


Appaloosa Sport Horses were created in the USA with the intention of creating a European-style sport horse with appaloosa coloring. They are strong, willing, tenacious and tough team players.

This cross was achieved by crossing Appaloosa coloring with the athletic qualities of the Trekehners. The result is a beautifully-colored animal, larger and with finer lines than the original appaloosa.   

Their head is erect and attractive. They display characteristic white sclera and a speckled mouth. Their neck is long and well-arched. Their shoulder is oblique and withers high. Their back is long with rounded croup. They have muscular hindquarters with elegant and strong legs.


Appaloosa Sport Horse  - Horses Breeds

About Appendix Quarter Horse HorsesAppendix Quarter Horse


Appendix Quarter Horses are the first generation cross between a registered Thoroughbred and an American Quarter Horse. They are registered as appendix but not initially eligible for a full AQHA registration.   

The cross began in Texas and quickly took hold when the horse racing industry brought Thoroughbred bloodlines into the Quarter Horse Association. Initially they were met with resistance by board members, but they relented to the cross with Thoroughbreds that held Quarter Horse type characteristics.

Through the years and selective breeding the resulting cross is a larger animal (15 – 17 hands), with more refined features. They are found in black, chestnut, grey, bay, dun, roan, palo ...

Appendix Quarter Horse  - Horses Breeds

About AraAppaloosa HorsesAraAppaloosa


AraAppaloosa horses are a refined version of Appaloosa in many ways. The main registry for the Appaloosa horses was established in an effort to protect and develop the Appaloosa. Because of claims of similar ancient origins, the registry allowed the Appaloosa to be crossed with pure blooded Arabians. The AraAppaloosa of today is said to be a re-establishment or preservation of the best examples of the Appaloosa breed found, namely, in early American Indian tribes.

AraAppaloosa horses are known primarily by their coat; which needs to be one of the basic Appaloosa color patterns. They are between 14 and 15 hands high and have the same  general conformation of the Arab: refined head, stamina, and elegance.

&nb ...

AraAppaloosa  - Horses Breeds

About  Arabian Horses Arabian


Photo by Mayhem Farm The Arabian's conformation and type have been selectively bred for longer than any other breed of horse.

The Bedouins of the Arabian desert were dependent for survival on their Arabian horses. While they valued the beauty of their horses, they were equally adamant that their horses were strong, with deep chests, straight legs, large joints and good lungs to carry them across large stretches of their desert homeland. Historical figures like Genghis Khan, Napoleon, Alexander The Great and George Washington rode Arabians.

The prophet Mohammed, in the seventh century AD, was instrumental in spreading the Arabian's influence around the world. He instructed his followers to look after Arabians and treat them with ...

 Arabian  - Horses Breeds

About Arabian-Haflinger HorsesArabian-Haflinger


Although this cross breed was met with some resistance, some Haflinger breeders thought that Arabian blood would refine the breed and increase their athletic ability.

The first three generations were approached with the goal of creating foals that improved the original breed. The breeders were successful and the resulting crosses displayed a definite refinement and an increase in their ability.

After many years of cross-breeding, the physical characteristics of the Haflinger breed persist, but have been slightly refined into a more elegant mount. The result is a small (13.5 – 14.5 hands) riding horse with rectangular shape and Arabian features.

They are approachable and kind; easy to handle with a ...

Arabian-Haflinger  - Horses Breeds

About Arabo-Friesian HorsesArabo-Friesian


image: <a href=http://www.arabofriesian.co.uk/ class = body target = _blank>www.arabofriesian.co.uk</a> Arabo-Friesian horses are known for their excellent disposition as well as endurance and toughness. They are willing to please and work, are obedient, and are known for their excellent movement characteristics.  

Arabo-Friesians are a cross between Friesians and Arabians, and they are a relatively new breed. During the Spanish invasion of the Netherlands in the 16th and 17th centuries Arabian blood was first introduced to the Friesian which resulted in a very athletic horse. In the 1960's breeders introduced additional Arabian in order to enhance strength and endurance. The result is a horse with the good looks and behavior of the Friesian with the robustness of the Arabian.  

Arabo-Friesian hor ...

Arabo-Friesian  - Horses Breeds

About Araboulonnais HorsesAraboulonnais


Araboulonnais horses are a relatively new French breed developed by crossing of Arabians to large, robust Boulonnais horses.

The origin of the Araboulonnais began late in the 20th century. It was thought that the beauty and pep of Arabians would blend wonderfully with the gentleness and soundness of the large Boulonnais. The resulting cross was an animal that was more refined than the Boulonnais but much larger and heavier than the Arabian. They were created for riding or trekking and they prove to be energetic, athletic mounts with a tendency to be resistant to disease.

They average 15.2 – 15.7 hands high. Generally th ...


Araboulonnais  - Horses Breeds

About Aralusian HorsesAralusian


Aralusion, also called the Hispano-Arab, horse is a relatively new breed achieved by crossing the high energy Arabians with the noble Andalusians in equal parts. These are two of the older and most acclaimed breeds on the planet, so their cross is a logical one. The resulting animal is beautiful with high action, notable athletic ability, and fine confirmation.

Aralusians are animated and spirited with the strong Arabian motion and drive and the presence and determination of Andalusian horses.

Aralusian  - Horses Breeds

About Ardahan HorsesArdahan


Ardahan (also known as Malakin) horses are the only heavy breed of horse native to Turkey. They are a between Ardennes, Percheron, Shire, Clydesdale, Orlov horse with native Russian horses. About 150 years ago they were brought to the eastern parts of Turkey by immigrant Turks from the Caucasus. When they reached eastern Turkey, the resulting crosses were then crossed with Anadolu horses.  

They have a short muscular neck, stand at around 13-14 hands, and are generally black or gray. They are a willing working horse and mostly used for draft work or farm animal.

Ardahan  - Horses Breeds

About  Ardennes Horses Ardennes


Ardennes, or Ardennais, horses are a multi-talented horse commonly used in endurance riding, general riding, and work activities. They are one of the oldest breeds of draft horse, and originate from the Ardennes area in Belgium, Luxembourg, and France.

Their history reaches back to Ancient Rome, and throughout the years blood from several other breeds has been added to the Ardennes, although only the Belgian breed had any significant impact. They are a direct descendant of the pre-historic horses whose remains were found at Solutre; primitive features such as the skeletal formation of the head, with its distinctive, squared-off nose, are still evident in the modern breed. Ardennais horses were known to both Julius Caesa ...

 Ardennes  - Horses Breeds

About  Arenberg-Nordkirchen Horses Arenberg-Nordkirchen


Arenberg-Nordkirchen are small riding horses from north-west Germany. They can be black, chestnut, bay, or gray, and are used for sport/hobby horses (general riding and jumping).

Germany does not have a long tradition of small horse breeding; the only native small horse is the Dülmener. From the early twentieth century ponies and small horses were imported, mostly from Great Britain, and some private individuals started breeding from them. Arenberg-Nordkirchen horses were started in 1923 by the then Duke of Arenberg as a semi-feral herd on his estates in Nordkirchen, near Münster in Westphalia. They were based on Dülmener horses, from which he intended to create a small and elegant riding horse. His stock was small, wit ...

 Arenberg-Nordkirchen  - Horses Breeds

About Argentine Anglo HorsesArgentine Anglo


Argentine Anglo horses are from Argentina. They are well known for their use in equestrian sports. They are lightweight horses that exhibit a refined appearance and excellent performance capabilities. They are also energetic, intelligent, and obedient.    

In the 1960s Argentine Anglo horses were developed by crossing English Thoroughbred stallions with Argentine Criollo mares to produce the lightweight polo horses with great fitness and agility.

Argentine Anglos are medium sized, have expressive heads, long necks, inclined shoulders, an long and elastic back with a muscular croup; solid legs, strong bones and joints; plus small, hard hooves. They are generally gray, bay, or sorrel and ...

Argentine Anglo  - Horses Breeds

About  Argentine Criollo Horses Argentine Criollo


Image from Luciodec Please see our description of Criollo horses.

 Argentine Criollo  - Horses Breeds

About Argentine Polo Pony HorsesArgentine Polo Pony


Although the Argentine Polo Ponies are not considered a breed, Argentina is recognized the world over for their fine polo horses, a cross between Thoroughbred and Criollo blood.   

They are bred to be quick, strong, agile, and to handle the rigorous life of a polo horse with ease. Combining the speed and grace of the Thoroughbred with the tireless work ethic of the Criollo creates horses that look forward to and thrives on hard work.   

The Association of Poly Pony Breeders was founded in 1984 in an attempt to preserve bloodlines. Breeding is controlled closely by Argentine breeders and only proven horses are bred to retain their good qualities. They are bred to ...

Argentine Polo Pony  - Horses Breeds

About Argentinean Modepony HorsesArgentinean Modepony


Argentinian Modeponies (also known as Bergmann Ponies and Argentinian Fashion Ponies) have the same foundation as Argentinian Falabella horses and are bred for beauty and intelligence. However they are more refined and larger than Falabellas. While most are found in Argentina, small populations can be found in the Netherlands and France.

On average they are 6.8 - 7.8 hands tall. They are tough and durable. Their head is large and straight. They come in all colors. They tend to be calm and friendly and are mostly used as Pit ponies or Pets.

Argentinean Modepony  - Horses Breeds

About Ariegeois Pony HorsesAriegeois Pony


Ariegeois Ponies, also known as Merens ponies, are a pure-black rare mountain pony native to the Pyrenees and Ariegeois mountains of Northern Spain and Southern France. Thought to be of prehistoric ancestry, these ponies were originally domesticated for use in mines and hauling timber. These handy ponies were also indispensable to the mountain farmers of the area and valued as hardy war mounts.


They are robust, kind, and easy to care for. Physically they are very similar to Dales ponies or Friesian horses. It is believed that during the Muslim invasion local stock was also enhanced by Arabian blood.


Ariegeois breeders generally raised their animals by allowing them to graze freely in herds. Foals ...


Ariegeois Pony  - Horses Breeds

About Arravani HorsesArravani


Arravani horses are from Greece and are in danger of extinction; there are only about 200-300 of them left in the world today.   

 Arravani horses are influenced by Egyptian Arabians, Medern, Greek Thessaliern, Roman horses, and Turkish Arabian bloodlines. They are personable and comfortable to ride.   

For thousands of years they were used as agriculture workers by local farmers and for transporting loads over stony mountain paths. The introduction of motorized vehicles saw a decline in their use that much of the stock was sold off as meat to Italian suppliers.


Arravani  - Horses Breeds

About Asiatic Wild Horse HorsesAsiatic Wild Horse


Asiatic Wild (also known as Przewaslki's, Takhi, and Mongolian wild) horses  are a rare and endangered subspecies of wild horse native to the Steppes of central Asia. Most wild horses, such as Mustangs or Australian brumbies, are descended from domesticated animals; however, Asiatic Wild horses have never been domesticated and are the only known truly wild horse in the world.

Organizations from around the world have successfully bred and re-introduced these horses into their natural Mongolian habitat as well as the Chernobyl area. The total number by the early 1990’s was over 1,500.

Asiatic Wild horses are a stockier build than the domesticated mongolian horses but with shorter legs and a heavy built neck. T ...

Asiatic Wild Horse  - Horses Breeds

About Asil HorsesAsil


Asils are Arabian horses from the Asil region in Khuzestan. Rock carvings of horses have been found in the area that date back 5,000 years. Like many different types of Arabians, strains were developed by different families and breeders. They are raised for racing, transportation, and pleasure.

Asil horses have an average height of about 14.3 hands and are built for speed and stamina; they are quick and efficient. Their traditional colors are chestnut, gray, or bay. They are Spirited, intelligent, and bold. 


Asil  - Horses Breeds

About Astrakhan HorsesAstrakhan


Astrikan (also known as Kalmykskaya, Kalmyk, or Kustenair) horses are members of the Mongolian equine group.They are bred in the territory along the Volga and Ural rivers and are in danger of becoming extinct. They were brought by the Kalmyk people came to Russia from Dzungaria in the 17th century. They were described as plain, medium-sized horses that are very tough and possess speedy gaits. They look similar to Kirgiz horses, but tend to be coarser with longer legs.  

Selective breeding of these animals ended around 1943 and many crosses have modified the bloodlines considerably. In 1986 the local University of Cattle Breeding attempted to determine their numbers and located an isolated heard in the eastern reg ...

Astrakhan  - Horses Breeds

About  Asturcon Horses Asturcon


Asturcon, also known as Asturian, Horses are a pony from the Asturias region of northern Spain. They are an ancient breed and their ancestry is not known, although most likely they are a cross between Sorraia, Garrano, and ancient Celtic ponies. They are usually brown or black, with minimal white markings. They stand between 11.2 and 12.2 hands (46 and 50 inches, 117 and 127 cm).

Asturcon ponies have a naturally ambling gait that is comfortable for the rider. As a result, a large portion of their population was taken to Ireland to produce the Irish Hobby.

These ponies are hardy and resourceful, and able to survive in the harshest areas. They are obedient and easily domesticated, and are used for riding, driving, and ...

 Asturcon  - Horses Breeds

About  Augeron Horses Augeron


Augeron Horses were developed in Pays d'Auge ( an area in Normandy France). They are also known Caen or Virois horses and they were developed from the Percheron breed sometime around the 19th century.

In 1904, Augeron horses were sold in Argences and Bayeux of Lower Normandy. People bought them for their homogeneity, beauty and high value.

The Societe hippique du trait augeron, or Augeron Horse Society, was formed in 1913 by breeders in Auge to record these horses in a breed registry. The society wanted to preserve the breed and make it distinct from its ancestors, the Percheron.

They are light gray; tall, strong, well-built; and energetic. They are 158–170 cm (15.2–16.3 hands) tall.

 Augeron  - Horses Breeds

About  Australian Brumby Horses Australian Brumby


Photo: Russell Kilbey Please see our description of Brumby horses.

 Australian Brumby  - Horses Breeds

About  Australian Draught Horses Australian Draught


By Cgoodwin - Own work CC BY-SA 3.0 https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4995465 Australian Draught Horses was developed from the crossbreeding of four recognized pure draught horse breeds which were in Australia since the colonial days: Clydesdale, Percheron, Shire, Suffolk Punch. The result is a hardy, strong draught horse with a good temperament.  

The roots of the Australian Draught Horse date back to the c.1854 importation of stallions and mares of various English and Flemish cart breeds to Australia. Van Diemen's Land (now Tasmania) was at the forefront of breeding cart and farm horses with the part played by the Van Diemen’s Land Company. This company also imported Shire Horses which were later imported to Western Australia and South Australia in the late 1830s.  

Bul ...

 Australian Draught  - Horses Breeds

About Australian Pony HorsesAustralian Pony


Ponies were first introduced to Australia in 1803. By 1920, a distinct type had emerged there. A stud book was opened nine years later detailing the standards of conformation for the pony. The basic stock for the Australian Pony is the Welsh Mountain Pony of Type A. Shetlands were introduced to give solid constitution and strength. Thoroughbred, Arab, and Hackney were later introduced.  

Australian Ponies have a show quality head: slightly concave with alert ears and dark eyes. Their neck is nicely rounded, their shoulders slope back and their hindquarters are well-rounded and proportioned. Their tail is set high and gaily carried, their leg bones are flat showing strength. They stand between 12 and 14 hands hig ...

Australian Pony  - Horses Breeds

About  Australian Stock Horses Australian Stock


Photo supplied by the Australian Stock Horse Society Ltd - NSW © The Ancestors of the Australian Stock Horse were imported in small numbers at the end of the 18th century from South Africa and are believed to be of Arabian and Barb descent. Eventually more horses where imported from England; mainly Thoroughbred and Arabian horses that were tough enough for the rough Australian conditions.

Thoroughbreds became very popular at the beginning of the 19th century for horse racing. The horses that developed had a good temperament, were tough and reliable, and able to work under saddle and in harness. They were used to clear timber, plough the land and herd sheep and cattle. These horses were known as Walers (named after New South Wales). Walers were sought after by the cavalry due to their ...

 Australian Stock  - Horses Breeds

About  Austrian Warmblood Horses Austrian Warmblood


Austrian Warmblood horses are, unsurprisingly, warmblooded horses from Austria. They are the result of combining of multiple excellent horse breeds.   

The Austro-Hungarian empire was known for its horse breeding programs which were based on a number of imperial stud farms. The role of these farms was to produce farm horses for the citizens, riding and carriage horses for the nobility, cavalry mounts and artillery horses for the military.

Although the former empire is also famed for producing the Kladruber and Lipizzaner, prominent among these stud farms were those located at Mezohegyes and Bábolna. The former was founded in 1785, the latter was purchased by the government in 1789, and both are ...

 Austrian Warmblood  - Horses Breeds

About Autre Que Pur Sang HorsesAutre Que Pur Sang


Autre Que Pur Sang horse (AQPS) loosely translates to "other-than pure blood" and is a classification used for race horses in France that are not of pure English Thoroughbred lineage. They must have 75% English Thoroughbred and less than 5% Arabian blood to participate. The rest of the bloodlines can be a mix of regional French saddle horses (like French Saddle Horse and Anglo-Arabian). These horses are run both on flat tracks and in steeplechase races. This mix is not as swift as the English Thoroughbred, although they prove to be sturdier and to possess more endurance. They often excel in obstacle races and longer distances against an open field.

AQPS racing horses were developed around the end of the 19th century ...

Autre Que Pur Sang  - Horses Breeds

About  Auvergne Horses Auvergne


They have been crossbred several times throughout history, with several distinct breeds sharing the name "Auvergne horse". A small riding horse known as the "half-blood of Auvergne" was primarily ridden by the cavalry at the beginning of the 19th century, but has since disappeared. Other work horses of Auvergne were used as a means of transportation before the advent of modern roads. The work horse was crossbred to become a light draught horse and subsequent ancestor of the modern Auvergne horse. It was used for varying field work by the inhabitants of the region.

As with most of Europe's draught breeds, Auvergne horses almost disappeared with the spread of mechanized transportation. They were crossed with other draught hors ...

 Auvergne  - Horses Breeds

About  Auxois Horses Auxois


Auxois horses are closely related to Ardennes horse and have been bred specifically for immense size since the start of the 20th century.

Their origins are uncertain, although some sources say that their ancestors were Burgandy horses, a heavy breed ridden by knights of the middle ages. Breeding of the modern Auxois began in the 19th century in the Cote d'Or and Yonne regions of France. The foundation horses were Percheron, Ardennes, Boulonnais, and Northern Ardennais.

Auxois horses are one of the rarest French draft breeds in the world. After World War II, with mechanization on the rise, the number of Auxois horses declined significantly. In fact their numbers became so low that purebred Ardennais blood was added to ...

 Auxois  - Horses Breeds

About  Avelignese Horses Avelignese


Avelignese are heavy horses found throughout Italy. They are beautiful and hardy enough to handle most any challenge.  

Avelignese horses are one of the few breeds referred to as surefooted styles. These surefooted horses can endure traveling through the desert and in extreme temperatures without any issues. They can be utilized for equestrian vaulting and also for therapeutic riding purposes as well. They have been bred with a unique format so that you know which horse came from where. For example, if the horse is from Austria, they will bode a brand that is just the letter “H”, whereas the ones from Italy will bode an “HI”.  

Avelignese horses are calm enough to be utilized as a riding horse f ...

 Avelignese  - Horses Breeds

About  Azerbaijan Horses Azerbaijan


Azerbaijan horses are a mountain-steppe racing and riding horse named after the geographic region where the horse was originally developed: Azerbaijan in the Caucasus. They have long been native to the area and are well adapted to herd life.

They were developed as a saddle-pack horse and favored as a war horse due to their robust character. Over the years they have been enhanced with both Arabian and Tersk horses.

They are known for an unstable temperament (due to largely wild herding instincts) and a natural pacing gait. The average speed by running of Azerbaijan horse is 1600 metres in 2 minute, 66 seconds

 Azerbaijan  - Horses Breeds

About Azores HorsesAzores


Azores Ponies are from the Azores islands, Portugal. They have a wedge-shaped head and a straight or slightly rammed profile, with a wide forehead and a small mouth section. Their neck is strong and goes into a long shoulder. Their chest is deep, but narrow. Their hindquarters are somewhat poor. They generally are brown.

 Azores ponies are wiry, noble horses with a fiery temperament. They are used in agriculture, but they are also used as children's ponies.

 Azores ponies are very similar to Balearic ponies. Azores ponies are a very rare breed, whose origin is not fully understood. It is assumed that horses or ponies from Morocco were imported into the 19th century, and that these took a not unimportant i ...

Azores  - Horses Breeds

About  Azteca Horses Azteca


Azteca horses are medium-sized, light riding horse. They are an extension of the Spanish horse. Although a majority of the horses in Mexico are still of direct Spanish stock, the Azteca has become very popular in the few years that it has been an established breed.

Standing 14.3 to 15 hands high, the Azteca is of standard warmblood conformation.They have a fine, dry head with straight or subconvex profile, small ears, and beautiful eyes. They have a well-placed, beautifully curved and heavily muscled neck. They have long, sloping shoulders and a moderately pronounced instep. They have a short, strong back and a long, slightly falling croup. They are found in all solid colors except piebald and tigers.

 At the beg ...

 Azteca  - Horses Breeds

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About Baguales HorsesBaguales


Baguales are wild horses that roam the vast Patagonian grasslands and forests of Argentina and Chile. They are a sturdy and robust horse; they can tolerate the highly variable climate of their native region.

Most likely they evolved during the 16th century, with the introduction of Andalusian horses in Argentina by the Spanish conquistadors. It is believed that some of the horses either were released or had escaped, forming feral herds, which wandered freely in the steppes and grasslands.  

Today, a few hundred Baguales horses remain with in Torres del Paine. However, the National Park authorities consider these horses as invasive and have ordered for their removal. Several research teams and non-profit ...

Baguales  - Horses Breeds

About Baguio Light Horse HorsesBaguio Light Horse


Baguio light horses and Baguio ponies are Philippine horses known for their elegance, hardiness, and disease resistance ability.

Baguio horses and ponies descended from breeding stock brought by the Chinese, Brazilian, and other South American traders. Subsequently, the dealers abandoned their animals when they left the Philippine Islands. The small horses and ponies that evolved from these equine breeds adapted to the native climate and became physically sound and tough.  

During the early 1700s, these horses along with other equine breeds flourished in the country. However, lack of selective breeding programs caused their numbers to decline gradually. Arabian and Spanish bloods were added to refine th ...

Baguio Light Horse  - Horses Breeds

About Bahr-El-Ghazal HorsesBahr-El-Ghazal


Bahr-El-Ghazal are a variety of Dongala horse from Chad in the area of Kreda and Ganaston. They are slightly taller than Dongala horse. They are a light horse with a reputation for poor quality. A lack of good management and poor local conditions has both contributed to their lesser quality. There are estimated to be around 10,000 Bahr-El-Ghazal horses left.

Bahr-El-Ghazal  - Horses Breeds

About Baikal HorsesBaikal


Baikal are a small horse from the Lake Baikal region that borders with Mongolia. Baikal are not considered a breed in itself, they are more of a type, used for all needs of the region. They have been a part of the area for as long as people can remember.

Baikal horses are used for light work, transport, and tourism where a visitor can rent horses along with a house. They are a tough small horse that is capable of handling rough trails and tough weather.



Baikal  - Horses Breeds

About  Baise Horses Baise


Baise horses (also known as the Guangxi) are a pony-sized horse native to the Guangxi region of China, where the climate is mild and horse breeding has long been common practice. Like other Asian breeds (the Mongolian horse in particular), they thrive at high altitudes and roams freely when not working.

They have obvious physical ties with Mongolian animals. Guangxi's mild climate has long favored horse breeding. Bronze statues from 206 to 25 B.C. have been found that look almost exactly like this animal in confirmation.  

Baise horses are an average height of 11 to 11.2 hands (44 to 46 inches, 112 to 117 cm). They are smaller than other breeds in northern and western China. Their head is heavy, with a str ...

 Baise  - Horses Breeds

About Baixadeiro HorsesBaixadeiro


Image from Eduardo Amorim Baixadeiro are a small horse from the marshlands of Brazil.  They are an extremely old breed that looks somewhat like the Pantaneiro Horse of the area, but they are much smaller. They are dismally under-developed, perhaps because they inhabit lands that are virtually wetlands most of the year.   

Today, they are almost extinct but formal breeding programs have been set up to continue the lines as these animals have been used in the area for centuries.


Baixadeiro  - Horses Breeds

About Bajau Pony HorsesBajau Pony


Pictures: from www.horsebreedspictures.com Bajau ponies come from Eastern Malaysia (a humid, tropical area) which has resulted in them being resistant to parasitic infections.They are used locally for work, herding, and transportation as well as festivals and tourist attractions. The fact that this pony is highly adaptable to the extreme heat and tropical climate makes them a valued asset to the local people. 

They are sturdy and tough. And are on average height 12 hands tall.


Bajau Pony  - Horses Breeds

About Bakhtiari HorsesBakhtiari


Bakhtiari horses are native to Pakistan and have distinctive turned in ears (similar to those of the Marwari horse). They are believed to be related to Barb horses and are known for their strength, endurance, and fine confirmation. Today their bloodlines have been diluted to the point there are very few of pure lineage, making this an incredibly rare breed.  

They are on average height 14 hands tall, have a medium sized fine head with a straight or slightly convex profile. Their eyes are large and expressive. Their neck is long and muscular. Their back is short and strong. Their legs are fine and strong with good joints and defined tendons. And their feet are very hard and strong.

They are found in blac ...

Bakhtiari  - Horses Breeds

About Baladi HorsesBaladi


Baladi (also known as Egyptian Horses) are an Egyptian horse of questionable bloodlines. They are no longer considered an individual breed as they once were. There has been significant Arabization of the indigenous horses of Egypt, due to the short distance between Arabia and the Nile. The resulting horses come from combinations of Arabian bloodlines and are unable to be registered. Plus an influx of English Thoroughbred blood was added for increased speed and size, but because of their lack of papers these animals are shunned by breeders and tribesmen. Although they are still magnificent horses and often faster over short distances, (but not as hardy over distance as the pureblood Arabian).

Baladi  - Horses Breeds

About Bali Pony HorsesBali Pony


Bali Ponies are an ancient breed now living on the Indonesian island of Bali. Its roots are unknown, although one theory is that ponies of ancient stock were brought to Indonesia by the Chinese in the 6th century. If this theory is true, the Bali pony would owe much of its roots to the Mongolian Horse. In addition to the Mongolian horse, it is known that some Indian stock were taken to Indonesia (although it is unknown exactly which breeds), and the Dutch also brought various eastern breeds to the country during the 18th century. Therefore, the Bali pony likely has been influenced by both the Mongolian horse, and various other eastern breeds.    

The Bali Ponies are quite hardy and self-sufficient, surviv ...

Bali Pony  - Horses Breeds

About  Balikun Horses Balikun


Balikun horses are a rare light draft breed from the Xinjiang region in northwest China. They are well adapted for harsh environment and used mainly for transportation. They are able to survive on steppe hills and and pasture with harsh temperatures as low as 40 degrees below zero.

Balikun horses developed from Kazakh and Mongolian horses; however, over 200 years of selective breeding has made the Balikun horse a breed of its own.

Balikun horses stand, on average, from 12.2 to 13.1 hands. They have heavy heads with short, thick, muscular necks. Their withers are often rather low, and the backs are short, flat, and very strong. Their shoulders are straight, but muscular. Their croup is sloped, with their tail being l ...

 Balikun  - Horses Breeds

About  Baluchi Horses Baluchi


Baluchi (also known as Beledougou, or Banamba) horses are native to the Baluchistan, Sindh and Punjab Provinces in Pakistan. However, they are most likely related to the West African Barb horses of Mali, Africa. They share the same ancestors as the Waziri, which is a smaller horse breed known for their strength, good structure, and stamina. 

Baluchi horses are on average about 14 hands high. They have a medium-sized fine head, straight or slightly curved profile, large eyes, tulip ears that turn inward and touch, a long muscular neck, pronounced withers, a short strong back, and fine strong legs with good joints and defined tendons. There are found in bay, chestnut, or gray. 

Baluchi horses are known for th ...

 Baluchi  - Horses Breeds

About  Ban'ei Horses Ban'ei


Ban'ei horses are from Hokkaido, Japan, where they are used for unique draft races, called the Ban-ei Keiba races, in which the horse pulls a heavy sledge (called a Sori). These races, which are only conducted at four racecourses in Hokkaido, are run by such heavy horses bred from stock such as the sturdy Percherons, Bretons and Belgians, which pull a steel sleigh carrying a heavy load, together weighing from about half a ton to one ton (including jockey, sledge, and harness), along a 200-meter separated straight track with two humps.

The dynamic Ban-ei Keiba races, which enjoy a large following, originated as a competition among farmers and locals at least 55 years ago at festivals in the areas in Hokkaido and Tohoku. ...

 Ban'ei  - Horses Breeds

About Banat HorsesBanat


Banat horses were a moderately large-framed horse from the Timus Plateau of Romania; however, they are now extinct.  

They were developed by crossing Nonius, Noric, Ardennes, Oldenburg, and Lipitsa horses. They became an important animal to the local people and were used primarily for agricultural work.  

Unfortunately, with the emergence of modernization techniques for farming, the Banat, among other draft type animals fell into extinction.

Banat  - Horses Breeds

About Bandiagara HorsesBandiagara


Bandiagara horses are a mid-sized, docile horse breed from Mali and Niger in Africa. They are a Barb type with fragile and lovely facial features. For the most part, this they are suited to the climatic harshness of the area.  

On average they stand between 14.3 to 15 hands high. Their neck is short and thick with an ample chest and shoulder. Their back is long with rounded croup. Their tail is low set. Their legs are think and sinewy. And their hooves are hard and small.

Bandiagara  - Horses Breeds

About  Banker Horses Banker


Banker horses are descendants from domesticated Spanish horses that were brought to America in 16th century by explorers and abandoned on the Outer Banks of North Carolina which is where their name "Banker" was derived. Banker horses were originally domesticated; however, since they were abandoned and left to fend for themselves, they've become feral.

Banker horses can be found on the Outer Banks barrier islands of North Carolina's coast. They reside on Corolla Island, Currituck Banks, Ocracoke Island, Shackleford Banks, and in the Rachel Carson Estuarine Sanctuary. They feed on bulrushes, sea oats, poison ivy, and Saltmarsh Cordgrass. Because of their poor diet, the horses on the Outer Banks are smaller than domesticated ...

 Banker  - Horses Breeds

About  Barb Horses Barb


Barb horses are a light riding horses from the Maghreb region of northern Africa. There are several varieties of barb horses including Algerian, Moroccan, and Tunisian. They are also the foundation breed of the West African Barb and the Spanish Barb which was developed in the United States. 

 Barb  - Horses Breeds

About  Bardigiano Horses Bardigiano


Bardigiano horses, also known as Bardigiano Ponies, are from Bardi, Italy.

The first horses that populated Bardi were brought during the Roman Era. During the centuries, the breed developed as a mountain horse; in the 15th century, there were attempts to make it more gentle by cross-breeding it with Arabian-Friulian horses, thus obtaining a horse very similar to the one of today.

They almost became extinct after the First World War. In 1977, a "Regulation for the selection and for the Genealogic Book of the Bardigiano horse" was approved. This sets the breed standard and had the aim of making it homogenous.

Bardigiano horses were used in the past for agricultural work in impervious areas and even m ...

 Bardigiano  - Horses Breeds

About  Bashkir Curly Horses Bashkir Curly


Please see our description of Curly horses.

 Bashkir Curly  - Horses Breeds

About Basuto Pony HorsesBasuto Pony


Basuto Ponies are from South Africa. They are derived from horses imported by Dutch settlers in 17th century.

Basuto Ponies arrived in South Africa in 1653, when four horses were introduced to the Cape area by the Dutch East India Trading Company. The exact breed of these horses is unknown, but they may have been Arabian, Persian, or similar to the Java Pony. They were upgraded later with Arabian and Persian blood.  

These original imported horses became the founders of the Cape Horse, which became extremely popular and especially gained an admirable reputation during the Boer Wars. The Cape Horse and the Basuto probably were originally the same horse, and then with continual Thoroughbred and Arabian b ...

Basuto Pony  - Horses Breeds

About Batak Pony HorsesBatak Pony


Batak Ponies are from Indonesia originating in Central Sumatra. They are thought to have descended from Mongolian and Arabian horses, and have continually been infused with additional Arabian blood to improve their quality. They are selectively breed by the Indonesians, and are often used to upgrade the quality of horses and ponies on nearby islands. The Batak Pony was once used as a sacrificial animal in religious ceremony.  

They are slender, but still strong and sturdy. They are generally well-conformed. Poor forage is a major contributor to conformation abnormalities. The only other breed of the country which is of better quality is the Sandalwood Pony. The ponies have a fine head with a straight or slightly ...

Batak Pony  - Horses Breeds

About  Bavarian Warmblood Horses Bavarian Warmblood


Bavarian Warmblood (also known as Bayerisches Warmblut) horses are from southern Germany. They were developed from an older Bavarian heavy warmblood breed called the Rottaler. Since mechanization in the mid-20th century, the Bavarian Regional Horse Breeders' Society has concentrated on producing a riding horse for the Olympic disciplines and recreational riding based on other European warmblood bloodlines.  
  
The easiest way to recognize a Bavarian Warmblood is by the brand on the left thigh, which is a crowned shield outside the letter "B". All colors are permitted, though dark, solid colors are preferred. The ideal height is between 158 and 170 cm tall at the withers (15.2-16.2 hands).  
...

 Bavarian Warmblood  - Horses Breeds

About  Belgian Warmblood Horses Belgian Warmblood


Belgian Warmbloods are bred distinctively as a show horse that excels in dressage and jumping arenas. They are basically the mixture of many breeds with the lighter Belgian agricultural horses as their base. In the 1950s these agricultural horses were mixed with Gelderlanders for greater size and strength. In the 1960s Selle Francais and Hanoverian were introduced. They gave the Belgian Warmblood greater athletic ability and freedom of movement. The Thoroughbred and Anglo-Arabian horses introduced to the breed conformation and speed.  

They stand around 16.2 hands high. Their head is alert and full of quality, mainly due to its Anglo-Arabian influence. Their withers are well placed and their shoulders are of good ...

 Belgian Warmblood  - Horses Breeds

About Bhorum Pony HorsesBhorum Pony


Bhirum Pony (also known as Nigerian Ponies) are a dwarf horse from the northern regions of Nigeria. They are thought to be a descendant of the little known Poney Mousseye of Cameroon. They are also thought to come from Barb horses which were brought to Nigeria by Nomads. These animals were bred to local ponies and the resulting animal became the Bhirum Pony.  

They are a large pony breed, although they are occasionally referred to as small horses. They are incredibly versatile and can resist the heat of their environment.

Bhorum Pony  - Horses Breeds

About Bhutia Pony HorsesBhutia Pony


Bhotia Ponies are bred and raised in various regions of India such as Darjeeling, Sikkim, Bhutan, and Nepal. They are used as a pack animal and for riding.  

Their head usually has a pronounced jaw line, straight profile, small ears and eyes. Their neck is a muscular and a bit short, their chest is deep, their shoulder is straight. Their ponies have powerful hindquarters, and short, strong legs with good joints. They stand at 12.2 hh, they are usually bay or gray, but may be any solid color. They tend to be narrow in build.


Bhutia Pony  - Horses Breeds

About  Black Forest Horses Black Forest


Black Forest, also known as Schwarzwalder Kaltblut, Horses come from the Black forest, Germany. They were well known as the pearl of The Black Forest back in their day and have derived from the cold bloods that were residing in the region during the Middle Ages. They came about as a result of breeding a Haflinger and a Noriker. Later on, the breed would be closer introduced to the Brabant breed in a poor attempt at making them taller, which was not successful whatsoever. Once the twentieth century arrived, some were enabled to breed with any stallion they wanted to. Currently, there are fifty state approved stallions in the area and over seven hundred registered mares alike. They have a great reputation in local areas and are consi ...

 Black Forest  - Horses Breeds

About  Blazer Horses Blazer


Blazer Horses were developed in the 1950s and 1960s in the United States. They can trace their ancestry to one chestnut stallion named Little Blaze, who was foaled in 1959. Little Blaze was bred and owned by F. Neil Hinck, an American horse trainer from Bedford, Wyoming. The descendant of Mormon pioneers and Danish horsemen, Hinck came from a ranch family and had extensive experience with most breeds of the day. Little Blaze was combination of American Quarter Horse and Morgan Horse with some Shetland Pony and Thoroughbred.  

Blazers are known for being versatile at any sport competition and having gentle and intelligent dispositions. Blazer horses do not exceed 15 hands (60 inches, 152 cm) at full maturity, altho ...

 Blazer  - Horses Breeds

About Boerperd HorsesBoerperd


Boerperd, or Boer Ponies, are a tough horse that can still remain their cool and be kind enough to allow for kids to ride, they are hardy, enduring, and have been used for harness work, endurance, and for riding people of all ages and sizes. They are found in Johannesburg, Swaz, Lesotho, and Cape Town, South Africa.    

Boerperd's stand at around fifteen hands in full grown size. They are generally bred in any color, typically one solid color rather than mixtures or patterns. They are a fit and lean breed with good shoulders and hard feet, they also have great joints and a shorter back, which aids their strength and ability to carry passengers for hours on end without struggling.

Boerperd's are very ...

Boerperd  - Horses Breeds

About Bose Pony HorsesBose Pony


Bose Ponies are from the Bose and Hechi Prefecture-Guangxizhuang region of China. They are best known for performing general riding and work.

Bose Ponies are bay colored. They are on average 11.1 to 11.2 hands tall. Their head is dry, straight, and slightly weighty. Their profile is concave and their jaw is wide. Their ears are small and alert. Their neck is moderately long and their withers are moderate. They have a short back and their croup is rounded. They have a bushy, but thin, mane and tail. Their legs are short and strong with good joints. Their hooves are firm.


Bose Pony  - Horses Breeds

About Bosnian Pony HorsesBosnian Pony


Bosnian Ponies, found in Bosnia and Herzegovina, are a member of the group of horses known as the Balkan breeds, and are thought to be descended from a cross between the Tarpan and Asian Wild Horses.  

Beginning in the 1900s, they have been selectively bred through a government-controlled breeding programs. The principle breeding center for many years was the Borike Stud in Bosnia. The state controlled all breeding stallions, while mares were privately owned. During the 1940s three stallions, Agan, Barat, and Misco, were used to improve the breed. Agan and Barat resembled the Asian Wild Horse type, while Misco was a lighter type.  

Until the Bosnian War, there were strict standards, incl ...

Bosnian Pony  - Horses Breeds

About  Boulonnais Horses Boulonnais


Boulonnais horses come from France. They are legendary creatures that were brought from France by Julius Caesar during his preparation to invade Britain. They were once known for roaming many lands such as Calais, Belgium, Eterpigny, and along the English Channel in the United Kingdom. Most of the heavier draft breeds were bred in the Northwestern areas of France.    

They are often referred to as the Thoroughbred of the draft breeds. This was as a result of their elegance that they received from the bloodlines of some Arab and Iberian horses. While they are recognized as being derived from the seventeenth century, some feel there were in fact two various styles of the breed. One was noted as the heavier d ...

 Boulonnais  - Horses Breeds

About  Brabant Horses Brabant


Brabant (also known as Belgian draft) horses are from Belgium, and can be found all over Germany as well as the Netherlands, France, and more specifically set inside Brussels. They are used for harness work and for shows or competitions alike. Their unique appearances make it easier for them to do very well inside the competitive circuit and they have a very friendly personality to boot.  

Brabant horses have quite a history coming from significant dignitaries using them on a regular basis for being bred for use in shows. It has been noted that the Brabant horses were used to carry those involved in the Norman Conquest of Britain during 1066. They are a very large horse variation that was reliable and dependably u ...

 Brabant  - Horses Breeds

About  Brandenburger Horses Brandenburger


Brandenburgers are a well-balanced horse with a lively temperament, an easy to get along with character and little tendency to nervousness.

Horse breeding was first mentioned in documents in the Brandenburg March in the 15th century although at that point, there was not a uniform or standardized breed. The development of the modern Brandenburger sport horse during the mid-20th century was achieved by utilizing Trakehners, Hanoveranians, and English Thoroughbreds. The national and state stud of Neustadt/Dosse, which was founded by King Frederick Wilhelm II in 1788, had substantial influence on the development of the Brandenburger.

Following reunification with the former German Democratic Republic (East Germany), stalli ...

 Brandenburger  - Horses Breeds

About  Brazilian Sport Horses Brazilian Sport


Brazilian Sport Horses (Brasileiro de Hipismo), were developed specifically for competition in 1970. They were developed from Andalusian, Thoroughbred, Trakehner, Hanoverian, Holsteiner, Oldenburger, Westphalian, Irish Hunter, Selle Francais, Argentine-Anglo and Belgian Warmblood horses. They are popular in the US and Europe and have successfully completed recent Olympic Games. In 1996 four Brazilian Sport Horses, Aspen, Adelfos, Cassiano Joter, and Calei Joter, competed in the Atlanta Olympics and in Sydney in 2000.

They are intelligent, light, agile, quick, athletic and large (over 16 hands high), and lively. They have a sweet disposition, solid work ethic, endless ability, calm, brave and balanced. They have ex ...

 Brazilian Sport  - Horses Breeds

About  Breton Horses Breton


Breton horses come from France but can be seen along the British side of the English Channel and most often in the land of Rennes. Primarily they are raised for light or heavy drafting. They are sweet, easy to maintain, and full of energy. They can be extremely handy on farmlands and are very loyal to their owners as well.  

They were one of the first types of horses considered to be mountain animals. In the Middle Ages they were bred into two various breeds. One was considered a heavier style noted as the Sommier, and the other was the Rossier, which was a lighter horse style created just for the primary use of riding. During the nineteen hundreds, the breeders began to make ones that were bigger, stronger, and uti ...

 Breton  - Horses Breeds

About British Spotted Pony HorsesBritish Spotted Pony


British Spotted Ponies have been known to exist since prehistoric times - they appear in cave paintings in France dating back around 20,000 years and have also featured in Egyptian pictures dating from 1400 BC. They were at one time feral in the British Isles and their spotted coat pattern was their natural camouflage as they roamed the heaths and forests of ancient Britain.  

Through history Spotted Ponies have been regarded as somewhat magical and mystical and were subsequently highly regarded by Royalty and noblemen. During Roman times, some of the mounts of the more important Officers were spotted horses of great elegance; and during the dark ages many spotted Ponies were sent as gifts between the Royal Fami ...

British Spotted Pony  - Horses Breeds

About  Brumby Horses Brumby


Brumbies are free-roaming feral horses in Australia. Although they are found in many areas around the country, the best-known Brumbies are found in the Australian Alps region. Brumbies have been seen in the Man from Snowy River movies and the opening of the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games.

Brumbies are the descendants of the horses that were transported on ships from England with convicts and first settlers. The initial horses included "Capers" from South Africa, Timor Ponies from Indonesia, British pony and draught horse breeds, and a significant number of Thoroughbreds and Arabians. Many of those early horses escaped or were left to run free. Over time the developed into their own breed, much like America Mustang horses.


 Brumby  - Horses Breeds

About Buckskin HorsesBuckskin


Buckskin Horses are not a specific breed, they are horses that have a common color - tan or bronze coloring with black points. A true Buckskin should be the color of tanned deer hide with black points. Shades may vary from yellow to dark gold. Points (mane, tail, and legs) can be dark brown, or black. Ponies and horses showing predominance of draft horse blood are not eligible.  

Buckskins developed a strong reputation as a sturdy working horse in the frontier of the western United States. They were highly regarded by the cowboys of the old west, Buckskins were used for pack, harness, and saddle.  

The American Buckskin Registry Association was founded in 1962, it opened its registry to not only t ...

Buckskin  - Horses Breeds

About Bucovina HorsesBucovina


Bucovina horses are an extremely rare cross between Romanian Hutzel (Huzel) horses with an infusion of draught horse blood.  They are suitable for riding, draught work, and logging. They retain the toughness, economy, and tractability of Hutzel horses.  

Their cost is roan coat color which most like comes from Ardennes ancestr. Which is not a surprise since Ardennes were introduced into Romania after the Second World War to regenerate local stock.

Bucovina  - Horses Breeds

About  Budyonny Horses Budyonny


Budyonny horses originated in Russia and are known for having a iridescent coat. They received their name from Marshall Budyonny of the red army. They can be found all over the Russian Federation; inside Ukraine, Belarus, Moscow, Rostov, and along the Lake Ladoga.  

Budyonny horses were created by combining the Thoroughbred Don horses. They were utilized for all sorts of purposes as both work horses and for leisure uses as well. They are an incredible cavalry horse; built for speed and durability.   They are the perfect combination of strength with an attractive appearance. They are noted by experts as being rather athletic and coordinated and also mild tempered.  

Budyonny ...

 Budyonny  - Horses Breeds

About Buohai HorsesBuohai


Buohai horses are native to the Northeastern part of the Shandong Province, China, near the Buohai Sea and the Yellow River. They have been found in that area for at least 2700 years, but are originally from Mongolia.  

In 1962 the Chinese government established a cross-breeding program designed to improve the local stock. Attempts with riding horses were unsuccessful and created animals too light for heavy agricultural work. Later Ardennes and Soviet Heavy Draft blood was introduced and the resulting animals was classified as the Buohai breed in China.

In 1974 a breed association was formed and the first animals were registered as pureblood under the Buohai name.  There is lot of var ...

Buohai  - Horses Breeds

About  Burguete Horses Burguete


Burguete horses (also known as Caballo Burguete, Caballo de Raza Burguete, or Aurizko Zaldia) are from the Navarre region of northern Spain. They are listed in the Catalogo Oficial de Razas de Ganado de Espana in the group of autochthonous breeds in danger of extinction. Their name is derived from the town of Auritz/Burguete.

 Burguete  - Horses Breeds

About Burmese Pony HorsesBurmese Pony


Burmese Ponies, also known as Shan Ponies, originated in the Shan state of Eastern Burma, where they are bred today by local tribes. They are similar to Bhutia, Spiti, and Manipuri ponies of the Himalayan Mountains, suggesting these breeds have a similar origin, most likely deriving from the Mongolian horse and other Eastern breeds.  

Burmese ponies may reach 13 hands high, and are brown, bay, chestnut, black or gray in color. They are not particularly pretty horses, having been bred for function rather than looks. The head usually has a straight profile, the neck is muscular. The back may be long, and the croup is sloping. The ponies do not have very pronounced withers, and a rather upright shoulder, creating a shor ...

Burmese Pony  - Horses Breeds

About Buryat HorsesBuryat


Buryats are one of the smallest horses in Siberia and share ancestors with the Mongolian breed, although they tend to be taller. They are native to a climate that is incredibly harsh, (there are only about a 100 days a year above freezing temperatures in parts); and as a result they are very tough.  

Throughout the years severe (and often cruel) training methods combined with selective breeding and an intense natural environment has created an almost indestructible, fertile animal with a long life span.  

Since 1897 Thoroughbred stallions (and some trotters) have been brought to the area to improve the breed. However the fertility and toughness of the breed tends to be compromised by the influx o ...

Buryat  - Horses Breeds

About Busak Posavec HorsesBusak Posavec


Busak posavec (also known as Croation Pasavac, Posavina, Hrvatski Posavic , and Busak Posavec) horses comes from the flood plains of the Sava River in Croatia. Currently their numbers are very low.

On average they are around 15.2 hands high. Their head is noble and broad. Their ears are concave and elliptic. Their hooves are broad and flat. They are found in black, grey, and bay.

They are bred for light agriculture work and vegetation management.

Busak Posavec  - Horses Breeds

About  Byelorussian Harness Horses Byelorussian Harness


Byelorussian Harness horses were developed Dole, Ardennes, and Brabancon horse breeds. The Dole influence was the strongest. Long-term inter se breeding of various generations of crosses created a breed that is very suitable for work in wooded areas with swampy and sandy soils.  

They are a medium-sized horse with the characteristic conformation of a harness horse. Their head is not large, their forehead is wide, their neck is well muscled and average in length, their withers are average in height and length, their back long, flat and often slightly dipped, their loin is flat and short, their croup is wide, nicely rounded and well muscled with a normal slope, their chest wide and deep. Their limbs are clean and s ...

 Byelorussian Harness  - Horses Breeds

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About  Calabrese Horses Calabrese


Calabrese Horses originated in Calabria and were derived from a group of Arabian horses imported from North Africa. During the Bourbon period, they were crossbred with Andalusian horses. In more recent times, they were bred with Saleritano horses and English Thoroughbreds, which increased their size. Every now and then, in order not to lose their original traits, they are bred with Arabian horses.

Calabrese horses are easy to train, strong, vivacious, and docile. They have excellent balance, fast, and good jumpers.

Content and photo source: Agrarian.org

 Calabrese  - Horses Breeds

About  Camargue Horses Camargue


Camargue horses are one of the oldest breeds of horses known. They are indigenous to the harsh wetlands of the Camargue region of Southern France. They have resided there as far back as prehistoric times. Researchers believe that the Camargue horse is a descendent from the ancient Solutre horse. Archeological evidence of this has been found to a considerable extent in the Burgundy region of France. Camargue horse is also closely related to Spanish breeds from the northern part of the peninsula.

Births in the wild occur from April until July. The horses are gathered up at the age of three and trained. One of the techniques which is taught is neck reining, allowing the rider to k ...


 Camargue  - Horses Breeds

About Camarillo White  HorsesCamarillo White


Camarillo White Horses are famous for their brilliant white color.

The story of Camarillo White horses start in 1921 when Adolfo Camarillo purchased a 9-year-old stallion named Sultan at the California State Fair in Sacramento. He then went on to breed Sultan with Morgan mares at his ranch in California up until his death in 1958. His daughter Carmen then continued breeding and showing the horses at parades and events until her death in 1987. As per her will, the horses were then sold at public auction.

Four years after the horses were auctioned off in 1987, their number had dwindled down to 11. In an attempt to save the breed and bring attention to it, the Camarillo White Horse Association was founded in 199 ...

Camarillo White   - Horses Breeds

About Campeiro HorsesCampeiro


Campeiro horses originated from Spanish and Portugese horses that were introduced into Brazil by sea Captain Alveres Nunes during his journies from Santa Catarina to Paraguay. Their first expedition was in 1541 and Cabeza de Vaca landed with soldiers, seeds, cattle, and 46 horses. The first official records of horses in Santa Catarina were in 1728. During the 19th century the Campeiro was crossed with Thoroughbred and Arabian blood to refine their looks and improve performance.  

In 1976 the Brazilian Association of Campeiro Horse Breeders was founded and the herd book opened in 1985.  

On average they are 13.9 to 15.1 hands high. Their movement is elastic with a marchadore and trote step, there ...

Campeiro  - Horses Breeds

About Campolina HorsesCampolina


Campolina horses originated in Brazil in 1870 when a farmer named Cassiano Campolina bred a Brazilian mare of Barb ancestry with a pure Andalusian stallion. Later he further refined his horses with Anglo-Norman, Clydesdale, Holsteiner, American Saddle Horse, and Mangalarga Marchador horses.  The result is the largest of the three gaited Brazilian breeds. Their temperament is docile, but active and proud. They are used for pleasure and trail riding, dressage, and driving.

The Campolina is a gaited breed, with an ambling gait. Their gaits are a smooth, regular batida or a picada, the first characterized by a longer time of movement of the bipeds in diagonal and the second only in lateral, both with four-beat movements. T ...

Campolina  - Horses Breeds

About  Canadian Horses Canadian


Canadian Horses, originally called the French Canadian Horse, was introduced to Canada in July 1665 by King Louis XIV of France. Initially, King Louis XIV sent 12 of his best horses to reward the men who had gone to settle "New France". France continued to import these horses, and by 1763, their number was close to 13,000. However, as exporting the horse continuously increased for the Boer war in Africa, plantations in the West Indies, and to the United States for stage lines and the Civil War, by the 1860s and 1870s, there were fewer than 400 Canadian Horses with fewer than 20 registrations per year. To preserve the remaining of the breed and keep the horse from going extinct, a stud book was produced in 1886. The decrease of hor ...

 Canadian  - Horses Breeds

About Canadian Rustic Pony HorsesCanadian Rustic Pony


Canadian Rustic Ponies originated in Canada, particularly the Saskatchewan and Manitoba provinces.  

They were developed by Dr. Peter Neifeld of Manitoba, Canada. They were developed by crossing Heck horses from the Atlanta Zoo in Atlanta, Georgia with Arabian horse-Welsh pony crosses.

On January 23, 1989, the Canadian Rustic Pony Association was formed, incorporated under the new Canadian federal Animal Pedigree Act, also known as Bill C-67. Prior to this, since 1978, Canadian Rustic Ponies had been registered through a registry based in the United States, and as of September 1989, 72 ponies had been US-registered. These ponies were eligible to become double-registered under the Canadian and US regis ...

Canadian Rustic Pony  - Horses Breeds

About Canadian Sport Horse  HorsesCanadian Sport Horse


The farm horse of the Canadian countryside is the base stock for the Canadian Sport Horse. After the First World War, Thoroughbred stallions from England were made available to cross with the countryside stock, producing a more refined horse. In 1926, the Canadian Hunter, Saddle and Light Horse Improvement Society was organized. In 1933, a second organization, The Canadian Hunter Society was incorporated and a Stud Book was maintained. The two societies merged in 1970 and renamed the society to include the term "Sport Horse," a name which appropriately distinguishes this highly athletic breed.  

During the First World War, and as the direct result of Canada's reputation for breeding quality horses, a large percen ...

Canadian Sport Horse   - Horses Breeds

About Cape HorsesCape


Cape horses were extremely popular through the Boer Wars, but very little is known about the status of the Cape Horse breed today. They originated in South Africa and greatly resembles Basuto Horses, however they are larger.

Horses first arrived in South African when they were imported by the Dutch East India Trading Company in 1653. The first breeds were believed to be Barb and Arabian descendants shipped from the Island of Java, and they were the forefathers of both the Cape Horse and the Basuto.  

Gradually, the Cape Horse was refined by introducing Thoroughbred and Arabian blood. Through these crosses, the breed became larger and sportier than its Basuto brethren. Despite its huge popularity as a bat ...

Cape  - Horses Breeds

About  Carolina Marsh Tacky Horses Carolina Marsh Tacky


Carolina Marsh Tackys are working horses. They have an uncanny ability to work inside water and even deep, swampy conditions along the shoreline. They are relatively small horses (13 to 15 hands), they are ideal for carrying around children and also for riding practices as well. They are generally put to work on farmlands to herd cattle.  

Carolina Marsh Tacky history goes back hundreds of years. Coming from a Spanish breed of horses, the Carolina Marsh Tacky breed has more recently been a part of the culture in South Carolina. Spanish explorers brought theses animals over the eastern shoreline many centuries ago, as far dating as the sixteen hundreds. Even utilized during the American Revolution, and for worker ...

 Carolina Marsh Tacky  - Horses Breeds

About  Carthusian Horses Carthusian


Carthusian (also known as Carthusian-Andalusian, and Carthujano) horses originated in Spain. They were created when the Zamora brothers purchased a stallion by the name of El Soldado and bred him to two mares. A colt and a filly were produced, and the colt (a dark gray) was named Esclavo and went on to become the foundation sire of the Carthusian breed. Esclavo went on to produce many offspring, which were sold to breeders in Jerez, Spain. One group of mares sired by Esclavo around 1736 were sold to Don Pedro Picado, who then gave part of them to a group of Carthusian monks in the settlement of a debt and sold the rest to Antonio Abad Romero where they were absorbed into the main Andalusian breed. The stock given to the monks were ...

 Carthusian  - Horses Breeds

About  Caspian Horses Caspian


Caspian horses are small originally from Iran. Although generally no more than 12 hands (1.22 meters) high, they are nevertheless considered to be a horse rather than a pony.

They are a similar build to Arabian horses, and they are extremely hardy, with very dense bone and hard feet that rarely need shoeing. They can take long strides and are able to keep up with normal-sized horses while walking, trotting, or cantering, despite their smaller stature. The most common colors are bay and black, though they may also be grey, dun, or chestnut.

Although the Caspian horse may have had a long history in its own country it did not really become known to the rest of the world until it was "discovered" by an American ...

 Caspian  - Horses Breeds

About  Castillonnais Horses Castillonnais


Castillonais (also known as Cheval Ariegeois de Castillon, cheval du Biros, or Saint-Gironnais) horses are an ancient breed of small riding horse from the Ariege departement of southwestern France.

Castillonnais horses originally were bred for cavalry, agriculture, and driving. They declined in population during the 20th century, and almost became extinct. In 1980, a group of supporters began to work to save the breed, and a breed association, now called the Association Nationale du Cheval Castillonnais d'Ariege Pyrenees (ANCCAP), was formed in 1992. The breed was officially recognized by the French Ministry of Agriculture in 1996. The French government, breed association and a regional conservation group all now share ...

 Castillonnais  - Horses Breeds

About  Catria Horses Catria


Catria Horses are from Monte Catria, Italy, and neighbouring areas (Central Appennines), spread over the provinces of Pesaro, Ancona and Perugia.

Continuous contacts with the people of Maremma in Tuscany, chiefly with those involved in charcoal-burning, explain the introduction and the influence of the local equine population of Maremagno. In the post-war years the herds of horses diminished considerable, but the original population, derived from the maremmano breed, held on in mountain areas which were only good for pasture land from wild horses.

After a period of many crosses with various bloodlines, in 1974 the Special Co-operative Agency of Catria took over the management of the local studs, controllin ...

 Catria  - Horses Breeds

About  Cavallo Romano della Maremma Laziale Horses Cavallo Romano della Maremma Laziale


Cavallo Romano della Maremma Laziale (or "Roman horse of the part of the Maremma that is in Lazio") are native to the Lazio region of Italy. They are an ancient breed, but they were officially recognised only in 2010. They are now one of the fifteen indigenous horse breeds of limited distribution listed by the AIA, the Italian breeders' association. The Lazio region has assigned it the conservation status of "at risk of erosion". Their population numbers about 800, of which most are in the comune of Monte Romano in the province of Viterbo; a herd of approximately 200 are at Ponzano Romano in the province of Rome, and others are in the province of Rieti.

DNA testing had shown that the traditional working horse of the Mare ...

 Cavallo Romano della Maremma Laziale  - Horses Breeds

About Cayuse Pony HorsesCayuse Pony


Please see our description of Mustang horses

Cayuse Pony  - Horses Breeds

About Cerbat Mustang HorsesCerbat Mustang


Cerbat Mustangs are beautiful and strong horses that are used for riding or as an event horse in competitions. They have excellent endurance and are very strong. They are smaller in size than some breeds, but still remain durable and willing to please. They well known for their unique ability to easily reproduce at very late ages. The Cerbat mares can still reproduce well into their twenties, which is a great strength considering some horse breeds only live up until they are twenty. Most of them of have a vertebrae with five lumbar, which is also unusual.


Cerbat horses are a part of history, much like the rest of the Spanish routed variations. T ...


Cerbat Mustang  - Horses Breeds

About Chahou Post Pony HorsesChahou Post Pony


Chahou Post Ponies are from Tibetan Autonomous County of Tianzhu, Yongding, and Gulang County, Ganshu Province, China. They are highly resistant to disease and incredibly hardy due to their extreme habitat.

They are of moderate size (average height of 12.1 - 12.8 hands). Their back is of medium length, and they have a short girth. They are found in black, chestnut, grey, bay, and dun.

They are known to be dependable, willing, and tough. They are used as pack animals and for transportation.

Chahou Post Pony  - Horses Breeds

About Chaidamu Pony HorsesChaidamu Pony


Image from Remko Tanis Chaidamu Ponies are from the Qinghai Province of China. Their numbers are very low and there is very little information available about them.

They are moderately-sized ponies (average height 12.6 - 12.8 hands). Their Head is wide and short. Their bodies are strong and round with short legs. They come in black, chestnut, and grey. They are known to be easy going, sociable, and kind. They are used for riding, sports, and as draught horses.

Chaidamu Pony  - Horses Breeds

About Chakouyi HorsesChakouyi


Image from lensfodder Chakouyi horses are a very little-known and ancient breed of light horse (technically a pony) that comes from the Silk Road area of China.

On average they are 12.2 - 13 hands high. Their face is medium sized with a straight profile and large eyes. Their next is medium length; their loin is short with well-rounded abdominal area. Their croup is sloped and well muscled. And their legs are short with well developed joints and little hair. They are found in black, grey, and bay. Plus often have an elongated star on their forehead.

Chakouyi  - Horses Breeds

About Cheju Pony HorsesCheju Pony


Cheju Ponies are from Cheju Island, off the southern coast of South Korea. They are used for riding and light draft. Horses were among the most important animals used for agriculture and military purposes from the period of tribal states (before the first century B.C.) through the Choson dynasty (fourteenth and nineteenth centuries).  

The Cheju native pony may have existed since prehistoric times, although no clear record confirms this. During the Korya dynasty (1276-1376), Mongolians governed Cheju and introduced their horses to the island. One record shows that 160 breeding horses were brought from Mongolia to Cheju and used for improving the native ponies. Since that time, horses raised on Cheju have been exp ...

Cheju Pony  - Horses Breeds

About  Chilean (Chilean Corralero) Horses Chilean (Chilean Corralero)


Chilean Corralero horses are related to Spanish horses that brought to Peru by the Spanish conqueror Pedro de Valdivia in 1541. In 1557 Garcia Hurtado de Mendoza, the new governor, arrived in Chile with 42 horses of the famous caste of the Guzmanes and Valenzuelas, marking the beginning of the Chilean horse breed. A pure Chilean breed appeared by the beginning of the 19th century, and the Chilean Corralero appeared by the end of the 19th century.

They are the oldest registered Native American breed, the oldest registered breed of Iberian origin, the oldest registered horse breed in South America and the oldest registered stock horse breed in the Western Hemisphere.  

First they were used by the Spanish ...

 Chilean (Chilean Corralero)  - Horses Breeds

About Chincoteague Pony HorsesChincoteague Pony


Chincoteague horses come from the Eastern coast of the United States, the islands of Chincoteague and Assateague off the coast of Virginia and Maryland. They are well known for their hardiness and willing to succeed. Additionally, they are raised for riding and harness work (they are good at carry burden long distances).

It's not clear how the Chincoteague horses evolved, but most believe that they are related to 17 Arabian horses that swam ashore from a spanish vessel that had capsized off the coast, around 1600. Once on the islands they became stunted under the harsh environment. To keep from starving they ate coarse salt marsh cordgrass, American beachgrass, thorny greenbrier stems, bayberry twigs, seaweed and even poiso ...

Chincoteague Pony  - Horses Breeds

About  Choctaw Horses Choctaw


Choctaw horses are the direct descendants of horses that traveled with the Choctaw Indians on the "Trail of Tears" in the 1830s from the southeast U.S. to the reservations in Oklahoma.

The Trail of Tears was a series of forced removals of Native American nations from their ancestral homelands in the Southeastern US to an area west of the Mississippi River that had been designated as Indian Territory. The forced relocations were carried out by various government authorities following the passage of the Indian Removal Act in 1830. The relocated people suffered from exposure, disease, and starvation while en route, and more than four thousand died before reaching their various destinations. The removal included members of ...

 Choctaw  - Horses Breeds

About  Cleveland Bay Horses Cleveland Bay


Cleveland Bay horses originated in England during the 17th century, named after its colouring and the Cleveland district of Yorkshire. They are the oldest established horse breed in England, and the only non-draught horse developed in Great Britain.

 Cleveland Bay horses are well-muscled, with legs that are strong but short in relation to the body. They are always bay in colored, although a few light hairs in the mane and tail are characteristic of some breed lines.

 In the middle ages in the north east of England bay coloured horses were bred for pack work, which was the preferred way of transport of the travelling salesmen, often referred to as chapmen. So these horses were called Chapman horses. In the 1 ...

 Cleveland Bay  - Horses Breeds

About  Clydesdale Horses Clydesdale


Clydesdales are large draught horses derived from farm horses of Clydesdale, Scotland. They were developed by the farmers of Lanarkshire, through which the River Clyde flows. The old name for Lanarkshire is Clydesdale. They were originally used for agriculture and hauling, and they still are used for draught purposes today. They have also been used to create and improve other draught breeds.

They were bred to meet not only the agricultural needs of these farmers, but the demands of commerce for the coal fields of Lanarkshire and for all the types of heavy haulage on the streets of Glasgow. The breed soon acquired more than a local reputation, and in time, the breed spread throughout the whole of Scotland and northern En ...

 Clydesdale  - Horses Breeds

About  Colonial Spanish Horses Colonial Spanish


Colonial Spanish horses were at one point very popular and were prized by Spanish explorers in the fifteenth century. They were brought to America by explorers, and were allowed to roam. Later they became popular in the western states and were cross bred to create a larger animal. However; by the mid-nineteen hundreds, they were thought to be extinct. A man named Robert E. Brislawn developed the Spanish Mustang Registry and the entire breed was saved from that point on.

Currently, there are a few thousand horses registered with the Spanish Mustang registry. Historically, they have been known to have the ability to travel very far and not sustain any health ailments at all, which is quite remarkable. In their nati ...

 Colonial Spanish  - Horses Breeds

About  Colorado Ranger Horses Colorado Ranger


Colorado Ranger horses are from the Colorado High Plains in the United States. They are descended from two stallions imported from Turkey to Virginia, US, in the late 1800s. These stallions were then bred to ranch horses in Nebraska and Colorado, and in the early 1900s the two stallions who every registered Colorado Ranger traces to, Patches #1 and Max #2, were foaled. The breed was championed by rancher Mike Ruby, who founded the Colorado Ranger Horse Association in 1935.  

By 2005, more than 6,000 Colorado Ranger horses had been registered. Colorado Rangers may be any solid color or carry leopard spotting patterns. Pinto coloration and American Paint Horse breeding are not allowed, nor are draft horse and pony ...

 Colorado Ranger  - Horses Breeds

About  Comtois Horses Comtois


Comtois horses are draft horse that originated in the Jura Mountains on the border between France and Switzerland. It is believed to they descended from horses brought by the Burgundians of northern Germany to France during the fourth century. In the Middle Ages they were used as war horses. In the 19th century, other draft horses such as the Norman, Boulonnais, and Percheron horses were bred with Comtois horses, and more recently Ardennes horses were used to produce a stronger horse with better legs. Today, they are second only to the Belgian draft horse in number in France.

 Comtois  - Horses Breeds

About Connemara Pony HorsesConnemara Pony


Photo Credit: <a href=http://www.wildatlanticway.com class = body target = _blank>Wild Atlantic Way</a> Connemara Ponies are Ireland's native pony originally from Galway. Their popularity is extensive worldwide. They are a historic breed that is considered to be sure footed and hardy. Connemara ponies have a calm temperament, staying power, intelligence, soundness, and athleticism. They are considered to be a wonderful modern riding mount for children and adults alike.

The exact origins of Connemara Ponies are difficult to decipher and are immersed in myth and fable.  The general consensus is that the history of the breed started with the arrival of the Celts in Ireland. The Celts traveled across Northern Europe, through England, Scotland, and Wales, arriving eventually on the West Coast of Ireland over 2,500 years ago ...

Connemara Pony  - Horses Breeds

About Corsican HorsesCorsican


Corsican (also known as U Cavallu Corsu or u paganacciu or Cheval corse) horses are small horses indigenous to the Mediterranean island of Corsica, off the coast of south-eastern France.

There are no equines in the fossil record of Corsica, and for that reason it is believed that humans brought the first horses to the island, along with a number of other animals. The Haras Nationaux set up a remount depot on the island in 1861 for the purpose of producing light cavalry horses and mules. When the military ceased to breed horses there, the animals remaining were bred by local people and reverted to a homogeneous phenotype due to what essentially became natural selection.

Corsican horses are small, standing betwe ...

Corsican  - Horses Breeds

About  Costa Rican Saddle Horses Costa Rican Saddle


Since 1850 breeders of the Costa Rican horse have paid more attention to the selection of breeding stock. Because the horse population was small and inbreeding became a concern, a few stallions were imported from Spain and Peru. The result is the Costa Rican saddle horse.

The breed was founded by Janitzio, foaled in 1955, a loudly marked sabino stallion. In 1972 a breed club (ASCACOPA) was established, and in 1974 the breed registry was initiated.

The minimum height for males is 14.2 1/2 hands (148 centimetres (58 in)) and 14.1 1/2 hands (146 centimetres (57 in)) for females. Their head profile is straight or slightly convex. Their neck is arched, ample at the base and tapered toward the head. Their chest is de ...

 Costa Rican Saddle  - Horses Breeds

About  Criollo Horses Criollo


Image from Luciodec Criollo horses are native of Uruguay, Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay. They may have the best endurance of any horse breed in the world next to Arabian horses. In fact, due to a low basal metabolism, they may be a better long-distance horse than Arabians in prolonged races over a week in duration with no supplemental feed. Because of their hardiness and stamina they are very popular in its home countries.

The word criollo originally referred to human and animals of pure-bred Spanish ancestry that were born in the Americas, or, in Portuguese crioulo, to animals or slaves born in the Americas. In time, the meaning of the word would simply come to refer to native breeds of the Americas.

Criollo bloodlines come from s ...

 Criollo  - Horses Breeds

About Croatian Coldblood HorsesCroatian Coldblood


Croatian Coldblood (Croatian: Hrvatski hladnokrvnjak, German: Kroatisches Kaltblut) horses are medium-heavy draught horses developed in Croatia.

The history of the breed dates back to the first half of the 19th century, when it was begun to crossbreed local warmblood mares in central Croatia with imported quality stallions of Noriker breed. Some other breeds were involved later, like Ardennes, Brabant, and Percheron. At the beginning of the 20th century the breed was widespread toward east (Slavonia) and west (Gorski kotar and Istria regions).  

The typical Croatian Coldblood ranges from 150 centimetres (14.3 hands; 59 in) to 160 cm (15.3 h; 63 in) high. Stallions can weigh up to 850 kilograms (1,870 l ...

Croatian Coldblood  - Horses Breeds

About Cuban Paso HorsesCuban Paso


Image: <a href=http://ustoa.com/blog/lima-peru-city-kings/10-the-skilled-peruvian-paso-horse/ target = _blank class = body>USTOA</a> Cuban Paso (or Cubano de Paso) horses originated from Spanish horses brought to the new world by conquistadors. They are best known for their elegant and comfortable pace. They are a strong but elegant horse used for transportation in Cuba.  

Their head is proportional to their body with a straight profile which at times can be slightly convex or concave. Their forehead is wide, their ears are medium sized and mobile. They have a strong neck and high, oblique muscular croup and a straight and strong back. Their tendons and joints are well defined. Their legs are strong and structured. Their average height lies between 1.45 and 1.50 m. Their most frequent color is brown although every color is found.  

Cuban Paso  - Horses Breeds

About Cuban Pinto HorsesCuban Pinto


Cuban Pintos (or Pinto Cubano) horses originated from Spanish horses brought to the South America by conquistadors. After the Cuban revolution in 1959 a herd of pinto mares was gathered in the area around Manicaragua, in the Cuban province of Santa Clara, for their genetic improvement. Afterwards on the ranch La Guabina, located in the province Pinar del Rio, their muscular development was improved interbreeding them with Quarter horses and a British pinto horse called Bony.  

They are found in only tobiano and overo. Their average height lies between 1.44 and 1.52 m, their head is proportional to their body with a straight or slightly convex profile and medium sized or small ears. Their neck is quite long and w ...

Cuban Pinto  - Horses Breeds

About  Cumberland Island Horses Cumberland Island


Cumberland Island (a barrier island off the state of Georgia's, US, southeast coast )is one of a handful of places on the East Coast that are home to bands of feral horses. The horses on Cumberland Island may have similar ancestors to the Chincoteague/Assateague ponies, which are thought to have been either shipwrecked or abandoned there by Spanish explorers in the 1500s.  

Plantation owners, various military activities, and influxes of pleasure horses brought by the island's more recent residents blended into the population over the centuries, resulting in a horse that's still very tough, but not as stubby and fuzzy as its cousins to the North. It's not unusual for the Cumberland horses to reach 15 hands (5 feet ...

 Cumberland Island  - Horses Breeds

About  Czech Warmblood Horses Czech Warmblood


Czech Warmblood (Czech: Cesky Teplokrevnik) horses are warmblooded sport horse from the Czech Republic. They were in existence by the time of the Austro-Hungarian Empire (1876-1918). In the 19th century they were influenced by Spanish and Italian horses, and later by breeds such as Furioso, Gidran, Nonius, and Przedswit horses.

Czech Warmblood horses are robust, powerful horses with strong bones. They have a strong neck on an elegant body, a broad, long back and good hooves, though they are sometimes flat. Their mane and tail are very thick. They are also relatively long-lived, unpretentious and relentless horses. They are willing and teachable with a very good temperament. Most are black, chestnut, bay, or dark bay.

 Czech Warmblood  - Horses Breeds

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About Dales Pony HorsesDales Pony


Dales horses come from the Pennines in northern England. They received their name by the famous Yorkshire Dales.  

Dales horses are related to Pennine Pony that were cross bred with Friesian horses. Scots later cross breed them with Scottish Galloway horses. The resulting horses had increased speed and were better all around athletes. They continued on to be bred with many other horses, such as the Clydesdale, Yorkshire, Norfolk Terrier, and Welsh Cob stallions.  

Dales horses are used for riding purposes for children to adults and for harness work as well. They were involved in trotter races around the globe and can currently be found mostly in Europe. They are bred in the United Kingdom, Irel ...

Dales Pony  - Horses Breeds

About  Danish Warmblood Horses Danish Warmblood


Danish Warmbloods, formerly know as the Danish Sports Horse, are large-framed horses from Denmark. They were developed by crossing Frederiksbork horses with Thoroughbreds. The mares resulting from this were then bred with Anglo-Norman horses, Thoroughbreds, and Trakehners. This and selective breeding produced a Danish Warmblood. Danish Warmbloods are the youngest of all European warmblood breeds.

Danish Warmbloods are similar to Thoroughbreds but they have a more substantial build. They are known to be very cooperative, intelligent, alert, and sociable horses. They are courageous and have an excellent temperament. They are also described as having a good, free action, and are eager to perform.

Danish Warmbloods ar ...

 Danish Warmblood  - Horses Breeds

About  Danube Delta Horses Danube Delta


Image: <a href=http://www.four-paws.org.uk/projects/horses-2/the-wild-horses-of-the-danube-delta/ class = body target = _blank>Four Paws</a> Danube Delta horses are a feral breed that are found in and around the Letea Forest of Romania. It is documented that 300 to 400 years ago the ancestors of these horses were brought by the Tatars to the north of the Danube delta. The collapse of communism in 1989 along with the nation's economy led to farms closing and releasing the horses into the wild. As a result, there are roughly, 3600 of these horses live in the Danube Delta and 500 in the Letea nature reserve.

Danube Delta horses are considered to be either large ponies or small horses. They come in black, bay or dun and have a robust muscular structure with long slender legs. They have an attractive head with a straight profile. The average height is 13.2 to 14. ...

 Danube Delta  - Horses Breeds

About Dartmoor Pony HorsesDartmoor Pony


Photo supplied by the Victorian Dartmoor Group Karanah Park Pony Stud  - Victoria © Over many centuries ponies were allowed to run freely on the high moorland of Devon in the south west of England. These ponies were well adapted to the harsh climate. As the trade route between Exeter and Plymouth became more important the native ponies came in contact with the many different horse breeds that travelled on that road. They also were influenced by Arabian and Barb horses brought back by Crusaders. During the Industrial Revolution the Dartmoor Ponies were crossed with small Shetland Ponies in order to produce a breed small enough to work in the mines. Unfortunately this led to a decline in the popularity, and population, Dartmoor ponies. They were crossed with Welsh Mountain Ponies, Polo Ponies, and Hackneys to save t ...

Dartmoor Pony  - Horses Breeds

About Datong HorsesDatong


Datong horses are are native to the Datong River basin in the northern Qinghai Province of China; where their history dates back 4000 years. They are considered to be related the fabled Longma or Dragon horse.  

References to the Dragon Horse appeared first under the reign of King Mu and have been immortalized in ancient Chinese art. They were said to have 2 small, bony projections on their forehead that resembled horns. The Datong horse can be born with theses same bony projections (calcium-like deposits on the temple to small horns behind or near the ear). Today this is considered a flaw and horses born with them are not bred.  

Datong Horses have a gentle temperament and excellent enduranc ...

Datong  - Horses Breeds

About Deli Pony HorsesDeli Pony


Deli ponies are native to the island of Sumatra in Indonesia. They are closely related to Batak Ponies;both were developed in the Batak hills. They are most likely named from the large numbers of ponies exported from the port of Deli. They were first exported to Singapore, Malacca, and Penang, and from there spread they out across Malaysia.    

It is believed that the first horses in the Malay Archipelago arrived several hundred years ago, either by Hindu invaders from the west or merchants from Pegu and China. It is very probable that the Shan Ponies, native to Burma and bred by its hill tribes, were imported to the highlands of Northern Sumatra where there was open country. From there, these horses were ...

Deli Pony  - Horses Breeds

About Desert Norman Horse HorsesDesert Norman Horse


Image: Desert Norman Horse Registry Desert Norman horses are essentially a smaller version of the Percheron breed. Development of Desert Norman horses began in La Perche, a district of Normandy southwest of Paris, France - one of the oldest horse-breeding areas in the world. In 732 A.D., Arabian horses abandoned by Moors after their defeat in the Battle of Tours, were crossed with the massive Flemish stock and from this cross came the Percheron type which has endured for twelve centuries.  

During the Crusades, further infusions of Arab blood were made. In the early 1800s the French Government's Stud at La Pin introduced further Arab blood into the Percheron breed by covering selected mares with two outstanding grey Arab sires. Now all contemporary ...

Desert Norman Horse  - Horses Breeds

About Djerma HorsesDjerma


Djerma horses are from Western Africa and the middle of the Niger. They originated from Barb and Dongola horses. The name Djerma comes from the tribes people of Djerma. To own a Djerma horse, in Africa, is considered a sign of wealth. These horses are held in high esteem in Africa especially by the tribes people. Their owners adorn the animals with colorful fabrics, fringes, braids, etc. The riders adorn themselves, as well. These horses can be seen "decked out" in parades festooned with the royal colors of red, burgundy, purple and blue.

They are dark colored -usually brown.

Their build is light. Although they are small they are fine runners. Because they are smaller and have a good temperament, some are bre ...

Djerma  - Horses Breeds

About  Dole Gudbrandsdal Horses Dole Gudbrandsdal


Dole Gudbrandsdal (also known as Dolahest or Dole) horses originated in the Gudbrandsdal Valley near the North Sea coast of Norway. It is likely that the Friesian played a part in the breeding of the Dole. The Friesians traded heavily with Britain, Norway, and the Rhine Delta during the period from 400 to 800 A.D.  

The Dole horse of today is found in two types: a heavy work horse and a light draft horse (the cold-blooded trotter). The difference between the two types has been greatly reduced in recent years due to interbreeding between the types. This interbreeding is now becoming very common and the breed is becoming very uniform.  

The heavy type of Dole horses are tested for pulling power ...

 Dole Gudbrandsdal  - Horses Breeds

About  Don Horses Don


Don horses come from Russia. They are the spawn of one of the most famous horse styles to come from the early eighteen hundreds, the Cossacks, well known Russian warhorses that were built and bred for being strong, tempered, and very good during a battle. They however, were originally designed to be a smaller horse, but as time progressed they were made much larger. In fact, they were given blood lines from Arab styles as well as Karabakh versions to make a larger, more impacted horse. Quickly, they became recognized as one of the most popular breeds in the Russian military. Today they are well known for being resilient and able to take care of themselves.  

  Don horses are used for riding and harness wo ...

 Don  - Horses Breeds

About Dongola HorsesDongola


Dongola (also known as Dongolah or Dongolawi) horses origined in the Sudan in the Dongola Province, Egypt and Eritrea. It is also thought that they descended from the Iberian horses that were taken to Egypt from what is now Algeria, in the 13th century.    

They are taller than Arab horses, but related. They have a firey temperament like the Arab and lots of spirit. They have large, long heads which tend to be narrow, a convex profile, flat croups, poorly attached loins, and thin legs. Their chest is flat and high. They are a deep reddish bay, black and chestnut with white markings on the face, lower legs and tail. They tend to be 15-15.2 hands high. Much of this is from poor breeding management. Some of ...

Dongola  - Horses Breeds

About Dosanko HorsesDosanko


Photo by uran2008 Dosanko horses, also known as Hokkaido washu, are a popular Japanese horse. It is believed that Dosanko horses were brought to Hokkaido, Japan, by fishermen from Honshu during the Edo period (1600 - 1867). They were used for transportation, but were left in Hokkaido when the fishermen returned home in autumn. The ponies were expected to survive in very harsh weather, in a land with very little vegetation, covered with snow, which is how the Hokkaido pony developed its exceptional enduring strength for which it is known today.

Unlike the Nanbu breed, of which the Hokkaido pony is considered to be a descendant, and which no longer exists, the Dosanko is the most plentiful of the remaining ancient Japanese ponies, numbering at ...

Dosanko  - Horses Breeds

About Drum HorsesDrum


Drum horses were originally used by the Queen of England for her ceremonial band. They had to be large and sturdy enough to carry large kettle drums during any type of pageantry. This meant that they were required to carry a great deal of weight through crowds of people. The mounted drummers needed their hands free to play, so they controlled their animals via reins attached to their stirrups.  

They are an elegant heavy horse that utilizes the finest examples of the shire, Clydesdale, and gypsy cob breeds. On average they are 16 hands tall.  

In the US drum horses are favored more as riding and competition horses, both mounted and driving. They make sturdy, athletic mounts with a level head.

Drum  - Horses Breeds

About Dulmen Pony HorsesDulmen Pony


Image from Maschinenjunge Dulmen Ponies are the only remaining pony of German origin that has always lived in completely natural conditions.

Their bloodlines date back more than 600 years in Westphalia, Germany where there have always been pockets of land for them to roam. Over time their territories were shaped by the urban growth, until the mid 19th century when the Duke of Croy had them rounded up and taken to a refuge.

Dulmen Ponies are hardy and robust. They are generally 12 to 13 hands high. They have a short stout neck with a compact body.  Their legs are short and and their hindquarters are steeply sloped. They are found in chestnut, black, bay, and dun.

They are good natured, intelligent, and easily trainable and tam ...

Dulmen Pony  - Horses Breeds

About  Dutch Harness Horses Dutch Harness


Dutch Harness, or Tuigpaard, horses are a warmblood type of fine driving horse that has been developed in the Netherlands since the end of World War II. Their studbook is kept by the Koninklijk Warmbloed Paardenstamboek Nederland (Royal Warmblood Horse Studbook of the Netherlands) or KWPN. They are based on native Groningen and Gelderland horses, which were formerly indispensable in agriculture and transportation services. Strict selection procedures and a clear breeding aim enabled breeders to produce a refined, high-stepping horse within a few decades. While with 40 sires and fewer than 2,000 broodmares the population is not large, Dutch Harness Horses are highly recognizable. In the past few years, a handful have come to North ...

 Dutch Harness  - Horses Breeds

About  Dutch Warmblood Horses Dutch Warmblood


Dutch Warmblood horses are exceptional sport horses that have recently been prominent in the international equestrian. Some of the Dutch Warmblood superstars include Calypso, Next Milton, Big Ben, Ampere, Ommen, Zucarlos, Linky, Eastern Sunrise, Pascal, Ideaal and many more.

Dutch Warmblood horses are sport horses that have evolved from Dutch Gelderlander and Groningen horses. Gelderlander horses come from the light sandy soils of central Holland; they are a stylish chestnut horse of medium stature. Groningen horses come from the heavy clay soils of northern Holland and are a large, heavy, black horse.

In the heyday of coaching in the 19th century, horses were imported to Europe from England - the Norfolk Trott ...

 Dutch Warmblood  - Horses Breeds

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About  East Bulgarian Horses East Bulgarian


East Bulgarian horses are an elegantly-built light horse that developed over the last 100 years. They are used mainly for under saddle and light draft work, and are well-suited for a variety of competitive sports, ranging from dressage to eventing.  

They began develope at the end of the 19th century at the Kabiuk stud farm (former Vassil Kolarov) near Shumen and at stud farm in Bozhurishte near Sofia, in Bulgaria, by crossing local horses with Arabians, Anglo-Arabians, Thoroughbreds, and English half-breds. Once established, only additional Thoroughbred blood was added to improve their quality. They were officially recognized as a breed in 1951.    

They generally stand 15 to 16 hands hi ...

 East Bulgarian  - Horses Breeds

About Einsiedler HorsesEinsiedler


Einsiedler (also known as Swiss Anglo Norman or the Swiss Half Bred) are blooded horses horses from Switzerland. They have been in circulation since the tenth century. They were developed at the Benedictine Abbey of Einsiedeln with Schwyer Horses, a local stock establishment. Around the middle of the sixteenth century, they founded their very own studbook. They became so popular that by the middle of the seventieth century a new studbook was in rotation created by Father Isidor Moser. They were recreated by utilizing mares of Anglo Norman decent and ones of Holstein roots to formulate a breed referred to as Bracken horses. Some breeders continued their efforts of crossing the blood lines and went on experimenting with Swedish lines ...

Einsiedler  - Horses Breeds

About Eriskay Pony HorsesEriskay Pony


Eriskay ponies originated from the Outer Hebrides (an island chain off the west coast of mainland Scotland). They are considered a very pleasing type of horse and also quite strong. They can be used for harness work, riding, and are the ideal breed for little ones to learn how to ride. They can be found in Scotland, Ireland, United Kingdom, Wales, and the northern parts of France.

The locals, the Pict community of people, were very eager to raise and breed this animal. They have received their unique name from where they are from, the Eric’s Isle or otherwise known as the Eriskay area located in Scotland. It's very common to see Eriskay horses grazing there. The crofters was just one group that was very fond of this breed as ...

Eriskay Pony  - Horses Breeds

About Esperia Pony HorsesEsperia Pony


Esperia ponies originated in Lazio, (the Monti Ausoni and Monti Aurunci area, bridging the provinces of Frosinone and Latina), Italy.

They were called the "Pony of Esperia" after the Baron Ambrogio Roselli di Esperia who undertook their selective breeding.

In the past they were used for carrying light loads and for their meat. It was only in 1962 that they were officially recognized as a distinct breed and after thirty years they were added to the official register at the Associazione Provinciale Allevatori di Frosinone (Association of Breeders in the Province of Frosinone).

These are wild horses, but once they are trained they show an equable temperament in the company of adults and children and are s ...

Esperia Pony  - Horses Breeds

About  Estonian Horses Estonian


Estonian horses (also known as Estonian native, Estonian Klepper, or natively Eesti hobune) are a relatively small horse. The Estonian horse has influenced several Baltic horse breeds, including Tori horses. They are strong and are resistant against sickness.

Estonian Horses are descended from the primitive forest horses that lived in Northern Europe more than 5,000 years ago, and are considered the progenitor of other breeds such as the North Swedish Horse and the Dole Gudbrandsdal. They have retained its qualities and looks due to little influence by other horse breeds. However, it is believed that they became mixed with the now extinct Oland Horse, as large numbers of Oland Horses were exported to Estonia at one poin ...

 Estonian  - Horses Breeds

About  Estonian Draft Horses Estonian Draft


Estonian Draft or Eston-Arden (Estonian: Eesti raskeveohobune) were developed from a cross of Swedish Ardennes stallions to create a draft horse that was an easy keeper that was powerful yet fast.

A stud book was established in 1921, and the breed was officially recognized by the Estonian government in 1953. At the same time the Estonian Draft was developed, the Lithuanian Heavy Draft and the Soviet Heavy Draft also came into being in order to serve a demand for heavy draft horses in the Soviet Union. As of 1994, there were approximately 400 Estonian Drafts in existence, including about 15 breeding stallions and 120 breeding mares. At that time, population numbers were reported to be decreasing. Another type developed i ...

 Estonian Draft  - Horses Breeds

About Exmoor Pony HorsesExmoor Pony


Exmoor ponies are an English breed that has many practical uses. They are described as hardy, tough, and rather pleasant. They can be used for riding, in competitions, and also in races. They are found in Scotland, Ireland, Wales, France, and the United Kingdom (especially in the Exeter region). They are considered very sweet and agile.


Exmoor ponies are around twelve hands tall and are bred in brown shades. They have a smaller head considering their size and also have tough ribs. They are short creatures with strong feet. Compact and sturdy for their many useful purposes, they are neat and possess a unique muzzle.



Exmoor Pony  - Horses Breeds

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About  Falabella Horses Falabella


Falabella horses originated in Argentina and was developed by an Irish settler named Patrick Newell. Mr. Newell came across a group of horses that were freely roaming the open land. He created a herd and over time went on to give the herd to his son-in-law, Juan Falabella. The breed gained their name from this family ownership and passed down from generation to generation in the Falabella family. They were designed to be horses that were small enough to be enjoyed with children, but independent enough to help on ranches and even be used as work horses.

Falabella horses are used for riding, in competitions, and for showing. They do very well on large farms and in smaller, fenced-in areas as pets. They are gentle and very ...

 Falabella  - Horses Breeds

About Faroe Pony  HorsesFaroe Pony


Faroe Ponies (also known as Faroese Island Horses or Danish Ponies), are small ponies, they are between 115 cm -125 cm tall. Because of their height technically they are a pony, but people on the Faroe Islands call them horses, because of their strength.

Faroe horses are an iconic image of the Faroe Islands. They have been on the Faroe Islands for many hundred years. In the 1960s there were approximately 5 - 6 horses left on the Faroe Islands because of the huge export on horses to the mines in the United Kingdom. With a huge effort, that number has now increased to about 50 horses and the aim is to maintain and develop them further.  

They are mainly brown, red, and black. They are very hardy, frien ...

Faroe Pony   - Horses Breeds

About Fell Pony HorsesFell Pony


Fell horses are considered very hardy and strong. Fell horses come from England, primarily in the Lake District areas but they can be found in Scotland, England, Ireland, Wales, and France. They are generally used for riding and harness work. Some of them have very distinct markings, such as a white star or black marking on their heads. They are simple to upkeep since they can reside in warm or cold climates. They also do not require many supplies to be maintained for most of the day.

They are closely related to Dales horses and were founded upon the Pennine Pony styles. Pennine versions were quite popular for many decades in England, and once the Romans moved into the territories, they were cross bred to other breeds includ ...

Fell Pony  - Horses Breeds

About Ferghana HorsesFerghana


Ferghana horses were one of China's earliest major imports, originating in an area in Central Asia.

Dayuan, north of Bactria, was a nation centered in the Ferghana Valley of present day Central Asia, and even as early as the Han Dynasty, China projected its military power to that area. The Han imperial regime required Ferghana horses and imported such great numbers of them that the rulers of Ferghana closed their borders to such trade. That move resulted in a war that China won. In 102 CE, the Chinese required of the defeated Ferghana that they provide at least ten of their finest horses for breeding purposes, and three thousand Ferghana horses of ordinary quality. However, there are other views: the Records of the Gran ...

Ferghana  - Horses Breeds

About Finnish Universal HorsesFinnish Universal


Finnish Universal horses, also known as Finnhorses, are consider the breed capable of fulfilling all of Finland's horse needs, including agricultural and forestry work, harness racing, and riding. They are found in Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Denmark.The Finn people are rather proud of finnish Universal horses as they have been given the reputation as being some of the fastest in history.  

During the Bronze Age there were definitely horses roaming around, but it has been rumored this was one of those styles. The local army utilized the breed over and over again on various tasks and missions. Once the studbook was created in 1907, they were outlawed to perform anymore out crossing. That studbook went on to be d ...

Finnish Universal  - Horses Breeds

About Finnish Warmblood HorsesFinnish Warmblood


The Finnish Warmblood breeding association was founded in 1926 with the intention of breeding a warmblooded riding horse that could be used for both sport and military service. The goal was an elegant, modern horse with good balance, athletic movement and solid character.  

After their calvary needs were finished, demand for them declined, as did their numbers. Today's Finnish warmblood, like most European warmbloods is used primarily for sporting purposes.


Finnish Warmblood  - Horses Breeds

About  Fjord  Horses Fjord


Photo supplied by the Fjord Horse Promotional Group Australia - Victoria © Fjord horses are one of the oldest horse breeds in the world. They are believed to be related to Przewalski (primitive Asiatic Wild Horses), but their exact origin is unclear. The Vikings used Fjord horses as their war mounts. Spending many centuries in mountainous terrain resulted in Fjord horses developing into a strong, sure-footed horse, well adapted to the severe weather conditions needing very little care. They proved to be the perfect pack horse on mountain trails and well suit for light draught work on hilly farms.

The first Fjord horse stud book was published in 1910. The Fjord horse is very popular in Denmark and can also be found in Germany and England.

 Fjord   - Horses Breeds

About  Fleuve Horses Fleuve


Fleuves are strong and hardy horses from Senegal. They are related to Barb Horses. They can withstand extreme temperatures of cold and heat. They were bred to be work horses to carry packs, transport, and work in agriculture - even though they are a light breed. In the equestrian world they live longer, are really hardy, easy keepers, and have an excellent immune system. They range in size from pony size to horse size, however, 14 hands is the most common height.

Their color tends to be gray like their Barb ancestors. They do, however, come in other colors, as well, such as brown or bay. They are a rare breed and are mostly seen in Senegal.

 Fleuve  - Horses Breeds

About  Florida Cracker Horses Florida Cracker


Florida Cracker horses (also known as as Chicksaw Pony, Seminole Pony, March Tackle, Grass Cut, Prairie Pony, and the ever popular Florida Cow Pony) originated in Florida, USA. They can found in Florida, Georgia, and Alabama.They are known for being smaller (around 14 hands), attractive, very smart, and having a big personality.

Some experts believe they were brought over from Cuba, which would certainly account for their smaller size. They, like some other famous southern breeds, have an unusual gait that comes naturally to them (a single-footed gait referred to as the ‘coon rack’).  

They did very well over the years, but did suffer from a decrease in popularity when the Quarter Horse came about. So ...

 Florida Cracker  - Horses Breeds

About  Fouta Horses Fouta


Fouta, also known as a Foutanke, are a light horse from Senegal in West Africa. They are a composite of Fleuve and M'Bayar Ponies.  

While most Senegalese horses are relatively lightly built, owing to their common Arabian ancestry, there are some more heavily framed animals. These prove less stressed by the constant pulling of heavily laden carts.

 Fouta  - Horses Breeds

About  Frederiksborg  Horses Frederiksborg


Frederiksborg horses, are from Denmark, and may be the oldest horse breed in history. During the Renaissance, they were popular with the elite or wealthy as a status symbol and as a sign of luxury. Originally, they were developed solely for carriage pulling. Once they displayed their ability to be used for many other purposes and proved their strength, they increased in popularity rather quickly. Beginning in the middle of the fifteen hundreds, the Royal Frederiksborg Stud was developed by King Frederik II. However, for a time the Arabian horses were more popular. It was until the eighteen hundreds that they because as popular again. They were even exported continuously, becoming a moving force in the warm blood forms, as well as t ...

 Frederiksborg   - Horses Breeds

About  Freiberger Horses Freiberger


Freibergers (also known as the Franches-Montagnes) are a draft horse from Switzerland. They were widely used as draft and pack horse in the Swiss army. Breeding used to be heavily subsidized in Switzerland. Freibergers are the last representative of the light cold blood horse in Europe. Each year at the Marche Concours in Saignelegier, on the second weekend in August, Freibergers demonstrate how versatile they are in a variety of shows and competitions. Due to their character, willingness, and versatility, they are suitable for both driving and riding; they are a popular mount.    

They were developed by crossing native Bernese Jura horses with English Thoroughbreds, Anglo-Norman, Ardennais, and Arabian ho ...

 Freiberger  - Horses Breeds

About French Saddle Pony HorsesFrench Saddle Pony


French Riding Ponies (also known as French Riding Pony or Pony Francais de Selle) usually stands 13.2-14.2hh at the withers. The pony can be of any color except cream with blue eyes. They are versatile and athletic and are an excellent mount for the entire family- children and adults alike. They must be balanced, broad chested, have good shoulders, a good top line, and good withers. Their legs must have no conformation faults. The back must be strong. They have forward moving, smooth gaits and good jumping ability. The ponies are extremely hardy. The French Riding Pony has a good temperament. This pony is much like the German Riding Pony and the English Riding Pony.  

They were developed by crossing native French pony ...

French Saddle Pony  - Horses Breeds

About French Saddlebred  HorsesFrench Saddlebred


French Saddlebred (also known as French Saddlebre, Cheval de selle français, French Saddle Horse, French Warmblood, Corlais) horses are considered a light riding horse and found throughout France. The breed was developed in the 1950s.

They are known for being energetic, friendly, good-tempered, patient, and quiet. They are best known for performing general riding and jumping.

French Saddlebred   - Horses Breeds

About  French Trotter Horses French Trotter


Horses in France first began to be selectively bred for trotting races in the early to mid-1800s. The French Trotter developed primarily from Norman stock which was crossed with English Thoroughbred and half-bred hunter types, Norfolk Roadster, and some American Standardbred. The French Trotter is sometimes referred to as a Norman Trotter, due to the influence of the Old Norman horse on the breed's development.  

The early Trotters were rather heavier and coarser than they are now, bearing a greater resemblance to their Normandy ancestors, but infusions of Thoroughbred blood have greatly refined the. Early significant influences on the development of the breed were by the stallion Young Rattler, foaled in 1811, w ...

 French Trotter  - Horses Breeds

About  Friesian Horses Friesian


Friesian horses, or Frizian horse, are a horse breed that originated in Friesland, which certainly makes sense. FYI: Friesland is in the Netherlands. They are used both in harness and under saddle and most recently they are being used in dressage.

They are black with some occasional white marking; however, the only white marking allowed on a studbook-registered horse is a small star. They are 15.2 to 16.0 hands tall on average and weight 1300 + pounds.


Friesian horses have the conformation of a light draught horse; however, they are very graceful and nimble for their size. There is some evidence that during the Middle Ages, ancestors of Friezian horses were in popular as war horses since they w ...


 Friesian  - Horses Breeds

About  Friesian cross Horses Friesian cross


The breeding of Friesian Crosses has become increasingly popular in the United States, with various registries often being created to recognize certain specific crosses. Friesian crosses may be considered sport horses (suitable for the sports of dressage, combined driving, eventing, and jumping), or they may be considered pleasure horses.  

Some popular crosses include Friesians crossed with draft horses (primarily Percherons), Morgans (Friesian/Morgan is known as a "Moriesian"), Arabians, Andalusians (Friesian/Andalusian is known as a "Warlander"), Paints, Saddlebreds (Friesian/Saddlebred is known as a "Georgian Grande"), Thoroughbreds, and Tennessee Walkers (Friesian/Tennessee Walker is known as a "Friewalker." ...

 Friesian cross  - Horses Breeds

About  Friesian Sporthorse  Horses Friesian Sporthorse


Friesian Sporthorses are a Friesian crossbred sport horse. Ideally Friesian Sporthorses are specifically bred to excel in FEI-recognized sport horse disciplines. Thus, "sporthorse" refers to the phenotype, breeding, and intended use of these horses.

Friesian Sporthorses can come in a variety of colors and sizes, with no limitations on acceptable colors or markings. Their body type can range from a sport horse build to a heavier more Baroque build. A higher-set and more arched neck is also common among Friesian Sporthorses. They tend to have the gentle temperament and striking appearance of the Friesian, but with an increased athleticism, stamina, and hybrid vigor, when responsibly crossbred. They are most commonly used f ...

 Friesian Sporthorse   - Horses Breeds

About  Furioso-North Star Horses Furioso-North Star


Furioso, or Furioso-North Star, horses were developed at the Mezohegys farm, Hungary, in 1784. One of the foundations sires was "Furioso" who was an English Thoroughbred stallion. Furioso was born in 1836 and set for stud in 1841. Another foundation sire was "North Star" who was born in 1844. He was set for stud in 1850, at age six. His bloodlines could be traced to Norfolk roadsters and he was descended from a 1793 Derby winner, "Waxy," grandson of "Eclipse." The mares were mostly Nonius. The descendants of North Star were excellent harness race horses. The two lines merged around 1885 and the Furioso progeny dominated. The offspring of Furioso had more thoroughbred blood and made better riding horses.    

...

 Furioso-North Star  - Horses Breeds

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About  Galiceno  Horses Galiceno


Galiceno horses were developed in Mexico, from horses imported by Hernan Cortes, mostly thought to be Portuguese Garrano and Galician Ponies of Spain. It is thought that Sorraia blood was added at some point in the breed's history. The ancestors of the Galiceno were among sixteen horses landed by Cortes during his Mexican invasion in 1519 for use in the mines and as transport. During the rest of the 16th century, conquistadors continued to bring horses into what is now Mexico, including many small-framed, smooth-gaited horses. Many of these horses eventually escaped or were released and formed feral bands in Mexico's mountainous interior. Over the next few centuries, local inhabitants began to catch and use horses from the increasi ...

 Galiceno   - Horses Breeds

About  Galician Pony  Horses Galician Pony


Galician Ponies are from Galicia, in the northwest of Spain. The region has a very wet climate and numerous low mountains.

They are a mix of Celtic horses, Roman horses, and horses brought to Spain by the Suevos. More recently they have been crossbred with other breeds. Despite their ethnic heterogeneity (three types of Galician ponies can be found in different parts of Galicia) the main characteristics are their straight profile, linear proportions, height of between 1.20 and 1.30 meters, and a chestnut coat. An interesting characteristic of one of the three types is the long mustache which appears on the upper lips of the older mares.

They are large for a pony, but smaller than a horse. They are rugged and h ...

 Galician Pony   - Horses Breeds

About Galloway Pony HorsesGalloway Pony


Galloway ponies are an extinct horse breed, once native to Scotland and northern England. It was said that they had "good looks, a wide, deep chest, and a tendency to pace rather than trot." They were  a well known type of pony, first noted in English literature when Shakespeare referred to "Galloway nags" in Henry IV part II.  

A survey in 1814 stated: The province of Galloway formerly possessed a breed of horses peculiar to itself, which were in high estimation for the saddle, being, though of a small size, exceedingly hardy and active. They were larger than the ponies of Wales, and the north of Scotland, and rose from twelve to fourteen hands in height. The soils of Galloway, in their unimproved state, ar ...

Galloway Pony  - Horses Breeds

About Garrano do Minho HorsesGarrano do Minho


Garrano (also known as Minho, Minho, or Tres os Montes) horses are an ancient breed, descended from the same stock as the famous Sorraias. Sorraias live mainly between the two rivers Sor and Raia, while Garranos lives in North-Portugal, so they developed differently according to their habitats. Garranos mainly lives in the fertile regions of Minho and Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, and have probably had more outside blood influence than Sorraias.  

It is generally believed that the Garrano is one of the ancestors to Andalusian and Galician Ponies. Recently, they have had infusions of Arabian blood, implemented by the Portuguese Ministry of Agriculture. This has refined the breed, but the ponies have also begun to l ...

Garrano do Minho  - Horses Breeds

About Gelderlander HorsesGelderlander


Gelderlander horses are from The Netherlands. Originally they were bred for the solely for ram work, but over time they were bred with Thoroughbred horses, as well as other breeds such as Anglo Norman, Hackney, and Oldenburgs. Over time they have been used for farm work, for competitions, as carriage horses, military use, and even transporting heavy loads. Today they can be found in The Netherlands, Germany, Belgium, and Amsterdam. 

They have a convex profile, are 16 hands tall, and are incredibly strong. They also have a high set tail with a long mane and good feet. They are bred for chestnut and gray.


Gelderlander  - Horses Breeds

About Georgian Grande  HorsesGeorgian Grande


Photo: <a href=http://www.grandeislefarm.com/ class = body target = _blank>Grande Isle Farm</a> Georgian Grande horses are crossbreeds bewteen Friesian and Saddlebred horses. The aim of the breeding is to create a Saddlebred-like horse that adds the best qualities of heavier breeds. They are intelligent, alert, proud but always calm and quiet. They are also easy to train and very willing to work.

The first attempts to create a new, heavier Saddlebred-type breed were made in the 1970s by George Wagner Jr, in Piketon, Ohio. His ambition was to recreate the stockier, sturdier look of the Saddlebred of older times, such as the animals used as cavalry mounts during the American Civil War. He considered this the original type of the Saddlebred horse instead of the prevailing modern, lighter type. Wagner's breeding succeeded ...

Georgian Grande   - Horses Breeds

About German Riding Pony HorsesGerman Riding Pony


German Riding Ponies (or Deutsche Reitpony) is a very popular pony breed from Germany. They are described as a "miniature warmblood" with refined, horse-like characteristics that make them suitable as both a children's pony and as a mount for sport horse competitions.  

German Riding Ponies have a phenotype very similar to that of a full-sized horse. Only their head is pony-like, giving the appearance of having a pleasant manner and friendly disposition. They are bred to be handled by children and adolescents. They are suited for both dressage and jumping.  

Their development began around 1965, with a crossbreeding of various English pony breeds, especially Welsh ponies, on Arabians, Anglo-Ara ...

German Riding Pony  - Horses Breeds

About  Giara Horses Giara


Also known as the "Cavallino della Giara" (The little horse of Giara), it is originally from the highland region of the same name, in Sardinia. Little is known about its origins. Probably it was brought into Sardinia by the Greeks in the 5th or 4th century B.C., at the time of the nuraghe. It is accustomed to grazing free in its difficult native terrain. To save the horse from extinction a breeding and re-populating center was set up in 1971, at Foresta Burgos in Sardinia. This was established by the “Istituto di Incremento Ippico di Orzieri” (the Orzieri Institute for Horse Breeding) and used horses selected from the grazing herds.

This breed is tough, strong and agile. It can be used for herding sheep or, if well-traine ...

 Giara  - Horses Breeds

About Golden American Saddlebred HorsesGolden American Saddlebred


Officially the Golden Saddlebred color was infused in the American Saddlebred Horse Association through a horse by the name of Pat Cleburne, who was foaled in 1864. In the Palomino Horse Breeders of America, the first golden Saddlebred registered was Pot O' Gold, later known as Richardson's Pot O' Gold. This horse was foaled in 1939 and was bred by S.A. Clift of Waxahachie, TX, and registered with the ASHA as Clift's Pride.  

What does one look for in a Golden American Saddlebred? First and foremost, is conformation. A beautifully shaped, well-proportioned head is a must. The ears are small, alert, and placed at the top of the head. The neck is long, and well-arched, with a smooth clean throat latch. The eye is b ...

Golden American Saddlebred  - Horses Breeds

About Gotland Pony HorsesGotland Pony


Gotland Ponies (also known as Russ or Skogsruss ponies) are believed to be descended from pre-historic horses that migrated west from the plains of Asia. They are indigenous to the island of Gotland in the Baltic Sea off the Swedish coast. In the 1800s Oriental blood was introduced to the original breed.  

Until recently, with the coming of mechanization, the Gotland pony was extensively used by Swedish farmers for light draft work. Their relatively great strength and endurance adapted it to such work. At this time, there remains a herd of non-domesticated Gotland ponies. They live on the island of Gotland in the Baltic Sea off the Swedish coast in a forest at Lojsta.  

Gotland Ponies stand 12 ...

Gotland Pony  - Horses Breeds

About  Groningen Horses Groningen


Groningen horses, also known as Groningse Paard, are from The Netherlands.

Groningen horses are very strong and purposeful. They are also willing and reliable. Commonly, they are used as a harness animal and for riding. They are mostly bred in black, browns, and bay colors, they are around 16 hands tall. They have a convex profile and have very muscular quarters. They are found in Germany, The Netherlands, Belgium, Amsterdam, Groningen, and other lands around the North Sea.

In the beginning, they were created to be used for farming purposes. Buy by the later part of the nineteenth century; they were virtually extinct as their predecessor, the Dutch Warmblood, grew closer to taking their spot in horse culture. It was d ...

 Groningen  - Horses Breeds

About  Gypsy Vanner Horses Gypsy Vanner


Gypsey Vanner horses (also known as Irish Cob, Colored Cob, Gypsy Cob, Tinker Horse, and Gypsy Horses) originated in the British Isles. They are a small, solidly-built horse of cob conformation and are often, but not always, piebald or skewbald. They are the only broken-colored horse breed of the British Isles, and are particularly associated with the Pavee and Roma travelling peoples of Britain and Ireland.

From about 1850 travelling people in the British Isles began to use a distinct type of horse to pull their vardos, the caravans in which they had just begun to live and travel. The color and look of the breed were refined in the years after the Second World War. Horses of this type were first exported to the Uni ...

 Gypsy Vanner  - Horses Breeds

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About  Hackney Horses Hackney


Hackney horses (also known as Roadsters) were developed in England and greatly improved as a result of a mandate by King Henry VIII. They are considered one of the finest United Kingdom breeds. English society wanted a horse that could carry their heads high, that could have an interesting gait, and could have their knees lifted with ease. Hackney horses fit that demand and were further bred to improve those features, often with the infusion of Arab blood lines. In the late eighteen hundreds, the Hackney horses began their very own studbook and went on to be produced all over the entire world.

It is believed that Hackney horse got their name from the French word 'Haquenee', which means 'riding horse'. You can find them in ...

 Hackney  - Horses Breeds

About  Haflinger Horses Haflinger


Originating from Hafling (called Avelengo in Italian), which is near Merano (South Tyrol). Also called Haflinger, Hafling Horse or Pony Avelignese. It is a very old breed, even though it was officially founded in 1874, with its present characteristics, from the coupling of an indigenous horse with the stallion El Bedavi (perhaps of Berber origin).

In the past they were widely used for agricultural work, and although they are still used for tose purposes, it is much appreciated today for agro-tourism riding, and in many sporting disciplines. It is a saddle horse.

In 1971 the National Association of Haflinger Horse Breeders - Italy was founded, and it was entrusted with the management of the Stud Book ...

 Haflinger  - Horses Breeds

About Hagerman HorsesHagerman


Hagerman horses (Equus simplicidens), also called the Hagerman zebras or the American zebras, were a North American species of equine from the Pliocene epoch and the Pleistocene epoch. It is one of the oldest horses of the genus Equus and was discovered in 1928 in Hagerman, Idaho - it is the state fossil of Idaho.


Hagerman horses first appeared about 3.5 million years ago. They were approximately 110 - 145 centimeters (43 -57 inches) tall at the shoulder. They weighed between 110 and 385 kilograms (243 and 849 pounds). An average Hagerman horse was about the same size as an Arabian horse. They also were relatively stocky with a straight shoulde ...


Hagerman  - Horses Breeds

About  Hanoverian Horses Hanoverian


Hanoverian Horses (German: Hannoveraner) are one of the most well-loved and wide-spread of the European warmbloods, and they have made a name for themselves in Grand Prix competitions and the Olympic Games.

Hanoverian horses were established in Celle, Germany in 1735 by George II, King of England (1727-1760). They were initially refined with Thoroughbred blood, giving their movement more freedom and lightness. The ideal result was a horse swift and strong enough for competitions while remaining tough enough for general work. By the end of the 18th century there were detailed logs of bloodlines which were carefully monitored. During the Napoleonic Wars much of the Celle stock was depleted, however it picked up again a ...

 Hanoverian  - Horses Breeds

About  Heck Horses Heck


Heck horses were developed to resemble the now extinct Tarpan horses. They were created by the German zoologist brothers Heinz Heck and Lutz Heck, director of the Berlin Zoo, at the Tierpark Hellabrunn (Munich Zoo) in Germany. The first foal born from the program was a colt born on May 22, 1933 at the Tierpark Hellabrunn.

The Heck brothers believed that they could recreate the extinct tarpan subspecies by back breeding living descendants. They felt that they could combine and rearrange the genetic material from these living descendants into a recreation of the extinct horse.

They bred together several European small horse and pony breeds reputed to be descended from the tarpan. They used mares of the Ko ...

 Heck  - Horses Breeds

About  Heihe Horses Heihe


Heihe horses originated in Heihe City, China. Heihe is situated alongside Heilongjiang, a well-known river basin. The primary sources of livelihood for the inhabitants of Heihe include transportation and agriculture -- horses are important in the accomplishment of both tasks.

Heihe is a place where the temperature is rather unpredictable. This has made the Heihe breed relatively adaptive to sudden shifts in temperature. Since they are well-adapted to variable climates and they can combat diseases well. Unless overtaxed and overworked, they stay strong and healthy.

Mongolian horses were initially sent to Heihe city by the Soulun nation. This was followed by Russians sending horses of an unknown breed after 191 ...

 Heihe  - Horses Breeds

About Henson HorsesHenson


Henson (French: Cheval Henson or Cheval de Henson) horses are from the area of the Baie de Somme in Picardy (now part of Hauts-de-France), in north-eastern France. Unlike the majority of French horse breeds, the Henson was created in the late 20th century with the goal to obtain a hardy horse adapted to all forms of equestrian tourism, outdoor riding and leisure.

Near the end of the 1970s, horse riding was oriented towards outdoor recreation for nature-loving families. This promoted pony trekking as well as driving. This trend implied the search for a leisure horse suited in regions such as the Somme, where equestrian tourism became popular in the area of the Baie de Somme.

In 1974, the birth of two foals, half F ...

Henson  - Horses Breeds

About Hequ HorsesHequ


Hequ, or Hequl, horses are found in the Qinghai Province of China and are used as a pack and draft animal as well as for riding and racing. Hequ means "river zig." They originated in the border area of Qinghai, Sichuan, and Gansu provinces where the Yellow River makes a large "zig." Prior to 1954 the breed was known as Nanfan which is often misapplied to the Tibetan horse. During the T'ang dynasty the Hequ horse was a favored spoil of war in the region.  

During the T'ang dynasty (618-917) the emperor established a large horse facility to develop the calvary. To do so he imported large numbers of horses from western Asian countries to use on the local Tibetan stock. Chief among the breeds influencing the Hequ wer ...

Hequ  - Horses Breeds

About Hessen HorsesHessen


Reliable sources for local breeds in Hessen did not exist. There was no state breeding as it was all based on the local farmers in the former centuries. The princely stables bred with imported breeds according to the period's fashion and for their own use only, creating no unique breed type. The only exception was the Beberbeck stud which existed until 1929 and had a good name for noble half-breeds.  

After being included in the Prussian stud agency in 1866 the Hessian breeders could not compete with the more important breeds of the other Prussian provinces. Therefore the rural breeders concentrated upon the breeding of draft horses, as those were in large demand. The still existing warmblood breeding which was b ...

Hessen  - Horses Breeds

About Highland pony HorsesHighland pony


Photo supplied by the Highland Pony Society of Australia - Victoria © Highland Ponies originated in the Highlands of Scotland and the islands off Scotland’s west coast. It is believed that they had lived there for thousands of years. Starting from about the 6th century the Dukes of Athol were influential breeders of the Highland Pony and introduced eastern blood to create a hardy, sure footed, and long lived pony suitable for the harsh environment. Their strength and sturdy built made the Highland Pony a popular choice as an army mount, in harness work hauling timber, as a mount for shepherds, and as a pack horse for deer stalkers to carry the shot stags weighing more than 101kg (16 stones) into the hills and back.

In 1923 the Highland Pony Society was founded and until recently the breed ...

Highland pony  - Horses Breeds

About  Hirzai Horses Hirzai


According to Pakistan's Agricultural Department, the original stock of the Hirzai breed is said to have been derived from a mare owned by the Rind chief named Shol, by an Arabian stallion belonging to a European military officer who accompanied the contingent of Shah Shujah al-Mulk through Shoran in the first Anglo-Afghan War of 1839. Representative animals are still owned by His highness Suleman Dawood Khan of Kalat.  

The predominant color of the Hirzai is gray or white. The head is handsome with a broad forehead; the neck is medium in length, muscular, and arched; the body is compact with a short back and well-muscled loins; the croup is level; the shoulders are well sloped and powerful; the forearms are stron ...

 Hirzai  - Horses Breeds

About  Hispano-Breton Horses Hispano-Breton


Hispano-Breton horses were developed by crossing native Pura Raza Espanola horses with imported Breton draught horses. They are found mainly in two separate areas of northern Spain: Castile and Leon and parts of neighbouring Cantabria; and the Pyrenees of Catalonia. They are listed in the Catalogo Oficial de Razas de Ganado de Espana in the group of autochthonous breeds in danger of extinction.



 Hispano-Breton  - Horses Breeds

About  Holsteiner Horses Holsteiner


Photo supplied by Shambala Holsteiner Stud - QLD © Holsteiner horses originated in Germany several centuries ago and are probably the oldest German warmblood horse. Holsteiner horses have German, Neapolitan, Spanish, and oriental bloodlines and were very popular in the 17th century in Italy, France, and Denmark. During the 19th century Holsteiner horses were crossed with Yorkshire Coach Horses and Cleveland Bay stallions to produce a tough, active, handsome carriage horse with a willing nature and distinctive high knee action. The also become popular as an army mount.

In 1867 the Prussians founded the Traventhall Stud in Schleswig-Holstein where the breeding of modern day Holsteiner horses began. Today the main breeding center is located in Elmshorn, Germany. After Worl ...

 Holsteiner  - Horses Breeds

About Hucul HorsesHucul


Hucul (also known as Carpathian, Huculska, Hutsul, Hutul, Hutan or Huzul) ponies are small horses from the Carpathian Mountains. They have a heavy build and possess great endurance and hardiness.  

Hucul horses bear some resemblance to the now-extinct Tarpan horse. They are named after the small ethnic group of Hutsuls; however, they have been around much longer the Hutsul people. Hucul horses are probably depicted on the monuments erected by Roman Emperors Domitian and Trajan, as Dacian draft horses. They were mentioned for the first time in written resources around 400 years ago (as the "Mountain Tarpan"). Unlike the Polish Konik, the Hucul has been only rarely cross-bred with domestic horses.  

...

Hucul  - Horses Breeds

About  Hungarian Warmblood Horses Hungarian Warmblood


Hungarian Sport Horses (Hungarian: Magyar sportlo) are a Hungarian breed of sporting horse. Like the Furioso-North Star, the Gidran, and the Nonius, they were developed at the Hungarian State Stud at Mezohegyes, in Bekes County in the Southern Great Plain region of south-eastern Hungary. At the end of 2012, their total number was reported to be 1091. The breeders' association is the Magyar Sportlotenyesztok Orszagos Egyesulete, or Association of Hungarian Sporthorse Breeders.

 Hungarian Warmblood  - Horses Breeds

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About Iberian Warmblood HorsesIberian Warmblood


Iberian Warmbloods are sport horses that have a minimum of 25% Andalusian and/or Lusitano bloodlines from one or both of their parents. The ancestors of these horses include the primitive Sorraia horse, which around 900 B.C., was mixed with horses from Northern Africa. The Sorraia, perhaps the oldest breed of horse, is depicted in early cave paintings found on the Iberian Peninsula.  

Breeders of dressage and show jumping horses have long been seeking a way to breed a horse with greater sensitivity and a greater ability for the collection required for piaffe, passage, and jumping. The Iberian blood strengthens the horse's soundness, athleticism, and versatility. When bred to other breeds with the big stride for d ...

Iberian Warmblood  - Horses Breeds

About  Icelandic Horses Icelandic


Icelandic horses are one of the oldest horse breeds in the world. They were brought to Iceland by the first settlers from Norway, in the late ninth to early tenth centuries.

Due to the harsh climate and the lack of vegetation over more than one half of the country, the Icelandic horse had an extremely difficult existence. Only the strongest and the fittest could survive.

As a result of a plague in Europe, Iceland quarantined itself for many years. In AD 930 a law was passed to ban the importation of horses and other animals into Iceland to keep out diseases. This had the effect of preserving the purity of the Icelandic horses – they have never been crossbred with other horses and have remained pure for over a t ...

 Icelandic  - Horses Breeds

About Indian Country Bred Horse HorsesIndian Country Bred Horse


Indian Country Bred is the common name for a inter-bred mixture of Bhutia Ponies, Spiti Ponies, and Tibetan Ponies. These animals have been interbred for years so that many of the individual characteristics of the Bhutia and Spiti have been lost, and they now are categorized as "Indian Country Bred." They originated in the Himalayan region of India, and are now found in the Buhtan, Sikkim, and Darjeeling regions of India.  

They wre well suited to mountainous climate and terrain, they are not as able to endure humidity and heat. In fact, they are given to sun stroke and have trouble equalizing their internal temperature. A lack of nutritious grasses generally affects the growth and development of these ponies, al ...

Indian Country Bred Horse  - Horses Breeds

About  Iomud Horses Iomud


Iomuds are light horses from Turkmenistan. They are raised in Turkmenistan, particularly in the velayat of Dasoguz; in Uzbekistan; in Karakalpakstan (now part of Uzbekistan); and in Iraq, Iran and Turkey.

Like other breeds of Turkmen horses - including Akhal-Teke, Ersari, Goklan, Salor and Sarik - Iomuds are named for the Turkmen tribe that formed it, the Iomud. Both the name of the horse and the name of the Turkmen clan may be spelt in many ways, including Iomud, Yomud, Yamud and Yomut. The Iomud people occupy the northern part of modern Turkmenistan, from the eastern shores of the Caspian Sea in the west to the area of Dasoguz, on the northern edge of the Karakum Desert, in the north-east. They are principally concentr ...

 Iomud  - Horses Breeds

About Irish Draught HorsesIrish Draught


Irish Draught horses are native to Ireland. They are a light draught breed that was historically developed for work on farms. Today they have adapted to the ever-changing pace of equestrianism to become a very versatile breed. As a foundation breed of the Irish Sport Horse, the Irish Draughts temperament makes them easy to work with in any discipline. Along with characteristics of strength, intelligence, courage, and light action they are an ideal equine to partner with from amateur to professional rider.

From the earliest times horses have always been a part of Irish life. Over the years small active native horses were crossed with Norman horses and Spanish Andalusian stallions to increase the size of the native breed. I ...

Irish Draught  - Horses Breeds

About Irish Sport HorsesIrish Sport


The Irish Sport Horse is considered Irelands, most successful competition horse.  The selective breeding of Draught bloodlines with Sport horse breeds and thoroughbred produces a truly exceptional equine athlete that excels and competes to the very highest levels in equestrianism.  Renowned worldwide for their wonderful temperaments and wiliness to work  the Irish Sport horse is a horse of distinction.

The Irish Sport Horse is considered Ireland’s most successful competition horse.  The selective breeding of Draught bloodlines with Sport horse breeds and thoroughbred produces a truly exceptional equine athlete that excels and competes to the very highest levels in equestrianism.  Renowned worldw ...

Irish Sport  - Horses Breeds

About Italian Heavy Draft HorsesItalian Heavy Draft


Italian Heavy Draft, also known as Rapid Heavy Draft, horse were developed in the 19th and 20th centuries using both draft and light horse breeds, and are used mainly for heavy draft work and meat.    

Italian Heavy Draft were developed starting in 1860 at the Deposito Cavalli Stalloni stud in Ferrara, Italy. They were developed from crossing native Po Delta stallions with Thoroughbred, Hackney, and Arabian horses. Around 1900, weight was added to the breed with the addition of Boulonnais, Ardennes, and Norfolk-Breton blood. The breeding programs suffered during World War II, but a careful crossbreeding program with Ardennes, Percheron and Breton horses after the war brought the Italian Heavy Draft to its ...

Italian Heavy Draft  - Horses Breeds

About Italian Saddle  HorsesItalian Saddle


Italian saddle horses are a recent creation and are excellent horses for show jumping, dressage, eventing, endurance. They were created by crossing many Italian breeds, with the Sardinian Anglo-Arab predominating. The aim has been to obtain a horse with a noble appearance and the robustness typical to the descendants of English thoroughbreds, and the reliability of the Italian breeds.

Italian Saddle   - Horses Breeds

About Italian TPR Agricultural HorsesItalian TPR Agricultural


Italian TPR Agricultural Horses are draught horses, characterized by a heavy frame and great development of the muscles and the skeleton, are differentiated into slow heavy draught horses, represented by the Belga breed, and fast heavy draught horses, represented by the Italian Agricultural Horse. Thanks to its high speed of growth and the notable development of its muscle mass, these alter are also particularly appropriate for the production of meat.

The Italian TPR Agricultural Horse has its origin in the plane of Venice, Ferrara and Friuli. At first stallions from Polesine were used, but later on English thoroughbred stallions were introduced, along with Hackneys and Arab thoroughbreds. Around 1900 production was increase ...

Italian TPR Agricultural  - Horses Breeds

About Italian Trotter HorsesItalian Trotter


The Italian Trotter is a harness racing horse developed over the last century by crossing Thoroughbred stallions with French (Norman) trotters, Russian Trotters and American Standardbred mares. The goal of the selection was to blend the speed of the Standardbred with the stamina of the French Trotter. The result is a large, physically powerful horse standing up to 17 hands (68 inches, 173 cm) at the withers, with athletic ability and capable of defeating Standardbreds on the race track.

The most famous Italian trotting horse is certainly "Varenne". He has won the equivalent of 6,400,000 euros in prize-money.

He was born on May19TH 1995, the progeny of the stallion Waikiki Beach and the ma ...

Italian Trotter  - Horses Breeds

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About Jaca Navarra HorsesJaca Navarra


Jaca Navarra (also known as Poney Navarro, Caballo Navarro, Caballo Vasco-navarro, Caballito de Andia, Caballito de las Amescoas, or Caballito de la Barranca, Jaca de Montana, Raza de Pamplona, or Raza Pamplonica) are small horses from the Navarre region of northern Spain.  

They are listed in the Catalogo Oficial de Razas de Ganado de Espana in the group of autochthonous breeds in danger of extinction. The total population of the Jaca Navarra has been variously estimated at 350 (in 1999), 250 (in 2000), and 240 and decreasing (in 1997). In April 2011 the total population was reported to be 899, all of which were in Navarre. The breed is listed by the FAO as Endangered.

Jaca Navarra  - Horses Breeds

About Java Pony HorsesJava Pony


Java ponies were developed on the island of Java in Indonesia. Most likely they are descended from wild forebears of Mongolian Wild Horses. There are eight breeds native to Indonesia, the others are the Batak Pony, Gayoe, Deli pony, Bali Pony, Sumba, and Sumbawa Pony, and Timor Pony. The Dutch East India Company played a part in the development of many different Indonesian breeds through their introduction of oriental horses. Their first factory was established on the island of Java during the 1500s and from that time on they have imported harness and pack horses. A large part of the Java's heritage is due to the crossing of local stock with Arabian and Barb horses that were imported.  

The average height is abou ...

Java Pony  - Horses Breeds

About Jeju Pony HorsesJeju Pony


Jejus (or Jejuma) are horses native to Jeju Special Self-Governing Province, Republic of Korea. There is a diverse array of types, each differently identified depending on their coat color. Jeju horses mature well in harsh conditions due to their strength and fitness. With an outstanding tolerance of low temperatures, they have been mostly pastured without the need for horse blankets or stables.

Jeju horses were once considered to be endangered. Following the nation's industrialization period of the 1960s, Jeju horses became impractical to use with the distribution of new agricultural machinery and developments in means of transportation. In response, the Government of the Republic of Korea designated the Jeju horse as Natur ...

Jeju Pony  - Horses Breeds

About Jutland HorsesJutland


Jutland horses originate from Denmark. They have been rumored to have given the English Suffolk Punch horses their own history, but many feel it may be the other way around. The Suffolk breed is considered the latter of the two, but also a more refined version. One stallion in particular named Oppenheim LXII was one of the Suffolk Punch variations that went on to be imported to Denmark. Just six generations later down the line, the horse Aldrup Menkedal was given the label as being the founder of the breed. Virtually all Jutland horses can be linked to the Hovding and the Prins of Jylland and their two sons. In 1928, Jutland horses were traded to buy the Copenhagen area brewery called Carlsberg. During those ti ...


Jutland  - Horses Breeds

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About Kabarda HorsesKabarda


Kabarda, or Kabardin, horse is from the Caucasus, currently part of the Kabardino-Balkaria region of Russia and Georgia. They have been known for at least 400 years, but their origins are probably as old as the Hittite civilization. They are noted for their endurance and ease to adapt in difficult environments.

Kabardas have been bred since the 16th century by mountain tribesmen in the northern Caucasus, and are the product of centuries of selective breeding for the ability to survive in harsh conditions. They were formed from a combination of steppe, Karabakh, Arabian, and Turkmenian horses. They are usually kept in herds, and are moved between mountain pastures in the summer and foothills areas in the winter.

Ka ...

Kabarda  - Horses Breeds

About Kaimanawa HorsesKaimanawa


Kaimanawa are wild horses from New Zealand. The first horses arrived in New Zealand in 1814, and mobs of feral horses were reported as early as the 1870s. The principal (and only remaining) herds became established in the North Island's Central Plateau, where they became known in general as the "Kaimanawa Wild Horses".

Because of increasing concern by the public for their supposed declining numbers, a Committee, under the umbrella of the Forest Service, was formed in 1978 to look after the horses' interests, and a protected area was established in 1981.

Subsequently, the Department of Conservation raised questions regarding the impact of the horses on the environment in the area, noting that the major threat t ...

Kaimanawa  - Horses Breeds

About Karabair HorsesKarabair


Karabair, or Karabairskaya, horses are a very old breed based on ancient stock that has been documented as being in the Uzbekistan area before the Christian era.  

It is likely that the Karabair developed through a mixture of Arabian and Mongol blood, later influenced by the desert horse breeds from the neighboring countries, such as the Turkomene, and further infusions of Arab blood. Uzbekistan is still populated by a vast number of nomadic peoples who have been, through the years, the principal breeders of the Karabair. Their lifestyles accounts for the number of different breeds which have gone towards the development of the Karabair. They have similarities to the Arab, especially in their innate toughness and ...

Karabair  - Horses Breeds

About Karabakh HorsesKarabakh


Karabakh horses are a mountain breed from Azerbaijan. They have many of the same traits as some other breeds, such as the Arab and the Akhal-Teke. They are one of the very few breed that have a iridescent and shiny coat; like Akhal-Teke horses.    

At one point Azerbaijan was invaded and the horses used because the descendents of karabakh horses. Around the seventeen and eighteen hundreds, Karabakhs, numbering around four thousand. Soon, they became popular in Europe and Russia as well. In 2004, one of these horses earned themselves a speed of one minute and nine seconds for completing a one thousand meter sprint. You can find theses horses in a place called Azerbaijan, but do keep in mind only a choice f ...

Karabakh  - Horses Breeds

About Karacabey HorsesKaracabey


Karacabey Horses originated in Turkey but became extinct during the late 20th century.

After the establishment of Turkey as an independent nation, the Turks bred horses they called Karacabey at the Karacabey Stud. They were developed by crossing a Turkish strain of Arabians bred specifically for racing with the native Anadolu and Nonius breeds.  

High quality show jumpers began to be imported from France and Germany, and the Karacabey breed was forgotten in favor of the exotic breeds. Another reason for its decline was competition from motor vehicles; the government decided there was no longer a need for this horse. The Karacabey Stud ceased all breeding of the Karacabey horse in 1980, and approximatel ...

Karacabey  - Horses Breeds

About Karachai HorsesKarachai


Karachay (also known as Karakachan Pony, Karatschai Pony, Karatschaever, Karatschaewsker, orKarachaier) horses were developed in the Northern Caucasus. They came from the highland Karachay at the rise of Kuban. They were developed by crossing regional horses with eastern stallions. Karachay horses are summered in rugged mountain country where there are large changes in temperature and humidity, and wintered in the foothill and plains with some hay feeding. These conditions made the Karachay horse strong-limbed and sturdy.

They were first bred for use in the military and agriculture use. They were bred by Karachays around the 14th-15th centuries in the climatic and geographical conditions of the North Caucasus. They were ...

Karachai  - Horses Breeds

About Kathiawari HorsesKathiawari


Kathiawari horses are from the Kathiawar Peninsula, India. They are similar to Marwari horses and are often confused with them.  

Their ancestors arrived in the India via shipments made by moguls that were well known masters in the Indian lands. They have a strong Arabian horse bloodline present in them, and they certainly do look like one of the Arabian styles. The notorious Gujarat families at the time were the only ones wealthy enough to own the Kathiawari horses. While they are brave creatures and athletic as well, they are best used as a family pet. They were also once war horses but only the strong survived since only the strongest horses left after battles were typically sent to breed. Currently, you can ...

Kathiawari  - Horses Breeds

About Kazakh HorsesKazakh


Kazakh horses were developed by the Kazakh people, who live mainly in Kazakhstan, but also in parts of China, Mongolia, Russia, and Uzbekistan. Kaszakh horses are used mainly for riding and are known for their hardiness and stamina.  

This group of steppe horses was numerous as early as the 5th century B.C. Since then Kazakh horses were influenced by many breeds - Mongolian, Karabair, Arabian, and Akhal-Teke horses. In the late 20th century, Kazakh horses have been improved by the Thoroughbred, Orlov Trotter and Don.    

Kazakhstan horses are kept on pastures the year round. They are concentrated in western Kazakhstan. In this vast territory they have become differentiated into various ecologi ...

Kazakh  - Horses Breeds

About Kentucky Mountain Saddle HorsesKentucky Mountain Saddle


Kentucky Mountain Saddle Horses are from the U.S. state of Kentucky. They were developed as an all-around farm and riding horse.

They are related to the Tennessee Walking Horse and other gaited breeds, but their exact early history is unknown. Kentucky Mountain Saddle Horses have a similar history to the Rocky Mountain Horse, and together are sometimes called "Mountain Pleasure Horses". The Kentucky Mountain Saddle Horse was developed by farmers looking for a small horse that could perform dual duty as a powerful work horse and comfortable riding horse. They were used for long travel over rough terrain, and were developed to have gentle temperaments so that they could be handled by young members of the farm families. Tod ...

Kentucky Mountain Saddle  - Horses Breeds

About Kerry Bog Pony HorsesKerry Bog Pony


Kerry Bogs are draft ponies from Ireland. They are traditionally used for hauling peat fuel from bogs, as well as for general draught work on small holdings. They almost vanished during the twentieth century, declining to as few as 40 known horses. Genetic analysis of the survivors by Weatherbys confirmed unique genetic breed markers, and the breed is now recognized as the Irish  "Heritage Pony." A controlled stud book and registry now exist, and numbers have recovered to about 400.  

The mares are 10-11hh and stallions and geldings up to 11.2hh. They are commonly brown, brownish black, or bay, but may be any whole colour and chestnut, dun, and grey occur also. Their coat is long and dense, easily capable o ...

Kerry Bog Pony  - Horses Breeds

About Kiger Mustang HorsesKiger Mustang


Kiger Mustangs are wild horses found in southeastern Oregon, US. They are named after their natural habitat, mostly in the Kiger Canyon. They are related to Spanish horses brought to North America during the 1600’s and that until rescently, this bloodline was thought to be extinct. 

As a result of a roundup of wild horses in 1997, the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) identified a group of horses with very similar traits. They were separated and subject to genetic testing conducted by the University of Kentucky which showed that the bloodline is not extinct. Their numbers were estimated in 2013 to be 101 horses in both the Kiger and Riddle Mountain Horse Management Areas. Every 3-4 years the BLM conducts a wild horse roun ...

Kiger Mustang  - Horses Breeds

About Kinsky HorsesKinsky


Kinsky, or Equus Kinsky, were Europe's original sport horse. They were bred until the middle of the 20th century in Bohemia, a part of the modern-day Czech Republic. At one time they were the most prominent breed in europe.  

The development of the Kinsky horse is closely linked with the history of the Chlumec branch of the Kinsky family and in particular Count Oktavian Kinsky (1813 - 1896). The family of the Count had for decades bred Thoroughbreds for horse racing or steeplechasing. The first known mention of the breed term "Kinsky horse" or the now-protected designation "Equus Kinsky" is from the year 1838, with the creation of modern sport horse stud book. Prior to 1838, the horses were known only as the part ...

Kinsky  - Horses Breeds

About Kirdi Pony HorsesKirdi Pony


Kirdi (also known as Mousseye, Cameroon, Lakka, Logone, Mbai, and Mussey) ponies come from the Logone River in the sub-Sahel region of Cameroon (southwest Chad and northern Cameroon). They are named for the Mousseye tribe in southeastern Cameroon who raise them.

In 1826 they were first noted. It was not until 1926 that a description of these ponies was actually recorded. Not much research has been done on them. The population has been rapidly declining and is in danger of extinction. There have been no regimented breeding programs. However, in 1986 the Cameroon government created an Equine Program to safeguard the Kirdi (Mousseye Pony) from extinction and to develop the horse industry in Cameroon. There are some who bel ...

Kirdi Pony  - Horses Breeds

About Kisber Felver HorsesKisber Felver


Kisber Felver was developed at the Kisber Thoroughbred stud ranch in Hungary. Many race horses were produced by the stud, including an unbeatable mare that is in the Guinness Book of World. The Kisber Felver horse breed was created over a hundred years ago from careful selection, and a controlled breeding program to create a desirable sport horse in conformation, movement, athletic ability, and temperament.    

In 1947 after the end of World War II there were very few Kisber Felver left in Hungary. 150 Kisber Felver horses were imported for the US Remount, but were sold at public auction in 1947 when the remount disbanded. Unlike other European imports such as the Lipizzaner, the imported Kisber Felvers w ...

Kisber Felver  - Horses Breeds

About Kiso HorsesKiso


Kiso Horse (or Kiso Uma) are small horses and one of the eight indigenous horse breeds of Japan. They are the only native horse breed from Honshu, the principal island of Japan. Like most other Japanese native breeds, it is critically endangered.

Kiso Horses originates from the Kiso Valley and the Kiso Sanmyaku mountain range, in Nagano Prefecture, and the Higashimino region of Gifu Prefecture, in central Honshu. During the Meiji era (1868 - 1912) they were severely affected by the breeding program of the Imperial Japanese Army, which wanted taller horses and ordered that Kiso stallions gelded, and only imported stallions be used to cover Kiso mares. After the Second World War only a few pure-bred Kiso horses remained. H ...

Kiso  - Horses Breeds

About Kladruber HorsesKladruber


Kladruber (or Kladrubsky kun) horses are the oldest Czech horse breed, and today are considered very rare. Their main breeding center is the National stud farm Kladruby nad Labem in the Czech republic. Kladrubers have been bred there for more than 400 years, which makes them one of the world's oldest horse breeds.  

The Kladruby stud was founded in 1579 by Rudolf II as an Imperial stud, at the Perlstein stables. The breed was based on imported Spanish (such as the Andalusian) and Italian horses, crossed with Neapolitan, Danish, Holstein, Irish, and Oldenburg horses, in addition to heavy Czech breeds. They were first developed to be a galakarosier (a heavy type of carriage horse used to pull the imperial coach), ...

Kladruber  - Horses Breeds

About Knabstrupper HorsesKnabstrupper


 Knabstrupper Horses, also known as Knabstrup or Tiger Horses, are a Danish breed of horse with an unusual range of coat coloration, often with tiger-like stripes.

In 1812 Villars Lunn, owner of the manor house Knabstrupgaard, bought from a butcher named Flaebe. Probably the mare was of Spanish origin, but it looked very much like an English hunter type. The butcher had bought the mare from a Spanish officer, stationed in Denmark during the Napoleon wars.

The unusual color of the Flaebe mare was memorable. She was dark red with a white mane and tale, covered with small white snowflakes on her body, and brown spots on her blanket.

There has been a lot of guessing about the origin of the Flaebe ma ...

Knabstrupper  - Horses Breeds

About Konik HorsesKonik


Konik horses, also known as Polish primitive horses, are an ancient horse breed; they most likely are related Tarpan horses and possibly Hucul and Arabian horses as well. They were very popular in Poland; they are valuable for farm work. They are strong for their size and shape (their name means 'little horse'). They were found in Poland, Slovankia, Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania, Popielno, and other areas surrounding the Baltic Sea.

Currently, most reside on various reserves, such as the Whitehall Meadow. During the 1930's, a professor named Tadeusz Vetulani started to attempt to get the breed back on its original path. Some are also situated on the Ham Fen National Reserve and Sandwich Bay as well. The Suffolk Wildlife Tru ...

Konik  - Horses Breeds

About Kudo-Gayoe Pony HorsesKudo-Gayoe Pony


Gayoe (also known as Kuda-Gayo) Ponies are from the island of Sumatra, Indonesia. Their name is derived from the Gayoe hills in the north of the island. Gayoe ponies are one of eight breeds native to Indonesia, the others are the Batak Pony, Deli pony, Bali Pony, Java Pony, Sumba and Sumbawa Pony (and closely related Sandalwood Pony) and Timor Pony.  

Gayoe ponies are generally solidly colored. They are a dark bay shade commonly called "brown." Skewbalds are often seen, as well. Adults are approximately 12.2 hands (114 cm) tall at the withers, and small-bodied.  

They are primarily used for transportation on Sumatra, and the 1997 FAO Breed Survey indicated that the breed has a stable population ...

Kudo-Gayoe Pony  - Horses Breeds

About Kushum HorsesKushum


Kushum, or Kushumakaya, hosrses were developed at the Pytimarsk and Furman studs in Urals region of Kazakhstan from 1931 to 1976. They were developed largely from trotter, Thoroughbred, Don, Budyonny, and Kazakh horses.

Originally, the goal was to develop, on the basis of the native Kazakh horses, a good army mount. Kazakh mares were crossed with Thoroughbreds and half breeds, as well as the trotters, to obtain larger size and to improve gaits.  

They have a high adaptability to local conditions, which is reflected in increased weight gain in spring and autumn, which makes them suitable for meat and milk production’ their large size and live weight guarantee a high yield of horse meat.  

...

Kushum  - Horses Breeds

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About Landais Pony HorsesLandais Pony


Landais horses come from the sandy beaches of Southwest France. They are related to small Barthais horses and Arabian horses. The result is a small (about 13 hands tall) Arab-style horse. Sometime in the beginning of the twentieth century, there were an estimated two thousand of them roaming wildly worldwide. Just after the Second World War, they were decreasing in popularity, but in the 1970's a studbook was produced and improved in numbers since then. Today they are found in France and Spain.   
  
Landais horses are used for riding and harness purposes alike. They are generally black, bay, chestnut, and other brown shades. They are neat in appearance, have a high set tail, attractive head, and sl ...

Landais Pony  - Horses Breeds

About  Latvian Horses Latvian


Latvian horses come from Latvia and arre split into three types: the common harness horse, a lighter riding horse, and a heavier draft type. They are probably from pre-historic bloodlines, and have been in development since the 17th century.  

The Latvian horse breed has only been established since 1952, but is believed to have descended from ancient roots. It is likely that Latvian horses are closely related to Dole Gudbrandsdal horses, North Swedish Horses, and other heavy European draft breeds. Since the 17th century, the breed has had German riding horse, Thoroughbred, and Arabian blood introduced.  


The core of the current breed came from infusions of Oldenburg, Hanoverian, and Holstein ...

 Latvian  - Horses Breeds

About  Lipizzan Horses Lipizzan


Lipizaan Horses (also known as Lipica or Lipizzano horses) were developed in Lipizza (Lipica), a small locality near Trieste, which is today in Slovenia, but was Italian up to the Second World War and before that, Austrian. Its origins date from the mid-16th century, through an initiative of the Archduke Charles of Stiria, third child of the Emperor Ferdinand I of Austria. Factors contributing to the choice of the Lipizza area included the good quality of the horses which populated Carso and the Aquileiese area and the favorable climate, plus its proximity to areas of great horse-breeding tradition and the production of excellent horses.

The current production of the thoroughbred Lipica-Lipizzano Horse derives from t ...

 Lipizzan  - Horses Breeds

About  Lithuanian Heavy Draught Horses Lithuanian Heavy Draught


Lithuanian Heavy Draughts are a draught horse breed created in Lithuania during the 19th and 20th centuries. They were developed by crossing local Zhmud mares with Ardennes, Percheron, Brabant, and other heavy breeds.  

  In Lithuania draught capacity testing began in 1857, and since 2002 the Lithuanian Horse Breeders Association has taken over the responsibility of heavy horse testing. Recently, more have begun to be exported for meat. They are also used to improve other breeds. When crossed with native Altai horses, they improved the meat and milk yield and also increased the weight, growth rate, and ability to withstand year-round grazing conditions.  

Initially, Lithuanian Heavy Dra ...

 Lithuanian Heavy Draught  - Horses Breeds

About  Lokai Horses Lokai


Lokai horses were originally developed by the Uzbek Lokai tribe from Tajikistan, formally part of the Soviet Union. Their descendents were Oriental mainly of central Asian strains such as the Iomud and the Akhal-Teke. Karabair and Bukhara horses also are in the Lokai background. Arabian horses were later introduced into the breeding mix.  

They are approximately 14.3 hh. Some are smaller. Their colors range from gray, bay, chestnut, black, and palomino. The coat is often curly and has a shiny, metallic like shine.

Bonnie L. Hendricks, in her book entitled International Encyclopedia of Horse Breeds, wrote: "Horses with curly coats are most often found among middle Asian breeds, especially in the Lokai." Som ...

 Lokai  - Horses Breeds

About  Losino Horses Losino


Losino horses received their name from the original area where it is bred, the Losa Valley, in the north of the province of Burgos (Spain). They are related to other breeds derived from the Cantabrian-Pyrenean branch: the Portuguese Garrano, the Galician pony, the Asturian pony, the Thieldon, the Sorraia, the Navarre horse, the Basque Pottok, the Merens horse, and the now-extinct Catalan horse.  

They maintained their number until the 1950's but afterwards, principally due to farming mechanization, they were crossbred with meat breeds and donkey populations for mule production. As a result their population declined to around 30 horses. Due to the alarming situation, a project for recuperating the breed was establ ...

 Losino  - Horses Breeds

About Lundy Pony HorsesLundy Pony


Lundy Ponies were first developed on Lundy Island in England in 1928, when the owner of the island, Martin Coles Harman, introduced 34 New Forest pony mares, eight foals, and a Welsh Mountain B strawberry roan stallion. Diana Keast, his daughter, explained why he chose to cross these breeds: "He wanted ponies with a bit of style and height. Dartmoor and Exmoor ponies were nearer and more convenient - after all he had to charter a special train to bring the ponies from Lyndhurst - but they wouldn't have had the height he wanted." The Welsh stallion died only a year after arriving on the island, having sired just one foal - a colt called Pepper. Luckily this first "Lundy pony" grew into an upstanding stud stallion, creamy dun with a ...

Lundy Pony  - Horses Breeds

About  Lusitano Horses Lusitano


Lusitano horses are from Portugal and are similar to Andalusian horses. They have Roman features that can be spotted from afar and also have many relatives of Spanish descent. All of the aforementioned are of Iberian lineage and contain Sorraia blood lines. Generally sought after for military purposes, they were also used for Portuguese bull riding adventures, as well as carriage riding. Some have the distinct dun color that is so popular for many in the Sorraia breed. Some can be used for Olympic purposes and hundreds have been placed in the World Equestrian Games. Very high expectations are set in place to become a breeder for the Lusitano. In Brazil during the late 1970's, a breeder made his mark by developing the Interagro bree ...

 Lusitano  - Horses Breeds

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About  Mallorquin Horses Mallorquin


Mallorquins, or Caballo Mallorquins, are a rare breed of horse indigenous to the island of Majorca in the Balearic Islands, from which it takes its name. They were first identified in 1985 by the Patronato para las Razas Autoctonas de Mallorca ('authority for the autochthonous breeds of Mallorca'). Mallorquin horses are listed in the Catalogo Oficial de Razas de Ganado de Espana in the group of autochthonous breeds in danger of extinction. Their status was listed in 2007 as critical by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. In 2005 the number of Mallorquin horses recorded in the stud book was 247, but a census conducted by the Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Medio Rural y Marino in 2003 identified only 172. In ...

 Mallorquin  - Horses Breeds

About  Malopolski Horses Malopolski


Malapolski horse were developed in the 19th century in Lesser Poland, Polish Malopolska, hence the name. They are a versatile breed, used today for light draft and under-saddle work.

They were developed from a combination of Arabian and Thoroughbred blood, with significant contributions from the Furioso and Gidrán breeds (both strains of Hungarian Anglo-Arabian. There are two distinct varieties of the Malapolski. The first is the Sadecki, which was heavily influenced by the Furioso line, and the second is the Darbowsko-Tarnowski, heavily influenced by theGidrá and Shagya Arab Gidrán line. They were also influenced by infusions of various other Arabian and Thoroughbred half-breeds. Today, they are breed at five st ...

 Malopolski  - Horses Breeds

About  Mangalarga Horses Mangalarga


Mangalarga horses are from Brazil. They were first developed by Francisco Gabriel Junqueira (Baron of Alfenas) who bred Royal Alter stallions from Portugal with colonial horses in Brazil. This mix also originated the Mangalarga Marchador breed that differs from Mangalarga horses because Mangalarga Marchador's have different, and unique, smooth gait.  

When the Junqueira family moved to Sao Paulo, the topography and local culture forced them to look for a horse with different characteristics and so they started to cross breed the Mangalarga with Hackney, Morgan, American Saddle, Hanoverian, and Trakehner horses. This made the Mangalarga a completely different horse breed form the Mangalarga Marchador. They are so ...

 Mangalarga  - Horses Breeds

About  Mangalarga Marchador Horses Mangalarga Marchador


Mangalarga Marchador comes from Brazil. They possess Alter-Real blood lines that went on to be called Sublime Horses. They have a very unique gait that appears to look somewhat like a march when they walk and gallop. This gait is referred to as the marcha. In the eighteen hundreds the Sublime horses began to be purchased by those called the Hacienda Mangalarga group. It was at this point that they were no longer known as the Sublime horses and changed to the Mangalarga Marchador style of horses. They are notorious for their variances in marches including the marcha picada, the marcha batida, and the center march. One is slower, one is a diagonal pace, and the last one is thought to mimic the unique style of the Tennessee Walking H ...

 Mangalarga Marchador  - Horses Breeds

About  Maremmano Horses Maremmano


The Maremmano horse originated in the Maremma region of Tuscany and Lazio at the time of the ancient Etruscans. From then until the nineteenth century it kept its original characteristics: squat, strong and skittish. Then, in about 1870, it began to be crossed with more lightly-built and docile horses. In the year 1902, the stallion Fauno was born at the Royal Stables at San Rossore, Versilia, in Tuscany. The result of a cross with an English thoroughbred, he was the first of the so-called “new generation”. The introduction of the English thoroughbred smoothed out some of the squat, rough characteristics of the original Maremmano, while also increasing its height and its rugged temperament.

This is a strong, good-tem ...

 Maremmano  - Horses Breeds

About  Marwari Horses Marwari


Marwari horses comes from the Northwestern areas of India. They are notably brave and can be extremely loyal to their masters. They have quite a reputation for being warriors, ones that refuse to leave a conflictive situation if asked to. In fact, these creatures have been known to only leave a battle area if they won the fight or had to carry away their injured solider. This all further explains their ways and the methods in which they operate solely on the adoration of their owners. Also widely popular in the area of Rajasthan, this breed is said to have some form of Arabian bloodlines in them as well. It comes as no surprise to their many followers as they are notably striking in appearance, as well as stature. Only royal family ...

 Marwari  - Horses Breeds

About Masuren  HorsesMasuren


Masuren, or Mazury, horses are an extinct breed of horse from Poland. They were once a very notable breed and was a quality riding horse. Mainly they were developed from Trakehner horses, and crossed with Pozan horses. Masuren horses were bred at the stud at Liski in the Masuria region. In 1963 a Polish postage stamp showing a Masuren horse was issued.

Masuren   - Horses Breeds

About  Mecklenburger Horses Mecklenburger


Mecklenburgers are warmblood horses from the Mecklenburg-Vorpommern region of north-eastern Germany. They have been closely linked to the State Stud of Redefin. Historically influenced by Arabian and Thoroughbred blood, today's Mecklenburger is an athletic riding and driving horse similar to the neighboring Hanoverian. They are bred to the same standards as the other German Warmbloods, and are especially suitable for dressage and show jumping, though they are used for combined driving, eventing and show hunter competition as well.  

The region today known as Mecklenburg-Vorpommern was, until 1934, composed of the duchies of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Mecklenburg-Strelitz. However, the region was united by virtue of ...

 Mecklenburger  - Horses Breeds

About Megezh HorsesMegezh


Very little is known about Megezh horses, other than that they can be grullo, roan, grey, dun, sorrel, or bay, and that they are a southern type of horse that has strains of Yakut, Olekminsk, and Suntar horse breeds. Megezh is the largest type of the Yakut breed. They come from southwestern Yakutia in the region of Leninsk.  

In the later part of the l9th century a tough horse with great endurance was needed for gold mining purposes. Thus Yakut and Kuznet breeds were crossed and the Megezh Horse emerged. The cross produced horse was strong and able to perform mining work. They are 14-15.1 hh. Other uses included milk and meat production.

Megezh  - Horses Breeds

About  Menorquin Horses Menorquin


Menorquin Horses, or Cavall Menorqui, are indigenous to the island of Menorca in the Balearic Islands, from which they get their name. They are closely associated with the doma menorquina style of riding.  

Menorca was under Moorish domination from 903 - 1287. According some sources, research has shown links between the Menorquín and Arab breeds, while others have shown it to be of Berber origin, and yet others believe that it was brought to Menorca from central Europe by King James I of Aragon. According to the Government of the Balearic Islands, it belongs to the eastern group of indigenous Iberian horses which also included the now extinct Catalan horse.  

Menorquin horses were officially recogni ...

 Menorquin  - Horses Breeds

About  Messara Horses Messara


Messara (also known as Cretan) horses are a light riding and draft horse found on the island of Crete off the coast of Greece.  

  The native mountain-type Messara pony exists on the island of Crete since year 1000 or longer. The name comes from the Mesara Plain where they are mostly found. The modern Cretan horse was developed by crossing the native mares on Arabian stallions imported during the Turkish occupation in the 17th century. They are now a rare breed with around 100 representatives. Since 1994 there exists a studbook and conservation program has been started.    

Their main coat colors are bay, brown (a variation of bay), black, and gray. They usually stand between 12.2 ...

 Messara  - Horses Breeds

About  Miniature Horses Miniature


Miniature horses are, as expected, small…really small; usually less than 34–38 inches (86–97 cm) as measured at the last hairs of the mane, which are found at the withers. While miniature horses are the size of a very small pony, many retain horse characteristics and are considered "horses" by their respective registries. They have various colors and coat patterns.

Miniature horses are friendly and interact well with people. For this reason they are often kept as family pets, though they still retain natural horse behavior, including a natural fight or flight instinct, and must be treated like an equine, even if they primarily serve as a companion animal. They are also trained as service animals, akin to assistan ...


 Miniature  - Horses Breeds

About Minusin HorsesMinusin


Minusin horses come from the Minusin Valley in the south part of the Krasnodar region (Former Soviet Union) and was developed by the people native to the area who have been breeding horses for hundreds of years. As the needs for agriculture began to grow the breed was infused with the blood of Don, Thoroughbred, and trotter stallions to provide it with needed size.

They have a large head, Roman nose, thick neck, large trunk, and wide chest. Their legs are spindly but strong. They come in a variety of coat colors including bay, dun, grulla, palomino and buckskin.



Minusin  - Horses Breeds

About  Misaki Horses Misaki


Photo by JKT-c Misaki Horses (Misaki uma in Japanese) are as tall of a pony, yet they have many horse characteristics and proportions. The first reference to Misaki Horses is in 1697, when the Akizuki family of the Takanabe Clan rounded up feral horses and developed a pool of breeding stock. However, following the end of World War II, Misaki horses were designated as a National Natural Treasure and nowadays they have returned to feral life, mainly in a designated National Monument on Cape Toi at the south end of the Miyazaki Prefecture, attracting many tourists to the region.

Source: Japanese Horse Breeds ( www.lingualift.com/blog/japane ...

 Misaki  - Horses Breeds

About  Missouri Fox Trotter Horses Missouri Fox Trotter


Missouri Fox-Trotter comes from Missouri, US (which you could have guessed by the name). They have received their unique name from the dance they did when they were developed in the Missouri Ozarks. They have a floid four beat gait. This makes for a very graceful ride. They are well known for being easy to manipulate through mountainous terrains. Many years ago, it was thought that the pioneers utilized these horses to get from the Mississippi River to Tennessee, then also to Virginia. They were first called an Ozark Hill Horse and were used frequently for many farmers. They were finally registered in Ava, Missouri sometime during the middle of the nineteenth century.    

They are used for shows and compet ...

 Missouri Fox Trotter  - Horses Breeds

About Miyako HorsesMiyako


Photo by Haidonan Miyako Horses (Miyako Uma in Japanese) originated from the Miyako Island in Okinawa, a prefecture known as a horse breeding area for centuries. In 1055, their breed peaked at around 10,000. Unfortunately, the increase of motorization caused this number to decline, and by 1983, there were only seven head alive. The population grew to 25 horses by 1993, but had dropped back to 19 by 2001, despite the great efforts to preserve this breed of great antiquity. 

Miyako Horses resemble Mongolian horse and nowadays they are mainly used as riding ponies, and sometimes for light draft work. 


Miyako  - Horses Breeds

About  Monchino Horses Monchino


Monchino, or Monchinu, horses are indigenous to the Valle de Guriezo in the Cantabria region of northern Spain, and the neighbouring Biscay province. They are listed in the Official Catalogue of Livestock Breeds of Spain (Catalogo Oficial de Razas de Ganado de Espana) in the group of autochthonous breeds in danger of extinction. The word monchinu means highlander, from the mountains, in Cantabrian.

 Monchino  - Horses Breeds

About  Mongolian Horses Mongolian


Mongolian horses (Mongolian  aduu: "horse" or mori; or as a herd, ado, or in Northern Khalka, tabun) are the native horse breed of Mongolia. They are considered to be have been largely unchanged since the time of Genghis Khan. Nomads living in the traditional Mongol fashion still hold more than 3 million horses, which outnumber the country's human population. Despite their small size, they are horses, not ponies. In Mongolia, the horses live outdoors all year, dealing with temperatures from 30 C (86 F) in summer down to -40 C (-40 F) in winter, and they graze and search for food on their own. The mare's milk is processed into the national beverage airag. Some animals are slaughtered for meat. Other than that, they serve as rid ...

 Mongolian  - Horses Breeds

About Montana Travler HorsesMontana Travler


Montana Travler horses were developed in the US state of Montana and are a relatively new saddle horse breed. In the 1930s, Montanan Tom Eaton began combining the bloodlines of Tennessee Walking, Morgan, American Saddlebred, Thoroughbred, and Hamiltonian horses in a search for "the perfect horse." By the early 1970s, his breeding resulted in an eye-catching, ground-covering chestnut stallion.  

The stallion, named Montana Travler, walked at a brisk eight miles per hour, with a giant eight-inch-plus overstep. He trained easily, and, when bred, sired offspring of exceptional quality. This success motivated Eaton to found the Montana Travler Horse Association in 1979, writing, "Justin Morgan established a breed from ...

Montana Travler  - Horses Breeds

About  Monterufolino Horses Monterufolino


It originated in the province of Pisa (Tuscany), particularly in the area of Monterufoli. According to some writers it derived from a now extinct type known as the "Selvina Breed" which lived in the wild. The area from where the Montrufoli comes is now largely covered by the "Monterufoli-Caselli" Nature Reserve, a hilly region lying at between100 and 560 meters above sea level.

The story of the Monterufoli began in 1913 when the estate was purchased by the Counts of Gherardesca. The real process of selection and improvement began with the work of this family, who selected the best specimens from the original population to breed with Maremma, Tolfeta and Oriental stallions. The breed then established itself in the provinc ...

 Monterufolino  - Horses Breeds

About  Morab Horses Morab


Morab horses were originally developed in the late 1880's through the cross-breeding of Arabian and Morgan horses. They were developed with the intent of creating a fine carriage horse that was still substantial enough for moderate farm labor. The modern Morab continues this tradition of paired power and elegance, being both attractive and competitive show animals, and strong but mild-mannered work and family horses.  

The first Morab registry was created in 1973. Prior to this, Morabs were primarily undocumented horses bred for type. Many early Morabs were registered with the American Morgan Horse Association, as the Morgan studbook was still open that time, and these horses have since been fully assimilated int ...

 Morab  - Horses Breeds

About  Morgan Horses Morgan


Morgan horses were one of the first horse breeds developed in the United States. All Morgans can trace their lineage back to a horse Justin Morgan, who was named after his owner.

Morgan horses are known for their strength, elegance, and history. The Morgan horse leant its muscle to clearing and tilling New England farms during the earliest years of American history. Today it is a popular driving and riding horse, surefooted over rough trail as it is refined and dignified in the show ring.

  Morgans served many roles in 19th-century American history, being used as coach horses and for harness racing, as general riding animals, and as cavalry horses during the Civil War on both sides. Morgans have influ ...

 Morgan  - Horses Breeds

About Mountain Pleasure HorsesMountain Pleasure


Mountain Pleasure horses have been relatively unchanged for a century or more. They reflect the primitive Appalachian gaited horse type and may be ancestral to modern breeds developed in the region during the late 1800's and early 1900's, including American Saddlebred and Tennessee Walking Horses.  

 As a landrace, the Mountain Pleasure is variable in type, with some horses having distinctively Spanish features and others resembling the larger, modern breeds. Consistent among all is a smooth four-beat gait that replaces the trot. They stand 14.2-15.2 hands at the withers and weigh 850-950 pounds. Most of the solid colors known in horses occur in the breed, including grays and roans.  

 The li ...

Mountain Pleasure  - Horses Breeds

About  Moyle Horses Moyle


Moyle horses are famous for their frontal bosses, refered to as horns, thought to be inherited from Asian ancestors. Moyle horses were developed in Idaho by Rex Moyle from Mustangs brought from Utah. According to some studies, it is said that the Moyle may have descended from the Spanish Carthusian horses.  

Moyles are extraordinarily fast and agile--more than most breeds. They perform well in the equestrian arena as well. They excel on race tracks, endurance competitions, and do well over jumps. They are extremely strong. Their conformation is stronger than most breeds. Moyle horses have an exceptionally large rib cage and their internal organs are large. Moyles have strong shoulders that are widely spaced and m ...

 Moyle  - Horses Breeds

About  Murgese Horses Murgese


This breed originates from, and is spread throughout Puglia: in particular, the Murge region. It can trace its origins to the time of Spanish domination, when Arab, Berber and Andalusian stallions were brought in. But the real development of the Murgese horse was thanks to the Counts of Conversano. They were a family of farsighted nobles who were very adept in choosing horses for importation and careful in selecting those which fitted the needs of the time and the character of the area. The breed was first officially registered in 1926 at the “Deposito Stalloni” (Stallion Registry), which later became the “Istituto di Incremento Ippico di Foggia” (Foggia Institute of Horse Breeding).

The Murgese is a country breed, often ...

 Murgese  - Horses Breeds

About  Mustang Horses Mustang


Mustang horses are descendants of Spanish, or Iberian, horses that were brought to the Americas by Spanish explorers in the 16th century. The name was derived from the Spanish word mustengo, which means "ownerless beast" or "stray horse." These horses bred with other breeds of horses, including quarter horses and draft horses, to create the breed we know today.

Mustang herds vary greatly on how much they can be traced to the original Iberian horses. Some contain a greater genetic mixture of ranch stock, while others are relatively unchanged from the original Iberian stock.


In 1971, the United States Congress recognized that "wild free-roaming horses and burros are living symbols of the historic and pio ...


 Mustang  - Horses Breeds

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About  Namib Desert Horses Namib Desert


Namib Desert Horses are a rare horse found in the Namib Desert, of Namibia, Africa. They are most likely the only feral herd of horses residing in Africa. Today, approximately 150 horses now live in 350 square kilometres of the Namib Desert. The origin of these animals is unclear, though several theories have been put forward. Genetic tests have been performed, although none to date have completely verified their origin.  

Horses are not native to Sub-Saharan Africa. The first horses in sub-Saharan Africa were brought by the Dutch to the area of the Cape of Good Hope in the 17th century. One theory says that a ship with horses on board was run aground; the strongest horses were able to swim ashore to the mouth of ...

 Namib Desert  - Horses Breeds

About  Nangchen Horses Nangchen


Nangchen horses are a small breed of horse native to the Kham region of northern Tibet. They are thought to have been bred pure since the 9th century. They became known to the western world in 1994 due to the exploration of French anthropologist Michel Peissel.  

They are said to contain no ancestry from any of the common sources for most other Tibetan pony breeds, neither Mongolian horse, Arabian nor any type of Turkish blood. They are powerful and fast; and have many of the characteristics of a modern racehorse. They have refined features, are pony-sized, but tall for ponies, swift and agile. Their unique characteristics include adaptations to the very high altitude of the region, including enlarged lungs. & ...

 Nangchen  - Horses Breeds

About Napoletano HorsesNapoletano


Napoletano, or Neapolitan, Horses originated on the plains between Naples and Caserta, in the Campania region of Italy, but may have been bred throughout the Kingdom of Naples. Neapolitan horses were frequently mentioned in literature from the 16th to the 19th century and noted for their quality. Corte wrote in 1562: ‘in Italy the horses of the Kingdom of Naples are greatly esteemed; [there] many fine coursers are born ... suitable for use in war and in the manège and for every service that the rider may require.’ The decline of the breed was noted in the early 20th century by Mascheroni (1903) and Fogliata (1908). Some sources state that by 1950, the original Neapolitan horse was deemed extinct, but its lines were incorporated in ...

Napoletano  - Horses Breeds

About Narragansett Pacer HorsesNarragansett Pacer


Narragansett Pacers were the first horse breed developed in the United States, but is now extinct. This breed was developed in the United States during the 18th century and associated closely with the state of Rhode Island, and it had become extinct during the late 19th century. The Pacer was developed from a mix of English and Spanish breeds, although the exact breeds are unknown, and they were known to and owned by many famous personages of the day, including George Washington. Sales to the Caribbean and cross-breeding diminished the breed to the point of extinction, and the last known Pacer died around 1880.

Narragansett horses possibly could have been an ambling horse, rather than a true pacing breed. The pacer was k ...

Narragansett Pacer  - Horses Breeds

About Narym HorsesNarym


Narym, or Narymskaya, horses are from Russia. Russian horses are varied and have developed over a period of thousands of years. They have evolved to live in harsh climates--cold and desolate. There is often little forage for survival, however, the Russian breeds are hardy.  

Narym Ponies are similar to Ob ponies and originated near the same area in the central of the region near the Ob River of Western Siberia. The two breeds live under much the same ecological and economical conditions, and may be considered two groups or types of the same breed of northern forest horse. It stands between 13 and 14 hands high.  

Narym Ponies are larger than the Ob pony and is crossed with draft horses and trot ...

Narym  - Horses Breeds

About  National Show Horses National Show


National Show Horses originated as a part-Arabian cross between an American Saddlebred and an Arabian horse. They are now established as a separate breed, since the founding of a breed registry in 1981.

National Show Horses combine the refinement of Arabian Horses with the animation of Saddlebred horse. The resulting horse has the high-set, upright, long, swan-like neck of the Saddlebred. The neck should not have a pronounced crest. The head is usually refined and small, with small ears and either a straight or concave profile. The horses are close-coupled with a level topline and have a very deep, laid back shoulder. The tail carriage is high.

National Show Horses may be a variety of colors, including the trad ...

 National Show  - Horses Breeds

About Navarra HorsesNavarra


Navarra (also known as Navarran, Navarrais, Navarre, Caballo Espanol, or Subraza de Navarra) Ponies are a North Iberian Mountain Pony. They are bred in the Urbasa Nature Reserve. The province of Navarra, between the Pyrenees and the valley of the Ebro, in the region around Pamplona is their homeland. They live semi-wild in small herds.   They stand 12 hand to 12.3 hands at the withers. They are generally dark brown without white markings. medium head, straight profile, small ears, mouse, muscular, wide neck, strong, deep body, sloping croup, short coupling, solid legs, hard, round hooves. They are forward moving and sure footed. They have an abundant mane and tail. These ponies are tough, easy keepers and healthy. They a ...

Navarra  - Horses Breeds

About New Forest Pony HorsesNew Forest Pony


Photo supplied by the New Forest Pony Breeding & Cattle Society (UK) Photo courtesy Anthony Reynolds © New Forest Ponies were named after a region in southern England, New Forest. Their exact origin is unknown but ponies have lived in the area for many centuries. During the 18th century the Thoroughbred stallion Marske, father of the famous race horse Eclipse, served New Forest mares. In the mid-19th century one of Queen Victoria's Arabian stallions was allowed to run with the New Forest herd. Hackney blood was also introduced. The cross breeding added to the pony's size but was harmful to the true pony element.

In order to correct the situation stallions of other native breeds including Dales, Dartmoor, Exmoor, Fell, Highland, and Welsh Mountain ponies were crossed with the New Forest. The result was a tough, sure footed ...

New Forest Pony  - Horses Breeds

About New Kirgiz  HorsesNew Kirgiz


New Kirgiz, or Novokirgizskaya, horses were developed in the state and collective farms of Kirgiz, Russia, by crossing local horses with the Don and the Thoroughbred horses. New Kirgiz horses are well adapted to highland conditions. They are used for stock work and meat and milk production. They are short-legged and massive and they have a strong constitution. In type and conformation they closely resemble Don horses.  

The average measurements of stallions (in cm) are: height at withers 156, body length 158, chest girth 188, the cannon bone girth 20.5. Mares' measurements are somewhat lower: 151,155, 180 and 19 respectively.  

New Kirgiz horses have a medium-sized clean-cut head with low neck, ...

New Kirgiz   - Horses Breeds

About Newfoundland Pony HorsesNewfoundland Pony


Source: The Newfoundland Pony Society (<a href=http://www.newfoundlandpony.com class=body> newfoundlandpony.com</a>) Newfoundland Pony are an "all purpose" pony known for its strength, courage, intelligence, obedience, and willingness. Newfoundland Ponies are hard workers and easy keepers.

Newfoundland Ponies's ancestors first arrived with the Newfoundland’s early settlers from the British Isles. Their ancestors were primarily, Exmoor, Dartmoor, and New Forest ponies and to a lesser extent, Welsh Mountain, Galloway, Highland, and Connemara ponies. They were hardy creatures who were already well adapted to the harsh climate of the islands of the North Atlantic. Isolated from the rest of the world, the ponies intermingled for hundreds of years, breeding in the seclusion of Newfoundland’s bays and coves to produce a sturdy pony uniquely ...

Newfoundland Pony  - Horses Breeds

About  Nez Perce Horses Nez Perce


Nez Perce Horses are spotted horses bred by the Nez Perce tribe of Idaho. The Nez Perce Horse Registry (NPHR) program began in 1995 in Lapwai, Idaho and is based on cross-breeding the old-line Appaloosa (Maamin - the Nez Perce word for Appaloosa) horses (the Wallowa herd - "old herd" mares from the Minam line in Wallowa, Oregon) with an ancient Central Asian breed called Akhal-Teke. This program seeks to re-establish the horse culture of the Nez Perce, a tradition of selective breeding of Appaloosa horses and horsemanship that was destroyed in the 19th century. The breeding program was financed by the United States Department of Health and Human Services, the Nez Perce tribe and a nonprofit group called the First Nations Developme ...

 Nez Perce  - Horses Breeds

About  Nivernais Horses Nivernais


Nivernais are endangered black heavy draught horses from the Nievre region of central France. They stand about 165 to 175 centimetres at the withers, occasionally up to 180 cm, and weigh 800 to1000 kg. They were created in 1872 by the Comte de Bouille by crossing black Percheron stallions with local Cheval du Morvan mares. A stud book was opened in 1880, and from that time the breed largely supplanted the Cheval du Morvan. Their population declined from the 1950s following the mechanisation of agriculture, and in 1966 the stud-book was merged with that of the Percheron. Since the 1980s various efforts have been made to preserve the breed. Without official recognition in France, it is listed in DAD-IS by the FAO.

 Nivernais  - Horses Breeds

About  Nokota Horses Nokota


Nokota horses are feral and semi-feral horses located in the badlands of southwestern North Dakota in the United States. They get their name from the Nokota Indian tribe that inhabited North and South Dakota.

Nakota horses are often blue roan, which is a color rare in other breeds, although black and gray are also common. Other, less common, colors include red roan, bay, chestnut, dun, grullo and palomino. Pinto patterns such as overo and sabino occur occasionally.

  They have an angular frame with prominent withers, a sloped croup, and a low set tail.

There are two general types of Nokota horses. The first is the traditional Nokota, known by the registry as the National Park Traditional type. T ...

 Nokota  - Horses Breeds

About  Noma Horses Noma


Photo by motofumi Noma Horses (Noma Uma in Japanese) come from the Noma region of Imabari in Ehime Prefecture, Japan. They originated in the 17th century from Mongolian stock, they are the smallest of the native Japanese horse breeds. They are valued for their gentle personality and strength. In the past they were used for riding, light draft work, and as packhorses on the steep mountainsides in the rough Noma region. Today, they are mostly used as riding horses for children and as study subjects in local schools.

It is believed that in the early 17th century, Lord Hisamatsu of Matsuyama Han charged local farmers with breeding his warhorses, and the breed grew in popularity until the Russo-Japanese war in 1904, when the Japanese army were cau ...

 Noma  - Horses Breeds

About  Nonius Horses Nonius


Nonius, or Noniusz, horses were developed at the Imperial Stud at Mezohegyes, Hungary by careful linebreeding. Originally they were bred to serve as a light draft and utility horse for Hungary's military; but they became a useful agricultural horse during the 20th century. Today they are bred by preservationists and are used in agriculture, leisure riding, and competitive driving sports. The largest numbers of Nonius horses are still found at the Mezohegyes stud ranch, with representatives in other eastern European nations as well.  

Horse-breeding has been an important facet of Hungarian culture since its settlement, due largely to its geographic location and open plains. The Ottoman Conquest, beginning in 1526, ...

 Nonius  - Horses Breeds

About Nooitgedacht Pony HorsesNooitgedacht Pony


Nooitgedacht Ponies are one of the few indigenous breeds in South Africa, and the only true descendant of the better-known Basuto Pony. Nooigedachts are a rare horse breed, with only about 400 purebreds in existence.  

Their development began in 1951 when the South African Department of Agriculture brought a group of Basuto-type ponies. In 1952 a breeding project began on the Nooitgedacht Research Station. This was done primarily to save the famous Basuto horses from extinction but also because South Africa needed an indigenous farm and riding horse adapted to conditions of the region.  

Due to large-scale inbreeding in the past, the breeders at Nooitgedacht had to use extreme care. For this rea ...

Nooitgedacht Pony  - Horses Breeds

About  Nordlandshest/ Lyngshest Horses Nordlandshest/ Lyngshest


Nordlandshest/Lyngshest horses, also known as the Northlands horse or Northlands pony, originated in Norway. They are the smallest of the three Norwegian national horse breeds. They originated in Lyngen, but were given the name Nordlandshest in 1968 by breeders in that area. The name change was hotly disputed by breeders in Lyngen and surrounding areas, but a compromise was later reached, and today their official name is both Nordlandshest and Lyngshest.

The first documentation of Nordlandshest/Lyngshest horses date back to 1898, in Lyngseidet, Troms. Organised breeding began in the 1930s, when most of the breed population lived in the northern counties of Norway. Many of them died and few were bred during World War II, ...

 Nordlandshest/ Lyngshest  - Horses Breeds

About Norfolk Trotter HorsesNorfolk Trotter


Norfolk Trotters, also known as Norfolk Roasdsters, are an extinct horse breed once native to East Anglia and Norfolk, England. They were claimed to be a large-sized trotting harness horse originating in and around Norfolk.

In 1542, King Henry the eighth required the rich citizens to keep a specific number of trotting-horse stallions. Norfolk Trotters were well praised in Norfolk, and later became known as the Norfolk Trotter.

Norfolk Trotters became the standard travel horse in England. In the city of Yorkshire, the same breed was known as the Yorkshire Trotter. Norfolk trotters were also known as roadsters. It is common to see the term Norfolk / Yorkshire Roadster / Trotter in breed-history books; regardless ...

Norfolk Trotter  - Horses Breeds

About  Noriker  Horses Noriker


The Norico is a heavy draft-horse, coming originally from the Alpine valleys between Austria and Italy.

The original horse was re-established by the Romans who undertook a breeding programme in their old province of Noricum. During the Renaissance the breed was improved with the introduction of strains from Neopolitan and Andalusian horses. Nowadays the Norico is to be found in some Alpine regions of Italy (Trentino and Alto Adige), as well as those of Austria and Germany.

It is a mountain breed and characteristically resistant to illness, strong, fertile and long-living.
A variety with a lighter build, known as the Pinzgauer, is raised in Bavaria.

The Norico is suitable for pulling heavy loads ...

 Noriker   - Horses Breeds

About  Norman Cob Horses Norman Cob


Norman Cobs are descended from bidets, small horses that from Asia. They were brought by the Celts. They lived in Brittany and Normandy before the start of the Roman Empire. Eventually these horses reached Russia and were interbred to Mongolian Horses. Romans interbred these horses with their heavy pack mares. In the 10th century the Norman breeders were known for their war horses--large, strong with good endurance. In the 16th and 17th centuries Barb and Arabian blood was introduced. In 1665 the first royal stud farms were founded. Stallions were selected in 1730. In the 19th century the Norfolk Roadster was mixed in. English Thoroughbred blood was added along with English hunter stallions. The horse developed into the Anglo-Norma ...

 Norman Cob  - Horses Breeds

About  North Swedish Horses North Swedish


North Swedish horses originated in Africa…just kidding they are from Sweden. They were developed from Scandinavian horse breeds. They have been used as pack horses, military mounts, and forestry work. They can be found in Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Estonia. They are smaller (about 15 hands tall) than some of the more powerful breeds, but do not let their size fool you; they are very strong, excellent workers. They are also very sweet, willing, tender, and easy to care for.

They have a relatively small head, a crested neck, sloping shoulders, deeper body frame, and very rounded quarters. They also have a low set tail and a sweeping quarter. They have solid, round feet. They also have a low wither and a deep chest a ...

 North Swedish  - Horses Breeds

About  Novokirghiz Horses Novokirghiz


Novokirghiz, or Novokirgizskaya, horses were developed in the 1930s in Kirghizia (Kirghistan). They were developed by breeding Old Kirghiz horses with Thoroughbred, Russian Don, and Anglo-Don horses. They are used for harness, riding, and agricultural work, as well as pack horses in the mountains. They are able to cope with almost any type of terrain. The mares are usually used for milk, which locals ferment and turn into kumis, a major staple of their diet. The mares can give up to 20 kg of milk daily. Speed records of this breed are: 1600 m in 1 min 48 sec, and 2400 m in 2 min 44.2 sec.

In 1918, forty-eight Thoroughbreds were imported to the Issyk-Kul stud in Kirghizia (Kirghistan) and were bred with Old Kirghiz mares. ...

 Novokirghiz  - Horses Breeds

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About Ob Pony HorsesOb Pony


Ob Ponies, also known as Priob ponies, are from the Khanty-Mansi national district near the lower areas of the Ob and Irtysh rivers in western Siberia in Russia.

The climate they are from is severe with extreme cold, deep snow, and a lack of grain foods. Ob Ponies are used chiefly as pack animals in the winter. During the summer months they do not work and are left free to graze the marshes.  

Ob Ponies live long lived and fertile; they work until they are eighteen or twenty years old. In general they are similar Yakut Ponies, although they are more of draft type. They are hardy and enduring. They are small in stature with a long back and well developed skeleton. Their legs are short. Their head is of ...

Ob Pony  - Horses Breeds

About Old English Black Horse  HorsesOld English Black Horse


Old English Black, or Old Kladruby, are an extinct horses developed in Britain. 

During the Norman Conquest of 1066, the british took some of the Great Horses from the mainland Europe across the English Channel and crossbred them with native mares. 

Eventually, a distinct breed developed that was known as the Old English Black Horse.
Despite the name, they were not a color breed. For a long period of time, bays and browns were more common in this breed than blacks, but, there were also roans, grays, and chestnuts among them. The color markings on the old English black horse were similar to Clydesdale horses, with the desired pattern being four white stockings and a well-defined bald face.

Old English Black Horse   - Horses Breeds

About  Oldenburg Horses Oldenburg


Oldenburg horses were developed in a small area near surrounding the province of Oldenburg, Germany in the 16th century. They horses are multi-talented horses commonly used in dressage, endurance riding, general riding, hunting, and jumping activities.


Oldenburg horses were originally developed as a strong carriage horse. They were developed from Spanish, Neapolitan, Barb, Thoroughbred, and Hanoverian horses. The early Oldenburg horses were well-known for consistency in conformation, great power, and their magnificent coal black color. They were also famed for their kind character and extreme willingness to work under saddle, in front of a carriage, or in the fields. However, as the need for carriage ...


 Oldenburg  - Horses Breeds

About  Orlov Trotter Horses Orlov Trotter


Orlov Trotters are Russian horses known for greet speed and endurance. They were developed in the 1800's with the help of Count Alexei Orlov, who operated the Khrenovskoy Stud Farm situated somewhere near Bobrov, a small town in Russia. Count Orlov cross breed local mares with English, Danish, and Arabian stallions to development of the Russian Trotter.

Through the 1800's Russian nobles frequently rode Orlov Trotter and enjoyed their durability; however, by the the twentieth century they became unpopular soon were threatened by extinction. Luckily a small number proved successful enough at racing and some owners continued to breed them. Currently around a dozen of them still exist in Voronezh, Ukraine, and around the S ...

 Orlov Trotter  - Horses Breeds

About Orlov-Rostopchin HorsesOrlov-Rostopchin


Orlov-rostopchin Horeses (also called the Russian Saddle Horses) started their developed in eighteenth century Russia when Count Alexei Orlov bred Arabian stallions with royal Spanish and Danish mares, as well as English Thoroughbreds, Dutch Friesians, and other breeds, to produce the Orlov Trotter in the late 1700s.  

But in addition to his Trotters, Count Orlov also used some of his same foundation Arabians to produce a saddle horse. Orlov Riding Horses, as they were called, averaged about 16 hands with strong, athletic bodies, but also featured dished heads, swanlike necks and an elegant look. They were predominantly black.

At the same time, a rival breeder, Count F.V. Rostopchin was crossing his ow ...

Orlov-Rostopchin  - Horses Breeds

About  Ostfriesen Horses Ostfriesen


Ostfriesen and Alt-Oldenburger  horses are representatives of a group of horse breeds primarily from continental Europe called heavy warmbloods. The breed has two names because the same horse was bred in two marshy regions in the most north-western part of Germany: East Frisia and the former grand duchy of Oldenburg. The name "Alt-Oldenburger " -- alt meaning "old"  - simply distinguishes this horse from its descendant, the modern Oldenburg, which is bred for sport.  

The AO/OF is bred by preservationists to fit the pre-World War model. Unlike the registries of the sport horses that followed them, their studbook is partly-closed. However, external evaluation and performance testing of the breeding stock ...

 Ostfriesen  - Horses Breeds

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About Padang Pony HorsesPadang Pony


Padang Ponies are from Sumatra Island, Indonesia. They are one of several ponies found in Indonesia. Among the others are Batak (Deli), Bali, Gayoe, Java, Sumba or Sumbawa, Sandalwood, and Timor ponies.

Padang Ponies are small but strong, versatile, have good endurance, and are even tempered. They stand approximately 12.2-13 hh at the withers. They have small heads, small ears, a short, muscular neck, deep chest, sloping croup, sloping shoulder, good coupling, strong back, slight builds, and light legs. They come is all colors. They have thick manes and tails.

Padang Pony  - Horses Breeds

About  Paint Horses Paint


American Paint Horses are highly valued for their color and markings, but also a favorite for their unique refinement and intelligence. They have long been used in performance competitions as a show horse.

American Paint Horses comes in various colors, including bay, chestnut, black, palomino, gray, buckskin, and blue roan. Plus they have distinctive white markings. The marks vary in size but the patterns are standard. The two predominant coat patterns of Paint Horses, the overo and tobiano, are distinguished by the position of the white coloring on the body.

Overo (Spanish, for "like an egg") patterned horses have white spots extending across their back between the withers and the tail. Typically, a ...

 Paint  - Horses Breeds

About Palomino HorsesPalomino


The term Palomino does not refer to a specific breed of horses but to a type of color. Palomino is a coat color in horses, consisting of a gold coat and white mane and tail. The Palomino coloring is evident in a number of breeds. There are various theories where the name Palomino comes from, one suggests that it comes from Juan de Palomino who received a golden colored horse from Cortes.

The origin of the Palomino is not clear as golden colored horses are found all over the world. Works of art dating back many centuries depict such horses in Asia, Japan and several European countries. The Spanish Queen Isabella encouraged the breeding of golden horses, as a result in Spain they are often referred to as Isabellas. In ...

Palomino  - Horses Breeds

About  Paso Fino Horses Paso Fino


Paso Fino means 'fine step'. Paso Fino horses are a naturally gaited light horse breed dating back to horses imported to the Caribbean from Spain. Paso Fino horses are prized for their smooth, natural, four-beat, lateral ambling gait; they are used in many disciplines, but are especially popular for trail riding.

In the United States two main groups of horses are popularly called "Paso Fin" One, also known as the Pure Puerto Rican Paso Fino (PPR), originated in Puerto Rico. The other, often called the Colombian Paso Fino or Colombian Criollo Horse (CCC), developed in Colombia.

Paso Fino horses are a blend of Barb, Spanish Jennet, and Andalusian horses. They were bred by Spanish land owners in Puerto Ric ...

 Paso Fino  - Horses Breeds

About  Pentro Horses Pentro


Pentro Horses were developed in Molise, Italy. Originally they were a beast of burden, for herding other animals. Today they are used chiefly for riding and as a working animal. They have a nervous temperament but at the same time docile.

Source: Agraria.org

 Pentro  - Horses Breeds

About  Percheron Horses Percheron


Percheron heavy horses, originally known as Norman Percheron, are one of the best-known European horse breeds. They originated in the district of Perche, to the north and west of Normandy in France.

They never achieved the popularity in England of the Clydesdale and Shire heavies, and although quite a number were imported into Britain - especially in the late 1800s - they were believed not to have the strength and stamina of the British breeds.

However, the Percheron found favor in the United States as a heavy draught animal, but a good deal of its popularity there is believed to have been due to its predominant grey color.

Percheron horses are more like Suffolk horses than other British heavy breeds ...

 Percheron  - Horses Breeds

About  Persano Horses Persano


The true Salernitano horse originated from the plain lying between the Sele and the Calore (Salerno - Campania). But, as well as this breed, another type was also raised, which came to be known as the "razza governativa di Persano" (the ruling breed of Persano).

Established in 1762 by the Bourbon king, Charles III, it was the result of crossing mares of largely eastern origin with Andalusian Arab stallions In 1874 the government sought to suppress the breed and all examples of it were sold at public auction. But in 1900 it was re-established, using mares with a good combination of characteristics and proven to be good for riding. These were selected from various cavalry regiments and mated with two stallions: Jubilee (an Eng ...

 Persano  - Horses Breeds

About Peruvian Paso HorsesPeruvian Paso


Peruvian Paso horses, or just Peruvian Horses, are light saddle horse known for their smooth ride. They are distinguished by a natural, four-beat, lateral gait called the Paso llano.  

Because of the shared word Paso, a close relationship between the Peruvian Paso and the Paso Fino breed is incorrectly assumed. "Paso" simply means "step," in Spanish, and does not imply a common breed or origin. Although the two breeds share ancestors in the Old World, and have some similarities, they were developed independently for different purposes. The two breeds are different and easily distinguishable. The Peruvian is somewhat larger, deeper in the body and wider. The Paso Fino is not bred for "termino" in its stride. ...

Peruvian Paso  - Horses Breeds

About Pindos Pony HorsesPindos Pony


Pindos ponies, also known as Thessalian Ponies, come from Greece, mostly around Thessaly. In the third century the Greek poet Oppian wrote that these ponies were "most noted for beauty, courage, and endurance".  


Pindos hPonies are rather agile animals. They are also considered frugal and surefooted. Having a surefooted horse equates a very easy journey for those seeking a means to travel inexpensively with a dependable creature. They have been utilized for agriculture, pack, harness duties, and of course, riding. They can be found in Greece, Albania, Macedonia, and other areas of the Ionian Sea and Aegean Sea.  


They have a reputation for being consistent and easy to train. At ti ...


Pindos Pony  - Horses Breeds

About  Pintabian Horses Pintabian


Pintabians are graceful, animated horses that are known for their beauty, stamina, versatility, and good disposition. Although Pintabians can also be registered as Pintos, they are more specifically referred to as an Arabian-type horse with spots. Pintabians have tobiano markings and over 99 percent Arabian blood. They became officially recognized in 1992 when the Pintabian Horse Registry was established.    

While its tobiano markings are one of its distinguishing characteristics, the Pintabian is not a color breed. Arabian does not have a spotted coat. In order to have a color pattern, there was a tobiano pinto, 7 generations ago that was crossed with an Arab. The tobiano color pattern is defined as non ...

 Pintabian  - Horses Breeds

About  Pleven Horses Pleven


Pleven horses are competition horses with a natural jump and free-flowing gaits.

Pleven horses were developed in 1898 in the Klementina stud (now called the Georgi Dimitrov Agricultural Center) in Bulgaria. Plevens are mostly Anglo-Arab, but Gidran stallions were later added to the breed. They were officially recognized in 1951, and English Thoroughbred blood was further added to add refinement and size to Plevens.  

The breed is still selectively bred throughout Bulgaria, and an effort is being made to increase their size, which would make it more attractive as an international sport horse.  

The Pleven's head has a straight profile, a long, muscular neck, and a nice topline. They ar ...

 Pleven  - Horses Breeds

About  Poitevin (Mulassier) Horses Poitevin (Mulassier)


Poitevin (also known as Mulassier "mule-breeder", Poitevin Mulassier, or Trait Mulassier) are a draft horse from the Poitou area of France. They are a late-maturing breed with strong bones, known for its calm nature. They are found in many solid coat colors, the result of crossbreeding with several other European draft breeds throughout its history, and are the only French draft horse to be found in bay dun. Today, Poitevins are used mainly for driving, although some are used for riding and equine therapy.  

Poitevin stallions were generally sold as two-year-olds at the summer fair in Vendee and the winter fair in Saint-Maixent, as well as to horse merchants in Berry, Beauce, Perche, and the Midi. In these areas, ...

 Poitevin (Mulassier)  - Horses Breeds

About Pony of the Americas HorsesPony of the Americas


The Pony of the Americas originated in Iowa, US. They are all related to one horse named the Black Hand. They were development by breeding an Appaloosa Arab horse with a Shetland. Black Hand was the horse of an attorney named was Les Boomhower. Les gave the horse the name for the markings situated on their quarters. Today they can be found in Minnesota, Iowa, Nebraska, Kansas, Missouri, Wisconsin, Illinois, and other Midwestern states.

Ponies of the Americas are very smart horses with a calm and giving temperament. They are gentle and can be trusted to travel on their own when needed.

They can stand up to thirteen hands tall, with the vast majority of them coming in just under eleven or twelve hands. The ...

Pony of the Americas  - Horses Breeds

About  Pottok Horses Pottok


Pottok horses originate from the Basque region of France. They have been in demand for quite some time and are considered one of the three main native horse breeds. Their history comes from the Magdalenian types of horses, which were dated all the way back to seven thousand B.C. They were once considered a very wild horse but have since become domesticated.

Just as their popularity began to grow, they were hurt by the high demand for horses that were larger for agricultural purposes. Experts believe that at some point there were only a mere 150 Pottok horses left. However today yhey are popular due to a gentile nature. They have been featured in films and have also been serving as a mascot for a rugby team. &nbs ...

 Pottok  - Horses Breeds

About  Pryor Mountain Mustang Horses Pryor Mountain Mustang


Pryor Mountain Mustangs are a substrain of Mustang considered to be genetically unique and one of the few strains of horses verified by DNA analysis to be descended from the original Colonial Spanish Horses brought to the Americas by the Spanish. They live on the Pryor Mountains Wild Horse Range located in the Pryor Mountains of Montana and Wyoming in the United States, and are the only Mustang herds remaining in Montana. They are protected by the Wild and Free-Roaming Horses and Burros Act of 1971 (WFRHBA) and managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), who has set the optimum herd number at 120 animals. Genetic studies have revealed that the herd exhibits a high degree of genetic diversity and a low degree of inbreeding, an ...

 Pryor Mountain Mustang  - Horses Breeds

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About  Qatgani Horses Qatgani


Qatgani are light riding horses from Afghanisan.



 Qatgani  - Horses Breeds

About Quagga HorsesQuagga


Quaggas are an extinct subspecies of plains zebra that lived in South Africa until the 19th century.

It was long thought to be a completely distinct species, but genetic studies have shown it to be the southernmost subspecies of plains zebra. They are considered particularly close to Burchell's zebra.

The name, Quagga, was named for a sound that they make, it sounded like "kwa-ha-ha". They are believed to have been around 257 cm (8 ft 5 in) long and 125–135 cm (4 ft 1 in - 4 ft 5 in) tall at the shoulder. They were distinguished from other zebras by their limited pattern of primarily brown and white stripes, mainly on the front part of their body. Their rear was brown and without stripes, and therefore more horse ...

Quagga  - Horses Breeds

About  Quarab Horses Quarab


Quarab horses are an exclusive combination of Arabian and Paint or Quarter Horse breeding. They are a wonderful blend of Pleasure type and Stock Type. A Quarab can be "custom made" for your choice of style and movement, size and athleticism, and a wonderful temperament to go with it!  

The Quarab's body type may resemble more the stock-horse type with muscular forearm and gaskin and well-rounded hip, or the Arabian type with long, well-arched neck, long barrel, and level croup. The head usually shows refinement, large eyes, wide forehead, and slight to extreme dish in the face, depending on the ratio of Arabian to Quarter Horse blood. Height ranges from 14 to 16 hands.    

Quarabs can excel ...

 Quarab  - Horses Breeds

About  Quarter Horses Quarter


American Quarter Horses are most likely North America's most popular breed. With QH fans worldwide the AQHA is the largest breed registry. The AQHA states there are over five million registered American Quarter Horses worldwide.

American Quarter Horses are stout, quick, and compact. Some have been clocked at speeds of 55mph. They are used in a number of equestrian disciplines, primarily associated with Western rodeo. They have a natural "cow sense", giving them the ability to work well with cattle. Their unique characteristics and breeding history have earned them the nicknames "America's Horse" and "the World's Fastest Athlete".

In the 17th century, North American colonists on the eastern seaboard began to c ...

 Quarter  - Horses Breeds

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About  Racking  Horses Racking


Racking Horses come from the Southern United States, mainly Alabama. They are known for a distinctive sugarfoot gait.It is believed that they are related to Tennessee Walking horses. An Alabama business person created this horse and worked diligently to maintain them for years to come.

Their ancestors were first bred on southern plantations prior to the American Civil War. They could be ridden comfortably for hours because of their smooth, natural gait. They were also bred for a good disposition, intelligence, and versatility. Their development was similar to that of the Tennessee Walking Horse, also popular in the southeastern US. In the late 1800s, horse shows became increasingly popular in the southeastern United Stat ...

 Racking   - Horses Breeds

About  Retuerta  Horses Retuerta


Retuertas horse (also known as Caballo de las Retuertas or Caballo de las Retuertas de Donana) are a rare horse indigenous to the Andalusia region of Spain. They are believed to closely resemble the ancient Iberian horses that populated Spain before being domesticated. They are now now found only in the Donana National Park in the provinces of Huelva and Sevilla, and in The Biological Reserve "Campanarios de Azaba" in Espeja (Salamanca province) a part of which is the research reserve of the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, the Spanish National Research Council. According to a genetic study by the CSIC, the Retuertas horse is one of the oldest European breeds.

 Retuerta   - Horses Breeds

About  Rhenish-German Cold-Blood ( Rhineland) Horses Rhenish-German Cold-Blood ( Rhineland)


Rhenish German Coldblood (also known as Rheinisch Deutsches Kaltblut, Rheinisch-Westfalisches Kaltblut, Rhineland Heavy Draft, and Rhenish-German Coldblood) are a heavy draught horse from the Rhineland area of western Germany. They were bred in the second part of the nineteenth century, principally at the Prussian state stud at Schloss Wickrath in Wickrathberg, now part of Monchengladbach in North Rhine-Westphalia.

Rhenish German Coldblood are usually roan in color although sometimes chestnut can be seen. They have either black points or a flaxen mane and tail. On average they are 16 to 16.3 hand high and weight 1860 to 2200 lbs.

They have a Plain head with a short thick neck and a wide, short body. Their frame is ...

 Rhenish-German Cold-Blood ( Rhineland)  - Horses Breeds

About  Riwoche Horses Riwoche


Riwoches are very small dun-colored horses from an isolated region of Tibet in 1995. Previously unknown to science, these small horses may be an evolutionary link between prehistoric wild horses and modern domestic horses, though they could also be a domesticated variety that reverted to a small size and primitive coloring.  

They were discovered in 1995 in an isolated, 27 kilometres (17 mi) long valley reached only by crossing a 5,000 metres (16,000 ft) mountain pass. They were spotted by a team of explorers led by the French ethnologist Michel Peissel. While on an expedition to study another newly-discovered horse breed that Peissel had located in 1993, the Nangchen horse, he came upon a number of small horses ...

 Riwoche  - Horses Breeds

About Roadster HorsesRoadster


Please see Hackney Horses.

Roadster  - Horses Breeds

About  Rocky Mountain Horses Rocky Mountain


Rocky Mountain Horses were developed in the 1800's in the Kentucky, US. Rocky Mountain horses have a brown shaded coat with lots of shine to their frames, making them simple to recognize. They are  a very stable-yet-surefooted horse with a unique four feet gait and a long bushy tail. Many farmers found great joy in owning one or two Rocky Mountain Horses so that they could easily utilize their strength for pulling plows and helping on the farm. One gentleman in particular, Sam Tuttle, is noted for his Old Tobe, which was a stallion that went on to become quite the champion for the southwest. Once the word got out that they could be used for climbing the mountain sides with ease and as farm hands, their popularity rapidly incre ...

 Rocky Mountain  - Horses Breeds

About  Rottaler Horses Rottaler


Rottaler horses were originally bred in the Rott valley of Bavaria, and were used as the foundation for the Bavarian Warmblood. Systematic breeding in the region dates back to 1558, when the first duke, Albrecht IV, imported popular Neapolitan and Spanish stallions.  

In keeping with the times, Rottalers were expected to be versatile enough to pull the plow during the week and the carriage to church on Sundays. Throughout the 19th century, Anglo-Norman, Cleveland Bay, and Oldenburg horses were imported to keep the Rottaler vibrant, and by 1906 the Rottaler Warmblood Horse Breeding Association was formed. In 1963, the breeding aim was redirected towards the production of more agile, sensitive riding horses, and t ...

 Rottaler  - Horses Breeds

About  Russian Heavy Draft Horses Russian Heavy Draft


Russian Heavy Draft horses originated in Russia and the Ukraine. They are considered to be a younger style of horses, one that began in the middle of the eighteen hundreds. The state studs were noted as Khrenov and Derkul and were mated with local mares, as well as the Ardennes breeds. The Russian Heavy Draft was once even used in the Paris Exhibition in 1900. In very little time at all, the breed was introduced to newer blood lines, such as the Brabant, Percheron, and the famous Orlov Trotter. The breed went on to be virtually extinct once the first World War was over, and then again following the Russian Civil War. Used for agricultural and lighter draft work, they continued to expand the breed. The style went on to be used to cr ...

 Russian Heavy Draft  - Horses Breeds

About Russian Trotter HorsesRussian Trotter


Russian Trotters originated from the cross-breeding of native Russian Orlov Trotter horses with imported American Standardbred stock around 1890. The breeding goal was to develop a Russian racing horse that could compete with American Standardbred horses. While Russian Trotters were very successful, they were eventually bred to their original styles of Orlov Trotters and Standardbred variations around the middle of the nineteenth century.

By 1950 the Russian Trotter breed was considered established, although some cross-breeding with American stallions continued. A stud-book was established in 1927. Russian Trotters are widely found, from the Baltic to Siberia. In 1989 there were approximately 290,000 in the USSR ...

Russian Trotter  - Horses Breeds

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About Sable Island Pony HorsesSable Island Pony


The first horses on Sable Island, off the coast of Nova Scotia, Canada were brought to the island during the late 1700s. Many people believe that they arrived on the island from many shipwrecks. However, this romantic notion is false - they were in fact intentionally left on Sable to graze and multiply, and were most likely seized from Acadians during their expulsion from Nova Scotia at the hands of the British. Although often referred to as ponies due to their small size, they have a horse phenotype. One of the first horses on the island for which there was a record of importation was the stallion, Jolly, who was taken there in 1801. Their ancestry is unknown, but they are related in some way to Spanish horses.  

Th ...

Sable Island Pony  - Horses Breeds

About Saddlebred HorsesSaddlebred


Please see our description of American Saddlebred horses.

Saddlebred  - Horses Breeds

About  Salerno Horses Salerno


The Salerno, or Salernitano, horse is a saddle-horse, originally from the plains of Battipaglia, Eboli and Paestum, in the province of Salerno (Campania). It is a very ancient breed, which was improved during the period of Spanish domination by crossing it with Andalusian and Oriental horses. It has also been used to improve Russian breeding stock. The Salernitano horse was once used by the army. In the second half of the nineteenth century it was crossed with pure-bred English horses, which changed its original appearance. It was chosen to help produce special Italian cross-breeds, such as Posillipo, Merano and Fiorello, winners at the Olympics between the years 1956 and 1972.

This is a horse for riding, very popular in ...

 Salerno  - Horses Breeds

About  Samolaco Horses Samolaco


Samolaco are a rare breed of horse originating from Valchiavenna and Valtellina, in Lombardy, northern Italy. They get their name from the town of Samolaco, near Chiavenna in the province of Sondrio. They are gravely endangered; however, they are not among the fifteen indigenous horse "breeds of limited distribution" recognised by the AIA, the Italian breeders' association. The population is listed in DAD-IS as over 12 in 1994, and under 100 in 1998; one further example of the breed may have been identified during a television broadcast.  

Samolaco horses are thought to originate from crossing between indigenous horses and Spanish horses abandoned in about the 17th century by the garrisons of Spanish fortificatio ...

 Samolaco  - Horses Breeds

About  San Fratello Horses San Fratello


The Sanfratellano dei Nebrodi, or San Fratello, horse is an Italian breed originating in Messina (Sicily).

The account of its origins is of great historical and sociological interest. It was not a padronal breed, raised by a noble or baronial family enjoying ascendancy during a certain historical period, but rather a population of horses connected to the people and history of a particular part of Sicily. Today, as 1000 years ago, the Sanfratellano di Nebrodi horse lives free and well-protected in its "cradle of origin", a Natural Park extending for 87,00 hectares and containing 21 inhabited communes. The breed is the subject of "studies and research", undertaken, in particular, by the Istituto Sperimentale Zootechnico di ...

 San Fratello  - Horses Breeds

About Sandalwood Pony  HorsesSandalwood Pony


Sandalwood Ponies originated in Indonesia, on the Sumba and Sumbawa Islands. They are named after the Sandalwood trees, which are a major export of the country. Sandalwood ponies are one of the finest in the country, partly due to the great amount of Arabian blood. They are very nice children's ponies. Sandalwood Ponies have been exported to Australia and other Southeast Asian countries for use as racing ponies. They have been crossed with Thoroughbred blood and are used in racing on Cambodian and Thai racing tracks.  

Sandalwoods have incredible endurance. They are very easy to manage. Generally they have a nice head, small ears, a short, muscular neck, and a deep chest with a sloping shoulder. Their back is usually ...

Sandalwood Pony   - Horses Breeds

About Sanhe HorsesSanhe


Sanhe means three rivers in Chinese. Where these three rivers meet is some of the best forage or grassland in all of China. Sanhe horses are found in the northeast of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region and are used mainly for riding and pulling loads or carting. They are considered the most developed of the Chinese horse breeds.    

During the Liao dynasty, about 1000 AD, the region was known for the quality of its horses, some of which were sent to the emperors by nomadic tribes. During the Qing dynasty seven hundred years later, the Soulun breed was bred in this area. The Soulun were famous for their appearance and performance under a saddle. These horses were used as cavalry horses against invaders. ...

Sanhe  - Horses Breeds

About  Sarcidano Horses Sarcidano


Sarcidano Horses ( orCavallo del Sarcidano) are a rare breed of semi-feral horse originating from the Altopiano del Sarcidano ("plateau of Sarcidano") in the comune of Laconi in the Oristano province of Sardinia, Italy. They are one of the fifteen indigenous horse "breeds of limited distribution" recognised by the AIA, the Italian breeders' association. Although they should never exceed 148 cm (14.2 hands) at the withers, they are officially considered a cavallo or horse, and not a pony.  

No use of the Sarcidano horse is documented. In 2001 the possibility of starting a few horses for use in trekking were considered.  

Sarcidano horses appear to have ancient Spanish ancestry in common with the ...

 Sarcidano  - Horses Breeds

About  Sardinian Anglo-Arab Horses Sardinian Anglo-Arab


Please see our description of Anglo-Arabo-Sardohorses.

 Sardinian Anglo-Arab  - Horses Breeds

About  Schleswig Horses Schleswig


Schleswig (also known as Schleswiger Heavy Draft, or Schleswiger Kaltblut) horses are from the Duchy of Schleswig, Germany. They are thought to be the origin of the Schleseiger Draft Horse along with the Jutland Heavy Draft Horse. Although not a certainty, the Schleswiger Heavy Draft's ancestors not only worked in agriculture tilling and pulling, but the Schleswigers probably descended from the large war horses of the Middle Ages.  

In 1860 an imported English stallion, Oppenheim LXII, either a pure-bred or a part-bred Suffolk Punch, was introduced, and became the foundation stallion of the breed. In 1888 the breeding of warmbloods and coldbloods was separated, and in 1891 various associations of coldblood breede ...

 Schleswig  - Horses Breeds

About Schwarzwalder Fuchs HorsesSchwarzwalder Fuchs


See Black Forest Horse

Schwarzwalder Fuchs  - Horses Breeds

About  Sella Italiano Horses Sella Italiano


Sella Italiano horses were developed in Italy. The Italian Government has passed a law that created a stud book for the new breed. The breed is blending the remnant indigenous Italian breeds of Maremmano, Salernitano, and Persano horses with Anglo Arabo Sardo, Purosangue Orientale, Arabian and Thoroughbreds. The progeny of said horses can be registered as Sella Italiano if they can pass a "performance test". Furthermore, the stud book is open to other European warmbloods if they can pass the performance test and be approved by the breed registry. They are intended to produce a sport horse which can compete successfully at the international level.  

Their minimum height at the withers is set at 156 centimetres (15 ...

 Sella Italiano  - Horses Breeds

About Selle Francais HorsesSelle Francais


Selle Francais horses comes from France, where they are popular as a racing horse and have an incredible ability for high jumping. One in particular, the Selle Francais Baloubet De Rouet, was the winner of three World Show Jumping Championships. Over time they have been cross-bred Norfolk Trotters and English Thoroughbreds. Anglo Norman horses and French Trotters were the result of all some of the breeding. Over time various styles of the Selle Francais horse have been developed for drafting and also for riding. A specific horse named Orange Peel was placed into the blood lines to increase the riding abilities.    

Selle Francais orses are full of energy and extremely smart. They are also considered to pe ...

Selle Francais  - Horses Breeds

About Seminole Pony HorsesSeminole Pony


Please see Florida Cracker Horses.

Seminole Pony  - Horses Breeds

About Senner HorsesSenner


Senner, or Senne, horses are a critically-endangered German riding horse. They are believed to be the oldest saddle-horse breed in Germany, and are documented at least as far back as 1160. They are named for the Senne, a natural region of dunes and moorland in Nordrhein-Westfalen, in western Germany, and live in feral herds there and in the Teutoburger Forest to the east.  

Senner horses were bred principally as a riding horse, even in times when working horses were in demand; they were also used as a carriage horse. Senner stallions stood at the royal stud of Weil bei Esslingen in Baden-Wurttemberg and at the state stud of Lipizza in the Austrian Empire. Today, they are competition or recreational riding. &nb ...

Senner  - Horses Breeds

About  Shagya Arabian Horses Shagya Arabian


Shagya Arabian horses were developed in the Austro-Hungarian Empire during the 19th century at the Babolna, Mezohegyes, Radautz, Piber, and Topolcianky stud ranches. Today can be found in Slovenia, Austria, Croatia, Serbia, Romania, Poland, and Czech Republic.

Shagya Arab horses originated in Hungary and were developed to create a much taller and sleeker version of the traditional Arab styles. One of the major founding sires was Shagya (hence the breed's name), a gray Arabian (or perhaps part-Arabian) stallion with some ancestors of the Kehilan and Siglavy strains. Born in Syria in 1810, he was taller than the average Arabian of the time, standing 15.2 1/2 hands (62.5 inches, 159 cm) at the withers.

Shagya was us ...

 Shagya Arabian  - Horses Breeds

About Shetland Ponies HorsesShetland Ponies


Shetland Ponies are the smallest of the British breeds, and unlike other pony breeds, do not increase in height when bred on more favorable land and in a milder climate.

The early 1800s saw a demand for this breed from outside the Shetland Islands (Scotland) where it developed initially this was mainly for circus animals and children’s ponies. However, with the abolition of child labor in the coal mines demand grew even further and large numbers of ponies were sent to England for the mines. Buyers from the US had also become interested in the breed and large consignments were shipped across the Atlantic.

In 1822 it was estimated there were 10,000 ponies on the Shetland Islands but by the 1890s this figure was d ...

Shetland Ponies  - Horses Breeds

About  Shire Horses Shire


Shire Horses are the largest - and among the oldest -of the British horse breeds. Among its ancestors were the chariot horses of the Britons - described and admired greatly by Julius Caesar two thousand years ago.

For centuries its primary role was as a War Horse (its original name). It has also been known as the Great Horse and the Strong Horse.

Strengthened by crossing with horses imported from Europe (e.g. Friesian Horses), the breed was steadily increased in size and strength as the chain mail and then plate armour of its riders increased in heaviness. This attained its greatest weight in the reign of Henry VIII. An Elizabethan writer estimated that the average Great Horse could carry up to four hundredweight ...

 Shire  - Horses Breeds

About  Siciliano indigeno Horses Siciliano indigeno


This is an Italian breed, originally from eastern Sicily.

We should really refer to it as a breed of horse with a definite oriental stamp, rather than as a pure and distinct breed.

In fact, we can individuate two distinct ethnic groups: that originating from the eastern parts of the island (Catania, Siracuse and Ragusa) has more distinctly dolichomorphic characteristics, while the group from the interior is more mesomorphic in form. The latter also has more of a tendency towards deformed or irregular characteristics.

It is a saddle-horse, used for riding in the countryside, or for jumping. In the past it was used to pull carriages, or as a working horse.

It is tough, powerful and tenacious. ...

 Siciliano indigeno  - Horses Breeds

About  Silesian Horses Silesian


Silesian (or Kon slaski, or Slunski kun) horses are warmblooded horses from the area of historic Silesia, which lies mostly within modern Poland. They are the heaviest of the Polish warmblood breeds, and have been influenced mainly by Thoroughbred and Oldenburg horses, and partly by East Friesian and German halfbreds. The Oldenburg influence was particularly pronounced after World War II, when imported stallions were used to keep the breed from becoming extinct. Two types are recognised in the breed standard, an old and a new.  

At 3 years old, stallions of the old type stand 160 - 170 centimetres (15.3 -16.3 hands) at the withers, mares about 2 cm less; the girth is 190 - 210 cm (75 - 83 in), and the cannon-bon ...

 Silesian  - Horses Breeds

About Single-Footing HorsesSingle-Footing


Single footing horses come in many varieties, sizes, colors and coat patterns. They must be of good temperament, willing, have endurance, easy to train, have good gait, and be smooth at all speeds of gait. They are a light breed with a solid conformation. They must be able to perform an even 4-beat gait. Some are able to reach speeds of up to 20 mph. At the fastest speeds these horses will be traveling with one foot on the ground at a time, thus the name "single-footing." The horse will not have a head nod or bob. The Single Footers generally travel with head up, "star gazing." They also tend to round their backs instead of arch them. "Many may stretch out, lowering their heads at the racing single-foot. The horse may have other g ...

Single-Footing  - Horses Breeds

About Skyros Pony HorsesSkyros Pony


Skyros Ponies are believed to be descended from horses brought to the island of Skyros during the 5th to 8th centuries BCE by Athenian colonists. It is possible that they were used by Alexander the Great in his conquests, and also possible that they are the horses depicted in the friezes of the Parthenon.  

They developed mainly as semi-feral horses in the mountainous area on the southern part of the island, although individuals were caught and tamed by farmers for agricultural uses. The advances in agricultural mechanization during the 1960's called into question the survival of the breed, as they were no longer needed for farm work and their numbers were already low. The prevalence of feral donkeys in the same ...

Skyros Pony  - Horses Breeds

About Slovak Sport Pony HorsesSlovak Sport Pony


Slovak Sport Ponies are raised in the areas of Vel'ke Pole and Nitra, Slovakia,and were developed from Thoroughbred, Arabian and Slovak Warmblood breeds crossed with Welsh and German riding ponies.

A genealogical record was established in 1984. They are mainly gray and sometimes black. Adult males and females weigh on average 354 kg and 248 kg with a height at the cross of 143 cm and 140 cm respectively. They are on average 13.3 - 14.2 hands height.


Slovak Sport Pony  - Horses Breeds

About  Sokolsky  Horses Sokolsky


Sokolsky, or Sokolka, horses originated in Poland. They are used for heavy draft and farm work, and are a tough breed with great stamina.    

Sokolsky horses were developed in the 1900s, and has been heavily influenced by Belgian, Ardennes, Norfolk, Dole/Gudbrandsdal, and Anglo-Norman stock. The result of this breeding is a heavy draft horse that is not excessively large, with stamina, toughness, and good gaits.    

Sokolsky horses usually stands between 15 and 16 hands high, and are chestnut or bay. They have a slightly heavy head with a straight profile, set on a long, broad, and muscular neck. Their shoulders are well-formed and sloping, resulting in their good gaits. They tend ...

 Sokolsky   - Horses Breeds

About Somali Pony HorsesSomali Pony


Somali Ponies are from Somalia in East Africa. They are genetically horses but are considered Ponies because they are pony sized (only 13-13 1/2 hh). The severe climate and poor food sources, in Somalia, have contributed to their smaller size. They are bred by most tribes excluding the Esa and Geri. The Dolbanhanta tribe is the breeder of Somali ponies.  

They have heavy heads, short, thick necks, with inharmonious conformations. They are able to carry light weight very well and for long distances. They have extremely hard hooves; some say harder than the Arabian horses. They can gallop and perform better without shoes because of the terrain and the nature of their feet. They can go three days or longer without water ...

Somali Pony  - Horses Breeds

About  Sorraia Horses Sorraia


Sorraia horses come from Portugal and Spain. They received their name from where they where originally bred: the Raia and the Sor rivers that flow between Spain and Portugal. They were initially utilized for herding bulls all over Iberia. They look similar to Przewalski’s horse or Tarpan horses, and are often mistaken for them. They are found all along the Iberian Peninsula. Many experts have taken into account that these Sorraia horses could be responsible for many other horse breeds, even some bred in North Africa. They are currently undergoing a preservation project. They can be found in Lisbon as well as all along the Atlantic coast of Portugal. There were two variations of the Sorraia horses that were taken to North America so ...

 Sorraia  - Horses Breeds

About South German Coldblood  HorsesSouth German Coldblood


South German coldblood, or Suddeutsches Kaltblut, Horses are descended from the Austrian Noriker.

In the end of the 19th century the Noriker was introduced to Bavaria. Holstein and Oldenburg breeds were added to the breeding program in Upper Bavaria. In Lower Bavaria Oldenburg, Cleveland Bay, Clydesdales, and Belgian Draft Horses were used as outcrosses by those breeders. Over time the German breeders used the original Noriker blood to upgrade their breeding program. The South German Horse was first named the Pinzgauer Noriker because it was bred in the region of Salzburg Province of Austria. In time, the German bred breed became known as the South German Heavy Horse.  

Mainly bred in Bavaria and Baden ...

South German Coldblood   - Horses Breeds

About  Soviet Heavy Draft Horses Soviet Heavy Draft


Soviet Heavy Draft horses originated in Russia at the end of the 19th century and became established by the 1940's. The need for a strong but relatively fast draft horse breed was recognized in Russia during the latter part of the 1800's . The initial breeding took place at the Khrenov stud, and from there expanded to the Pochinkozsk stud.  

They were created by crossing native mares with imported Belgian stallions. The native mares were a mix of Percheron, Ardennes, Suffolk Punch, Danish and various saddle horse breeds.  

By 1936, during the Soviet era, three state breeding centres were established: Pochinkovsk, Mordovian and Gavrilovo-Posad. Alexandroz farm in the Vladimir region and Yaroslavl ...

 Soviet Heavy Draft  - Horses Breeds

About  Spanish Barb  Horses Spanish Barb


Spanish Barb horses originated in America. They are a cross between Barb and Andalusian horses. They are known to be extremely resilient, good riders, and possess an immaculate cow sense. Andalusian ancestry has given them good conformation and responsiveness.  

They average in the range of 13.3 to 15 hands high. They are found in bay, dark bay, and black, with grays appearing because of Andalusian influence. Their head is narrow and refined with a convex profile, their neck is arched and their withers pronounced. Their thick body is indicative of its staying power, although they have thin legs, that are not. Overall, they are an elegant mix of the Andalusian and Barb horses.  

In recent years the Inter ...

 Spanish Barb   - Horses Breeds

About Spanish Jennet HorsesSpanish Jennet


The original Spanish Jennet was a type of horse more than a distinct breed, and became extinct. However there have been effort to recreate a colored variety of gaited horse that resembles the historical Jennet.  

The Jennet was a smooth-gaited type of horse popular in the Middle Ages, known for their presence, style and smooth ride. They were often ridden by European nobility. Some early Jennets sported pinto or leopard patterns.    

Most of the Medieval horses bred during the 1500's in Spain and elsewhere were not "breeds" in the modern sense of the word. The Jennet from Spain became more uniform in type due to a single geographical region producing them as well as generations of select ...

Spanish Jennet  - Horses Breeds

About  Spanish Mustang Horses Spanish Mustang


Please see our description of Mustang horses

 Spanish Mustang  - Horses Breeds

About  Spanish-Norman Horses Spanish-Norman


Spanish-Norman horses are considered to be an exclusive and rare breed. Genetically Spanish-Norman horses are a blending of Andalusian and Percheron horses. They are suited for many disciplines including fighting. They were used on the battlefields in Europe by noblemen.  

In 1991 the Spanish-Norman Horse Registry was created to record the pedigrees of this special breed. The Registry was started by Allan and Linda Osterman Hamid of Hamid Hill Farm, Ltd., Woodbury, Connecticut.  

They stand between 15.5hh and 17 hands. Their colors include gray, bay, and black. They are an extremely athletic breed, are calm, docile, intelligent, easy to train, willing, have long arched necks, short backs, solid sho ...

 Spanish-Norman  - Horses Breeds

About Spiti Pony HorsesSpiti Pony


Spiti Ponies (also known as Chamurthi Ponies) are a gaited pony from India. They are indigenous to the Pin Valley which is found in a Buddhist tribal district called Spiti.

Spiti is a unique and isolated area located in the state of Himachal Pradesh in north-western India, a high altitude desert which is closed off from the rest of the country for 6 months of the year by snow on the high passes which access this region. To the east lies Tibet, in the west is another remote district often linked with Spiti, called Lahaul, to the north is the famous high altitude area known as Ladakh, and to the south lie the foothills of the Himalayas. Once the high passes are crossed, you enter a completely different landscape. The land is ...

Spiti Pony  - Horses Breeds

About  Spotted Saddle  Horses Spotted Saddle


Spotted Saddle are light riding horses from the United States. They were developed from small gaited pinto ponies of Spanish ancestry. These were crossed with larger American breeds such as the Morgan and Standardbred, developed after the American Revolution, to increase size while retaining coloration and the desired gait. After the American Civil War, additional gaited blood was added, with contributing breeds including the Tennessee Walking Horse, Missouri Fox Trotter, Paso Fino, and Peruvian Paso. Mustangs from the American West were also incorporated. Originally developed in central Tennessee, and selectively bred for pinto coloration, they were used for general pleasure and trail riding. The result is a colorful, smooth-gaite ...

 Spotted Saddle   - Horses Breeds

About  Standardbred  Horses Standardbred


Standardbred horses are an American horse breed best known harness racing, where members of the breed compete at either a trot or pace. They are robust, rugged, loyal, sensible, level-headed, willing, and capable of doing any job asked. Standardbred horses have a reputation for being 'bombproof' and many adoptions off the racetrack find homes as stellar trail horses for families. Standardbred horses have also been used as police horses for their dependability and stoicism. Standardbreds adapt easily to any riding discipline and show intelligence and willingness. Therefore, you will find them more and more as outstanding horses in many riding styles and all types of competition.


 Standardbred   - Horses Breeds

About  Suffolk Punch Horses Suffolk Punch


Suffolk Punch horses have a long and well-established history as a draught animal of English origin. Arthur Young, one of the earliest writers on British livestock, and who himself came from Suffolk, was the first to refer, in 1771, to the area's 'noble breed of hoofs', as a distinct breed. He noted that even in his childhood (he was born in 1741) the Suffolk was referred to as "The Old Breed." It is almost certainly the oldest existing pure breed of draught horse to have originated in England.

William Youatt in 1837, and David Low in 1845, both equally renowned as recorders of early livestock in Britain, also wrote enthusiastically of the Suffolk, noting its distinctive 'stout or punchy form', with large head and deep ne ...

 Suffolk Punch  - Horses Breeds

About  Swedish Ardennes Horses Swedish Ardennes


Swedish Ardennes horses were developed in Sweden when the Count C.G. Wrangle brought large Ardennes horses to the country in 1872. By 1880 most parts of south and central Sweden had imported or crossed Ardennes. These heavier horses were bred with the horse of the Swedish countryside. The resulting horse was very mobile and marked by longevity. So successful was the breeding effort that a stud book was opened in 1901.    

For years, the wild horse population of Sweden was indiscriminately crossed with other imported breeds. Even when studs began focusing their breeding efforts, however, horses were chosen more for their outer looks than well examined conformation standards. By 1874, this had all changed a ...

 Swedish Ardennes  - Horses Breeds

About  Swedish Warmblood Horses Swedish Warmblood


Swedish Warmblood horses were developed at Stromsholm and Flyinge. They are descended from imported stock in the 17th century from Denmark, Germany, England, Hungary, France, Russia, Spain, and Turkey. These horses were extraordinarily varied, but along the way became the Swedish Warmblood.  

The decade from 1920 to 1930 was an important decade in the development of the breed. The three most noticeable influences on the breed were Tribun, Hamlet, and Thoroughbred Hamplemann, all Hanoverians Schwabliso. After 1945, the Trakehners Heristal, Heinfried, Anno, and Polarstern had a dominant effect upon the breed. Heristal was a descendant of the great English racehorse Hyperion. He produced 15 stallions and 44 mares tha ...

 Swedish Warmblood  - Horses Breeds

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About  Taishuh Horses Taishuh


Photo by motofumi Taishu (taishu uma) or Tsushima (Tsushima uma) are small rare Japanese horses from Tsushima Island in the Korea Strait, in Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan.

They are an ancient breed, believed to date back to the eighth century. In 1920, there were more than 4000 of them, but only about 65 remain today. Due to their gentle nature and strong willingness to obey, Tiasho are often ridden by farmers' wives and children. Nevertheless, they are also known for endurance and ability to survive on little food and in severe weather, and may even be used for light draft. 

Source: Japanese Horse Breeds ( www.lingu ...

 Taishuh  - Horses Breeds

About Tarpan HorsesTarpan


Tarpans are a now extinct wild horse from Russia. The last two on the planet died within a decade of each other in the late 19th century.  

Essentially the Tarpan is one of the few wild equines that existed during prehistoric times and they are thought to be the ancestors of most modern breeds that come from the Russian Steppes. Originally they were found throughout Eastern Europe and western Russia and became the foundation stock for many civilizations along the eastern Mediterranean. For thousands of years they were a mainstay in many cultures and their blood is a part of a wide variety of modern breeds.

They were hunted to extinction in a similar manner as the modern Mustang is today in the wester ...

Tarpan  - Horses Breeds

About  Tawleed Horses Tawleed


Image: Omdurman-Tuti Island Jetty Sudan.

Tawleed horses are from the mountainous areas of the Sudan. They are extremely easy to keep. They are strong and sturdy with excellent endurance. They are good riding horses. 



 Tawleed  - Horses Breeds

About  Tennessee Walking Horses Tennessee Walking


<a href = http://livestockofamerica.com/Ranches/Ranchhome.asp?CurrentPeopleID=2005 class = body>Photo supplied by ChuloWat Farms</a> A light horse breed founded in middle Tennessee, the Tennessee Walking Horse is a composition of Narragansett and Canadian Pacer, Standardbred, Thoroughbred, Morgan, and American Saddlebred stock. Originally bred as a utility horse, this breed is an ideal mount for riders of all ages and levels of experience. The breed easily adapts to English or Western gear, and its calm, docile temperament combined with naturally smooth and easy gaits insure the popularity of the Tennessee Walking Horse as the "world's greatest show, trail, and pleasure horse."

Owning a Tennessee Walking Horse is affordable, with a price range for every person's pocketbook. Considering the breed's easy ride, the companionship, its dependability, Tennessee ...

 Tennessee Walking  - Horses Breeds

About Tennuvian HorsesTennuvian


Tennuvian horses are a cross between Tennessee Walking Horses and Peruvian Pasos. Although there is a strong chance these two breeds have been crossed before, the Tennuvian name was officially coined by Paula Bosner of Colorado.

Paule purchased one of these crosses and immediately fell in love with the animal, so much so that she sold off her quarter horses and bought a Peruvian stallion for breeding.

Tennuvian horses have smooth gaits much like Tennessee Walking Horses; however they are smaller. They have a head much like a Peruvian Paso Fin small and refined. They are able to gait for long distances, have good endurance, good hoof, comes in all colors and is comfortable for the rider. The temperament is gentle, int ...

Tennuvian  - Horses Breeds

About  Tersk Horses Tersk


Tersk, also known as Tersky, horses were founded in Ukraine. They are primarily used for racing, competition, endurance training, and sports. They are considered to be calm and very hardy.

Tersk horses were developed sometime during the nineteenth century as military mounts. That time they were referred to as Streletsky horses. By the time the twentieth century they suffered a massive decrease in popularity. There were two variations that survived referred to as Tsilindr and Tsenitel. In the early nineteen hundreds, around 1925, a brand new breed had formed. They were noted to be found in the Tersk Stud and that became the new name from there on. Today they can be found in Georgia, Turkey, Armenia, around the Russia ...

 Tersk  - Horses Breeds

About  Thoroughbred Horses Thoroughbred


Thoroughbreds are most commonly associated with horse racing but they excel in many area. They originated in Britain starting in the late 17th century for speed and racing with the influence of Arabian bloodlines. Today, they continue to dominate the racing industry but Thoroughbreds also excel in eventing, show jumping, and dressage. They come in a variety of solid colors like bay, chestnut, and black and, on very rare occasions, palomino and pinto. On average, a Thoroughbred stands between 15 and 17 hands high (60” to 68”at the shoulder) and weighs from 1,000 to 1,200 pounds with a lean build.

There have literally been hundreds of famous thoughbreds includeing:
  • Seabisquit
  • ...

 Thoroughbred  - Horses Breeds

About Tibetan Pony HorsesTibetan Pony


Tebetan Ponies are descended from ancient stock, likely partly from Mongolian Ponies and Chinese pony breeds, although they have been bred pure for years. They are are well-regarded by the local people, and they have been traditionally kept by both wealthy Tibetans and farmers alike, as well as by the Dalai Lama. They were sent as gifts to Chinese Emperors, especially during the Ming and Tang dynasties.    

As small as they are the ponies are known for their incredible strength and endurance, for sure-footedness and resilience. Their heads usually have a pronounced jaw line, straight profile, and small ears and eyes. The neck is a muscular and a short, the chest is deep, the shoulder is straight. The poni ...

Tibetan Pony  - Horses Breeds

About Timor Ponies HorsesTimor Ponies


Timor Ponies evolved on the Indonesian island of Timor, probably from Indian breeds that were imported to the island. On Timor these ponies are mainly used for cattle work, as well as for riding, driving, and light farm work.

Timor Ponies are described as being strong, frugal, and agile, and are lovely natured and intelligent. They have a narrow frame, short back, muscular neck, prominent withers, and a sloping croup. Their shoulders are straight, and the legs and feet are strong. Timor ponies usually stand 10-12 hands high (between about one and 1.2 meters), and are usually brown, black or bay, but may also be grey. They sometimes have a light colored mane and tail.

During the first half of the nineteenth centu ...

Timor Ponies  - Horses Breeds

About  Tinker Horses Tinker


Please see Gypsy Vanner Horses.

 Tinker  - Horses Breeds

About Tokara HorsesTokara


Tokara Horses (Tokara uma ) are believed to be indigenous to Japan and are currently raised in the Tokara Islands, a chain of Island in Kagoshima. They are known for their tolerance to heat and have been used for agriculture, conveyance, and sugar cane squeezing.

There are now 107 Tokara ponies, some of them on display at Hirakawa Zoo in Kagoshima.

Source: Japanese Horse Breeds ( www.lingualift.com/blog/japanese-horse-breeds/ ).

Tokara  - Horses Breeds

About  Tolfetano Horses Tolfetano


The Tolfetano horse is originally from central Italy, and in particular from Monti della Tolfa, the area between Rome and Viterbo which was once Etruscan.

The breed was already well-known at the time of the Etruscans. It is very hardy, and still bred in the wild. This breed is strong, well-built and tough.

Once used as a pack-horse and for rounding up cattle, it is now normally used for riding in the countryside, or raised for meat on pasturage unsuitable for cattle.

Source: Agraria.org

 Tolfetano  - Horses Breeds

About  Tori Horses Tori


Tori, or Tori Hobune, horses were developed at the Tori stud in Estonia from 1890 to 1950. They were developed by crossing native Estonian mares with European half bred stallions. They were mainly founded by a stallion named Hetman, whose sire was Stewart, a crossbreed of a Norfolk Trotter and an Anglo-Norman mare. The Tori breed was formed by breeding Hetman and his sons. Thus, a valuable breeding nucleus rapidly formed, that slowed as signs of inbreeding depression were found in the 1930's. This deteriorated performance and robustness. To eliminate this inbreeding depression, Toris were crossed with Breton Post-horse stallions, and as a result, the massive type of Tori became widespread while the quality of the gaits declined. Th ...

 Tori  - Horses Breeds

About  Trait Du Nord Horses Trait Du Nord


Trait du Nords are heavy draft horses developed and bred in France. Trait du Nord's ancestry includes bloodlines from the Ardennes, Belgian, and Boulonnais breeds, and are sometimes incorrectly referred to as a branch of Ardennais horses. They became recognized as a separate breed of their own at the beginning of the 20th century, and the studbook for the Trait du Nord was established in 1919. Today, although they are still bred in the area around Lille, in the Pas-de-Calais, the Aisne, the Somme, and the Seine-et-Marne departments, they are declining in numbers.    

They have a reputation for great pulling power and hardiness, as well a calm disposition. They are considered well-suited to draft and farm ...

 Trait Du Nord  - Horses Breeds

About  Trakehner Horses Trakehner


Trakehner Horses (official name: "The East Prussian Warmblood Horse of Trakehner Origin" ) are the oldest warmblood breed in the world, with a history spanning amost 300 years. They originated from a small horse, bred in East Prussia , known as the "Schwaike". The Schwaike was known for his versatility and endurance. When this breed was crossed with imported English thoroughbred and Arabian stallions, the resulting horse was named after the main stud it came from: Trakehnen. They originally were bred as Calvary mounts.

In the early 18th century, King Friedrich Wilhelm I realized that a new type of cavalry mount was needed as war tactics had changed and demanded a faster, lighter horse that also possessed power and endur ...

 Trakehner  - Horses Breeds

About Turk HorsesTurk


Turk (also known as Turkmene, Turkmen, or Turkmenian) horses are an ancient Turkoman breed. They are thought to be extinct in its pure form. Horses bred in Turkmenistan are still called by the same name; however most likely the purest descendants of this ancient breed are the Barb, Akhal-Teke, and Iomud horses. Of the three, Akhal-Teke breeding has been kept the purest and probably the closest to actual Turkoman blood.

The original Turk horses was a robust animal built for carrying heavily armed soldiers into battle - this build remains in the breed of today.

On average they were 15 - 16 hands high. Their head was well proportioned with a straight profile. Their neck was long and lean. Their back was long and straig ...

Turk  - Horses Breeds

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About  Unmol Horses Unmol


Unmols are a rare breed of horse from north-western Punjab, in Pakistan. In 1995 its conservation status was listed by the FAO as "critical" and they were described as "nearly extinct". The subsequent (third) edition of the World Watch List for Domestic Animal Diversity, published in 2000, does not mention them; nor were they among the breeds listed in the Global Databank for Animal Genetic Resources in 2007. Unmol horses are, or were, usually bay or grey.There are or were a small number in India.

 Unmol  - Horses Breeds

About  Uzunyayla Horses Uzunyayla


Uzunyayla horses come from the Caucasus. Their origin dates to 1854 in Turkey. They were bred pure in Turkey until 1930, when Anadolu pony and Nonius horses were introduced.

Uzunyayla horses have a large head with a concave profile; their eyes are small; their neck is of medium length; their withers are well pronounced; their legs are strong with good joints; their pasterns are sloped and very strong; their feet are well shaped and have a tough horn. They are usually bay in colour. The feathering on their legs are coarse, and their tail grows very long. They stand between 14.1 and 15.1 hands (57 and 61 inches, 145 and 155 cm) high.  

They are very good for riding long distances. Uzunyayla horses have a ...

 Uzunyayla  - Horses Breeds

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About  Ventasso (Cavallo Del Ventasso) Horses Ventasso (Cavallo Del Ventasso)


The name of this population of horses comes from the mountain of the same name located in the high Val d'Enza, in the province of Reggio Emilia, where the presence of horses has been documented from the times of the Duke Ferdinand of Bourbon to those of the Serenissimi Farnese and the Duchy of Maria Louisa of Austria. Even after the unification of Italy and up to the 1940s these lands continued to supply horses to the army. In the last forty years the stud farm of Ramiseto and the Borzacchi-Bertoldi stud have continued with stallions of English derivation and ‘improved’ maremmanos. In the 1960s the Bertoldis used a Lipizzano stallion and an improved maremmano stallion, from which the majority of the oldest brood mares making up the ...

 Ventasso (Cavallo Del Ventasso)  - Horses Breeds

About  Virginia Highlander Horses Virginia Highlander


Virginia Highlanders are a small breed of horse with a four-beat ambling gait.

The inspiration for the breed was Pogo, a chestnut stallion foaled in 1960, a small crossbred horse, thought to have been sired by a Welsh pony, out of an Arabian/Tennessee Walker mare. He had a natural singlefoot gait. His owner, William M. Pugh, intrigued by the good-natured, naturally gaited stallion, developed a breeding program for small gaited horses, by crossing Pogo and his descendants with other Arabians, Tennessee Walkers, Morgans, and American Saddlebreds as well as Hackney ponies, and Welsh ponies. Horses that met Pugh's criteria for conformation, disposition and gaited ability were bred on. The registry began with two foundation stall ...

 Virginia Highlander  - Horses Breeds

About  Vlaamperd Horses Vlaamperd


Vlaamperds are nearly extinct horses that were developed for draft and riding purposes in South Africa. They were developed in the Western Cape from a 19th century horse called the Hantam Horse. The Hantam Horse came about by crossing Arabians, Thoroughbreds, and local Cape mares. More recently, Friesian stallions were bred with Hantam Mares as were Oldenburgs and Cleveland Bays. The resulting Vlamperd have emerged as a good natured horse breed with graceful conduct and a stylish high stepping action. 

They can be used under saddle or in harness. The name is derived from the Afrikaans for Flanders' Horse - the country from which a number of Friesian stallions were later exported to improve the breed.

 Vlaamperd  - Horses Breeds

About  Vladimir Heavy Draft Horses Vladimir Heavy Draft


Vladimir Heavy Draft horses come from Vladimir, in the former USSR. They are a strong draft horse of medium size.

They were developed mainly from imported British horses; consisting of the Suffolk Punch, Clydesdale and Shire horses. Some Ardennes and Percheron horses were also used. In 1946, the Vladimir Heavy Draft was found to be breeding sufficiently true to be type to consider it a true breed. This quick-maturing, strong, heavy horse is popular for draft work. It is also used for pulling Vladimir trokia sleighs. Today, they are bred widely.  

  Their head is large and long, with a Roman nose (convex profile) or straight. Their jaw line is heavy. Their ears are pricked forward. Their neck is ...

 Vladimir Heavy Draft  - Horses Breeds

About  Vyatka Horses Vyatka


Vyatka horses have been in danger of extinction for several years. They originated in the areas around Vyatka and Obva river basins of the former USSR and have probably been influenced by both Klepper and Konik ponies, while almost certainly being a descendant of the Tarpan.    

They are extremely useful and versatile ponies and have stamina, hardiness, and endurance. They are used for riding and driving and are commonly used for pulling the traditional troikas; they are also useful for light agricultural work. They have an excellent willing and honest temperament which makes them easy to handle.  

In appearance, they have a wide forehead, small, clean cut head, set onto a strong, thick, ...

 Vyatka  - Horses Breeds

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About  Waler Horses Waler


Waler horses were given their name by the area in which they came from, New South Wales in Australia. They are a result of being taken over by the hands of eager settlers aiming to get a new life for themselves and become more prosperous. Thoroughbreds, Clydesdales, Shires, Arabs, and English Native Breeds were all introduced into this breed over time. The Indonesian style horse, the Timor Pony became the most positive source for the Waler horse to evolve. It was this cross breeding that helped aid in keeping the horse breed strong and making it more agile. They began to become the ideal horse breed for military use; they have an excellent stride, fast pace, and an immense amount of energy. Even though they were thought of as great ...

 Waler  - Horses Breeds

About  Walkaloosa Horses Walkaloosa


Walkaloosa horses are a gaited horse with appaloosa patterning. The gaited horse with appaloosa patterning has been documented in history for hundreds, even thousands of years. Then in 1938 when the animals who exhibited LP complex (the genetic factor that causes the spotting of the Appaloosa Horse) were brought together to form the registry that became the Appaloosa Horse Club, the gaited animals were lumped together with all appaloosa patterned horses as the stock that became Registered Appaloosas.  

Although the ApHC has years of crosses with many other styles of horses that became the breeds of Quarter Horse, Arabian, and Thoroughbred, the breeders shied way from including the naturally gaited animals in thei ...

 Walkaloosa  - Horses Breeds

About Welara Pony HorsesWelara Pony


Welara ponies are a cross between Arabian horses and Welsh ponys. They were developed by Lady Wentworth of Sussex, England. The sire was Skowronek, a Polish bred. The mares were imported from Coed Coch Welsh stud farm in North Wales. In 1981 a group of ranchers in southern California established the breed. This cross had been done for years and the offspring were thought to be exceptional. This registry was set up to recognize and benefit the Welarea Pony. Welsh Cobs are also acceptable in the breeding program. The registry has grown in the last number of years and include ponies worldwide.    

Welara Ponies are beautiful and refined, gentle, quick, and intelligent. They learn quickly and are versatile. T ...

Welara Pony  - Horses Breeds

About Welsh Pony and Cob HorsesWelsh Pony and Cob


The Welsh Pony and Cob are a group of four closely related horse breeds including both pony and cob types, which originated in Wales in the United Kingdom. The four sections within the breed society for the Welsh breeds are primarily distinguished by height, but also by variations in type: the Welsh Mountain Pony, the Welsh Pony, the Welsh Pony of Cob Type, and the Welsh Cob. Welsh ponies and cobs are known for their good temperament, hardiness, and free-moving gaits.

Native ponies existed in Wales before 1600 BC, and a Welsh-type cob was known as early as the Middle Ages. They were influenced by Arabian horses, and possibly also by Thoroughbred and Hackney horses. In 1901, the first stud book for the Welsh breed ...


Welsh Pony and Cob  - Horses Breeds

About  Westphalian Horses Westphalian


Westphalian, or Westfalen, horses are warmblood horses bred in the Westphalia region of western Germany. They are closely affiliated with the state-owned stud farm of Warendorf, which it shares with the Rhinelander. Since World War II, the Westphalian horse has been bred to the same standard as the other German warmbloods, and they are particularly famous as Olympic-level show jumpers and dressage horses. Next to the Hanoverian, the Westphalian studbook has the largest breeding population of any warmblood in Germany.  

The history of the Westphalian horse is linked with the State Stud of Warendorf, which was founded in 1826 to serve the North Rhine Westphalian region. The stud was built under the Prussian Stud Admini ...

 Westphalian  - Horses Breeds

About  Wielkopolski Horses Wielkopolski


Wielkopolski horses originated in Central and Western Poland in 1964. Their name comes from Wielkopolska ("Great Poland"), a region in west central Poland centred on Poznan.  

Wielkopolski horses were developed by crossing two now extinct Polish breeds, the Pozan and the Mazury, so it is also referred to as Mazursko-Poznanski horses. The Pozan, or Poznan, horse was developed in Poland. This breed is extremely rare. These horses are known to be quite noteworthy. It was bred at the studs at Posadowo, Racot, and Gogolewo. The Pozan was a mixture of Arabian, Thoroughbred, Trakehner, and Hanoverian blood. It was a middleweight farm worker, very versatile, used for riding and agricultural work. The Mazury, also known as th ...

 Wielkopolski  - Horses Breeds

About  Wurttemberger  Horses Wurttemberger


Wurttemberger horses have excellent temperaments, combining a sensible attitude with lively and free action. These traits may have originally been due to their use as draft horse and Arabian blood. They are tough and economical to feed when compared to Thoroughbreds.

The standard Wurttemberger stands around 16.1 hands high, and is usually bay, chestnut, brown, or black in color. They have average-sized heads with a straight profile, a good neck, and prominent withers. Their chest is deep and the shoulders are sloping and well-muscled in most cases. The back is long and straight and the croup sloping. They have muscular legs with hard, well-formed hooves.

 Wurttemberger   - Horses Breeds

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About  Xilingol Horses Xilingol


Xilingol horses are a light horse from central Inner Mongolia that is used both for riding and for draft purposes. In the 1960s, they were developed by breeding the Russian Thoroughbred, Akhal-Teke, Sanhe, and Chinese Mongolian, after which Kabarda and Don Breeding were introduced into the breed. Xilingol horses stand at 15.2 hands high and come in all solid colors.

 Xilingol  - Horses Breeds

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About  Yakutian Horses Yakutian


Credit: Gerner Thomsen/Alamy Stock Photo Yakutian horse (also known as the Yakut horse, Yakut pony, or simply the Yakut) are a rare native horse from the Siberian Sakha Republic (or Yakutia) region. They impressive om their adaptation to the extreme cold climate of Yakutia, including the ability to locate and graze on vegetation that is under deep snow cover, and to survive without shelter in temperatures that reach -70 °C (-94 °F).

Yakutian horse appear to have evolved from domesticated horses brought with the Yakuts when they migrated to the area beginning in the 13th century, and are not descended from wild horses known to inhabit the area in Neolithic times.

They are small, averaging 150 centimetres (14.3 hands) and shares some outward ch ...

 Yakutian  - Horses Breeds

About Yanqi HorsesYanqi


Yanqi ponies are found in China in north Xinjiang. Its influences were the Mongolian, Don, and Orlov Trotter. Yanqi are used for riding and light draft work.

Yanqi  - Horses Breeds

About  Yili Horses Yili


Yili is a small horse from the north-western Xinjiang region of China. They originated around 1900 from Russian breeds crossed with Mongolian stock. Don, and Don-Thoroughbred crosses as well as Orlov Trotters were used from 1936 on to improve the native horses. In 1963 the decision was made to aim for a draft-type horse.

Yili horses are compact and harmonious in conformation with a light head and straight profile. Their withers are well pronounced and their back is short and strong, though their loin is long. Yili horses are normally bay, chestnut, black or gray.  Their legs are clean with well-defined tendons; their front legs are correctly set and well-muscled while their hind legs tend to be sickled and some toe out. ...

 Yili  - Horses Breeds

About  Yonaguni Horses Yonaguni


Photo by Paipateroma Yonaguni Horses (Yonaguni uma) are native to southwest Japan, specifically Yonaguni Island. In 1939, when all local breeds began to be improved to produce larger war horses, the Yonaguni on their remote island were excluded from the plan, and the breed has been preserved. Still, due to the mechanization of agriculture, their number progressively decreased. Today, fewer than 200 are known to live in Japan. 

Yonaguni Horses  are small and considered to be pony height typically 11 hands (44 inches, 112 cm). 

 Yonaguni  - Horses Breeds

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About Zaniskari Pony HorsesZaniskari Pony


Zanskari Ponies are bred in the high altitude Zanskar region of Ladakh in eastern Jammu and Kashmir State of India. They are very similar to Spiti ponies but they are more adaptable for higher altitude where they are used as work horses.  

They stand 120-140 cm in height, and weigh 320-450 kg. Their coloration runs from usually grey to black, though some specimens are a reddish, coppery color. They are able to carry heavy loads at high altitude and are used for work. They are well built with promiant eyes, fine, long glossy hair, and a long heavy tail.  

Zansikari Ponies arre strong and hard workers. They can carry heavy loads at high altitudes. They are also used for pleasure riding and showin ...

Zaniskari Pony  - Horses Breeds

About Zeeland HorsesZeeland


Zeeland (also known as Dutch Heavy Draft or Zeeuwse Trekpaard) horses are an old Dutch Breed that was influential in the development of the Belgian and Dutch draft horses. Dutch and Belgian carriage horses are very similar and their registries will often take animals from the other country. It is thought that the breeding of the Zeeland horse began early in the 17th century. Initially they were developed not only as a carriage horse, but as a robust workhorse for wartime, agriculture, and mining. In fact, a large portion of the Dutch economy depended on the strength of these animals. They were highly prized animals well into the 20th century when mechanical transport became more effective. However, after the Second World War, Zeela ...

Zeeland  - Horses Breeds

About  Zemaitukas Horses Zemaitukas


Zemaituka horses (also known as Zamituka, Zemaichu, Zhemaichu, Zhmudk, or Zhmud) comes from Lithuania and are a forest type that is part of the Konik family.

They were bred in Lithuania since the 16th century and were used by local people for farming and transportation. Throughout the years they have been influenced by various other exotic types and more recently in the 19th century Arabian stock was added. By the start of the 20th century there were two distinct types within the breed, one lighter and more refined (though fewer in numbers) and a heavier animal without the Arabian refinement.

Once popular, the breed was brought to the brink of extinction by changing agricultural demands and World War II. I ...

 Zemaitukas  - Horses Breeds

About  Zweibrucker Horses Zweibrucker


Zweibrucker, or Zweibrucken, are warmblooded horses that were originally bred at the state-owned stud facilities in Zweibrucken, Germany (one of Germany's smaller state run facilities.) However since 1977 they have been breed under the jurisdiction of the Horse Breeders' Association of Rhineland-Palatinate-Saar (PRPS). Modern Zweibrucker horses are elegant, large-framed, correct sport horses with powerful, elastic gaits suitable for dressage, show jumping, eventing, and combined driving.

The Zweibrucker stud program was founded in the mid-18th century and populated with animals of noble bearing. These animals were carefully crossed and further improved upon until 1801 when the farm was moved. Napoleon saw several Z ...


 Zweibrucker  - Horses Breeds
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