About Zweibrucker Horses
Zweibrücker, or Zweibrücken, are warmblooded horses that
were originally bred at the state-owned stud facilities in Zweibrücken, Germany
(one of Germany’s smaller state run facilities.) However since 1977 they have
been breed under the jurisdiction of the Horse Breeders' Association of Rhineland-Palatinate-Saar
(PRPS). Modern Zweibrücker horses are elegant, large-framed, correct sport
horses with powerful, elastic gaits suitable for dressage, show jumping,
eventing, and combined driving.
The Zweibrücker stud program was founded in the mid-18th
century and populated with animals of noble bearing. These animals were
carefully crossed and further improved upon until 1801 when the farm was moved.
Napoleon saw several Zweibrücken animals and was so impressed that he ensured
the stud was re-established in 1806. Breeding stock came from local German
farms as well as the influence of Spanish animals, Anglo-Normans,
Thoroughbreds, and Arabians.
During the first half of the 20th century a need arose for a
heavier type for agriculture and military purposes. This demand changed
breeding practices and introduced the blood of heavier warmbloods like the
Oldenburger. As with many studs the late 20th century moved away from heavy
draft types and towards more refined sport horses. Trakehner stallions replaced
the draft breeds and later Hanoverian and Holsteiner stock was used.