About Welsh Pony and Cob Horses
The Welsh Pony and Cob are a group of four
closely related horse breeds including both pony and cob types, which
originated in Wales in the United Kingdom. The four sections within the breed
society for the Welsh breeds are primarily distinguished by height, but also by
variations in type: the Welsh Mountain
Pony, the Welsh Pony, the
Welsh Pony of Cob Type, and the Welsh Cob. Welsh ponies and cobs are
known for their good temperament, hardiness, and free-moving gaits.
existed in Wales before 1600 BC, and a Welsh-type cob was known as early as the
Middle Ages. They were influenced by Arabian horses, and possibly also by
Thoroughbred and Hackney horses. In 1901, the first stud book for the Welsh
breeds was established in the United Kingdom, and in 1907 another registry was
established in the United States. Interest in the breed declined during the
Great Depression, but revived in the 1950s. Throughout their history, the Welsh
breeds have had many uses, including as cavalry horses, pit ponies, and as
working farm animal.
Today, Welsh Pony
and Cob breeds are used for many equestrian competitive disciplines, including
showing, jumping and driving, as well as for pleasure riding, trekking and
trail riding. Also the smaller types are popular children's ponies. Welsh-type
horses crosses well with many other breeds and have influenced the development
of many British and American horse and pony breeds.