Pigs are omnivores and are intelligent animals. With around 1 billion individuals alive at any time, the domesticated pig is one of the most numerous large mammals on the planet. The meat of pigs is widely eaten by people across the world. Learn More About Pigs
The Aksai Black Pied is a general purpose pig breed from Kazakhstan with a distinctive black and white pattern.
The various strains of American Landrace swine are the descendants of
the famous Danish Landrace hogs that were developed in Denmark in the 1890s.
It resulted from crossing the Large White hog from England with the native
swine. Largely through the use of the Landrace Denmark became a great
In the early 1930s the United States Department of Agriculture entered
into an agreement with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Denmark for the
purchase of 24 Danish Landrace. This stock was to be used for swine research
studies with the stipulation that this breed would not be propagated as a pure
breed for commercial use. The foundation stock of the American Landrace were
those hogs that were bred pure or t
The American Yorkshire is a breed of domestic pig and
is the American version of the Yorkshire pig (now known as the English Large
White pig). Yorkshire pigs are white and have erect ears. The modern Yorkshire
is very muscular, with a high proportion of lean meat and low backfat. They are
also very sound and durable animals. Yorkshires are classified into three
types: large, middle, small. Only the large type of Yorkshire pig has ever
gained any prominence in the United States.
The Yorkshire breed was developed in Yorkshire,
England. In 1761, Robert Bakewell became interested in a local tribe of hogs
known as the Leicestershire breed and he molded them into a large, useful hog
that became popular in England.
The Angeln Saddleback is a large, lop-eared, black pig
with a white band around its body which continues down to its forefeet. They
typically weigh 350 kg weight, 92 cm height (boars) and 300 kg weight, 84 cm
The Angeln Saddleback pig, also known as the Angler
Sattelschwein, is a rare breed of domestic pig came from Angeln, a region of northern Germany.
In 1937 a black-and-white landrace was crossed with a
Wessex-Saddleback and was soon accepted as a new race. In the 1950''s the Angler
Sattelschwein was very popular, but a few years later it was considered too
fat. Consumers stopped eating them, ranchers stop breeding then and now the
breed is nearly extinct.
from Appalacha, these pigs were commonly adapted and crossbred with the Guinea
Hog over the past 200-300 years to produce an American original: Guinea Hogs
which are one of the smaller breeds of pigs. They were commonly found on
homesteads in the southeastern US.
Arapawa Pigs are a
large hairy breed. They are either a tan or sandy color with black patches.
Arapawa Pigs are a feral breed of domestic pig found on Arapawa in the Marlborough Sounds of New Zealand, where
they have lived since 1839.
The boars weigh
120-180 kg, and the sows 80-100 kg.Although there are suggestions
that the animals are descendants of pigs introduced to the area by James Cook
in 1773 and 1777, it is more likely that their ancestors were released by
whalers in the early 19th century.
The Auckland Island Pig is a feral breed of domestic pig found on
Auckland Island in New Zealand.
The pig is believed to have inhabited the island since 1807, when
Europeans made several various releases of domestic pigs to provide a source of
food for stranded sailors or visiting whalers. By the end of the 19th century,
the island held a thriving population of mixed origin pigs. In the late 20th
century the largely undisturbed pig population produced a single distinctive
breed know today as the Auckland Island Pig.
The Auckland Island pigs appearance consists of a thick hairy coat that
is black, white, and brown with black markings. They have a long narrow head
and snout with a straight tails. They are relatively
Originally from Yorkshire England, the Australian Yorkshires were derived from the
original English breed of domesticated pig. This
particular breed is also known as the most common breed in Australia.
In 2001, a study
was conducted at the Institute of Agricultural Sciences of South Vietnam that
compared the Australian Yorkshire and the Duroc to common Vietnamese pigs. It concluded that the
Australian breeds had a significant advantage over Vietnamese breeds in
growth efficiency, and in littering performance.
Yorkshire is marketed globally, with special modifications being made for Asian
markets. For example, Australian Yorkshires supplied by Australian Pork Limited
was opened to specifically ch
Ba Xuyen is a combination of French and
Chinese swine from composites of the Craonnais, or Bo Xu. These mut hogs were imported
around 1920, by French planters, and the Chinese pigs imported around 1900, by
Chinese traders. The Ba Xuyen is primarily found in South Vietnam along the
Mekong River delta. They have adapted well to the salty-water zones of that
area. The Ba Xuyen has a high backfat thickness that is usually around 42 mm
and it weighs nearly 100kg by 12 months of age. The Ba Zuyen also has a short
body, medium-sized ears and small legs, with roughly similar proportion of black
and white areas on the body. They have an average litter size of eight.
The Babi Kampung is a domestic pig, other than that we have not been
able to learn anything about them. If you know anything about Babi kampong pigs
please contact us and help us out.
The Bantu is found
in southern Africa, and is derived from early breeds of swine from Europe and
Asia. Bantus are usually brown but can also be black and white with splotches
of black spots.
Basque pigs are a
breed of swine from Basque Country, France. They are piebald, black and pink.
What is today
called the Basque pig is one of several historical breeds or breed types kept
by the Basque peoples, and it was consolidated under the name only in the
1920s. Though they were relatively common in the early 20th century, Basque
pigs had nearly disappeared by 1981, with fewer than 100 breeding sows left.
Today, the breed
is preserved by small farmers in France and Spain who are dedicated to
traditional Basque foods.Basque pigs grow more slowly and develop
more fat than modern breeds like the Large White, making them less suited to
intensive commercial meat production, but ideal for the creat
The Bazna is a pig
originally from the Transylvania region of Romania, and they are in
fact not vampires.
The Bazna pigs are black with a
white belt, medium withers height and body structure, and typically weighing
125 to 135 kilograms by their first year. They are mainly bred for their lard
and lean meat.
The Bazna dates back to 1872, when they were created from crossing the
Berkshire and Mangalitsa pig breeds. The offspring from that cross inherited
the best traits from the Mangalitsa with their superior productive traits. The resulting hybrids were quickly spread around the
neighboring towns in Transylvania.
Over the next
decade, Berk boars were imported from England and were used to improve the
This breed is found
throughout China. They are a meat breed usually black with some white markings.
The breed originated in 1962, by crossing Berkshire and Large White breeds with
local breeds including Dingxian, Shenxian and Zhouxian.
Belarus Black Pied
breed is in the region surrounding Minsk in Belarus. It is a meat and lard
breed which was developed from Large White, Large Black, Berkshire and Middle
White breeds crossed with various local breeds in the late 1800''s and in the
Landrace is a muscular white swine with heavy droopy ears. They are known as
the butchers pig, primarily because they are the most commonly used breed for
the consumer market. The Belgian Landrace can be described as a very practical
type of pig with good fertility, sound body mechanics, and good maternal
instincts, and plenty of milk for their piglets.
Landrace has met the demands of producing top quality pork for the consumer
marketplace. The breed has also sparked interest from other countries with
similar goals in crossbred swine production.
Landrace breeds development began in the late 1920s, with the native Landrace
type, which sought to improve their short, fat, and
Bengali Brown Shannaj
Other than their name, we have not been able to learn
anything about Bengali Brown Shannaj Pigs. If you are familiar with them,
please contact us and share what you know.
Bentheim Black Pied
Originating in the Grafschaft
Bentheim area of northern Germany, the Bentheim Black Pied Pig is also known as
the Bunts Bentheimer Schwein, which is a mid-sized breed that is lop-eared with
white with black spots with grey rings. Their best traits are that they are
hardy and long-lived, with high fertility rates. They have an average of 9.2
pigs per litter. Boars average 75 cm height and 250 kg weight and sows average
70 cm height, 180 kg weight.
Germany, in the beginning of the 20th century, the pig breeds consisted of a
large number of colored swine. That are crosses of Berkshire and Cornwall
breeds. The Bentheim became nearly extinct in the 1950s and is now considered a
rare breed with only 100 registered
Berkshire are a small black pig
with prick ears, white socks, white tip to tail and flash on their face.
During the 19th Berkshire pigs
became very popular. Berkshire were soon exported to the USA. This trend
continued throughout the century and by the end of the 19th century, herds were
also established in Australia and New Zealand. Up until the first half of the
20th century, the breed grew in popularity. However, as with all colored pig
breeds, the Berkshire suffered a serious decline in popularity following World
War II when the demand for leaner bacon from white-skinned pigs increased.
Since then a number of breeders
have developed their own specialized markets for Berkshire pig meat and
Bisaro pigs are
commonly found in Portugal. They are black to an almost white, pink color and
have a convex dorsal line. They grow to be up to 95cm in height and weight
classified by J.F. Macedo Pinto in the nineteenth century as Bizaro Type 1, or
Celtic. He believed that they are a variation of Celtic pig from Gaul.
Black Canary Pig is a black pig from the Canary Islands. Its meat is considered a premium meat and can
be sold as gourmet meat in the USA, Brazil, India, Europe, and China.
The Black Salvonian is a
nearly-extinct Croatian pig bred for their meat. At the end of 19th and
beginning of the 20th century they were developed by the crossing of
Mangulica, Berkshire, and Poland China pig breeds. Due to the small litters
that the sows have, they are not popular with breeders and they today there are
less than 200 in the world.
Breitovo pigs are a general purpose swine from Russia. They were bred in
the Yaroslavl region as a result of crossing local pigs with Danish landrace,
large white and medium white breeds of pigs. They became widespread in the
north-west of Russia, in the Volga region, and in the Urals. They were taken
out against a background of voluminous feeding with a large quantity of
They are predominantly white, but some have darker skins. They have
great fertility strong constitution, and are large. Adult boars average
310-330 kg, sows 220-240 kg. Their head is of medium length with a noticeable
curve of the profile, but not pug-shaped. Their ears are long and drooping.
Their neck is of medium length, broad, and muscular. Th
first Landrace pigs were imported into Britain from Sweden in 1949. In 1950,
the British Landrace Pig Society was formed to create a herd book for the first
offspring born and very soon an evaluation scheme was created. The first pig
testing scheme was for daily gain and fat depths, a testing station was built
at Stockton-on-Forest, York. This was one of the first examples of pig testing
in the UK.
in 1953, more Landrace pigs were imported into Northern Ireland, the Isle of
Man, and the Channel Islands. A few years later in 1978, the British Landrace
Pig Society joined forces with NPBA and became the British Pig Association.
popularity of the British Landrace breed has expanded rapidly since the
The British Lop Pig is a descendent of the lop-eared white pigs that
lived in the southwest English farmyards for centuries.
The breed society was formed in 1920 under the name of the National Long
White Lop- Eared Pig Society. The name was changed to the British Lop Pig
Society in the 1960s.
As with most of the other rare breeds the
decision in the 1950s to concentrate pig production on just three breeds
(Landrace, Large White, and the Welsh) was disastrous for the British Lop.
Numbers dropped and coupled with the breed’s relative confinement to the south
west. The Lop became very rare and still is today, but there are now herds
throughout the UK.
Saddleback pigs are a breed of domestic pig created in the 20th century from
the cross-breeding of Essex and Wessex Saddleback breeds.
the 20th century Lord Western, while travelling in Italy, saw some Neapolitan
pigs and decided thatthey were just
what he needed to improve the breed of Essex pigs. He bought a pair of
Neapolitan boars and crossed them with Essex sows. One Lord Westerns tenants
named Fisher Hobbs of Boxted Lodge then used the Neapolitan-Essex boars and
crossed them with his coarse Essex sows and in process established the Improved
Saddleback pigs have a black head and neck, as well as a clearly defined belt
of white extending over the shoulders and continuing
In the early
1960s, the Bulgarian government wanted to improve the meat yield of the
countrys Bulgarian White stock. They did so by importing 3,000 pedigree
breeding stock of the Landras and Large White varieties from the USSR, Sweden,
and Poland. These important pigs were given out to the pig farmers in the
country, along with ten state farms, in order to crossbreed them with local
Bulgarian White stock. The result today is the Bulgarian White pig.
The origin of the
Black Pig from Calabria is uncertain. There are two different hypotheses at
present: according to one it would come from the Iberian stock, while the other
from the Roman one. Once it used to be present in vast areas of Calabria and
distinguished into several local varieties, like Reggitana, Cosentino,
Orielese, Lagonegrese, Catanzarese, Casalinga and others.
All these animals had the common characteristic of a good unfat meat ideal to
the sausage production, typical of that area.
The present day
consistency is very limited: the real typical examples, or those that resemble
the original type, are very few. They give lean cuts, ham and shoulders have
quite good size.
Blue wild pigs
were reported in North Canterbury, New Zealand, in the early twentieth century.
A 1922 publication noted: Perhaps the most interesting specimen of the
wild pig in this Dominion is the blue pig found in the Mount Grey and Karetu
districts, North Canterbury. The blue color is produced by a blend of
apparently equal numbers of white and black hairs. So fixed is the type that
blue pigs may be found in a litter with blacks or black and whites. The blue
pig, evidently, is the result of a cross between a black pig and a white pig,
and the progeny crossed and inbred until the two breeds are absolutely blended
as far as color is concerned.
In a study of
wild pigs in the northern part of the South Island of New Zea
pigs are a breed of pig from the Zhujiang delta in Guangdong, China. They are
used for lard and meat and are generally black and white.
are also known as Dahuabai, Ta-hua-pai, Kanton, Chinese, Gongdong Big Spotted,
Guangdong Large White Spot, and Large Black White, Macao, or Pearl River Delta
breed has very ancient origins (Teano or Pelatella): in fact it is
frequently represented in frescoes and sculptures of Roman times. It is
certainly the most precocious among Italian breeds, being able to give large
amounts of fat. At the age of one year these pigs may weigh over 150 kg. The
present situation about this breed is crucial, as only few examples still live,
and not all of them are full-blooded. Rustic, excellent at grazing, frugal and
precocious, they have all the right features to be raised in the open. Their
fertility is limited to an average of 4-6 piglets each delivery up to a maximum
absent or present in reduced number, that is why the nickname of Pelatella.
ThernCeltic pig (Galician: Porco celta) are a breed of pig native to the autonomousrncommunity of Galicia in north-western Spain. Though they were relatively commonrnuntil the early 20th century, Celtic pigs have nearly disappeared today. Howeverrnthey are recovering and there are now more than 2 500 purebred sows.
pigs are domestic pigs from Murcia, Spain. The Spanish word chato means short-nosed which is how these short-nosed pigs from Murcia got their name.
They are the only surviving breed of pig locally and historically produced in
Murcia and they are at the risk of extinction.
pigs are generally bred for bacon and lean pork and they are well adapted to
southern Spains dry and warm climate.
Along with its
short nose, the Chato Murciano pigs are generally black or white color and have
small heads. Some tend to have white patches on parts of their body such as the
tail and legs.
In Murcia, the
Spanish were in need of an improved breed of pig as the current Murcian type
pigs originated in Chester County, Pennsylvania. The Chester White was first
developed around 1816, using strains of large white pigs common to the
Northeast U.S. and a white boar imported from Bedfordshire. Some believe
that Chinese pigs might have been added as well.
By 1884 a breed association
was officially formed, but competing organizations, sometimes for individual
strains, continued to appear into the early 20th century. Finally in 1930 all
breed organizations were consolidated under the Chester White Swine Record
Today the Chester
White is a versatile breed suited to both intensive and extensive
husbandry. Though not as popular as the Duroc, Yorkshire,
Choctaw Hog are
domestic pig raised by Native Americans for meat. Unfortunately there are only
a few hundred left and are considered critically rare.
Choctaw hogs are
black, sometimes with white markings, and grow to about 120 pounds. Choctaw
hogs have two distinctive characteristics: their toes are typically fused
forming a single hoof like that of a mule, and many have fleshy wattles on each
side of their necks.
descend from livestock brought to the Americas by Spaniards in the 16th. The
Choctaw Hog was used not only by Native Americans but also by European
people and their livestock migrated from the Deep South to Oklahoma Territory
in the early 19th century.
It is a real
breed with a long history. It originated in the Siena area precisely around
Monteriggioni, Sovicille and Poggibonsi, where until few decades ago about
20.000 were bred, and the same number lived in the provinces nearby. It dates
back to 1300 as it is seen in frescoes representing such pigs with a white belt
like in present day Cinta pigs. These animals are rustic, excellent at grazing,
with good motherly care and breast feeding. Males can reach over kg 150 at the
age of one year and females kg 140. Remarkable fat deposit particularly on the
back, this breed is free from any defects like PSS, PSE and sour meat.
Particularly suitable to grazing, quite frugal.
The color is
black or slate grey with a white belt cov
The Creole Pig
was a breed of pig indigenous to the
Caribbean nation of Haiti. Creole pigs are
well adapted to the rugged terrain and sparse vegetation of Haiti. The pigs
resilience allowed Haitian peasants to raise these pigs with little resources.
The peasants characterized their pigs as
never getting sick.
the Haitian Creole pig had been a poor Haitian familys most important economic
asset. Rugged foragers that coped well in Haiti’s tropical climate, Creole pigs
were cheap and easy for peasant families to raise. Beyond meat, the pigs real
significance lay in their role as a peasants savings bank an asset that could easily be tapped into
when cash was needed. These dark black pigs
were known fo
were a pig from Northern England that are now extinct. They were used to
produce local delicacies like the Cumberland sausage and Cumberland ham. The
breed became extinct in 1960, after changes in farming methods and a demand for
less fatty meat led to it falling out of favor.
were a very old breed that likely developed over several hundred years in
Cumberland and Westmorland, and was closely related to the Old Yorkshire white
pig. They were a heavy-set white pig with pendulous ears, and a tough
constitution that enabled them to withstand the poor weather of Northern
England. During the 19th century, many efforts were made to improve pig breeds,
and the Cumberland was often cros
Czech Improved White
Czech Improved White Pigs are
found throughout the Czech Republic. They were developed from Large White,
Edelschwein, and German Landrace pigs crossed with local swine. The Slovakian
Improved White and Slovakian White Meat were developed from the Czech Improved
They are a basic and widely used white breed
with short and erect ears. They have a strong constitution and are adaptable.
They have a medium to large body. They are known for excellent fertility and
milk production. They also fatten at an above average rate.
Danish Landrace pigs are a medium to large white
breed of pig. They have long bodies, fine hair, long snouts, and heavy drooping
ears. There are two distinct varieties, the white and the piebald.
The first registered Landrace herd was
established in 1896 in Denmark, with the first progeny and sibling tests in
1907. Since then, production and quality testing have become a regular part of
the Danish swine improvement program. Primarily because of this breed, Denmark
had become the world''s chief bacon-exporting country and for many years refused
to export purebred Landrace breeding stock to protect this position.
Registrations are governed by Denmarks Landsudvalget for Svineavl og
Production (National Committee for Breedin
The Danish Protest Pig is a rare breed of
domestic pig. Due to its red color, its broad white vertical belt, and a trace
of a white horizontal belt it resembles the colors of the Flag of Denmark. It
originated in North Frisia in Southern Schleswig in the beginning of the 20th
century, when Danes living in the area were not allowed to raise the Danish
flag and kept and displayed the Protest Pig instead, making it a symbol of
their cultural identity.
They grow up to 350kg. They probably were
created out of Holsteinian and Jutlandian marsh pigs, the English Tamworth pig,
and red variants of the Angeln Saddleback. They were recognized as a unique
breed in 1954, but after a last birth in 1968, the race was considered extinct.
Pied Pigs, also known as Pstra dermanska, Dermantsi Black Spotted, Dermanska
chernosharena, Schwarzbuntes Dermanzi, are found in the area surrounding
Lukovit in northern Bulgaria. The Dermantsi Pied is a lard pig. They are either
white with black spots or black with white spots.
In 1823, a red boar, whose parents were probably taken
from England, was obtained by Isaac Frink of Milton in Saratoga, New York.
Frink had obtained the boar from a man named Harry Kelsey. Kelsey owned a
famous trotting stallion, named Duroc, and Frink named his red boar in honor of
that horse. That boars progeny continued the Duroc pig name and many of his
offspring inherited his color, quick growth and maturity, deep body, sturdy ham
and shoulder, and quiet disposition. Today that pigs descendants are called
At the 1893 Chicago Worlds Fair, Duroc pigs gained
wide popularity at the first successful Duroc pig show. This was only the
beginning of the Duroc pig popularity and success which continues today. They
Dutch Landrace Pigs are a
combination of German Landrace and Danish Landrace pigs. They are found in the
southern, eastern, and northern parts of Holland. They are a meaty and
efficient breed of pig.
Dutch Landrace pigs have the same general look
as other Landrace breeds. They are white and they have large floppy ears. They
have been developed to have bigger backs and heavier hams than found on other
types of Landrace pigs. They are also very fertile and are very good mothers.
The swine pig ranchers of Holland lay great
stress on production detail. Ninety percent of the marketed pigs are
crossbreds, but careful attention is given to seed stock. Over 1,000 Dutch
Landrace litters are tested each year for weigh
East Balkan Pigs or East Balkan Swine (EBS) are rare pigs and the only
aboriginal domesticated pig breed in Bulgaria. They are distributed on the
western coast of the Black Sea in Bulgaria. In
2009 there were 1,858 East Balkan Pigs; however the population decreased by 62%
Essex pigs were developed in the United
Kingdom. Essex pigs are popular because they are easy and cheap to keep.
The modern day Essex was developed by
breeding local pigs in area denoted in the Essex area. The original Essex, also
known as the Old Essex, was a small black and white pig. By the nineteenth
century, the Old Essex was improved by crossbreeding with imported pig breeds.
Although the breed had been changed, they
still remained popular until the 1950s, especially during and after World War
Two, because they retained their hardiness and independence. In 1955, a report
was released by the Advisory Committee on the Development of Pig Production in
the United Kingdom stating that the variety of pigs throughout t
pigs, as one would guess, are meat pigs from Estonia and the source of
excellent bacon. They were developed from local landrace pigs crossbred with
German, Danish, and Swedish landraces. They look similar to the Danish Landrace
European wild pig, more correctly the European Wild Boar (which term covers
both the boars and sows), is commonly called the Euro in New Zealand. It is
a hardy breed.
domesticated pigs, even Asian varieties, are believed to have evolved from this
spite of the fearsome reputation of the European Wild Boar, domesticated Euros
make good pets.
are born with stripes from nose to tail, fading when about six to nine weeks
old. Colors range from yellow-sandy through to red-black. They have long manes
and hair in winter with a woolly undercoat. They are great mothers, farrowing
twice a year.
Photo Source: New Zealand Rare Breeds (
Fengjing pigs are
from the town of Fengjing in Shanghai, China. They are mainly found in the
districts of Jinshan,Songjiang, and Wujiang. They are classified as a type of
Taihu pig which all occur in the narrow region of mild sub-tropical climate
around the Taihu Lake region.
Fengjing pigs are
large black pigs with large floppy ears. They are distinguished by their very wrinkly
faces and bodies. They are excellent breeders, producing two litters per year
of an average 12 piglets at first parity rising to 17 piglets at third parity
with 12 surviving to be weaned. Litter sizes of up to 20 occur regularly. The
pig grows relatively slowly and has a good, succulent, taste.
The peak of
Fengjing production occurred
pigs are found in abundance in the northern parts of Europe, particularly in
Finland. They have the same origin as the other Landrace pig breeds of Europe.
The Finnish Landrace pig breeds were developed by means of crossings with the
improved indigenous stock that were brought from other countries. They average
6 to 10 baby piglets in a litter and will have two to three litters per year.
pigs have a white body color and the weighty, drooping ears, like other
landrace pigs; however, Finnish Landrace pigs are extremely tidy. Because of
this, they have been imported as seed stock to other countries. Finnish
Landrace pigs make sure their bathroom area is far away from where they eat and
Forest Mountain pigs are an extremely rare breed of pig from
Armenia and it is feared that they may become extinct.
Landrace pigs were first introduced into
France around 1930; however, it was not until after World War 2 that they were extensively
imported into France, mainly from Sweden.
Todays French variant of the Landrace pigs
is typically large and white with heavy drooping ears. They have been bred for
skeletal soundness, heavy muscling, good mothering, and prolificacy. Sows
average 19.7 pigs per year. Their hams are bulging and their rumps are level
and wide with very muscular loins.
Gascon pigs are a rare breed from the
mountainous and remote regions of France, and they probably are the most ancient
breed of pig in France.
Despite endangered Gascon pigs have many
valuable characteristics. Like most old-fashioned breeds, they are prone to
becoming very fat, but they are vigorous, hardy, thrifty and tolerant of hot
climates. The sows are prolific and have a good supply of milk for their
German Landrace pigs were developed around 1900,
in Lower Saxony, Germany from carefully selected pigs from the area. During the
years of 1948 to 1958, there were importations of Danish and Dutch Landrace
that were used to further improve the breed.
German Landrace pigs are very similar to other
Landrace pigs; they are white heavy drooping ears. However, they are not as
extreme in size and length as some of the Landrace strains of other nations.
German Landrace pig breeding selection efforts
have been especially directed toward excellent fertility, heavy milking, and
good mothering. There has been special attention, following weaning, to
efficiency in feed conversion and to high cut-out values.
Gloucestershire Old Spot
Gloucestershire Old Spots Pigs, or GOS hogs, are
from Gloucestershire County, England. They are known for their docility,
intelligence, and prolificacy. Boars reach a mature weight of 600 lbs (272 kg)
and sows 500 lbs (227 kg).
They are predominantly white with black spots
and there must be at least one spot on the body to be accepted in the registry.
Their maternal skills enable them to raise large litters of piglets on
pastures. Their disposition and self-sufficiency make them attractive for
farmers raising pasture pigs and those who want to add pigs to diversified
Gottingen Minipig (also known as the Gottinger or Goettingen Minipig) are a breed of miniature swine developed specifically for use in biomedical research. They arernbest known for their exceptionally small size and their very clean andrnwell-characterized health status. Their development began in the late 1960s atrnthe Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics at the University of Gottingen, Germany, by crossbreeding Minnesota minipigs, the Vietnamese Potbelly Pigs, and German Landrace pigs. Today they are is bred at four separate locations globally and are used in life-saving biomedical research all over the world.
Grice Pigs, also known as the Highland,
Hebridean or Irish pig, are an extinct pig from Scotland and Ireland. They
became extinct, surviving longest in the Shetland Isles, where they disappeared
in the late nineteenth century.
Accounts from the early 19th
century suggest the grice was an aggressive animal with small tusks, an arched
back, and a coat of stiff dark bristles over a fleece of wool. Most likely
ranchers stopped breeding them and turned to more docile pigs.
Guinea Hogs, also known as Pineywoods Guinea, Guinea
Forest Hog, Acorn Eater, and Yard Pigs, are unique to the United States.
Despite their name, Guinea Hogs are not from the country of Guinea. The Guinea
Hog has a black coat, sturdy body, curly tail and upright ears.
Guinea hogs are very easy hogs to keep. They
are good as free-range foragers but they are also at home in a farmyard. If
farrowing is planned in the spring or summer, just a dry covered nesting place
is needed. They are easy to contain with a high tensile electric fence (you
will need a low wire at 6 inches, 18 inches, and 30 inches). They are even
handy to have around because they eat snakes.
If they are habituated to people as piglets, they become d
have erect ears and are black with a whitish band around the middle, covering
the front legs. They are fourth most common breed of pig in the United States,
and probably the oldest American breed of hogs.
It is believed
that Hampshire pigs come from the Old English Breed, found in northern England
and Scotland. Most likely they were imported to America
from Hampshire England between 1827 and 1839.
are large, well-muscled, and rapid growers. They make good mothers and are good
Hereford Pigs, or
Hereford Hogs, are rare variety of meat pigs that are similar in coloration to
Hereford cattle. They originated in the United States and where developed from
Duroc, Poland China, and perhaps some Chester White, or Hampshire pigs. They
were first developed from 1920 to 1925, and by 1934 the official Hereford
registry was opened.
Hezuo Pigs are from China and
are found in the Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Gansu Province. They
are well suited to the region where the altitude in this region is high (2600
m), and the temperature low. The pigs are out on pasture year round, and are
characterized by long, coarse and dense bristles, a slow growth rate, and low
birth rate, with a litter size of 4 to 7.
Iberian Pigs are
meat pigs from to the Iberian Peninsula. The Iberian pig can probably be traced
back to the Neolithic, when animal domestication started. Currently they are
found in herds clustered in the central and southern part of Portugal and
The most commonly
accepted theory is that the first pigs were brought to the Iberian Peninsula by
the Phoenicians from the Eastern Mediterranean coast (current day Lebanon),
where they interbred with wild boars. This cross gave rise to the ancestors of
what are today Iberian pigs. The Iberian breed is currently one of the few
examples of a domesticated breed which has adapted to a pastoral setting where
the land is particularly rich in natural resources, in this case ac
Idaho Pastured Pigs
Idaho Pasture Pigs (also known
as IPPs) were developed from Duroc, Old Berkshire, and Kunekune pigs. They are
grazing pigs and are very gentle, have great personalities, are easy to work
with, and are smaller than traditional pig, like the Large White, while still
reaching a butcher weight of about 200 - 250 pounds in 9 - 10 months eating
They are a well-proportioned
pig with a medium width in the leg set, a wide back, noticeable shoulders,
developed hams, and a overall, nicely proportioned head with a short - medium
upturned snout.Sows should mature at
250 - 300 pounds and the boars should mature at 300 - 400 pounds.
Italian Landrace Pigs are, as you would
expect, an Italian variation on Landrace pigs. They are large, have very long
bodies, lop ears, and are white.
Landrace pigs were originally imported
from Denmark after the Second World War. They were selected principally for suitability for the production of Salumi and
prosciutto crudo (dry-cured ham that is usually thinly sliced and served uncooked). After the
Large White Italiana, Italian Landrace pigs are the second-most common pig
breed in Italy.
Jeju Black Pigs
are small black pigs found on Koreans largest island, Jeju-do. They have a
smooth coat of hair and erect unfolded, ears and a narrow snout.
Jeju Black Pigs
have a have a unique taste quite distinct from other breeds of pig and forms
the basis of some well-known local dishes. The pork is smoked over burning hay
allowing the smoke to penetrate the meat juices resulting in a flavor quite
unlike regular pork and a meat that is somewhat chewier.
recently, Jeju Black Pigs were kept in order to dispose of human waste. They
were housed in sties built below outside latrines where their food was directly
delivered. This practice was still current in the 1960s but has now given way
to more co
Jinhua Pigs are from the Zhejiang Province in China.The have a white body, with black at the head
and rump. This leads to the common name of two-end-black. Their
back and loins are slightly curved. They have thin skin, fine bones, and tender
Jinhua belong to a type of swine found in central China, the region
between the Changjiang and Zhujiang rivers where the climate is temperate (or
warm) and moist. Agriculture in this region is highly developed and the main
crop is paddy rice. The area is rich in feed and especially abundant in green
and water plants which are used as pig feeds. Pigs in this region are generally
penned and well managed.
Jinhua pigs mature early and may be mated as early as 3 to 4 mont
also known as Miniature Painted Pigs, are small colorful pigs. They are lean,
muscular pigs that originating in Europe through selective breeding of various
kinds of pigs. On average the Juliana pig weighs between 30 - 50 pounds and is
13 - 15 inches in height.
They have distinctive elongated snout. However, the main
advantage of these pigs is the temperament - during breeding, much attention
was paid not only to their conformation, but also to the character. They are cheerful,
flexible, and not aggressive.
Julian pigs are always spotted. Their main color can be
silvery, white, red, black or coffee with milk. The spots are predominantly
black, but they can be both red and white. The s
Kakhetian Pigs are fromKakheti,
the eastern province of Georgia.They
are one of the breeds of European pigs.
They have a medium-size long head, well developed moving snout, and
short standing ears. They have a flat, narrow, and short body, convex back,
tall and strong legs, indrawn and short stomach, underdeveloped udder, the
number of nipples -10-12.
Kele Pigs are from Southwest China in the
Yunnan-Guizhou mountainous areas, where the altitude is between 1700 to 2400 m,
the climate is dry and cold during the winter, and humid in summer, and
characterized by erratic changes in weather. Kele pigs have exceptionally thick
back fat (5.1 to 7.2 cm) most likely because these pigs are bred for extra fat,
since people in mountainous areas have a special demand for fat in their diet.
Kele Pigs generally have a arched back and loin, long
straight snout, narrow chest, wrinkled hind legs, strong feet, and light body.
Also they are relatively low in prolificacy, with a litter size about 7 to 8
and 5 to 6 pairs of teats.
Kemerovo Pigs are a general-purpose pig breed from the Kemerovo
region of Russia. They were developed by the crossbreeding of local late-ripening
pigs with large white, white long-eared, Berkshire, Great Black and Siberian
northern breeds. In 1960 they were approved as an independent breed. The result
is a pig with good adaptability to cold temperatures, high rates of early
maturity, and large liters. The Kemerovo breed is divided into two types - meat
and general purpose.
Kemerovo pigs are characterized
by a strong constitution and correct physique. They are predominantly black but
sometimes black and white. They have a good layer of dense bristles and are well
adapted to harsh climatic conditions.
Korean native pigs
have black glossy hairs, caved face, a greatly protruded mouth, big eyes, and
straightly upright ears. They also have round shoulder, narrow rear, wide
chest, long hips, well-balanced short legs
and 10-12 teats. They are known for propagating power, superior meat quality
and strong adaptability.
Krskopolje Pigs, also known as Blackbelted pigs, are from the Carniola
and Styria regions of Slovenia.
The back parts of Krskopolje Pigs bodies are usually black, with a wide
white stripe or belt around the body. Their head is medium-length and flat,
with big, hanging ears. They are characterized by an average fertility, a good
appetite, growth ability and large adult weight (adult animals weighed 250-300
The KuneKune is a small breed of domestic pig. KuneKunes are hairy, with a rotund build and may have wattles (a small piece of hanging flesh, similar to a rooster''s wattle). Their colors range from black and white, to ginger, cream, gold-tip, black, brown and tri-colored. They have laid back, docile, friendly personalities.
The KuneKune was once near certain extinction and they were only found in New Zealand and kept by the Maori people. Luckily now they are widely bred and make wonderful and adorable pets.
KuneKune pigs are a perfect homestead pig as they are grazers and can finish out on just good pasture. Because they have short upturned noses they do not root as much and destroy pastures like
Lacombe Pigs are a breed of Canadian pig. They are
named after the Lacombe Research Centre in Lacombe, Alberta. They were the
first strain of livestock developed in the Canada.
Lacombe Pigs development began in 1947 with the
crossing of Berkshire sows to Danish Landrace and Chester White boars. The goal
was to produce a pig that would be appropriate for crossing with the Yorkshire,
the dominant breed in Canada at the time. The Lacombe was eventually unveiled
to pork producers in 1957, and quickly grew to be a popular breed in Canada.
Lacombe Pigs are white, medium-sized, docile pigs. They
have large drooping ears, are long bodied, short legs, and are very meaty.
Unfortunately today Lacombe Pigs are
Landrace Pigs are found in many countries with small variations from country to country; however, they are all descended from hogs that were developed in Denmark.
The development of Landrace Pigs began in about 1895. It resulted from crossing Large White hogs from England with native pigs. . It was largely thanks to the use of Landrace pigs that Denmark became a great bacon-exporting country.
Landrace Pigs care to merica in 1934 when the U.S. Department of Agriculture received a shipment of Landrace pigs from Denmark. Many of those hogs were used in cross breeding and became ancestors of a number of newrnbreeds. The foundation stock of the American Landrace was from those hogs that were bred pure or carried a small inf
Large Black Hogs, occasionally called the Devon or
Cornwall Black, are a meet pig, originally from Great Britain, particularly
Devon, Cornwall, and Essex.
Large Blacks were developed from local black pig breeds
from the West Country and the East of England. With the founding of a breed
association in 1898 or 1899, variations between the types from the two areas
decreased. The Large Black was popular in the early 1900s and was exported to
many areas of the world.
They are good foragers which makes them particularly
useful for extensive farming but poor for intensive farming. Population numbers
declined after the Second World War as farmers turned to breeds more suitable
to intensive pig farming, and by the 19
The Large White
is a breed of domestic pig originating in Yorkshire. They are one of the most
common pig breeds. Large Whites in the US are referred to as American
Yorkshires, or just Yorkshires.
As one would
expect Large Whites are large and white. They have erect ears and a dished
They were originally
developed as an outdoor breed, but today they are favored by commercial pig
in 1868, the Large White was one of the original founder breeds of the National
Pig Breeders'' Association (now known as the British Pig Association) and the
first herdbook was published in 1884. The early history of the breed in
Yorkshire is difficult to trace. The huge, coarse-boned and leggy
Latvian white pigs are a general purpose pig breedrnfrom Latvia.
Leicoma pigs are large pigs from East Germany. They have a large frame and hanging ears. They unfortunately are considered endangered.
Lincolnshire Curly-Coated Pigs, also known as the
Baston Pigs or simply as the Lincolnshire Curly
Coats, were an old breed of pigs from Lincolnshire,
England. The breed became rare, and was finally extinct by the early to mid-1970s.
Lincolnshire Curly-Coated Pigs were bred
to be tough and hardy. They were large and had lop ears. Their most prominent
feature was their long, curly white coat, which helped it to weather the damp,
cold winters of the Lincolnshire fens.
Lincolnshire Curly-Coated Pigs were one
of the oldest breeds in the UK, and was formerly very common in eastern
England. By the 1930s, selective breeding had developed its fattening abilities,
and large specimens were exported to Russia
and other c
Pigs are a rare middle-sized pig from Lithuania. They can be traced back to
ancient times, and they are one of the oldest pig varieties in Europe. It is a
Pigs typically have wattles on the neck, and usually they have large black
spots on their body, but color variations include black-and-white, ginger,
black, and tri-colored. They are friendly and they are not sensitive to the
sun, which makes them good grazers and ideal for small farms.
Pigs were used in producing the Lithuanian White, a standardized breed, and
many Russian breeds. Now Lithuanian Native pigs are very rare even in Lithuania
and in danger of extinction. However since 1993 a
Lithuanian White Pigs are a standardized, general
purpose, pig developed partially from Lithuanian Native Pigs.
Livny Pigs are a general purpose pig from the Orel region of Russia. They
were developed by a team of specialists from the Livny Breeding Ground. Selective
pedigree work was carried out on the basis of the cross-breeding stock, which
was formed before 1917 by random outbreeding of local late-ripening pigs with
Berkshire, Large White, Middle White, and Polish-Chinese pigs.
As a result of monitoring 10 lines of boars and 28
breeding families, pigs improved for these parameters were obtained for
productivity, precocity, and conformation, and in 1949 the name Livny breed was
They have good adaptability to natural and fodder
conditions of Russia, as well as produce high quality meat. Livny
Malhado de Alcobaca are Portuguese Pigs that were thought to be extinct,
but has started to quickly recover in numbers.
Mangalica Pigs (sometimes spelled Mangalitsa (USA) or
Mangalitza (UK)) is a Hungarian breed of pig that was developed in the 19th
century by cross-breeding the traditional Hungarian Bakonyi and Szalontai
breeds with imported Sumadia pigs from Serbia.
Mangalitsa pigs have a thick hairy coat similar to that
of a sheep. The only other pig breed noted for having a long coat is the
extinct Lincolnshire Curly Coat of England.
The Mangalitsa is a lardpig,
with a high fat content in the meat; they are large and round. Because of the
drop in demand for lard, the popularity of the breed has declined and they are
now regarded as a rare breed.
Meishan pigs are named for the
Chinese prefecture of Meishan. They are classified
as a type of Taihu pig which are all from the narrow region of mild
sub-tropical climate around the Taihu Lake region in Shanghai.
Meishan pigs are small to medium-sized with large
drooping ears and wrinkled black skin. They are best known for its large
litters of 15-16 piglets. Due to their fecundity, they were introduced into the
United States under a cooperative effort of the USDA, the University of
Illinois, and Iowa State University. This effort also imported Fengjing and
Minzhu pigs from China. A total of 144 pigs from these breeds were shipped to
the United States. Iowa State University received 22 Meishan females and 10
Middle White Pigs are
native to the United Kingdom. They originated inYorkshire around the same time as the Large White. Their name comes from
the fact that they are between the size of the Large White and the now-extinct
Middle White Pigs were fully recognized as a breed in
1884. The breed is known as a pork producer (rather
thanbacon or lardtype pigs), and are best known for having sharply upturned snub noses.
They are docile and often kept outdoors in grazing situations. Though their
numbers have rebounded somewhat, they are currently listed as endangered.
Minzhu pigs, or
Ming, Min, or Da Min, pigs come from far northern China. Minzhu means folk pig.
They can be found
in the Middle Temperate Belt, to the north of the Huaihe River Basin and the
Qinling Mountains. The cold and dry climate of this region makes the Minzhu
very tolerant to cold temperatures and harsh feeding conditions. They are also
known as the Ming, Min, or Da Min. Minzhu is said to mean folk pig.
Minzhu pigs are
small pigs with very long black hair. This hair has coarse, long bristles and a
dense woolen undercoat in the winter. This hair allows sows to farrow in an
open shed at 4 degrees C with issues.
Minzhu pigs are a prolific breed,
though not as prolific as the other breeds import
Mong Cai Pigs are one of the most common breeds of Pigs in northern
Vietnam, particularly in the provinces of North Mountain area, the Red River
delta, and the northern part of the Central Coastline.
Mong Cai Pigs are small to medium sized. Their heads are black with
small and upright ears. Black patches are also found other places on their body
with a white band running from one side of their abdomen over the shoulder to
other side of the abdomen, making a black saddle over the middle of their
They are known for high prolificacy, good adaptation to poor-quality
feed, and disease resistance. Gilts reach puberty at 2-3 months of age and they
have an average litter size of 12.
Pigs are from Emilia-Romagna, in northern Italy.
In the early 20th
century there were several similar but distinct regional sub-types of Romagnolo
pigs, including the Forlivese from the area o Forli, the Faentina from the area
of Faenza and the Riminese or Mora Riminese from the area of Rimini. From the
beginning of the century all of these types began to be crossed with British
Yorkshire pigs, which were first imported to the area in 1886. First-generation
crosses preserved the some of the meat quality of the local breeds, but grew
much faster. By 1927 they was recognized that indiscriminate cross-breeding
beyond the first generation lead to the disappearance of the local stock, and
in 1941 selective br
Moara Pigs, also
known as Estrela, Estrelense, Mouro, and Pereira Pigs, are from Duroc, Canastra
and Canastrao in southern Brazil. They are usually blue roan, but occasionally
Moura Pigs are considered tough and strong. Moura Pigs
adapts easily to changes in the environment. Though stubborn, Moura Pigs are
manageable and survives on little food, plus they are disease resistant. All of
this makes them well suited to the small households south Brazil.
Mukota Pigs, also
known as the Rhodesian Indigenous or Zimbabwe Indigenous pigs, are primarily
found in Zimbabwe, but they also are found in Mozambique and Zambia.
Mukota pigs are
black, hardy in the tropics, resistant to disease and poor nutrition, and
require little water (6 liters per week). They fall into two broad classes. One
is short and fat, with a short snout resembling that of the Chinese Lard pig.
The other resembles the Windsnyer (Wind cutter) pigs, with long snout and
They are believed
to have been introduced in the 17th century Europe and China trade and are
named after the Mukota region of northeastern Zimbabwe.
follows an annual rhythm with peak farrowing in
Mulefoot pigs are a rare and hardy American swine
breed. They are typically black and on rare occasions they have white markings.
They generally reach 400 to 600 pounds (180 to 270 kg), with males
averaging 550 pounds (250 kg) and females 450 pounds (200 kg).
Mulefoot pigs thrive when raised on pastures (as
opposed to in confined feed lots) and they retained the ability to forage for
food. The sows are known as good mothers, having litters that average 5 to 6
Murom Pigs are a meat and lard breed of hogs developed
in 1957 in Murom Raion, Vladimir Oblast by selection of a domestic breed.
Murom Pigs are large, sturdy, and well built. Mature
boars weigh 250 - 280 kg; sows weigh 200 - 220 kg. A litter consists of ten or
11 shoats; the sow’s milk production is 60 - 70 kg. When fattened for meat, a
pig at six or seven months of age will weigh 90 - 100 kg and produce high-quality
bacon on the basis of 4 - 4.5 feed units per kg of weight gain.
Murom Pigs are used for commercial cross-breeding with
Large Whites and other breeds.
Myrhorod Pigs are a lard-type pig breed from Ukraine. They were the second domestic breed of
pig developed in Russia. Myrhorod Pigs are the result of prolonged planned work
by a large collective of scientists, specialists, and workers of collective and
state farms. They were developed through crossing of local black-ruffled pigs
with Berkshire, medium white, partially large white, Temvorskaya, and large
Boars have an average live weight of 290 kg, a trunk
length of 180 cm, and sows weigh 235 kg and 162 cm long.
Their heads are medium-sized, not coarse, snout of
moderate length, and their ears are mostly short, standing, sometimes they are
inclined forward. Their body is wide, with well-fil
Neijiang Pigs are large pigs raised in Southwest China in the Sichuan
Basin in China, where the climate is mild, agriculture is well developed, and
the area is rich in feed.
Nero delle Madonie
This breed is
also called Nebrodi or Madonie black
swine. The presence
in Sicily of black swine is testified by the references of ancient writers, and
verified in the Greek-Carthage period (VII-VI cent. B.C.). It is rustic, almost
wild, always grazing in the woods, as fossil remains testify.
Today only some
limited examples of this breed are reared wild in Madonie and Nebrodi
Precocious and long-lived breed it is characterized by a peculiar fertility and
a great number of weaned piglets. This breed is also resistant to diseases and
to the inclemency of the weather, being able to appreciate poor food as well.
Its meat, either used fresh or to make sausages, gives high quality products.
Nero di Parma
breeding historically represents a deep-rooted documented activity since the
end of 1400. At that time black coated pigs were particularly appreciated as
they reached a considerable weight (190-240 kg). From the second half of the
nineteenth century onwards, black pigs were gradually replaced by white stock
from northern Europe, as they were more productive and profitable. But since
the half of the 90s a recovery plan of the black pig breed from Parma started,
so that these animals have come to enrich the population around such area. As
to the number, the present day population, which has been defined like the real
founder of the hybrid breeder register, is made up of a few hundreds examples,
mostly half wild, bred in
Ningxiang Pigs are lard pigs from the Hunan Province of
China in the Central Subtropic belt. They are normally housed and hand-fed year
round. The hair coat color pattern has been described as black clouds
overhanging snows with a silver ring around the neck; the back is slightly
concave, and the belly is pouched and pendulous. The back fat is 4 cm thick;
the average litter size is 11.5 and there are 7 pairs of teats.
North Caucasian Pigs are a
general purpose pig breed from Russia and Uzbekistan.
At that time in the North
Caucasus, the local Kuban pigs were bred mainly with strong constitution and
adaptability to local conditions and pasture content, satisfactory multiparty
and good maternal qualities. However they were slow to mature. Therefore, it
was decided to keep everything valuable from local Kuban pigs, but with early
maturity and improve meat qualities. And also more adaptability to cold climate
and the ability to use the maximum amount of juicy and coarse fodder.
North Caucasian pigs were
created through complex reproductive crosses of local Kuban pigs with Large
White, Berkshire, and White Short-breed breeds.
North Siberian Pigs are a
medium sized general purpose pig breed from Russia. They were developed in
Novosibirsk Oblast in Russia in the 1940s. They were developed by crossing the
short-eared Siberian pigs with Large White boars; the North Siberian was bred
for a dense bristle covering and undercoat to increase hardiness to the harsh
climate of northern Siberia. Adult males typically reach 312kg in size.
The North Siberian is a
white breed, and multicolored specimens rejected during the breeding program
were used in the development of the Siberian Black Pied breed.
Norwegian Landrace Pigs are the leading breed of swine
in Norway. They are white and have a heavy drooped ear.
Since swine are not as numerous in Norway as in most countries
that have a registered strain, the number registered each year is limited.
Norwegian Landrace, as well as most of the swine in Norway, are raised in the
southern part of the country. Most are found in the area of Hamar.
Norwegian Landrace Pigs originated from importations of
Landrace from other countries. There was special selection to give the blend of
introduced strains a unique adaptation to the environment of Southern Norway.
The major aid in this selection has been the breed testing done in a special
swine station. In the boar testing
Ossabaw Island hog, or Ossabaw
Island pigs, is a breed of pig derived from a population of feral pigs on
Ossabaw Island, Georgia, United States. The original Ossabaw hogs are descended
from swine released on the island in the 16th century by Spanish explorers. A
breeding population has been established on American farms off the island, but
they remain a critically endangered variety of pig.
Oxford Sandy and Black
Oxford Sandy and Black Pigs originated in Oxfordshire, UK. Named for its
color, which is a base of sandy brown with black patches, the breed is also
sometimes called the Plum Pudding or Oxford Forest pig Related to the old
Berkshire and Tamworth breeds, they are one of the oldest pigs native to
Oxford Sandy and Black are a hardy, docile pig suited to being reared
outdoors, where its color protects it from sunburn (which pink pigs tend to
suffer from). The breed has twice neared extinction, but has recovered due to
the efforts of a dedicated breed association.
The Philippines has four endemic species of wild pigs. This makes the
Philippines unique in having arguably the largest number of endemic wild pigs
Two separate populations of unstudied wild pig species have been reported on
the islands of Tawi-Tawi (near Sabah, Malaysia), and Tablas (in the central
Unlike its Southeast Asian neighbors, the Philippines does not have a
native population of the widely distributed Eurasian wild boar.
Hybridization with domestic pigs are becoming rampant.
Pietrain Pigs are from Pietrain, France - a small village of the Walloon
municipality of Jodoigne. They became popular in the 1950s during the difficult
period of the swine market in 1950-51. Pietrain swine were imported into
Germany in 1960-61. The main breeding areas in that country are
Schleswig-Holstein, Nordrhein-Westfalen, and Baden-Wurttemberg. They are
commonly used in crossbreeding in Germany to improve the quality of pork
The breed was improved by researchers at the Universite de Liege in
Poland China pigs
are meet pig from the Miami Valley, Butler and Warren counties, Ohio,United
States, in 1816. They are big-framed,
long-bodied, lean, muscular pigs and they lead in U.S. pork production in
pounds of hog per sow per year. Also they are
the oldest American breed of swine.
Poland China pigs
are deriving from many breeds including the Berkshire and Hampshire. They are
typically black, sometimes with six white patches. They are known for their
large size, Big Bill, the largest hog ever recorded at 2,552 lb
(1,157 kg), was a Poland China.
The Poland China
hog was first bred on the Hankinson Farm in Blue Ball, Warren County, Ohio. A
monument to this accomplishment still stands near the pl
According to the
opinion of last centurys reliable authors Pugliese swine differ from other
breeds in height, strength, sobriety and rustic nature.
Thanks to a plan
to the recovery of the breed some rustic pigs (mainly black) were found on the
territory; today they are reared in the wild state.
The skin was
covered by big black bristles, sometimes black with tawny markings, washed away
in the tip, especially on the back and on the neck and they were arranged in a
crew cut along the back. Sometimes, however, the coat could also be white
spotted or totally white, a dirty white such as to remind ivory white with a
black cap at the back side of pelvis. The head was small and snub, the trunk
long and angular, the
There are no Pig breeds that start with the letter Q.
The Red Wattle
hog, or Red Wattle pig, is an American meet pig. They are red and and have
distinctive wattles or tassels.
weigh 600 - 800 pounds (270 - 360 kg). Large pigs can reach 1,200 pounds (540
kg), 4 feet (120 cm) in height and 8 feet (240 cm) in length. They normally
have 10 –15 piglets per litter. They grow fast, forage well, and are hardy,
mild-tempered and resistant to disease. They are suitable for extensive
Red Wattle hogs
are on the threatened list of the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy (ALBC).
is an Italian breed, which comes from Sardinia. It is very alike the wild boar
it often mares with in the underwood or in the scrub where it usually grazes.
In 2006 this breed was officially registered among the Italian autochthonous
small size pig, grown-up weight 70-100 kg. The color of the coat can be black,
grey, tawny, spotted. The bristles are numerous, long and rough, on the dorsal
line they make up a mane.
head is cone-shaped with a straight profile, small ears kept high up or leaning
on the side. Sometimes this pig may have jowls like the Casertana breed.
and photo source: Agraria.org.
Semirechye pigs are a general purpose pig breed from
Siberian Black Pied
Black Pied Pigs are fromRussia. They were developed from stock rejected
in the process of developing theNorth
Siberian breed. They were a specialized breed for the Novosibirskregion with headcount ranging from 4000 to 12000
since the 1960s.
Small Black, or Suffolk, Pigs are extinct pigs from the United Kingdomduring the nineteenth century.
Their origin is uncertain, but mostly likely there were a cross between
Essexpigs and foreign breeds in efforts to
improve it. The Small Black closely resembled the, also now extinct, Small
White, except they were black and had pricked ears and a short upturned snout -
which indicates a contribution from imported Chinese pigs.
Small Black Pigs seems to have had a rather mixed reputation amongst
agriculturalists. By the turn of the 20th century they were quickly becoming
unpopular and they were said to have a delicate constitution and a too large
percentage of fat, although it matured early.
Small White, or Small Yorkshire, Pigs were a breed of pig originatingrnin the United Kingdom. They were common during the nineteenth century. However they are now extinct, but their characteristics were used in producing the MiddlernWhite and other swine breeds.
Swabian-Hall Pigs originating from Schwabisch Hall in Baden-Württemberg,
Germany. They are a large pig, white in the center with a black head and rear
and narrow grey bands at the transition from white to black skin. They have
large litters averaging more than nine piglets.
They are the result of King Wilhelm going to
China and obtaining Meishan Swine and then crossbreeding them with Russian Wild
Boar that was indigenous to the country of Germany. He did this because the
indigenous pork was too lean and too dry, much the same as the current
confinement, heavily muscled, super-lean hogs in the U.S. Swabian-Hall meat was
named the world’s best pork in 1832, and then again at the 1892 Worlds Fair.
Swedish Landrace Pigs are the leading breed of pig in Sweden. They have
heavy drooping ears and a white coat. The Swedish strain of the Landrace pig
originated from importations from neighboring countries, particularly Denmark.
Taihu Pigs are from the narrow region of mild
sub-tropical climate around the Taihu Lake region in the lower Yangtze River
Valley of China. They are large, black, and have a heavily wrinkled face. They
have a large head with a broad forehead and large folded ears.
Taihu strains have a high rate of reproduction with
litter sizes ranging up to twenty, but averaging fourteen live piglets. This
characteristic, as well as their resistance to disease, has resulted in
interest in the pigs for research into breeding and genetic engineering. Taihu
pigs have been established in France, Albania, Hungary, Japan, the UK and the
Taiwanese Green Glowing
In Taiwan, they developed green luminous piglets. The goal of
their fluorescent cells is to help facilitate the work of geneticists.
Three green glowing male piglets were born thanks to the
efforts of scientists from the National Taiwan University. Professor Shin-Zhi
expressed the hope that their appearance will help in further research of stem
Embryos with fluorescent green Jellyfish protein was
introduced into eight sows, but only four of them became pregnant, and only
three pregnancies ended with successful delivery.
The piglets have a greenish tinge even in ordinary daylight,
and in the ultraviolet rays they look quite bright green.
According to Shin-Zhi, this
Tamworth Pigs or Irish
Grazers are ginger to red colored meet pigs from Tamworth, UK and Irish
pigs. They are among the oldest of pig breeds, but as with many older breeds of
livestock, they are not well suited to modern production methods. There are
fewer than 300 registered breeding females remain and are listed as threatened.
Thuoc Nhieu Pigs originated
from crossbreeding between the Bo Xu and Yorkshire Pigs between 1930 and 1957.
They are white with piebald bristles.
They are dominant in
sweet-water zones of the Mekong River delta in the southern part of Vietnam.
Thuoc Nhieu Pigs prolificacy is average, at 8 -10 piglets born alive per
litter. They are well known for their good mothering ability. The live weight
of 100 kg can be reach at 10 months of age.
Tibetan Pigs, from the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, are especially adapted to
the high, cold climate and to being on pasture all year round. Their meat has a
marble appearance and meat with a special flavor.
Tibetan Pigs are not very heavy (about 35 kg in mature animals.). They
are known to be very alert -often running and jumping, with quick responses for
guarding against attack from other animals.They have a narrow head and a long straight snout, to facilitate searching for feeds under the ground.
They have a black hair coat, with long and dense bristles (length 12 cm,
about 2 to 3 times longer than other breeds) which protect it from the three
times as dense as in Sichuan native pigs) which protect it fro
Tokyo-X Pigs are a new Japanese
hybrid premium-quality pig breed.
They were well known for its marbled meat, seldom seen in pork.
The Tokyo-X breeding effort was
begun in 1990 by the Tokyo Metropolitan Livestock Experiment Station, combining
bloodlines from the Duroc (USA), Berkshire (UK), and Beijing Black (China)
breeds. Five generations of breeding and selection ended in 1997 when the breed
went to market.
Tokyo-X Pig meat was featured
on the Japanese television program Iron Chef, where the cooks had to use it as
an ingredient in each of their dishes.
Pigs are a pig breed from Tsivilsk Russia. Tsivilsk is a town in Chuvash
Turopolje pigs are from Turopolje, Croatia. They are distinctive-looking
swine, with black spots on their white or grey skin and drooping ears. They are
very rare, and are likely nearing extinction.
They are one of the older breeds of European pigs, though they may have
had infusions of Berkshire or other bloodlines in the 19th century.
Although Turopolje pigs are relatively small and not fast growing, they
are known for their hardiness under free range conditions. They were once one
of the most widespread swine in their native country, the change from extensive
to intensive pig farming in the mid-20th century discouraged their use.
Ukrainian steppe speckled pigs
are bred for meat and lard. They are well adapted to the arid Ukrainian
They are big, powerful, pigs
with a strong constitution. Adult male pigs on average weigh 280 to 300 kg and
are 170 to 175 cm long. Sows weigh 200 to 220 kg and are 158 to 160 cm long.
Generally they are mottled in
black and white and ending with black and red.
They have a deep and broad
chest. Their back and loin are wide and straight. Their hams are well developed
and have a rounded shape.
Ukrainian White Steppe
Ukrainian White Steppe Pigs are a general purpose pig breed from
Ukraine. They have a high resistance to disease and
are perfectly adapted to the arid conditions of the south of Ukraine.
They were developed by M. F. Ivanov between 1926 and 1934
with the goal of producing a productive pig with the endurance and adaptability
for the conditions of the south of Ukraine. They were developed by the crossing
of local pigs with boars of Large White pigs.
Males weight 335 to 345 kilograms around 180 cm long. Sows
weight 230 to 255 kg and are around 167 cm long. Sows have 12-19 piglets per
Urzhum pigs were developed in the late 1950s in the Kirov
region of Urzhum, Russia. They are the result of a long of crossing of local
pigs with Large White boars.
They are hardy and have good meat qualities; and as such can
be used in a system of intensive pork production on an industrial basis.
Vietnamese Potbelly Pigs are considerably
smaller than standard American or European farm pigs, they weigh 43 to 136 kg
(100 to 300 lb). Boars become fertile at six months of age, long before they
are completely physically mature. Pot-bellied pigs are considered fully grown
by six years of age, when the epiphyseal plates in the long bones of the legs finally
Because pot-bellied pigs are the same species as ordinary farmyard pigs
and wild boars, they are capable of interbreeding. Most pot-bellied pigs have
been crossed with various farm pig breeds.
Today, the Vietnamese and German governments have realized that the
indigenous Vietnamese pig subspecies exist only in mountainous Vietnam and
Welsh Pigs are large white pigs from Wales. They are known for their
hardiness in extensive farming. They have a long, pear-shaped body.
Welsh Pigs were first seen in the 1870s, and is the third most common
sire in the U.K, after the Large White and British Landrace. Welsh pigs are not
exported to many countries around the world despite the fact that they can
produce excellent bacon.
Wessex Saddleback Pigs, or Wessex Pig, are from the West Country of
England, (Wessex), particularly in Wiltshire and the New Forest area of
Hampshire. They are black, with white forequarters.
In Britain Wessex Saddlebacks were bred with Essex pigs to form the
British Saddleback, and as a result Wessex Saddleback are currently extinct as
a separate breed in Britain. However, the Wessex Saddleback survives in
Australia and New Zealand.
West French White
West French White Pigs, also known as the white
pig of the West was developed in 1958 from the fusion of local types with pigs
from Normandy, Craonnaise and Flamandes.
West French White Pigs have a good size of up to
430 kgs for adults and standing 1metre high at the shoulder. Sows have fewer
piglets, than other breed, but of excellent weight: around 8 piglets of 2kg at
birth, and 7kgs by three weeks of age. Plus their meat is delicious and highly
sought after for cooked meats by the charcuterie industry.
West French White Pigs are being
enthusiastically developed in Brittany and Normandy.
Windsnyer Pigs are from Zimbabwe. Their name
Windsnyer (wind-cutter) is derived from its shape as it is narrow-bodied and
They are very hardy and scavenges for its food, if need be.
They can convert food with a low nutrient content very efficiently. Windsnyers
are also able to survive periods of food shortage. They are an excellent
mothers which results in very few piglet deaths.
Wuzhishan Pigs are small pigs raised only in the isolated tropical
mountainous region of the Hainan province of China. Very few people in this
region raise this breed for production purposes because of the fast
introduction of exotic species. And Wuzhishan Pigs are not used as a market
supply animal, but only by local farmers for self-consumption. Together this is
leading to Wuzhishan Pigs becoming rare.
Wuzhishan pigs are black, with a white abdomen and inner leg area. They
have long legs, long and tipped snout, level back and loin, small head, and
narrow chest. Sows grow to be about 50 to 70 cm long, 35 to 45 cm high, 65 to
80 cm around the chest, and 30 to 35 kg in weight. Sows are able to give birth
1 or 2 times a ye
There are no Pig breeds that start with the letter X.
Yanan Pigs are from the western Sichuan Basin hilly region, in China,
generally at an elevation 800 m 400 a mild climate, abundant rainfall in the
Yanan pigs have black coats and large long bodies. Their hindquarters
are slightly tilted, their bellies are big but not drooping.
Yorkshire pigs are one of the most common
pig breed in North America. They are white and have upright ears. Black spots
are not permitted. While the Yorkshire breed comes in three distinct sizes --
small, medium and large -- only the latter is traditionally found in the American
pork industry. They are an extremely muscular pig and the typical Yorkshire
carcass contains a great deal of lean meat, with little fat on the back.
The Yorkshire breed was developed
in Yorkshire, England, in 1761. In 1830, the first Yorkshires were imported to
Ohio; however, they have a slow growth rate, which made them less popular until
the late 1940s. In the 1940’s the focus of the pork industry became more
focused on size and many
There are no Pig breeds that start with the letter Z.