About Mora Romagnola Pigs
Romagnola Pigs are from Emilia-Romagna, in
|Mora Romagnola (photo Alessio Zanon)|
In the early 20th century there
were several similar but distinct regional sub-types of Romagnolo pigs,
including the Forlivese from the area o Forli, the Faentina from the area of Faenza and the Riminese or Mora Riminese from the
area of Rimini. From the beginning of the century all of these types began to
be crossed with British Yorkshire pigs, which were first imported to the area
in 1886. First-generation crosses preserved the some of the meat quality of the
local breeds, but grew much faster. By 1927 they was recognized that
indiscriminate cross-breeding beyond the first generation lead to the
disappearance of the local stock, and in 1941 selective breeding of Romagnolo
pigs began; in 1942 the breed was named Mora Romagnola.
In 1918 there were 335,000
Romagnolo pigs in Italy. The population declined rapidly both before and after
theSecond World War, falling to
22,000 in 1950 and to a low of 12, all in one farm, in the early 1990s. At that
point the Italian World Wildlife Fund, the Università degli Studi di Torino, and
other institutions launched a recovery project, and numbers have since
A herdbook was established in
2001 and is kept by the Associazione Nazionale Allevatori Suini, the Italian
national association of pig breeders. The conservation status of the Mora
Romagnola was listed as "critical" by theFAOin
2007. At the end of 2012 a population of
1063 was reported.
The breed remains at risk from
crossing with Italian Duroc pigs;
first-generation hybrids are difficult to distinguish from pure-bred stock.
Content and photo source: Agraia.org.