About Duroc Pigs
In 1823, a red boar, whose
parents were probably taken from England, was obtained by Isaac Frink of Milton
in Saratoga, New York. Frink had obtained the boar from a man named Harry
Kelsey. Kelsey owned a famous trotting stallion, named Duroc, and Frink named
his red boar in honor of that horse. That boars progeny continued the Duroc pig
name and many of his offspring inherited his color, quick growth and maturity,
deep body, sturdy ham and shoulder, and quiet disposition. Today that pigs
descendants are called Durocs.
At the 1893 Chicago World's Fair,
Duroc pigs gained wide popularity at the first successful Duroc pig show. This
was only the beginning of the Duroc pig popularity and success which continues
today. They are now one of the most common breed of pigs in the United States.
They are also a major breed in many other countries, especially as a sire or in
Durocs have floppy ears and
can range from a very light golden (almost yellow color) to a very dark red
that is like mahogany.
The first organization for
the purpose of recording, improving, and supporting Red Hogs was the American
Duroc-Jersey Association, established in 1883. No other breed of hogs made more
progress, in terms of numbers recorded, over a period of years. As a result,
numerous other recording organizations were formed to accommodate the growth in
popularity. In 1934, all the groups were united to form one organization, named
the United Duroc Swine Registry, for the sole purpose of recording and
promoting the Duroc pig breed.
When the U.S. population
moved westward, the Duroc pig and many noted breeders moved west as well. Most
of the breed improvement after the formation took place in Ohio, Kentucky,
Illinois, Indiana, Iowa and Nebraska. Duroc pigs have become a sire of choice
to the American farmers. The climb of the breed has been accelerated by many
distinguished accomplishments in prolificness and longevity in the female line,
lean gain efficiency, carcass yield, and product quality as a terminal sire.
The purebred Duroc pig is distinguished for breed potency in today's picture of
pig’s improvement and holds forth inviting promise of future usefulness and
Duroc pigs were identified as
a superior genetic source for improving eating qualities of pork in the recent
National Pork Producers Council Terminal Sire Line Evaluation. Their advantage
in muscle quality combined with their well-established ability to grow fast has
positioned the Duroc breed as an outstanding breeding choice.