About Chato Murciano Pigs
Chato Murciano pigs are domestic pigs from Murcia,
Spain. The Spanish word “chato” means “short-nosed” which is how these
short-nosed pigs from Murcia got their name. They are the only surviving breed
of pig locally and historically produced in Murcia and they are at the risk of extinction.
Chato Murciano pigs are
generally bred for bacon and lean pork and they are well adapted to southern
Spain’s dry and warm climate.
Along with its short
nose, the Chato Murciano pigs are generally black or white color and have small
heads. Some tend to have white patches on parts of their body such as the tail
In Murcia, the Spanish
were in need of an improved breed of pig as the current Murcian type was not
meeting their standards. To solve this problem, they cross-bred the Murciano
with the Victoria,Tamworth, theLarge Whiteand theBerkshire. There were about fifty
thousand Chato Muciano pigs in 1865 and more than 100,000 in 1929. Unfortunately
by the 1980s, Chato Murciano pigs were on the verge of extinction. But due to
programs instigated by agriculturists and governments, the pig is gradually
becoming more sustainable.