Welsh Pony and Cob Horses
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About Welsh Pony and Cob HorsesAbout Welsh Pony and Cob Horses



rnrnThe Welsh Pony and Cob are a group of fourrnclosely related horse breeds including both pony and cob types, whichrnoriginated in Wales in the United Kingdom. The four sections within the breedrnsociety for the Welsh breeds are primarily distinguished by height, but also byrnvariations in type: the Welsh MountainrnPony, the Welsh Pony, thernWelsh Pony of Cob Type, and the Welsh Cob. Welsh ponies and cobs arernknown for their good temperament, hardiness, and free-moving gaits.

rnrnNative poniesrnexisted in Wales before 1600 BC, and a Welsh-type cob was known as early as thernMiddle Ages. They were influenced by Arabian horses, and possibly also by Thoroughbredrnand Hackney horses. In 1901, the first stud book for the Welsh breeds wasrnestablished in the United Kingdom, and in 1907 another registry was establishedrnin the United States. Interest in the breed declined during the GreatrnDepression, but revived in the 1950s.Throughout their history, the Welsh breedsrnhave had many uses, including as cavalry horses, pit ponies, and as working farmrnanimal.
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Today, Welsh Ponyrnand Cob breeds are used for many equestrian competitive disciplines, includingrnshowing, jumping and driving, as well as for pleasure riding, trekking andrntrail riding. Also the smaller types are popular children's ponies. Welsh-typernhorses crosses well with many other breeds and have influenced the developmentrnof many British and American horse and pony breeds.
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Welsh Mountain Ponies
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Welsh MountainrnPonies are the smallest of the Welsh breeds. They differ from the cob types by havingrnlarge eyes, small heads (often with a dished face from the Arabian influence),rnhigh set on tail, and a refined leg conformation, but they retain good bone andrncorrectness.
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Welsh MountainrnPonies may not exceed 12.2 hands (50 inches, 127 cm) in the US or 12 hands (48rninches, 122 cm) in the United Kingdom.
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Welsh Ponies
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Welsh Ponies are arnlarger than Welsh Mountain Ponies are a good riding-type pony. They combine thernhardiness and substance of the Mountain Ponies with elegant movement andrnathletic ability. Welsh Ponies are a maximum height of 13.2 hands (54 inches,rn137 cm) in the UK and 14.2 hands (58 inches, 147 cm) in the US. They have nornlower height limit.
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Welsh Ponies alsorngenerally have a slightly lighter build, than the mountain ponies, as a resultrnof Thoroughbred and Hackney blood. However, they should not be light of bone;rnthey should resemble their Mountain Pony ancestors for quality of bone. Theyrnshould also have a free-flowing movement, a muscular neck, arching from withersrnto poll, and have a deep, wide chest. rnrn
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Welsh Pony of Cob Type
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Welsh Pony of CobrnType horses are known for their strength, hardiness, and gentle nature. Inrncontrast to the Welsh Pony, the Pony of Cob Type is heavier, more cob-like andrncompact. They have a moderate amount of feathering on their legs. They may notrnexceed 13.2 hands (54 inches, 137 cm) high.

rnrnWelsh Pony of CobrnType first resulted from a crossbreeding between the Welsh Mountain Ponies and WelshrnCobs. Today, some Welsh Ponies of Cob Type are still produced from this cross. Therernhave also been crosses with Iberian horses, which led to the development of Powysrnhorses, which were also a foundation for this type. Other breeds alsorninfluenced Welsh Ponies of Cob Type, including Norfolk Trotters, Hackneys, andrnYorkshire Coach Horses.
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Welsh Ponies ofrnCob Type are shown in jumping events and in harness, notably in competitiverndriving.
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Welsh Cob Horses
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Welsh Cob Horses have the overall proportions of Welsh MountainrnPonies but are much larger. They stand from 13.2hh with no upper height limit. Theyrnstand with arched neck, four legs in a square, and a well set tail held with pride.rnTheir feet are well shaped and as hard as nails ensuring longevity – the old sayingrn“no foot, no horse” still holds true today. They have a very well laid-back shoulderrnwith a long slope which ensures a comfortable horse to ride. In movement they userntheir whole foreleg which extends forward from the elbow with strength; the frontrnlegs have short cannons with a good amount of flat bone so as to reduce tendon injuries.rnThey have a deep girth which allows adults to ride them without looking out of place.rnTheir width across the hips is broad, the loin strong and the lumbo-sacral jointrnis flexible which allows for great jumping ability.
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Welsh Cobs have a pony-like head with a large eye set wide –rnthis reduces the instance of spookiness as the eyes have almost 360 degrees visibilityrnwhen set prominently on the head. They are highly intelligent, have small neat ears,rnand a slight dish to the face. The mane and tail hair is very fine, and fine featherrnis present from mid-cannon to the hooves. They come in all colors except skewbaldrnand piebald.rn

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The old vernacular description of a Welsh cob is “a head likerna Duchess and a farewell like a cook” which is exemplified in this photo at rightrnof Ballytruckle Cleopatra with filly foal Ballytruckle Hot Chocolate at foot!
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Source: Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Welsh_Pony_and_Cob)rn and the New Zealand Rare Breeds (www.rarebreeds.co.nz )rnrn

Welsh Pony and Cob Horses Associations


The Performance Horse Registry The Performance Horse Registry - www.usef.org


The United States Hunter Jumper Association The United States Hunter Jumper Association - www.ushja.org


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