Schleswig Horses
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Schleswig (also known as Schleswiger Heavy Draft, or SchleswigerrnKaltblut) horses are from the Duchy of Schleswig, Germany. They are thought tornbe the origin of the Schleseiger Draft Horse along with the Jutland Heavy DraftrnHorse. Although not a certainty, the Schleswiger Heavy Draft's ancestors notrnonly worked in agriculture tilling and pulling, but the Schleswigers probablyrndescended from the large war horses of the Middle Ages. rnrn 

rnrnIn 1860 an imported English stallion, Oppenheim LXII, eitherrna pure-bred or a part-bred Suffolk Punch, was introduced, and became the foundationrnstallion of the breed. In 1888 the breeding of warmbloods and coldbloods wasrnseparated, and in 1891 various associations of coldblood breeders in Schleswigrnwere brought together in the Verband der Schleswiger Pferdezuchtvereine, andrnsystematic breeding began. The brand V.S.P in an oval on the off hindleg wasrnchosen to identify registered horses and is still used today.rnrn 

rnrnIn 1893 the stallion Aldrup Munkedal 839 was born, a son ofrnMunkedal II 585 and a descendant of Oppenheim LXII; he won the king's prize atrnthe Jubilee celebrations in Odense in 1900, and 70,000 crowns were offered forrnhim. Ater the First World War all Schleswig Coldbloods descended from thisrnstallion.rnrn 

rnrnBy 1910 the Verband recorded 12,000 breeding animals.rnThrough regional agricultural shows, the Schleswig Coldblood became widelyrnknown and was sold throughout Germany. Schleswig was divided between Denmarkrnand Germany in 1920, as part of the aftermath of the First World War. That meantrnthe loss of a large part of the breeding area for these horses and was a majorrnsetback. However numbers rose again, and in 1949 reached a peak of about 450rnstallions and around 25,000 brood mares in the hands of more than 15,000rnbreeders spread throughout Schleswig-Holstein. In 1958 two French stallionsrnwere added to the breeding stock.rnrn 

rnrnIn the years following the Second World War thernmechanisation of agriculture, with the replacement of agricultural horses withrntractors, led to a dramatic decline in numbers. By 1976 they had fallen to arnlow of 35 mares and 5 stallions, and in that year the old society was dissolvedrnand the remaining animals were registered in the Schleswig-Holstein horsernregister in Kiel. A society for the protection of S chleswig horses was soonrnformed, and in 1991 this became the Verein Schleswiger Pferdezüchter, orrnSchleswig horse breeders' association.rnrn 

rnrnSince 1997 numbers have remained stable at about 200 -250; inrn2013 there were 189 mares and 26 stallions. The Schleswig Coldblood was listedrnas endangered by the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) of the UnitedrnNations in 2007. In 2013 it was in Category II: seriously endangered on thernRote Liste of the Gesellschaft zur Erhaltung alter und gefahrdeterrnHaustierrassen, the German national association for the conservation ofrnhistoric and endangered domestic animal breeds, and was listed as minimallyrnendangered by the European Association for Animal Production (EAAP).rnrn 

rnrnSince 2012 a sub-population, the Hannoversches KaltblutrnSchleswiger Ursprungs, or roughly "Hanoverian coldblood of Schleswigrnorigin", has been included in the Schleswiger Coldblood breed; in 2012rnthere were a total of 62, 4 stallions and 58 mares.

rnrnSchleswig Horses stand approximately 154 (5 feet 1 inch orrn61 inches) - 162 cm(5 feet 4 inches or 65 inches) or 15.2 to 16 hands. Thernstallions are on average, bigger than the mares. Their legs are strong and dry,rnlightly feathered. The round hooves are of good quality. The back should bernshort and well muscled; however, many have backs that are longer than mostrndraft horses. They have deep chests. The head is short and straight with arnbroad forehead. The neck should be well proportioned. The Schleswiger is usuallyrnchestnut colored, although black, grey and bay occur. The Schleswiger is anrnexcellent mover with an astounding walk and trot. The Schleswiger has a goodrnplacid character and is very willing to learn. They are versatile, agile and ofrngreat endurance, and are easy to keep. Feeding problems are virtually unknownrnto this breed.rnrn 

rnrnThey are used for farming and other agricultural endeavors.rnHauling loads such as timber, pulling omnibuses, in the brewery business, inrnnurseries, and for military purposes. They are also used for pleasure. 

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