Iomud Horses
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Iomuds are light horses from Turkmenistan. They are raisedrnin Turkmenistan, particularly in the velayat of Dasoguz; in Uzbekistan; inrnKarakalpakstan (now part of Uzbekistan); and in Iraq, Iran and Turkey.

rnrnLike other breeds of Turkmen horses - including Akhal-Teke, Ersari,rnGoklan, Salor and Sarik - Iomuds are named for the Turkmen tribe that formed it,rnthe Iomud. Both the name of the horse and the name of the Turkmen clan may bernspelt in many ways, including Iomud, Yomud, Yamud and Yomut. The Iomud peoplernoccupy the northern part of modern Turkmenistan, from the eastern shores of thernCaspian Sea in the west to the area of Dasoguz, on the northern edge of thernKarakum Desert, in the north-east. They are principally concentrated in thernvelayats of Balkan and Dasoguz.rnrn 

rnrnThe early history of the Iomud breed, like that of Turkmenrnhorses in general, is not clear. The qualities of Turkmen horses, and therndifferences between the various breeds, were recognised by western travellersrnin the area in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Clement Augustus dernBode wrote in 1848 that the Tekke horses had the best endurance, and werernpreferred to pure-bred Arabs, while the Iomud and the Goklan were faster andrnmore lightly built.rnrn 

rnrnIn the twentieth century, the numbers of the Iomud breedrnhave declined. In 1980, in the Soviet era, the total number was recorded asrn964, of which 616 were considered pure-bred. In 1983 stud farms were set uprnwith the aim of increasing the number of breeding mares from 140 to about 250.rnA conservation farm was also established in the Gyzyletrek district, inrnsouth-west Turkmenistan.rnrn

rnrnIomud horses have remarkable endurance. According to localrninformation collected in 1937, they could cover the 800 km from Dasoguz tornEtrek in seven days. They can carry 120 kg without difficulty in mountain orrndesert terrain.

Iomud horses are usually grey or chestnut; golden chestnutrnand black can occur. Stallions stand about 152 cm (15 hands), mares a littlernless. Thoracic circumference (girth) is about 168 cm, cannon bone measurementrnabout 19 cm. The profile is straight or slightly convex, the legs fine andrnoften bowed; the mane and tail are sparse, and the skin is delicate.

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