Estonian Horses
Home | Press Room | Join Email List | Advertise | About Us | Contact Us | Sign InLivestock Of the World
Livestock
Breeds Of
Livestock Home
Alpacas
Alpacas
Bison
Bison
Cattle
Cattle
Chickens
Chickens
Dogs
Dogs
Donkeys
Donkey
Emus
Emus
Goats
Goats
HoneyBees
Bees
Horses
Horses
Llamas
Llamas
Pigs
Pigs
Rabbits
Rabbits
Emus
Sheep
Turkeys
Turkeys
Yaks
Yaks
Learn About

Horses
   About Horses
Horses for Sale At:
   Livestock Of America
   Livestock Of Canada




Sponsors


About Estonian HorsesAbout Estonian Horses



Estonian horses (also known as Estonian native, EstonianrnKlepper, or natively Eesti hobune) are a relatively small horse. The Estonianrnhorse has influenced several Baltic horse breeds, including Tori horses. Theyrnare strong and are resistant against sickness.

rnrnEstonian Horses are descended from the primitive forestrnhorses that lived in Northern Europe more than 5,000 years ago, and arernconsidered the progenitor of other breeds such as the North Swedish Horse andrnthe Dole Gudbrandsdal. They have retained its qualities and looks due to littlerninfluence by other horse breeds. However, it is believed that they became mixedrnwith the now extinct Oland Horse, as large numbers of Oland Horses werernexported to Estonia at one point. Tests authorised by associations dedicated tornthe Oland Horse have revealed that these two breeds have a genetically similarrnbackground.

They became popular throughout the Baltic countries for theirrnstrength and suitability for farm work. Many were sold to Russians as early as thern14th and 15th centuries. They were also imported to Sweden for military use.rnDevelopment of agriculture resulted in good working horses becoming even morerndesirable, and many Estonian Horses were crossbred with heavier draft horses torncreate stronger animals.

The first documents concerning attempts to improve thernEstonian Horse are from the founding of the Tori stud in 1856. The breed wasrnthen crossbred with lighter working horse and riding horse breeds. The bestrnoffspring resulting from these attempts became the foundation of the Tori horse.rnOne of the most successful sires, Vansikasa, was foaled at the stud. He becamernwell known for his exceptional strength, pulling skill and indomitability, andrnone of his daughters was the founding mare of the Tori Horse. Even the Vyatkarnhorse was influenced by the Estonian Horse.

After the First World War a breeding program was created tornhelp preserve the breed whose numbers had fallen quite a lot during the war. "Estonian Native Horse Breeders Society" and an Estonian Horsernstudbook were founded in 1921. By 1937, only 13 stallions had been used, andrnthe Estonian horse was becoming inbred due to the scarcity of strains. This ledrnto horses reaching maturity later, and slowed down the development of thernbreed. With the mechanisation of transport and agriculture, horses becamernobsolete and the breed nearly died out, excluding the islands of Saaremaa andrnHiiumaa. With a few animals left on the mainland, the breed was eventuallyrnrevived with the help of a new breeding program, and the breed's population hasrnnow reached circa 1000 animals in Estonia. The breed has recently beenrncrossbred with Finnhorses to enhance its size, but it should be noted that bothrnof these breeds are descended from the Forest Horse.rnrn 

rnrnIn 1992 the association started anew after having been downrnfor the 1980s. In 2000, an association was founded to preserve the breed. Inrn2005, 25 animals of the breed were imported to Sweden to recreate the geneticallyrnclosely related, extinct Oland Horse. The new Oland horse is not called that,rnhowever, but the "Estonian Bush Pony".

They are rather small, measuring 14.3 hands (59 inches, 150rncm) at the withers. It is strong, yet not heavily built. The most commonrncolourations are black, bay, chestnut, and grey.The breed is a tireless andrnpowerful puller, and is well suited to agricultural work with its easyrntemperament. This has contributed for the breed's use as a children's ridingrnhorse, a major reason for why the breed was able to survive.

Most breeders let their herds live under natural pasturernconditions except during wintertime, and the breed lives well on forage alone.rnThis has made the breed healthy and durable with hard feet. Their appearance isrnnot exceptional. The head is small with straight profile and primitive facialrnfeatures. The breed is willing and easy to handle, inexpensive to keep, andrnoften long-lived. The breed is nowadays used for tourist rides. Finland has arnbreed association for the Estonian Horse.

Horses for Sale

View Horses for Sale At

www.livestockofamerica.com/Horses/


www.livestockofCanada.com/Horses/
Livestock Of The World