Cavallo Romano della Maremma Laziale Horses
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Cavallo Romano della Maremma Laziale (or "Roman horsernof the part of the Maremma that is in Lazio") are native to the Laziornregion of Italy. They are an ancient breed, but they were officially recognisedrnonly in 2010. They are now one of the fifteen indigenous horse breeds ofrnlimited distribution listed by the AIA, the Italian breeders' association. ThernLazio region has assigned it the conservation status of "at risk of erosion".rnTheir population numbers about 800, of which most are in the comune of Monte Romanornin the province of Viterbo; a herd of approximately 200 are at Ponzano Romanornin the province of Rome, and others are in the province of Rieti.

rnrnDNA testing had shown that the traditional working horse ofrnthe Maremma of Lazio was not only physically but genetically distinguishablernfrom its counterpart in the Tuscan Maremma, the Maremmano, with which it hadrnpreviously been classed. The two populations are reported as having commonrnorigins but limited overlap, with the Roman horse showing greater variabilityrnand a higher proportion of "ancestral" genes. Ripert reports informallyrnthat the Cavallo Romano della Maremma Laziale has 38.5% genes of the originalrntype, while the registered Maremmano population has only 12%. The geneticrnstudy, carried out by the Consorzio per la Sperimentazione, Divulgazione ernApplicazione di Biotecniche Innovative (CONSDABI), National Focal Point forrnItaly of the Animal Genetic Resources project of the FAO, was presented at thern12th conference on “New findings in equine practice” held at Druento (Turin,rnItaly), 11–13 November 2010.

rnrn rnrnThe ARSIAL (regional agency for development and innovationrnin agriculture of Lazio) suggests that this is the same horse breed as thern"Cavallo Romano" that was well described in 19th century treatises;rnauthors who discuss the Cavallo Romano include Moreschi (1903) and Fogliatarn(1910). It is also suggested that the Cavallo Romano della Maremma Lazialerndescends from the horses of the ancient Romans, such as that of MarcusrnAurelius, or even of the Etruscans.rnrn 

rnrnThe Cavallo Romano della Maremma Laziale may be bay, black,rnchestnut or grey; limited facial markings (star and stripe) are permitted, asrnare white socks. Males measure 155–165 cm (15.1–16.1 hands) at the withers,rnfemales 150–162 cm (14.3–16.0 hands). The girth and cannon measurements arernsimilar for both sexes, approximately 170–210 cm (67–83 in) and 19–24 cmrn(7.5–9.4 in) respectively. The head is well set on, slightly long and heavy,rnand the profile convex or Roman; the neck is thick, muscular and arched, thernmane and tail long and thick. The shoulder is muscular and tends to bernstraight, the chest is broad with substantial muscle, the girth is deep and thernback is short, straight and muscular, sometimes slightly concave. The croup isrnbroad and sloping, and the tail is set low. The legs are solid, strong andrnmuscular, the hooves broad and strong. Horses with concave profile, long orrndrooping ears, or poor conformation of the legs are not admitted forrnregistration.

rnrnThey are lively and well-marked. They are docile andrncourageous. Plus they are sure-footed on even the most difficult terrain.

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