Austrian Warmblood Horses
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About Austrian Warmblood HorsesAbout Austrian Warmblood Horses



Austrian Warmblood horses are, unsurprisingly, warmbloodedrnhorses from Austria. They are the result of combining of multiple excellentrnhorse breeds.rnrn  

The Austro-Hungarian empire was known for its horse breedingrnprograms which were based on a number of imperial stud farms. The role of thesernfarms was to produce farm horses for the citizens, riding and carriage horsesrnfor the nobility, cavalry mounts and artillery horses for the military.

Although the former empire is also famed for producing thernKladruber and Lipizzaner, prominent among these stud farms were those locatedrnat Mezohegyes and Bábolna. The former was founded in 1785, the latter wasrnpurchased by the government in 1789, and both are located in modern-dayrnHungary.

Nonius horses were developed in Mezohegyes, Austria, whichrnwas similar to the western Heavy Warmbloods, used for light agricultural workrnand for pulling artillery wagons. Beginning in the 1840s, Thoroughbredrnstallions - Furioso and North Star prominent among them - were bred to thernNonius mares to produce strains of more refined cavalry mounts and carriagernhorses.

The ranches at Bábolna, Austria, were originally anrnextension of Mezohegyes, but in 1816 the administration decided to use onlyrnArabian and Arab-bred stallions to achieve their cavalry goals.

In 1830 Shagya, a famous Arabian-bred stallion was born inrnSyria. He came to Bábolna in 1836 and founded a strain of light cavalry andrncarriage horses which were taller and heavier than purebred Arabians, but whichrnretained distinct Arabian type. A chestnut Arabian named Gidran followed soonrnafter, crossed on mares who were more Thoroughbred in type. Respectively, theserntwo sires founded the Shagya Arabian and Gidran Anglo-Arabian breeds.

The Nonius, Furioso-North Star, Shagya, Gidran, and severalrnother strains are often collectively referred to as the AltösterreichischernPferderassen ("Old-Austrian Horse Breeds"). These horses formed thernnative mare base on which the Austrian Warmblood was founded.rnrn 

rnrnThey are registered with the Arbeitsgemeinschaft fürrnWarmblutzucht in Österreich (Association of Warmblood Breeding in Austriarn(AWÖ)). The AWÖ keeps an open studbook, in which mares and stallions must passrnrigorous inspections before becoming breeding stock. The studbooks comprisernabout 2,500 mares and 80 stallions.rnrn rnrnSource: Wikipedia.

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