Cheju Pony Horses
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About Cheju Pony HorsesAbout Cheju Pony Horses



Cheju Ponies are from Cheju Island, off the southern coastrnof South Korea. They are used for riding and light draft. Horses were among thernmost important animals used for agriculture and military purposes from thernperiod of tribal states (before the first century B.C.) through the Chosonrndynasty (fourteenth and nineteenth centuries).rnrn 

rnrnThe Cheju native pony may have existed since prehistoricrntimes, although no clear record confirms this. During the Korya dynastyrn(1276-1376), Mongolians governed Cheju and introduced their horses to thernisland. One record shows that 160 breeding horses were brought from Mongolia tornCheju and used for improving the native ponies. Since that time, horses raisedrnon Cheju have been exported to the mainland of Korea and to China. Nativernponies were also used for crossbreeding with Mongolian and some other exoticrnbreeds.rnrn 

rnrnDuring the Koryo and Choson dynasties, Cheju was a majorrnhorse producing area and 25 percent of the island's farm households werernengaged in horse production. At one time there were as many as 20,000 nativernponies in Cheju, but this number decreased with mechanization of farming andrntransportation to only 2500 by 1989. rnrn 

rnrnThey are in serious danger of extinction. For theirrnpreservation, in 1987 the Korean government designated the Cheju native pony asrna national treasure.rnrn 

Cheju ponies are outstanding, especially considering theirrnsmall size. The can survive horribly severe winters without artificial shelterrnand are highly resistant to both disease and ticks. Mares foal regularly up torntwenty or more years of age. They are able to carry loads up to 230 pounds.rnrn 

rnrnTheir predominant colors are chestnut, bay, and black andrnoccasionally gray, black, white, cream colored, or pinto. They have a nicelyrnshaped head with a straight profile, large eyes, and small ears. Their jaw isrndeep, tapering to a small muzzle. Their neck is short and well muscled; theirrnback is short and straight; their croup is gently sloped but their tail is setrnfairly high; their shoulders are often quite straight. 

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