Kiso Horses
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Kiso Horse (or Kiso Uma) are small horses and one of the eight indigenous horse breedsrnof Japan. They are the only native horse breed from Honshu, the principalrnisland of Japan. Like most other Japanese native breeds, it is criticallyrnendangered.

rnrnKiso Horses originates from the Kiso Valley and the KisornSanmyaku mountain range, in Nagano Prefecture, and the Higashimino region ofrnGifu Prefecture, in central Honshu. During the Meiji era (1868 - 1912) they werernseverely affected by the breeding program of the Imperial Japanese Army, whichrnwanted taller horses and ordered that Kiso stallions gelded, and only importedrnstallions be used to cover Kiso mares. After the Second World War only a fewrnpure-bred Kiso horses remained. However a single stallion, dedicated to arnreligious shrine, had escaped castration. His son Daisan-haruyama was born inrn1951 and is the foundation stallion of the present-day breed.

rnrnrnIn 1899 there were 6823 Kiso horses. Between 1965 and 1976rnbreed numbers fell from 510 to 32. In 1969 Kiso horse registration began, underrnthe Kiso Pony Conservation Group and their numbers have since slowly recovered.rnIn 2013 the total population was estimated at 150. rnrn

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