About Angora Goats
The Angora goat is a breed of domestic goat named for Ankara,Turkey,
historically known as Angora. Angora goats produce mohair fiber.
The Angora goat has been regarded by some as a direct descendant of the Central Asian Markhor goat. They
were found in central Asia since around the Paleolithic era. In the 1550’s the
first Angora goats were brought to Europe by Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and
they were first introduced in the United States in 1849 by Dr. James P. Davis.
Seven adult goats were a gift from SultanAbdülmecid
Iin appreciation for his services and
advice on the raising of cotton. More goats were imported over time, until the
Civil War destroyed most of the large flocks in the south. Eventually, Angora
goats began to thrive in the southwest, particularly in Texas, wherever there
are sufficient grasses and shrubs to sustain them. Texas to this day remains
the largest mohair producer in the U.S., and third largest in the world!
The fleece taken from an Angora
goat is called Mohair. A single goat produces between four and five kilograms
of hair per year. Angoras are shorn twice a year. Turkey, the United States,
and South Africaare the top producers
of mohair. For a long time, Angora goats were bred for their white coats. In
1998, the Colored Angora Goat Breeders Association was set up to promote
breeding of colored Angoras. Now, Angora goats produce white, black (deep black
to greys and silver), red (the color fades significantly as the goat gets
older), and brownish fibers.
are not prolific breeders, nor are they considered very hardy, being
particularly delicate during the first few days of life. Further, Angoras have
high nutritional requirements due to their rapid hair growth. A poor-quality
diet will affect mohair development.
Angora goats are generally
smaller than other domestic goats and sheep. Both sexes are horned, and the
ears are long and drooping. The strong elastic fiber of the coat differs from
wool primarily in its smoothness and luster.