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<a href = http://livestockofamerica.com/Ranches/Ranchhome.asp?CurrentPeopleID=2005 class = body>Photo supplied by ChuloWat Farms</a>
Photo supplied by ChuloWat Farms


rnrnHolstein Friesian Cattle, orrnjust Holstein cattle, are considered the world's highest dairy production cows.rn

rnrnWhen European tribes settledrnthe Netherlands close to 2,000 years ago, they wanted animals that would makernthe best use of the land. The black cattle of the Batavians and white cows ofrnFriesians were bred and strictly culled to produce animals that were the mostrnefficient, producing the most milk with limited feed resources. These animalsrngenetically evolved into the efficient, high producing black-and-white dairyrncow, known today as the Holstein-Friesian.

rnrnWhen markets began to develop for milk in America, dairy breedersrnturned to Holland for their cattle. Winthrop Chenery, a Massachusetts breeder,rnpurchased a Holland cow from a Dutch sailing master who had landed cargo atrnBoston in 1852. The cow had furnished the ship's crew with fresh milk duringrnthe voyage. Chenery was so pleased with her milk production that he importedrnmore Holsteins in 1857, 1859 and 1861. Many other breeders soon joined the racernto establish Holsteins in America.

rnrnBy the late 1800s, there was enough interest among Holsteinrnbreeders to form associations to record pedigrees and maintain herdbooks. Thesernassociations merged in 1885, to found the Holstein-Friesian Association of America.rnIn 1994, the name was changed to Holstein Association USA, Inc.

rnrnIn Europe, Holstein Cattle isrnused for milk in the north, and meat in the south. Since 1945, Europeanrnnational development has led to cattle breeding and dairy products becomingrnincreasingly regionalized. More than 80% of dairy production is north of a linernjoining Bordeaux and Venice, which also has more than 60% of the total cattle.rnThis change has led to the need for specialized animals for dairy, and beef, production.rnUntil this time, milk and beef had been produced from dual-purpose animals. Thernresulting breeds, derivatives of the Dutch Friesian, had become very differentrnanimals from those developed by breeders in the United States, who usernHolsteins only for dairy production.

rnrnrnrnBreeders imported specializedrndairy Holsteins from the United States to cross with the European black andrnwhites. For this reason, in modern usage, "Holstein" is used torndescribe North or South American stock and its use in Europe, particularly inrnthe North. "Friesian" denotes animals of a traditional Europeanrnancestry, bred for both dairy and beef use. Crosses between the two arerndescribed by the term "Holstein-Friesian".

rnrnPerhaps the most famousrnHolstein was Pauline Wayne, which served from 1910 to 1913 as the officialrnpresidential pet to the 27th President of the United States, William HowardrnTaft. Pauline Wayne lived and grazed on the White House lawn and provided milkrnfor the first family.rnrn

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