Valdostana Pezzata Rossa Cows
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About Valdostana Pezzata Rossa CattleAbout Valdostana Pezzata Rossa Cattle



This is thernautochthonous breed from Valle d’Aosta, where almost all heads are bred (85%).rnIt is either for milk or meat, with a fairly good milk production consideringrnthe size of the animals (on average 500 kg alive), their frugality as well asrntheir quite good meat production and good butchery yield.

rnrnThere are three breedsrnwhich differ by their morphological characteristics, coat, milk and meatrnproduction and temperament. These are: Valdostana Pezzate Rossa, ValdostanarnPezzata Nera and Castana. There are two genealogical books, one to registerrnValdostana and Pezzata Rossa heads and the other to register either ValdostanarnPezzata Nera or Castana heads.

rnrnIn 1937 the NationalrnAssociation of Valdostana Breeders was founded A:N:A Bo.Ra.Va. (www.anaborava.it)

rnrnIt is the most commonrnbreed in Val d’Aosta (in 2003 there were 13,241 heads registered). It is markedrnby a red Pied coat shading from a light to a dark red with white head, abdomen,rnparts of limbs and tail. Like all red pied breeds grazing in the Mount Blancrnvalleys, this one comes from red pied cattle dating back to the end of thernfifth century (Burgundi). One of the typical Italian dairy breed which isrnappreciated for its quality meat and its strength. Particularly docile andrnstrong, it is very apt to harsh climate and also resistant to ordinaryrnpathologies. Long-lived, frugal, this breed is able to live on coarse forage.

rnrnValdostana PezzatarnNera and Castana together with the Swiss Hérens belong to the authochtonousrncattle which originated in the Alps, coming probably from ‘Bos brachyceros’.rnBrachycephalic breeds stand out for their lively temperament, their rusticity.rnThey both belong to the same Genealogical Book, but being different in therncoat. Milk production is lower than in the Valdostana Pezzata Rossa.

rnrnThe coat of PezzatarnNera has a black and white pigment to built up the typical pied, while Castanarnhas a uniform black and red pigment shading from black to tawny.

rnrnIn 2003 there werern7,094 heads registered. It has similar features as Pezzata Rossa, but it isrnusually less developed, more rustic, stronger and more harmonious.

rnrnThese animals show arnlively quite aggressive temperament when grazing: they establish a sort ofrnhierarchy within the herd by fighting uncruelly, though. It is just byrnexploiting this peculiarity that since over 50 years breeders organizernfighting between their heifers ( Batailles de Reines) in order to point to thernstrongest and give it the title of Reìna (queen).

rnrnContent and photo source: agrarian.orgrnrn

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