About Reggiana Cattle
During the Barbaric Invasions around the year 568 following
the new people the herds with a particular red coat; they had robbed this
animal in the big plains of southern Russia and Pannonia.
Rustic cows, in that age with triple aptitude and quite good
milk producers: they soon become a point of reference for the monks that in the
twelfth century started to produce the ancestor of our today’s Parmigiano Reggiano
Cheese. There were many breeds in Northern and Central Italy as a matter of
fact the Italian Renaissance artistic tradition inserts constantly the red ox
in the Nativity’spictures. This breed
was a protagonist (and still is today for its quality) in theagriculture and livestock of the Reggiano and
Parma context because it was the most breed since the second half of the
twentieth century when it reached on 1954the number of 136,695 head of cattle. But the Italian’s post war
politics in order to reach easier selection results, become to crossbreed these
cows with cosmopolitan breeds for their replacement. On 1980 there were less
than one thousand of this particular head of cattle.
The good quality of milk and the exploitation strategies
also supported by the Ministry of Agriculture ad Forest Politics and by the
Emilia Romagna region had determined a constant population increase and
currently the head of cattle has reached 2,300 units present in 179 farms.
Since 1985 the Registry Office of autochthonous cattle
breeds and ethnic groups of limited diffusion has been founded, in order to
protect those Italian cattle breeds at risk of extinction and to safeguard this
genetic heritage. Among them there are the following breeds: Agerolese, Bianca
Val Padana (Modenese), Burlina, Cabannina, Calvana, Cinisara, Garfagnina,
Modicana, Mucca Pisana, Pezzata Rossa d’Oropa, Pinzgau, Pontremolese,
Pustertaler, Reggiana, Sarda, Sardo-Modicana, Varzese.
The breed is characterized by the red wheat color coat (the
color of the wheat’s with dark or pale changings, more or less toned down in
the inside parts and in the lower limbs,at the eyes edges. The subjects of this breed have a good size, long
trunk, a solid plant skeleton, and quite long head always very distinct.
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