Piedmontese Cows
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About Piedmontese CattleAbout Piedmontese Cattle



The Piemontesernseems to have a very antique origin. From archaeological findings, rockrninscriptions and fossil remnants the antique history of the breed has beenrntraced back. These findings indicate as its ancestor a cattle breed of thernAurochs type, which already in the Pleistocene - and therefore before in otherrnregions of the Euro-Asiatic continent domestication started - populated thernwhole Piedmontese area, where on one side the mountains and on the other vastrnlake and marshy zones represented a kind of natural barrier.

rnrnIn the periodrnbetween the medium and superior Palaeolithic, about 25 000-30 000 years ago,rnanother ethnic group penetrated massively into the Piemontese territory andrnmixed with the pre-existent one, forming a new breed that showed the clearrncharacteristics of the present Piemontese.

rnrnThis breed wasrnthe Zebu, which originated in West-Pakistan. The reason for this rapidrnmigration into various sectors of the European continent is still unknown. Thernmigratory wave finished its journey in the Piedmontese 'trap': the Alps blockedrnthe way and staying became inevitable.

rnrnGradually thernAurochs and the Zebu population mixed and formed over time the Piemonteserncattle breed.


rnThe National Association of Piemontese Cattle Breeders ANABORAPI (www.anaborapi.it) wasrnfounded in 1960 with the aim to develop the breed and its genetic improvement.rnThe Association establishes the selection criteria, keeps a Herd-book and runsrna Genetic Station where performance tests and progeny tests are carried out. Itrnalso runs an Artificial Insemination Station where semen from A.I. bulls isrnproduced.

rnrnIt has very finernbones, a fine and elastic skin, a low quantity of external fat and lean andrntender, but tasty meat.

rnrnThe bulls have arngrey or pale fawn coat, with black hairs on the head (especially around the eyernsockets), on the neck, the shoulders, the distal regions of the limbs andrnsometimes on the lateral faces of the body and the hind limbs. The cows have arnwhite or pale fawn coat with shades of grey or pale fawn. At birth the coat ofrnthe calves is of a deep pale fawn colour. The tongue, the palate and thernexternal mucosae are black.

rnrn
rnThe cows are of a medium size (550 - 600 kg), at birth the calves weigh onrnaverage from 40 to 45 kg. The male fattening calves are ready for slaughteringrnat a weight of 550-650 kg when they are about 15 -18 month old, the females atrnabout 350-450 kg when they are about 14-16 months old.

rnrnNotwithstandingrntheir size, the weight gain of Piemontese cattle is high, reaching 1.4 kg a dayrnin the calves between weaning and slaughtering, when feeding and environmentalrnconditions are optimal. The indices of the food conversion are extremely highrnand confer to the Piemontese a feeding efficiency which is definitely superiorrnto all the other beef breeds.

rnrnThe dressing outrnpercentage is very high, on average 67-68% in the fattening calves, with peaksrnof 72%, thanks to the extremely fine bones and the low quantity of externalrnfat. The conformation of the carcasses is excellent: they are always classifiedrnS and E of the S-EUROP classification.

rnrnThe milkrnproduction of the Piemontese is sufficient to suckle the calf; this as arnconsequence of the double-purpose selection applied on the breed in the past.rnSome of the Piemontese breeders use the milk for cheese production. The cheesesrn"Castelmagno", "Bra", "Raschera" and many of thern"Tome" coming from the valleys of the region Piemonte are producedrnwith Piemontese milk.

rnrnThe particularrncharacteristic of the Piemontese cattle breed is the muscular hypertrophy,rnbetter known as the 'double muscle factor'. The double muscle factor appearedrnat the beginning of last century and spread progressively over the breed up torna point in which nearly all the Herd-book animals possess this characteristicrnand a very high percentage of the breed as a whole.

rnrnThe Piemontese isrna long-living breed that adapts very well to many different climates and thatrncan be bred as easily in a confined rearing system as in an open herding or arnsemi-open herding system. The Piemontese cow can be bred favorably not only onrnplane and hill pastures but also on mountain pastures. The breed has anrnexcellent food conversion and adapts to the most diverse environmentalrnconditions.

rnrnContent and photo source: Agraria.org.rnrnrnrn

Piedmontese Cattle Associations


Piedmontese Association Of The United States Piedmontese Association Of The United States - www.pauscattle.org


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