About Hereford Cattle
|Photo by Margit Braeunig of Highland Hills Farm|
Herefords are primarily a beef cattle breed and are raised for meat production. They are one of the most popular types of cattle in the world today, with over five million that exist in over 50 different countries.
Originally from Herefordshire, England, they were exported starting in 1817 and have become one of the most widespread breed across the world. They are popular among ranchers due to their hardiness, quality of meat, and stoutness as well as the ability to do well in just about any climate.
The Hereford breed was created by crossbreeding English cattle with Shorthorn Cattle, to create this new type of beef cattle.
The first imports of Herefords were brought to the US around the early 1800's and continued heavily through 1840. Herefords are distinguished by a white face and red coloring, which was established during the 19th century.
A Polled Hereford is a variation of the Hereford breed - they have no horns (and a polled gene) which is a natural genetic mutation. Today the American Hereford Association consists of both Polled Herefords and American Herefords.