Breeds of Livestock - Turkeys Breeds
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Turkey Breeds

Turkey Breeds / Varieties

Turkeys are large birds (the eighth largest living bird species in terms of maximum mass) native originally to the Americas, but after European colonization turkeys were transported to Europe and today they are a common livestock in Europe, America, and many other part of the world . They are raised for their meat all year round but are closely associated in America as the star of the yearly Thanksgiving Dinner.

Female domesticated turkeys are referred to as hens, and the chicks may be called poults or turkeylings. In the United States, the males are referred to as toms, while in Europe, males are stags. Male Turkeys are more colorful than female turkeys and have a distinctive fleshy wattle or protuberance that hangs from the top of the beak (called a snood).

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Breeds/ Varieties of Turkeys

There are the following breeds of Turkeys:

Auburn - Breeds of TurkeyAuburn

Auburn Turkeys, also known as Light Brown Turkeys, is arnheritage turkey breed. They are one of the rarest breeds currently in thernworld. Auburn Turkeys' plumage is light reddish.

Auburn Breeds of Livestock

Beltsville Small White - Breeds of TurkeyBeltsville Small White

Beltsville Small White Turkeys are relatively small and haverncompletely white plumage. They were developed at the USDA's Beltsville Agricultural ResearchrnCenter.

In the early 1930s most turkeys raised in the US had darkrncolored plumage, were medium to large in size and had a narrow breast without arnlot of meat. In 1936 a survey found that 87% of home consumers wanted a NewrnYork-dressed bird (blood and feathers removed) weighing between 8 and 15rnpounds. They also wanted a bird that was meaty, well-finished, and had no darkrnpi ...

Beltsville Small White Breeds of Livestock

Black - Breeds of TurkeyBlack

Black Turkeys, sometimesrnreferred to as Black Spanish Turkeys or Norfolk Black Turkeys, were developedrnin Europe from a group of Aztec turkeys brought from Mexico in the 1500's. Todayrnthey are found throughout Europe and are considered the oldest turkey breed inrnthe UK.

rn lack Turkeys have arnlustrous greenish-black plumage.

rn lack Turkeys were sentrnin the holds of ships on the transatlantic crossing from Europe to the NewrnWorld, and were raised by early colonists. Ironically, it is likely that thernturkey consumed at the ...

Black Breeds of Livestock

Bourbon Red - Breeds of TurkeyBourbon Red

rn ourbon Red Turkeys, also known as KentuckyrnRed and Bourbon Butternut Turkeys, were developed in BourbonrnCounty Kentucky, US in the late 1800's. They were developed by J. F. Barbee whorncrossbred Buff, Bronze, and White Holland Turkeys.

rn ourbon Red Turkeys have a light-gray beak, red to blueishrnwattles, a black beard, and pink legs and toes. Toms weigh around 23 lbs andrnhens weigh around14 lbs. They lay large potted cream and brown eggs.

The Bourbon Red Turkey breed was recognized by the APA in 1909.rnThey became popular ...

Bourbon Red Breeds of Livestock

Bronze - Breeds of TurkeyBronze

Bronze Turkeys also known as Cambridge Bronze Turkeys, are domestic turkey whose plumage hasrnan iridescent bronze-like sheen.

rn ronze turkeys were developed by crossing domestic turkeysrnbrought from England, with wild turkeys. These matings produced a bird that wasrnlarger and more robust than the European turkeys, and tamer than wild turkeys. Although ronze turkeys were created in the 18th century, the actual name was not usedrnuntil the 1830s, when a strain developed in the U.S. was named the Point Judith ronze. The name later sprea ...

Bronze Breeds of Livestock

Buff - Breeds of TurkeyBuff

Buff Turkeys are named for their buff-colored plumage unsurprisingly.

rn uff Turkeys were accepted into the Standard of Perfectionrnby the American Poultry Association in 1874, but had died out entirely by thernearly 20th century. This was partly due to the difficulty in selectivelyrnbreeding the proper color pattern, and also to the rise of new commercialrnbreeds on the market.

In the 1940s, interest in a buff turkey was revived, and arnnew strain of the breed, named the New Jersey Buff Turkey was created. However the new Buff T ...

Buff Breeds of Livestock

Castano d'Italia - Breeds of TurkeyCastano d'Italia

Tacchino Castano d'Italia Turkeys are very rare brown Italian turkeys. Theyrnwere selected by Prof. Raffaello Quilici at the Experimental PoultryrnObservatory of Rovigo in 1960. They are almost extinct, but are being reconstitutedrnby Veneto Agriculture.

Their eggshell is slightly rosy and the eggs weigh 70-85 g. Theyrnmature at seven year old. They are medium-large males weight 12-14 kg, females weight 5-7 kg). They have a dark brown coat light tarsus, and white skin.

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Castano d'Italia Breeds of Livestock

Dindon de Ronquieres - Breeds of TurkeyDindon de Ronquieres

Dindon de Ronquieres Turkeys, or Turkeys of Ronquieres, are from Ronquieres. Ronquieres is a section of the Belgian town of Braine-le-Comte, located in Walloon region.

Dindon de Ronquieres Breeds of Livestock

Dindon de Sologne - Breeds of TurkeyDindon de Sologne

Dindon de Sologne Turkeys (also known as the Black Turkey of Sologne, Black Sologne, turkey Sologne, or solognot)arerna medium-sized variety of French Turkey with black plumage and blue-black legs.

Dindon de Sologne Turkeys are hardy birds with a strong bright-redrnhead, large, well-stocked wattles, a strong beak, bright eyes, a long neck, andrna dense, broad chest. They are good layer (onrnaverage 15 eggs).

Dindon de Sologne Breeds of Livestock

Dindon du Bourbonnais - Breeds of TurkeyDindon du Bourbonnais

Looks very much like the Sologne Black although it is morernelegant. It is a vigorous turkey which carries itself proudly. It is lively andrnfiery. Its plumage is deep black with a metallic but not bronze highlight (veryrnlight bronze is tolerated in the tail cover feathers). Its black tarsus becomesrnclear even pink with age. The male weighs 10 to 12 kg, the female 7 to 9 kg.

Dindon du Bourbonnais Breeds of Livestock

Dindon du Gers - Breeds of TurkeyDindon du Gers

Dindon du Gers, or the French Black Turkey, is a large birdrnwith black plumage with beautiful bronzer, green, and brown tones on its back.

The Hens are reliable brooders and are willing to take carernof the poults of other hens.

Gers Turkeys are rare and in danger of extinction.

Dindon du Gers Breeds of Livestock

Dindon rouge des Ardennes - Breeds of TurkeyDindon rouge des Ardennes

Dindon rouge des Ardennes Turkeys, or the red TurkeyrnArdennes, first arrive in the Ardennes to the 16th century. They were popular for a longrntime in the Ardennes. For example, it was one of the most famous dishes served whenrnCharles IX , celebrated his wedding to Elisabeth of Austria. However, over timernit has become less popular and almost became extinct.

In 1985 Jean-Michel Devress decided to revive the variety and worked with local business to breed and promote them. In 1985, there werernonly fifty Dindon rouge des Ardennes ...

Dindon rouge des Ardennes Breeds of Livestock

Ermellinato di Rovigo - Breeds of TurkeyErmellinato di Rovigo

Ermellinato di Rovigo Turkeys are from Veneto a region of northern Italy. They were derived from a mutation in the offspringrnof crosses of local birds to American Narraganset Turkeys in 1958. But it wasrngood mutation and they were then selected for increased performance. ThernErmellinato di Rovigo is very rustic and well suited to pasture production.

They mature at 7 months and feather early.rnThey produce 70-100 eggs / year. The eggs are white to rose colored and they weightrn70-80g. They are medium-sized (males weight 10-12 kg, fem ...

Ermellinato di Rovigo Breeds of Livestock

Midget White - Breeds of TurkeyMidget White

Midget White Turkeys are massively large black birds. Justrnkidding, they actually are small and white, of course. They are the smallestrnstandard variety of turkey, toms weightrnaround 13 lbs and hens weight 8-10 lbs. Honestly they are only the size of a chicken!

Midget white turkeys were developed in the 1960s by Dr. J.rnRobert Smyth at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. But there wasn't thernexpected demand for small turkeys andrnthey were not successful.  Hey are nowrnclassified as Critical by the American Livestock Breed ...

Midget White Breeds of Livestock

Narragansett - Breeds of TurkeyNarragansett

Narragansett Turkeys are a cross betweenrneastern American wild turkeys and domestic turkeys. They are unique to NorthrnAmerica and are named for Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island, US. They are raised forrncommercial agriculture across the United States. They are the foundation of the turkey industryrnin New England, US, and are especially important in Rhode Island and Connecticut.rnThey are also popular in the Mid-Atlantic States and the Midwest.

Narragansett Turkeys have black, gray, tan and white feathers. Sometimes they have bars of w ...

Narragansett Breeds of Livestock

Nero D'Italia - Breeds of TurkeyNero D'Italia

Nero D'Italia Turkeys wererndeveloped by a group of breeders from Lombary Italy. It is believed that theyrnwere developed from French Noir de Sologne Turkeys.

Nero D'Italia Turkeys arernsmall turkeys with iridescent black plumage. Males weight4-6 kg females weight 2,5-3,5 kg.

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Nero D'Italia Breeds of Livestock

Parma e Piacenza - Breeds of TurkeyParma e Piacenza

Parma e Piacenza Turkeysrnare from the provinces of Parma and Piacenza, Italy. Their coloring is veryrnsimilar to Narragansett and d'Osca Turkeys.

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Parma e Piacenza Breeds of Livestock

Royal Palm - Breeds of TurkeyRoyal Palm

Royal Palm Turkeys are a breed of Turkey best known as anrnornamental bird with a unique appearance, largely white with bands of metallicrnblack.

Royal Palm Turkeys first appeared in the 1920s on a farm inrnLake Worth, Florida, apparently as a cross between Black, Bronze, Narragansett and native turkeys. After years of selective breeding the Royal Palm wasrnfinally accepted by the American Poultry Association's Standard of Perfectionrnin 1971.

The toms are noted for being non-aggressive, and the hensrnare particularly good mot ...

Royal Palm Breeds of Livestock

Slate - Breeds of TurkeySlate

The Slate Turkey, also known as the American Blue orrnLavender Turkey, is variety of turkey that isrnashy blue over the entire body, sometimes with a few black flecks. The slate coloring is the  result of a combination of mutation (onerndominant and one recessive) .

The Slate variety wasrnaccepted by the American Poultry Association in 1874. It has been popular inrnexhibition circles and is gaining popularity in pastured poultry production.rnRenewed interest in the biological fitness, survivability, and superior flavorrnof the ...

Slate Breeds of Livestock

White Holland - Breeds of TurkeyWhite Holland

White Holland Turkeys are an old variety of domestic whiternturkey. The White Holland originated from crosses of white European turkeysrnimported to North America and crossed with native birds.

The White Holland was first recognized by the AmericanrnPoultry Association in 1874, and today is considered a heritage turkey breed. They are currently listed as threatened by ThernLivestock Conservancy.

White Holland Breeds of Livestock
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