California Variegated Mutant Sheep
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About California Variegated Mutant SheepAbout California Variegated Mutant Sheep



California Variegated Mutant Sheep, or simply C.V.M. Sheep,rnare the result of many crossbreeding started in 1915. 


rnrnrnrnIn 1915 A.T. Spencer developed the Romeldale breed. Hernpurchased several New Zealand Romney Rams in 1915 that were brought to thernPan-American exposition in San Francisco. He felt the Romney breed wouldrnincrease the staple, length, and carcass quality of his Rambouillets. Throughrnmany years of selection, the Romeldale breed was developed, with fleecernproperties of 60-64's, extremely high yield, and uniformity, including carcassrncutability superior to other white-face breeds. 


rnrnDuring the 1960's, Glen Eidman, a partner of J.K.rnSexton, found in his purebred Romeldale flock a multi-colored ewe lamb. Twornyears later a ram lamb of the same barred pattern was born and when crossedrnwith the ewe, the resulting offspring were of the same color pattern. Throughrnsubsequent breeding and further mutants from the Romeldale flock, the C.V.M.rnBreed was born. These sheep, christened C.V.M.'s or California VariegatedrnMutants, were kept by Eidman who then placed emphasis on spinability of thernfleece, twinning, and lambing ease. During the 15 years Mr. Eidman spentrndeveloping the breed, not a single replacement ewe or ram was sold so that onlyrnthe highest quality of genetics were used to replace the nucleus. 
 rn
In 1982, the flock was totally dispersed, numberingrnapproximately 75 and selling to over a dozen buyers from throughout the staternof California. Since then the C.V.M.'s have been kept pure in some flocks,rnwhile in others they have been crossed with Rambouillets, Lincolns, Polypay,rnSuffolks, and the list goes on!


rnrnC.V.M. faces are generally free of wool and covered withrnsoft hair, although sometimes wool are found on the forehead. Their body isrnsturdy and well-boned with a long straight back. Rams should appear stronglyrnmasculine with ewes conversely feminine and refined. Eyes should be large,rnclear and alert with ears medium in size. Neck and shoulders should be largelyrnfree of skin folds. Legs should be strong, medium in length with pasternsrnstrong and upright. Hooves should be black in color. Sheep should move wellrnwith a free and easy walk.
 

rnrnMature rams weigh from 175 - 200 pounds and are aggressivernand virile breeders, able to cover more than the average number of ewes. Ewesrnweigh from 120 - 150 pounds, are protective, dedicated mothers, prolific andrnlong-lived. Twinning and lambing ease are part of the breed emphasis and ifrnleft with the ram, ewes are known to breed while suckling lambs.


rnrnC.V.M. color patterns vary widely, especially in therndarkness of body wool. Unlike many sheep, the C.V.M. will not fade with age,rnbut rather darkens from birth to their first year. With the wide variety ofrncolor patterns, including dark gray, black, brown, moorit, and spotted, notrnexcluding the barred face badger pattern typical to the original C.V.M.'s, arnbreed description has been difficult. 


rnrnTheir fleece should be bright, uniform and dense, ofrnhigh yielding, long staple, and fine wool. Sheep will average about 8 pounds ofrnwool yearly with spinning counts from 60's to 62's quality. 12 month staplernlength averages 4 - 6 inches. Wool should have a well-defined crimp from basernto tip, be pliable to the touch and free from kemp or objectionable fibers.rnrn

California Variegated Mutant Sheep Associations


Natural Colored Wool Growers Association Natural Colored Wool Growers Association
www.ncwga.org
Since 1977 the purpose of NCWGA has been to assist members in the development and promotion of naturally-colored sheep and their wool. NCWGA can accomplish this by offering a number of services to members. These services include programs to support breeders of colored sheep, to support sheep shows which allow colored sheep, and to support the judges of those shows. 

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