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   About Donkeys
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Donkey Breeds

Abyssinian
Anatolia
Hinnies
Mammoth Jack Stock
Mary
Miniature
Mules
Poitou
Standard

Donkey Breeds

Donkeys were first domesticated around 5,000 years ago as beasts of burden and companions, most likely in Egypt or Mesopotamia. There are about 41 million donkeys in the world today; China has the most with 11 million, followed by Pakistan, Ethiopia, and Mexico.

Donkeys vary considerably in size, depending on breed and management. The height at the withers ranges from 7.3 hands (31 inches or 79 cm) to 15.3 hands (63 inches or 160 cm), and they weigh from 80 to 480 kg (180 to 1,060 lb.). Working donkeys in the poorest countries have a life expectancy of 12 to 15 years; and in more prosperous countries, they may have a lifespan of 30 to 50 years.

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Breeds of Donkeys

Incomplete list

We are still working on this list. If you have any pictures or information about one of these breeds that you would like to share please contact us. We would love to get your help.

There are the following breeds of Donkeys:

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StandardDonkey

Abyssinian - Breeds of DonkeyAbyssinian


Abyssinian donkeys are found throughout Ethiopia usually dry and mountainous areas. They are typically between 8.4 and 10 hands tall and weigh between 190-450 pounds. Their gestation period is 11-13 months and overall they typically have a lifespan of between 30-40 years. They are most often a slate-gray color but occasionally they are chestnut-brown.

Abyssinian Breeds of Livestock

Anatolia - Breeds of DonkeyAnatolia


Anatolia Donkeys are also known as Brown Donkeys and are mainly found throughout Turkey. They are usually black and gray. 

Anatolia Donkeys date back beyond the Ottoman Empire; they were used alongside mules and horses to transport goods along rivers, steep slopes, and rocky terrain. Most often they were used by peasants to transport goods before the roads and bridges were built. Today they are still extensively used in the East Anatolia Region and Northeastern part of Black Sea Coast in the more mountainous areas ...

Anatolia Breeds of Livestock
There are no Donkey breeds that start with the letter B.
There are no Donkey breeds that start with the letter C.
There are no Donkey breeds that start with the letter D.
There are no Donkey breeds that start with the letter E.
There are no Donkey breeds that start with the letter F.
There are no Donkey breeds that start with the letter G.

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AnatoliaDonkey

Hinnies - Breeds of DonkeyHinnies


Hinnies Breeds of Livestock
There are no Donkey breeds that start with the letter I.
There are no Donkey breeds that start with the letter J.
There are no Donkey breeds that start with the letter K.
There are no Donkey breeds that start with the letter L.

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HinniesDonkey

Mammoth Jack Stock - Breeds of DonkeyMammoth Jack Stock


American Mammouth Jack Donkeys are descended from multiple breeds of donkeys imported to the United States including Maltese, Poitou, Andalusian, Majorcan, and Catalonian donkeys.

The males are typically 14 hands tall and the females are about 13 hands. Mammouth Jacks have a draft horse-like build. They are a tall, sturdy, and reliable animal, and compared frequently to work horses.

Mammouth Jacks can be found in black, chestnut, spotted, dun, white, dapple gray, bay or palomino; however, chestnut is their m ...

Mammoth Jack Stock Breeds of Livestock

Mary - Breeds of DonkeyMary


Mary donkeys are large donkeys from the Ashkhaad and Mary regions of Turkmenia. There are both a large and small version of the Mary donkey. Large versions of the male Mary donkey are typically 119-120cm, and females are 116-118cm. Fully grown Mary donkeys often weigh around 650 pounds and can carry 150-275 pounds.

Mary Donkeys are closely related to the Iranian Hamadan donkeys whose descendants can also be found in Azerbaijan. 

They are no longer widely used as pack animals, plus expeditions and mounta ...

Mary Breeds of Livestock

Miniature - Breeds of DonkeyMiniature


Image from Good Time Ridge Farm LLC
These tiny animals come from the Mediterranean islands of Sardinia & Sicily and were used to turn grinding stones inside peasant houses & for carrying water.

They are identified as either Sicilian or Sardinian donkeys according to their ancestry, although the two types do not differ. They have been extensively bred with each other and with animals of unidentified ancestry in the United States to produce a distinctively American breed of donkeys, which are often called the Miniature Mediterranean Donkey. Miniature donk ...

Miniature Breeds of Livestock

Mules - Breeds of DonkeyMules


Mules Breeds of Livestock
There are no Donkey breeds that start with the letter N.
There are no Donkey breeds that start with the letter O.

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MulesDonkey

Poitou - Breeds of DonkeyPoitou


Poitou Donkeysoriginates from the Poitou region of France, and they are most likely related to the Poitevin horses. It is thought that they were introduced in France by the Romans and may have been a wealth status symbol for French Nobility. They were also regarded as the finest and strongest donkeys in France, since they were as tall as large mules with legs and joints as large as most carriage horses.

Poitou donkeys are dark brown or black. They also have a white underbelly, nose, and rings around their eyes. Th ...

Poitou Breeds of Livestock
There are no Donkey breeds that start with the letter Q.
There are no Donkey breeds that start with the letter R.

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PoitouDonkey

Standard - Breeds of DonkeyStandard


It is believed that the first donkeys came to North America with Christopher Columbus in 1495. Donkeys were highly valued as sires for mules. Jacks, or the males were primarily used as pack animals and the Jennies were used for riding.

Donkeys were also used in Mexico after the conquest of the Aztecs in 1521. Mules were used in silver mines and for breeding mules.

Donkeys were used largely in the western United States during the nineteenth century during the gold rush as pack animals and for use in mines and ore-gri ...

Standard Breeds of Livestock
There are no Donkey breeds that start with the letter T.
There are no Donkey breeds that start with the letter U.
There are no Donkey breeds that start with the letter V.
There are no Donkey breeds that start with the letter W.
There are no Donkey breeds that start with the letter X.
There are no Donkey breeds that start with the letter Y.
There are no Donkey breeds that start with the letter Z.
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